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Moral Hazard vs. Land Scarcity : Flood Management Policies for the Real World (English)

This paper investigates the costs and benefits of three ex ante flood management strategies -- risk-based insurance, zoning, and subsidized insurance -- in an urban economics framework that takes land scarcity into account. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9012 SEP 13, 2019

Avner,Paolo; Hallegatte,Stephane Disclosed

Exploring Accessibility to Employment Opportunities in African Cities : A First Benchmark (English)

This paper presents an analysis of transit accessibility to employment for 11 African cities. The use of identical methodologies and similar data sets allows for the creation of the first benchmark to compare accessibility across urban areas in Africa through different metrics and visuals. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8971 AUG 08, 2019

Peralta Quiros,Tatiana; Kerzhner,Tamara; Avner,Paolo Disclosed

Infrastructure Disruptions : How Instability Breeds Household Vulnerability (English)

This review examines the literature on the welfare impacts of infrastructure disruptions. There is widespread evidence that households suffer from the consequences of a lack of infrastructure reliability, and that being connected to the grid is not sufficient to close the infrastructure gap. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8902 JUN 18, 2019

Obolensky,Marguerite Anne Beatrice; Erman,Alvina Elisabeth; Rozenberg,Julie; Maruyama Rentschler,Jun Erik; Avner,Paolo; Hallegatte,Stephane Disclosed

Three Feet Under : The Impact of Floods on Urban Jobs, Connectivity, and Infrastructure (English)

This paper analyses the degree to which infrastructure reliability and urban economic activity in several African cities is impacted by flooding. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8898 JUN 17, 2019

Maruyama Rentschler,Jun Erik; Braese,Johannes Michael; Jones,Nicholas K.W.; Avner,Paolo Disclosed

From A Rocky Road to Smooth Sailing : Building Transport Resilience to Natural Disasters (English)

Reliable transport infrastructure is one of the backbones of a prosperous economy, providingaccess to markets, jobs and social services. Sustainable Development Goal 9 (SDG9) calls forincreased access to sustainable transport infrastructure in low- and middle-income countries.Collectively, these countries will need to spend between 0.5 percent and 3.3 percent of their GDPannually (157 billion to 1 trillion US Dollars) in new transport infrastructure by 2030 – plus an additional 1 percent to 2 percent of GDP to maintain their network – depending on their ambition and their efficiency in service delivery (Rozenberg and Fay, 2019). ... See More +

Report 137914 JUN 01, 2019

Rozenberg,Julie; Espinet Alegre,Xavier; Avner,Paolo; Fox,Charles James Edward; Hallegatte,Stephane; Koks,Elco Eduard; Maruyama Rentschler,Jun Erik; Tariverdi,Mersedeh Disclosed

Guinea Urban Sector Review : Planning, Connecting, Financing in Conakry (English)

This study looks into the challenges and opportunities posed by urbanization in Guinea, reviewing briefly the trends at the national level but focusing on the urban area of Conakry. ... See More +

Working Paper 137217 MAY 29, 2019

Avner,Paolo; Mukim,Megha French Disclosed

Guinea Urban Sector Review : Planning, Connecting, Financing in Conakry (French)

This study looks into the challenges and opportunities posed by urbanization in Guinea, reviewing briefly the trends at the national level but focusing on the urban area of Conakry. ... See More +

Working Paper 137217 MAY 29, 2019

Avner,Paolo; Mukim,Megha English Disclosed

Spatial Distributions of Job Accessibility, Housing Rents, and Poverty in Nairobi, Kenya (English)

Whether individuals and job opportunities are well connected is a key determinant of productive urban labor markets. The overall level of job accessibility in a city depends on the locations of jobs and workers' residences, as well as transport networks. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8654 NOV 26, 2018

Nakamura,Shohei; Avner,Paolo Disclosed

Spatial Distributions of Job Accessibility, Housing Rents, and Poverty in Nairobi, Kenya (English)

Whether individuals and job opportunities are well connected is a key determinant or productive urban labor markets. The overall level of job accessibility in a city depends on the locations of jobs and workers' residences, as well as transport networks. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 132529 NOV 01, 2018

