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Pakistan at 100 : Human Capital (English)

This policy note was prepared in parallel to the report Pakistan at hundred, Shaping the Future. The report Pakistan at the rate hundred discusses options to accelerate and sustain growth in Pakistan so that the country becomes an upper middle-income country when it turns hundred years old in 2047. ... See More +

Working Paper 135324 MAR 01, 2019

Ahmed, S. Amer; Cho,Yoonyoung; Fasih,Tazeen Disclosed

Nigeria’s Demographic Dividend? : Policy Note in Support of Nigeria’s ERGP 2017-2020 (English)

A demographic dividend is the potential economic benefit associated with a country’s demographic context. The key point underlying the demographic dividend is that population age structure-dependency ratio-is critically important - and even more so than population size. ... See More +

Report AUS0000617 JAN 01, 2019

Okunola,Olumide Olaolu; Odutolu,Ayodeji Oluwole; Hasan,Rifat Afifa; Suzuki,Emi; Loevinsohn,Benjamin P.; Mustapha,Fatimah Abubakar; Osorio-Rodarte,Israel; Moucheraud,Corrina; Troiano,Sara; Pradhan,Elina; Sexton,Michael; Ahmed, S. Amer; Madhavan,Supriya Disclosed

Global inequality in a more educated world (English)

In developing countries, younger and better-educated cohorts are entering the workforce. This developing world-led education wave is altering the skill composition of the global labor supply, and impacting income distribution, at the national and global levels. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8135 JUN 30, 2017

Ahmed, S. Amer; Bussolo,Maurizio; Vargas Da Cruz,Marcio Jose; Go,Delfin Sia; Osorio-Rodarte,Israel Disclosed

Demographic change and development : a global typology (English)

Demographic change can be a positive contributor to development at any stage of demographic transition. This paper revisits the literature on the determinants and economic impacts of demographic change, and presents a new global typology that classifies countries into four categories based on demographic characteristics and future development potential. ... See More +

WPS7893 NOV 21, 2016

Ahmed, S. Amer; Vargas Da Cruz,Marcio Jose; Quillin,Bryce Ramsey; Schellekens,Philip Disclosed

On the impact of demographic change on growth, savings, and poverty (English)

Changing population age structures are shaping the trajectories of development in many countries, bringing opportunities and challenges. While aging has been a matter of concern for upper-middle and high-income economies, rapid population growth is set to continue in the poorest countries over the coming decades. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7805 AUG 29, 2016

Ahmed, S. Amer; Vargas Da Cruz,Marcio Jose Disclosed

Making the most of demographic change in Southern Africa (English)

The countries of the Southern African Customs Union have relatively diverse demographic and economic starting points. These economies have the potential to realize demographic dividends and experience an acceleration in their income per capita growth and poverty reduction progress through forthcoming shifts in their age structures. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7798 AUG 17, 2016

Ahmed, S. Amer; Vargas Da Cruz,Marcio Jose Disclosed

Dynamics of rural growth in Bangladesh : sustaining poverty reduction (English)

The rural economy in Bangladesh has been a powerful source of economic growth and has substantially reduced poverty, especially since 2000, but the remarkable transformation and unprecedented dynamism in rural Bangladesh are an underexplored, underappreciated, and largely untold story. ... See More +

Working Paper 103244 MAY 17, 2016

Gautam,Madhur; Faruqee,Rashidur R.; Ahmed,Md Mansur; Shilpi,Forhad J.; Khandker,Shahidur R.; Ahmed, S. Amer; Verissimo,Patrick; Kar,Anuja; Chellaraj,Gnanaraj Disclosed

Global migration revisited : short-term pains, long-term gains, and the potential of south-south migration (English)

This paper re-examines the development implications of international migration focusing on two issues: how the costs and benefits of migration change over time, and the significance of South-South migration for development. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7628 APR 11, 2016

Ahmed, S. Amer; Go,Delfin Sia; Willenbockel,Dirk Andreas Disclosed

Development goals in an era of demographic change (English)

Chapter one examines the progress made on sustainable poverty reduction and shared prosperity, as well as the policies that are needed to make further progress. ... See More +

Publication 100530 JAN 01, 2015

Schellekens,Philip; Basu,Kaushik; Gill,Indermit S.; Kose,Ayhan; Ahmed, S. Amer; Chandra,Vandana; Vargas Da Cruz,Marcio Jose; Dennis,Allen Curtis K.; Eigen-Zucchi,Christian; Gragnolati,Michele; Lofgren,Hans; Maliszew, Maryla; Quillin,Bryce Ramsey; Simler,Kenneth; Felsenthal,Mark Edgar; Littler,Graeme B.; Ross-Larson,Bruce C.; Vorisek,Dana Lauren; Nielsen,Lynge; Bayoumi, Tam; Duttagupta, Rupa; Nolan, Sean Disclosed

