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Place and child health : the interaction of population density and sanitation in developing countries (English)

A long literature in demography debates the importance of place for health. This paper assesses whether the importance of dense settlement for child mortality and child height is moderated by exposure to local sanitation behavior. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7124 NOV 01, 2014

Hathi, Payal; Haque, Sabrina; Pant, Lovey; Coffey, Diane; Spears, Dean Disclosed

What doesn't kill you makes you poorer : adult wages and the early-life disease environment in India (English)

A growing literature documents links between early-life health and human capital, and between human capital and adult wages. Although most of this literature has focused on developed countries, economists have hypothesized that effects of early-life health on adult economic outcomes could be even greater in developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7121 NOV 01, 2014

Lawson, Nicholas; Spears, Dean Disclosed

Scaling up rural sanitation : investing in the next generation - growing tall and smart with toilets : stopping open defecation improves children's height in Cambodia (English)

Open defecation within a community harms the physical and cognitive development of children, even children living in households that use toilets themselves. ... See More +

Working Paper 85190 NOV 01, 2013

Kov,Phyrum; Smets,Susanna; Spears,Dean Edwin; Vyas,Sangita Disclosed

Effects of early-life exposure to sanitation on childhood cognitive skills : evidence from India's total sanitation campaign (English)

Early life health and net nutrition shape childhood and adult cognitive skills and human capital. In poor countries -- and especially in South Asia -- widespread open defecation without making use of a toilet or latrine is an important source of childhood disease. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6659 OCT 01, 2013

Spears, Dean; Lamba, Sneha Disclosed

Village sanitation and children's human capital : evidence from a randomized experiment by the Maharashtra government (English)

Open defecation is exceptionally widespread in India, a county with puzzlingly high rates of child stunting. This paper reports a randomized controlled trial of a village-level sanitation program, implemented in one district by the government of Maharashtra. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6580 AUG 01, 2013

Hammer, Jeffrey; Spears, Dean Disclosed

Coming up short without sanitation : a community sanitation program by the Indian government helped children grow taller and healthier in the State of Maharashtra (English)

Most people living in rural Indian villages defecate openly outside, without using a toilet or latrine. In 2004, as a supplement to its ongoing Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC), the government of Maharashtra conducted a randomized, controlled experiment to study the effect of a sanitation intervention. ... See More +

Working Paper 79773 JUN 01, 2013

Spears,Dean Edwin Disclosed

How much international variation in child height can sanitation explain ? (English)

Physical height is an important economic variable reflecting health and human capital. Puzzlingly, however, differences in average height across developing countries are not well explained by differences in wealth. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6351 JAN 01, 2013

Spears, Dean Disclosed