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Do politically connected firms innovate, contributing to long-term economic growth ? (English)

This paper presents new evidence that cronyism reduces long-term economic growth by discouraging firms' innovation activities. The analysis is based on novel establishment survey data from The Arab Republic of Egypt which provides information on establishments' political connections, their innovation activities, and their access to policy privileges. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8502 JUN 29, 2018

Francis,David C.; Hussain,Sahar Sajjad; Schiffbauer,Marc Tobias Disclosed

Gulf economic monitor : Deepening reforms in focus : pension systems in the Gulf (English)

This second edition of the twice-yearly Gulf Economic Monitor describes recent economic developments, near-term prospects, and broader reform priorities in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (The Pulse of the Region). ... See More +

Working Paper 124396 FEB 01, 2018

Shaukat Khan,Tehmina; Onder,Harun; Hussain,Sahar Sajjad; Ollero,Antonio M. Disclosed

Sustaining fiscal reforms in the long-term (Vol. 2) (Arabic)

This first edition takes a close look at recent economic developments and short-term prospects for Gulf countries. It also includes forecasts for the individual Gulf nations and an analytical section that explores structural reform priorities in the region. ... See More +

Working Paper 116205 JUN 01, 2017

Shaukat Khan,Tehmina; Onder,Harun; Hussain,Sahar Sajjad; Audiger, Cindy; Nallari,Yugandhar Raj Disclosed

Sustaining fiscal reforms in the long-term (English)

This first edition takes a close look at recent economic developments and short-term prospects for Gulf countries. It also includes forecasts for the individual Gulf nations and an analytical section that explores structural reform priorities in the region. ... See More +

Working Paper 116205 JUN 01, 2017

Shaukat Khan,Tehmina; Onder,Harun; Hussain,Sahar Sajjad; Audiger, Cindy; Nallari,Yugandhar Raj Disclosed

Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa : Emplois ou privilèges : libérer le potentiel de création d’emplois au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord (French)

Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries face a critical choice as they strive to generate greater private sector growth and more jobs: promote competition, provide equal opportunities for all entrepreneurs, and dismantle the current system of privileges for connected firms or risk perpetuating the current equilibrium of low job creation. ... See More +

Publication 92767 JAN 01, 2015

Schiffbauer,Marc Tobias; Sy,Abdoulaye; Hussain,Sahar Sajjad; Sahnoun,Hania; Keefer,Philip E. Disclosed

Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (Arabic)

Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries face a critical choice as they strive to generate greater private sector growth and more jobs: promote competition, provide equal opportunities for all entrepreneurs, and dismantle the current system of privileges for connected firms or risk perpetuating the current equilibrium of low job creation. ... See More +

Publication 92767 JAN 01, 2015

Schiffbauer,Marc Tobias; Sy,Abdoulaye; Hussain,Sahar Sajjad; Sahnoun,Hania; Keefer,Philip E. French, English Disclosed

Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)

This report for the Middle East and North Africa shows that policies that lower competition and create an uneven playing field are common and constrain private sector job creation. ... See More +

Publication 92870 NOV 16, 2014

Schiffbauer, Marc; Sy, Abdoulaye; Hussain, Sahar; Sahnoun, Hania; Keefer, Philip Disclosed

Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)

This report argues that Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries face a critical choice in their quest for higher private sector growth and more jobs: promote competition, equal opportunities for all entrepreneurs and dismantle existing privileges to specific firms or risk perpetuating the current equilibrium of low job creation. ... See More +

Other Urban Study 88879 JUN 01, 2014

Schiffbauer, Marc; Sy, Abdoulaye; Hussain, Sahar; Sahnoun, Hania; Keefer, Philip; Diwan, Ishac; Kadi, Dalia Al; Doemeland, Doerte; Rijkers, Bob Disclosed

Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)

Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries face a critical choice as they strive to generate greater private sector growth and more jobs: promote competition, provide equal opportunities for all entrepreneurs, and dismantle the current system of privileges for connected firms or risk perpetuating the current equilibrium of low job creation. ... See More +

Publication 92767 JAN 01, 2014

Schiffbauer,Marc Tobias; Sy,Abdoulaye; Hussain,Sahar Sajjad; Sahnoun,Hania; Keefer,Philip E. Disclosed