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Inequality in the Quality of Health Services : Wealth, Content of Care, and Price of Antenatal Consultations in the Democratic Republic of Congo (English)

Using unique direct observations of patient-provider interactions linked to patient exit interviews and detailed household surveys, this paper assesses the relationship between patient wealth and the quality and price of antenatal care in the Democratic Republic of Congo. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8818 APR 15, 2019

Fink,Gunther; Kandpal,Eeshani; Shapira,Gil Disclosed

Parental Beliefs, Investments, and Child Development : Evidence from a Large-Scale Experiment (English)

This paper experimentally evaluates a large-scale and low-cost parenting program targeting poor families in Chile. Households in 162 public health centers were randomly assigned to three groups: a control group, a second group that was offered eight weekly group parenting sessions, and a third group that was offered the same eight group sessions plus two sessions of guided interactions between parents and children focused on responsive play and dialogic reading. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8743 FEB 14, 2019

Amaro Da Costa Luz Carneiro,Pedro Manuel; Galasso,Emanuela; Lopez Garcia,Italo Xavier; Bedregal,Paula; Cordero,Miguel Disclosed

The aggregate income losses from childhood stunting and the returns to a nutrition intervention aimed at reducing stunting (English)

This paper undertakes two calculations, one for all developing countries, the other for 34 developing countries that together account for 90 percent of the world's stunted children. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8536 AUG 01, 2018

Galasso,Emanuela; Wagstaff, Adam;Wagstaff,Robert Adam Stephen Disclosed

Jati inequality in rural Bihar (English)

Caste is a persistent driver of inequality in India, and it is generally analyzed with government-defined broad categories, such as Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8512 JUL 10, 2018

Joshi,Shareen; Kochhar,Nishtha; Rao,Vijayendra Disclosed

Shared prosperity : concepts, data, and some policy examples (English)

"Shared prosperity" has become a common phrase in the development policy discourse. This short paper provides its most widely used operational definition -- the growth rate in the average income of the poorest 40 percent of a country's population -- and describes its origins. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8451 MAY 22, 2018

Ferreira,Francisco H. G.; Galasso,Emanuela; Negre,Mario Disclosed

The effects of cash transfers on adult labor market outcomes (English)

The basic economic model of labor supply has a very clear prediction of what should be expected when an adult receives an unexpected cash windfall: they should work less and earn less. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8404 APR 12, 2018

Baird,Sarah Jane; Mckenzie,David J.; Ozler,Berk Disclosed

Unemployment and violent extremism: evidence from Daesh foreign recruits (English)

Transnational terrorist organizations such as the Islamic State (also known as Daesh) have shown an ability to attract radicalized individuals from many countries to join their ranks, and perpetrate attacks around the world. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8381 MAR 27, 2018

Abdel Jelil,Mohamed; Bhatia,Kartika; Brockmeyer,Anne; Do,Quy-Toan; Joubert,Clement Jean Edouard Disclosed

Obstacles on the road to Palestinian economic growth (English)

This paper quantifies the impact of market access on local GDP in the West Bank, proxied by nighttime lights, using the deployment of road closure obstacles by the Israeli army between 2005 and 2012 as a quasi-natural experiment generating exogenous temporal and spatial variation in accessibility. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8385 MAR 27, 2018

Van Der Weide,Roy; Rijkers,Bob; Blankespoor,Brian; Abrahams,Alexei Sisulu Disclosed

Safety nets and natural disaster mitigation: evidence from cyclone Phailin in Odisha (English)

To what degree can vulnerability to extreme weather events be mitigated by access to a rural livelihoods program, particularly with regard to the impacts on women? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8375 MAR 26, 2018

Christian,Paul J.; Kandpal,Eeshani; Palaniswamy,Nethra; Rao,Vijayendra Disclosed

General equilibrium effects of targeted cash transfers : nutrition impacts on non-beneficiary children (English)

Cash transfer programs may generate significant general equilibrium effects that can detract from the anti-poverty goals of the program. Data from a randomized evaluation of a Philippine cash transfer program targeted to poor households show that a 9 percent increase in village income significantly raised the prices of perishable protein-rich foods while leaving other food prices unaffected. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8377 MAR 26, 2018

Filmer,Deon P.; Friedman,Jed; Kandpal,Eeshani; Onishi,Junko Disclosed

The price elasticity of African elephant poaching (English)

This paper estimates the elasticity of elephant poaching with respect to prices. To identify the supply curve, the authors observe that ivory is a storable commodity and hence subject to Hotelling's no-arbitrage condition. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8335 FEB 12, 2018

Do,Quy-Toan; Levchenko,Andrei A.; Ma,Lin; Blanc,Julian; Milliken,Tom; Dublin,Holly Disclosed

How (not) to fix problems that matter : assessing and responding to Malawi's history of institutional reform (English)

Malawi can be understood as a microcosm of institutional reform approaches in developing countries more broadly. A common feature of such approaches, whether implemented by government or donors, is reform initiatives that yield institutions that "look like" those found in higher-performing countries but rarely acquire the same underlying functionality. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8289 DEC 22, 2017

Woolcock,Michael; Bridges,Katherine Marguerite Disclosed

Capital and labor : the factor income composition of top incomes in the United States, 1962-2006 (English)

This paper finds that capital and labor incomes in the United States have become more closely associated since the 1980s. This contributed to the well-known increase in the top 1 percent's share of total income, exacerbating rising inequality in capital incomes and earnings. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8268 DEC 11, 2017

Atkinson,Anthony B.; Lakner,Christoph Disclosed

How much oil is the Islamic state group producing ? evidence from remote sensing (English)

Accurately measuring oil production in low-governance contexts is an important task. Many terrorist organizations and insurgencies -- including the Islamic State group, also known as ISIL/ISIS or Daesh -- tap oil as a revenue source. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8231 OCT 31, 2017