How significant is Africa's demographic dividend for its future growth and poverty reduction ? (English)

Africa will be undergoing substantial demographic changes in the coming decades with the rising working age share of its population. The opportunity of African countries to convert these changes into demographic dividends for growth and poverty reduction will depend on several factors. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7134 DEC 01, 2014

Ahmed, S. Amer; Cruz, Marcio; Go, Delfin S.; Maliszewska, Maryla; Osorio-Rodarte, Israel Disclosed

Labor migration and economic growth in east and southeast Asia (English)

East and Southeast Asia face major demographic changes over the next few decades as many countries' labor forces will start to decline, while others will experience higher labor force growth as populations and participation rates increase. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6643 OCT 01, 2013

Walmsley, Terrie; Aguiar, Angel; Ahmed, S. Amer Disclosed

Increasing agricultural productivity (English)

Agriculture remains a socioeconomically and politically important sector in Pakistan, even as its share in the overall economy continues to fall. ... See More +

Brief 79570 JUN 19, 2013

Ahmed, S. Amer; Gautam, Madhur Disclosed

Agriculture and water policy : toward sustainable inclusive growth (English)

This paper reviews Pakistan's agriculture performance and analyzes its agriculture and water policies. It discusses the nature of rural poverty and emphasizes the reasons why agricultural growth is a critical component to any pro-poor growth strategy for Pakistan. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 86251 MAR 01, 2013

Ahmed, Syud Amer; Gautam, Madhur Disclosed

Agriculture and trade opportunities for Tanzania : past volatility and future climate change (English)

Given global heterogeneity in climate-induced agricultural variability, Tanzania has the potential to substantially increase its maize exports to other countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6132 JUL 01, 2012

Ahmed , Syud Amer; Diffenbaugh, Noah S.; Hertel, Thomas W.; Martin, William J. Disclosed

The impact of trade in services on factor incomes : results from a global simulation Model (English)

Indian gross domestic product per capita increased rapidly between 2001 and 2006 in a climate of increasing services trade, with the export-oriented services sector responsible for rising shares of growth in gross domestic product. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5155 DEC 01, 2009

Ahmed, S. Amer Disclosed

Climate volatility and poverty vulnerability in Tanzania (English)

Climate models generally indicate that climate volatility may rise in the future, severely affecting agricultural productivity through greater frequency of yield-diminishing climate extremes, such as droughts. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5117 NOV 01, 2009

Ahmed , Syud Amer; Diffenbaugh, Noah S.; Hertel , Thomas W.; Lobell, David B.; Ramankutty, Navin; Rios, Ana R.; Rowhani, Pedram Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Pakistan at 100 : Human Capital (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2019 135324 Working Paper
Nigeria’s Demographic Dividend? : Policy Note in Support of Nigeria’s ERGP 2017-2020 (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2019 AUS0000617 Report
Global inequality in a more educated world (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 2017 WPS8135 Policy Research Working Paper
Demographic change and development : a global typology (English)
See More +
NOV 21, 2016 WPS7893
On the impact of demographic change on growth, savings, and poverty (English)
See More +
AUG 29, 2016 WPS7805 Policy Research Working Paper
Making the most of demographic change in Southern Africa (English)
See More +
AUG 17, 2016 WPS7798 Policy Research Working Paper
Dynamics of rural growth in Bangladesh : sustaining poverty reduction (English)
See More +
MAY 17, 2016 103244 Working Paper
Global migration revisited : short-term pains, long-term gains, and the potential of south-south migration (English)
See More +
APR 11, 2016 WPS7628 Policy Research Working Paper
Development goals in an era of demographic change (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2015 100530 Publication
How significant is Africa's demographic dividend for its future growth and poverty reduction ? (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7134 Policy Research Working Paper
Labor migration and economic growth in east and southeast Asia (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2013 WPS6643 Policy Research Working Paper
Increasing agricultural productivity (English)
See More +
JUN 19, 2013 79570 Brief
Agriculture and water policy : toward sustainable inclusive growth (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2013 86251 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Agriculture and trade opportunities for Tanzania : past volatility and future climate change (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2012 WPS6132 Policy Research Working Paper
The impact of trade in services on factor incomes : results from a global simulation Model (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2009 WPS5155 Policy Research Working Paper
Climate volatility and poverty vulnerability in Tanzania (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2009 WPS5117 Policy Research Working Paper