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Implications for climate-change policy of research on cooperation in social dilemmas (English)

The problem of climate change seems to be a tragedy of the commons: despite the global benefits of reducing green-house gas emissions, no individual has any incentive to reduce his or her own emissions. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5006 JUL 01, 2009

Irwin, Timothy Disclosed

The World Bank research observer 23 (1) (English)

Governance indicators: where are we, where should we be going? By Daniel Kaufmann, and Aart Kraay. Two comments on "governance indicators: where are we, where should we be going?" ... See More +

Publication 47585 FEB 01, 2008

Kaufmann, Daniel; Kraay, Aart; Devarajan, Shantayanan; Johnson, Simon; Easterly, William; Irwin, Timothy; Serven, Luis; Gill, Indermit S.; Ozer, Ceren;; Tatucu, Radu; Cadot, Olivier; Melo, Jaime de; Disclosed

Walking up the down escalator : public investment and fiscal stability (English)

When growth-promoting spending is cut so much that the present value of future government revenues falls by more than the immediate improvement in the cash deficit, fiscal adjustment becomes like walking up the down escalator. ... See More +

Journal Article 76781 JAN 08, 2008

Easterly, William; Irwin, Timothy; Serven, Luis Disclosed

Walking up the down escalator : public investment and fiscal stability (English)

Fiscal adjustment becomes like walking up the down escalator when growth-promoting spending is cut so much as to lower growth and thus the present value of future tax revenues to a degree that more than offsets the improvement in the cash deficit. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4158 MAR 01, 2007

Easterly, William; Irwin, Timothy; Serven, Luis Disclosed

Government guarantees - allocating and valuing risk in privately financed infrastructure projects (English)

Government guarantees can help persuade private investors to finance valuable new infrastructure. But because their costs are hard to estimate and usually do not show up in the government's accounts, governments can be tempted to grant too many guarantees. ... See More +

Publication 39497 JAN 01, 2007

Irwin, Timothy C. Disclosed

Infrastructure development: the roles of the public and private sectors - World Bank Group's approach to supporting investments in infrastructure (English)

This study reviews the status and performance of the physical infrastructure in the transition economies of the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region during the last 12 to 15 years and attempts to identify the challenges to be overcome to ensure sustainable provision of reliable infrastructural services at acceptable levels of quality. ... See More +

Working Paper 37554 NOV 01, 2005

Warlters, Michael; Irwin, Timothy; Juan, Ellis J. Disclosed

Estimating the fiscal risks and costs of output-based payments - an overview (English)

Output-based payments are an important tool of government policy. Sometimes governments offer "output-based aid" to subsidize services sold to households. ... See More +

Brief 34304 JUL 01, 2005

Boyle, Glenn; Irwin, Timothy Disclosed

Techniques for estimating the fiscal costs and risks of long-term output-based payments (English)

Long-term commitments to make output-based payments for infrastructure can encourage private investors to provide socially valuable services. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 34302 JUN 01, 2005

Boyle, Glenn; Irwin, Timothy Disclosed

Avoiding customer and taxpayer bailouts in private infrastructure projects : Policy toward leverage, risk allocation, and bankruptcy (English)

Many private infrastructure projects mix regulation that subjects the private company to considerable risk, a government or regulator that is reluctant to see the company go bankrupt, and high leverage on the part of the company. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3274 APR 01, 2004

Ehrhardt, David; Irwin Timothy

Some options for improving the governance of state-owned electricity utilities (English)

Most government-owned utilities in developing countries perform poorly when judged as providers of electricity, in part because politicians and officials use their power, not to encourage the utilities to increase sales, improve the collection of bills, and cut costs, but to transfer resources to politically influential groups and, sometimes, extract bribes. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 30518 FEB 01, 2004

Irwin, Timothy; Yamamoto, Chiaki

Exchange rate risk : allocating exchange rate risk in private infrastructure projects (English)

Each year developing countries seek billions of dollars of investment in their infrastructure, and private investors, mostly in rich countries, seek places to invest trillions of dollars of new savings. ... See More +

Viewpoint 54118 DEC 01, 2003

Gray, Philip; Irwin, Timothy; Disclosed

Public money for private infrastructure : deciding when to offer guarantees, output-based subsidies, and other fiscal support (English)

When governments seek private investment in infrastructure projects, they usually find themselves asked to provide grants, guarantees, or other forms of fiscal support. ... See More +

Publication 26601 AUG 31, 2003

Irwin, Timothy

Infrastructure for poor people : public policy for private provision (English)

The chapters in this book examine the data on infrastructure and the poor in developing countries and consider how policies centered on private provision can address their needs. ... See More +

Publication 26061 MAR 31, 2003

Brook, Penelope J.; Irwin, Timothy C.