Do,Quy-Toan; Shapiro,Jacob N.; Elvidge,Christopher D.; Abdel Jelil,Mohamed; Ahn,Daniel P.; Baugh,Kimberly; Hansen-Lewis,Jamie Nicole; Zhizhin,Mikhail Disclosed

Productivity and health : alternative productivity estimates using physical activity (English)

This paper investigates an alternative proxy for individual worker productivity in physical work settings: a direct measure of physical activity using an accelerometer. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8228 OCT 30, 2017

Akogun,Oladele B; Dillon,Andrew S.; Friedman,Jed; Prasann,Ashesh; Serneels,Pieter Maria Disclosed

Flies without borders : lessons from Chennai on improving India's municipal public health services (English)

India's fast-growing cities face three key challenges in improving public health outcomes. The first is the persistence of weak links in the chain -- notably, slums badly underserved with basic civic services -- that can pose public health threats to all. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8197 SEP 18, 2017

Das Gupta,Monica; Dasgupta,Rajib; Kugananthan,P.; Rao,Vijayendra; Somanathan,Trikkur V.; Tewari,K.N. Disclosed

Child schooling and child work in the presence of a partial education subsidy (English)

Could a partial subsidy for child education increase children's participation in paid work? In contrast to much of the theoretical and empirical child labor literature, this paper shows that child work and school participation can be complements under certain conditions. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8182 SEP 06, 2017

De Hoop,Jacobus Joost; Friedman,Jed; Kandpal,Eeshani; Rosati,Furio Camillo Disclosed

Welfare-consistent global poverty measures (English)

The paper provides new measures of global poverty that take seriously the idea of relative-income comparisons but also acknowledge a deep identification problem when the latent norms defining poverty vary systematically across countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8170 AUG 24, 2017

Ravallion,Martin; Chen,Shaohua Disclosed

Unheard voices : the challenge of inducing women's civic speech (English)

Deliberative institutions have gained popularity in the developing world as a means by which to make governance more inclusive and responsive to local needs. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8120 JUN 27, 2017

Parthasarathy,Ramya; Rao,Vijayendra; Palaniswamy,Nethra Disclosed

Deliberative inequality : a text-as-data study of Tamil Nadu's village assemblies (English)

The resurgence of deliberative institutions in the developing world has prompted a renewed interest in the dynamics of citizen engagement. Using text-as-data methods on an original corpus of village assembly transcripts from rural Tamil Nadu, India, this paper opens the "black box" of deliberation to examine the gendered and status-based patterns of influence. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8119 JUN 27, 2017

Parthasarathy,Ramya; Rao,Vijayendra; Palaniswamy,Nethra Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Inequality in the Quality of Health Services : Wealth, Content of Care, and Price of Antenatal Consultations in the Democratic Republic of Congo (English)
See More +
APR 15, 2019 WPS8818 Policy Research Working Paper
Parental Beliefs, Investments, and Child Development : Evidence from a Large-Scale Experiment (English)
See More +
FEB 14, 2019 WPS8743 Policy Research Working Paper
The aggregate income losses from childhood stunting and the returns to a nutrition intervention aimed at reducing stunting (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2018 WPS8536 Policy Research Working Paper
Jati inequality in rural Bihar (English)
See More +
JUL 10, 2018 WPS8512 Policy Research Working Paper
Shared prosperity : concepts, data, and some policy examples (English)
See More +
MAY 22, 2018 WPS8451 Policy Research Working Paper
The effects of cash transfers on adult labor market outcomes (English)
See More +
APR 12, 2018 WPS8404 Policy Research Working Paper
Unemployment and violent extremism: evidence from Daesh foreign recruits (English)
See More +
MAR 27, 2018 WPS8381 Policy Research Working Paper
Obstacles on the road to Palestinian economic growth (English)
See More +
MAR 27, 2018 WPS8385 Policy Research Working Paper
Safety nets and natural disaster mitigation: evidence from cyclone Phailin in Odisha (English)
See More +
MAR 26, 2018 WPS8375 Policy Research Working Paper
General equilibrium effects of targeted cash transfers : nutrition impacts on non-beneficiary children (English)
See More +
MAR 26, 2018 WPS8377 Policy Research Working Paper
The price elasticity of African elephant poaching (English)
See More +
FEB 12, 2018 WPS8335 Policy Research Working Paper
How (not) to fix problems that matter : assessing and responding to Malawi's history of institutional reform (English)
See More +
DEC 22, 2017 WPS8289 Policy Research Working Paper
Capital and labor : the factor income composition of top incomes in the United States, 1962-2006 (English)
See More +
DEC 11, 2017 WPS8268 Policy Research Working Paper
How much oil is the Islamic state group producing ? evidence from remote sensing (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 2017 WPS8231 Policy Research Working Paper
Productivity and health : alternative productivity estimates using physical activity (English)
See More +
OCT 30, 2017 WPS8228 Policy Research Working Paper
Flies without borders : lessons from Chennai on improving India's municipal public health services (English)
See More +
SEP 18, 2017 WPS8197 Policy Research Working Paper
Child schooling and child work in the presence of a partial education subsidy (English)
See More +
SEP 06, 2017 WPS8182 Policy Research Working Paper
Welfare-consistent global poverty measures (English)
See More +
AUG 24, 2017 WPS8170 Policy Research Working Paper
Unheard voices : the challenge of inducing women's civic speech (English)
See More +
JUN 27, 2017 WPS8120 Policy Research Working Paper
Deliberative inequality : a text-as-data study of Tamil Nadu's village assemblies (English)
See More +
JUN 27, 2017 WPS8119 Policy Research Working Paper