Nakamura,Shohei; Avner,Paolo Disclosed

Buses, houses or cash ? socio-economic, spatial and environmental consequences of reforming public transport subsidies in Buenos Aires (English)

Transit subsidies in the urban area of Buenos Aires are high, amounting to a total of US$5 billion for 2012. They have been challenged on several counts: suspected of driving urban sprawl and associated infrastructure costs, diverting resources from system maintenance, and failing to reach the poor among others. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8166 AUG 14, 2017

Avner,Paolo; Mehndiratta,Shomik Raj; Viguie,Vincent; Hallegatte,Stephane Disclosed

Matchmaking in Nairobi : the role of land use (English)

Well-functioning cities reduce the economic distance between people and economic opportunities. Cities thrive because they enable matchmaking -- among people, among firms, and between people and job opportunities. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7904 DEC 05, 2016

Avner,Paolo; Lall,Somik V. Disclosed

Review of urbanization : emerging cities for an emergent Senegal : Revue de l’urbanisation : villes émergentes pour un Sénégal émergent (French)

This review, Senegal Spatial Development: Urbanization Review was conducted between May 2014 and May 2015, on the initiative of the Bank World, aiming to fuel the dialogue with the Senegalese authorities on the urban and municipal sector. ... See More +

Working Paper ACS14161 JUN 24, 2015

Rouhana,Salim; Ranarifidy,Dina Nirina; Sinet,Anne; Chomentowski,Victor; Avner,Paolo; Godin,Lucien M. Disclosed

Carbon price efficiency : lock-in and path dependence in urban forms and transport infrastructure (English)

This paper investigates the effect of carbon or gasoline taxes on commuting-related CO2 emissions in an urban context. To assess the impact of public transport on the efficiency of the tax, the paper investigates two exogenous scenarios using a dynamic urban model (NEDUM-2D) calibrated for the urban area of Paris: (i) a scenario with the current dense public transport infrastructure, and (ii) a scenario without. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6941 JUN 01, 2014

Avner, Paolo; Rentschler, Jun; Hallegatte, Stephane Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Moral Hazard vs. Land Scarcity : Flood Management Policies for the Real World (English)
See More +
SEP 13, 2019 WPS9012 Policy Research Working Paper
Exploring Accessibility to Employment Opportunities in African Cities : A First Benchmark (English)
See More +
AUG 08, 2019 WPS8971 Policy Research Working Paper
Infrastructure Disruptions : How Instability Breeds Household Vulnerability (English)
See More +
JUN 18, 2019 WPS8902 Policy Research Working Paper
Three Feet Under : The Impact of Floods on Urban Jobs, Connectivity, and Infrastructure (English)
See More +
JUN 17, 2019 WPS8898 Policy Research Working Paper
From A Rocky Road to Smooth Sailing : Building Transport Resilience to Natural Disasters (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2019 137914 Report
Guinea Urban Sector Review : Planning, Connecting, Financing in Conakry (English)
See More +
MAY 29, 2019 137217 Working Paper French
Guinea Urban Sector Review : Planning, Connecting, Financing in Conakry (French)
See More +
MAY 29, 2019 137217 Working Paper English
Spatial Distributions of Job Accessibility, Housing Rents, and Poverty in Nairobi, Kenya (English)
See More +
NOV 26, 2018 WPS8654 Policy Research Working Paper
Spatial Distributions of Job Accessibility, Housing Rents, and Poverty in Nairobi, Kenya (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2018 132529 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Buses, houses or cash ? socio-economic, spatial and environmental consequences of reforming public transport subsidies in Buenos Aires (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2017 WPS8166 Policy Research Working Paper
Matchmaking in Nairobi : the role of land use (English)
See More +
DEC 05, 2016 WPS7904 Policy Research Working Paper
Review of urbanization : emerging cities for an emergent Senegal : Revue de l’urbanisation : villes émergentes pour un Sénégal émergent (French)
See More +
JUN 24, 2015 ACS14161 Working Paper
Carbon price efficiency : lock-in and path dependence in urban forms and transport infrastructure (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6941 Policy Research Working Paper