Managing government exposure to private infrastructure risks (English)

The privatization of infrastructure should lead to the development of new infrastructure, improvements in the operation of existing infrastructure, and a reduction in budgetary subsidies. ... See More +

Journal Article 76636 AUG 01, 1999

Irwin, Timothy; Klein, Michael; Perry, Guiliermo E.; Thobani, Mateen Disclosed

Concessions for infrastructure : a guide to their design and award (English)

This report provides a guide to the complex range of issues and options related to design, award, implementation, monitoring, and modification of concessions. ... See More +

Publication WTP399 MAR 31, 1998

Kerf, Michael; Gray, R. David; Irwin, Timothy; Levesque, Celine; Taylor, Robert R.; Klein, Michael

Dealing with public risk in private infrastructure (English)

This volume reports on the findings of a conference on managing government exposure to private infrastructure projects. The transfer of risk to private operators should lead to the development of new infrastructure, improvements in the operation of existing infrastructure, and a reduction in budgetary subsidies. ... See More +

Publication 17322 DEC 31, 1997

Irwin, Timothy; Klein, Michael; Perry, Guillermo E.; Thobani, Mateen [editors]

Price caps, rate-of-return regulation, and the cost of capital (English)

This Note compares the effects of price cap and rate-of-return regulation on the risk borne by regulated utilities. It present evidence that price cap regulation subjects firms to greater risks and therefore raises their cost of capital. ... See More +

Viewpoint 16876 SEP 30, 1997

Alexander, Ian; Irwin, Timothy

The urban age - city investment strategies (English)

Responsible investing for cities and taxpayers, by Timothy Irwin. New ways to package urban investments, by Lyndsay Neilson. India's ULBs give lenders more than IOUs, by Patralekha Chatterjee. ... See More +

Newsletter 18335 APR 30, 1997

Irwin, Timothy; Chatterjee, Patralekha; Bergen, Margaret; Kabanova, Olga; Waldhorn, Steven A.; Egan, Edmund A.; Conger, Lucy; Neilson, Lyndsay; Choguill, Charles A.; Padula, Giovanni; Cabannes, Yves; Moseley, Jenepher W.; McNulty, Robert; Aitkin, Don; Garcia, Alvin B.; Joshi, Rita; Carper, Leslie; Taylor, Joseph; Cardenas, Cuauhtemoc Disclosed

Price structures, cross-subsidies, and competition in infrastructure (English)

Governments often regulate not only the overall level of prices charged by infrastructure firms but also the relationship between prices for different services or customers. ... See More +

Viewpoint 16897 FEB 28, 1997

Irwin, Timothy

Privatizing infrastructure - capital market pressures and management incentives (English)

The authors propose a number of privatization rules to ensure that management will improve after privatization. Governments should ensure that the privatized sector has several firms operating in industries that are local natural monopolies, so that if one operator goes bankrupt, another can readily take over. ... See More +

Viewpoint 16882 OCT 31, 1996

Irwin, Timothy; Alexander, Ian

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Implications for climate-change policy of research on cooperation in social dilemmas (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2009 WPS5006 Policy Research Working Paper
The World Bank research observer 23 (1) (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2008 47585 Publication
Walking up the down escalator : public investment and fiscal stability (English)
See More +
JAN 08, 2008 76781 Journal Article
Walking up the down escalator : public investment and fiscal stability (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2007 WPS4158 Policy Research Working Paper
Government guarantees - allocating and valuing risk in privately financed infrastructure projects (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2007 39497 Publication
Infrastructure development: the roles of the public and private sectors - World Bank Group's approach to supporting investments in infrastructure (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2005 37554 Working Paper
Estimating the fiscal risks and costs of output-based payments - an overview (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2005 34304 Brief
Techniques for estimating the fiscal costs and risks of long-term output-based payments (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2005 34302 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Avoiding customer and taxpayer bailouts in private infrastructure projects : Policy toward leverage, risk allocation, and bankruptcy (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2004 WPS3274 Policy Research Working Paper
Some options for improving the governance of state-owned electricity utilities (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2004 30518 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Exchange rate risk : allocating exchange rate risk in private infrastructure projects (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2003 54118 Viewpoint
Public money for private infrastructure : deciding when to offer guarantees, output-based subsidies, and other fiscal support (English)
See More +
AUG 31, 2003 26601 Publication
Infrastructure for poor people : public policy for private provision (English)
See More +
MAR 31, 2003 26061 Publication
Managing government exposure to private infrastructure risks (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 1999 76636 Journal Article
Concessions for infrastructure : a guide to their design and award (English)
See More +
MAR 31, 1998 WTP399 Publication
Dealing with public risk in private infrastructure (English)
See More +
DEC 31, 1997 17322 Publication
Price caps, rate-of-return regulation, and the cost of capital (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 1997 16876 Viewpoint
The urban age - city investment strategies (English)
See More +
APR 30, 1997 18335 Newsletter
Price structures, cross-subsidies, and competition in infrastructure (English)
See More +
FEB 28, 1997 16897 Viewpoint
Privatizing infrastructure - capital market pressures and management incentives (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 1996 16882 Viewpoint