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For India's rural poor, growing towns matter more than growing cities (English)

It is theoretically ambiguous whether growth of cities matters more to the rural poor than growth of towns. This paper empirically examines whether growth of India's secondary towns or big cities mattered more to recent rural poverty reduction, noting that data deficiencies have made this a difficult question to answer previously. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7994 MAR 06, 2017

Gibson,John; Datt,Gaurav; Murgai,Rinku; Ravallion,Martin Disclosed

Looking back on two decades of poverty and well-being in India (English)

This paper provides an overview of poverty and well-being trends in India since the mid-1990s. Poverty reduction since 2005 has been much faster than the earlier decade, as a result of broad-based growth across most geographic areas. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7626 APR 07, 2016

Narayan,Ambar; Murgai,Rinku Disclosed

Why did poverty decline in India ? a nonparametric decomposition exercise (English)

This paper uses panel data to analyze factors that contributed to the rapid decline in poverty in India between 2005 and 2012. The analysis employs a nonparametric decomposition method that measures the relative contributions of different components of household livelihoods to observed changes in poverty. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7602 MAR 15, 2016

Balcazar Salazar,Carlos Felipe; Desai,Sonal; Murgai,Rinku; Narayan,Ambar Disclosed

Growth, urbanization, and poverty reduction in India (English)

Longstanding development issues are revisited in the light of a newly-constructed data set of poverty measures for India spanning 60 years, including 20 years since reforms began in earnest in 1991. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7568 FEB 17, 2016

Datt,Gaurav; Ravallion,Martin; Murgai,Rinku Disclosed

Pathways to reducing poverty and sharing prosperity in India : lessons from the last two decades (English)

India is uniquely placed to help reduce global poverty and boost prosperity. The country has the largest number of poor people in the world, as well are the largest number of people who have recently escaped poverty. ... See More +

Working Paper 106902 JAN 01, 2016

Narayan,Ambar Disclosed

Job opportunities along the rural-urban gradation and female labor force participation in India (English)

The recent decline in India’s rural female labor force participation is generally attributed to higher rural incomes in a patriarchal society. Together with the growing share of the urban population, where female participation rates are lower, this alleged income effect does not bode well for the empowerment of women as India develops. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7412 SEP 15, 2015

Chatterjee,Urmila; Murgai,Rinku; Rama,Martin G. Disclosed

Right to work? : assessing India's employment guarantee scheme in Bihar (English)

In 2006, India embarked on an ambitious attempt to fight poverty by attempting to introduce a wage floor in a setting in which many unskilled workers earn less than the minimum wage. ... See More +

Publication 85414 FEB 01, 2014

Dutta, Puja; Murgai, Rinku; Ravallion, Martin; van de Walle, Dominique Disclosed

Is workfare cost-effective against poverty in a poor labor-surplus economy? (English)

Workfare schemes impose work requirements on beneficiaries. This has seemed an attractive idea for self-targeting transfers to poor people. This incentive argument does not imply, however, that workfare is more cost-effective against poverty than even poorly-targeted options, given hidden costs of participation. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6673 OCT 01, 2013

Murgai, Rinku; Ravallion, Martin; van de Walle, Dominique Disclosed

Testing information constraints on India's largest antipoverty program (English)

Public knowledge about India's ambitious Employment Guarantee Scheme is low in one of India's poorest states, Bihar, where participation is also unusually low. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6598 SEP 01, 2013

Ravallion, Martin; van de Walle, Dominique; Dutta, Puja; Murgai, Rinku Disclosed

Non-farm diversification, poverty, economic mobility and income inequality : a case study in village India (English)

This paper assembles data at the all-India level and for the village of Palanpur, Uttar Pradesh, to document the growing importance, and influence, of the non-farm sector in the rural economy between the early 1980s and late 2000s. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6451 MAY 01, 2013

Himanshu; Lanjouw, Peter; Murgai, Rinku; Stern, Nicholas Disclosed

Does India's employment guarantee scheme guarantee employment ? (English)

In 2005 India introduced an ambitious national anti-poverty program, now called the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. The program offers up to 100 days of unskilled manual labor per year on public works projects for any rural household member who wants such work at the stipulated minimum wage rate. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6003 MAR 01, 2012

Dutta, Puja; Murgai, Rinku; Ravallion., Martin; van de Walle, Dominique Disclosed

Perspectives on poverty in India : stylized facts from survey data : Main report (English)

This report's objective is to develop the evidence base for policy making in relation to poverty reduction. It produces a diagnosis of the broad nature of the poverty problem and its trends in India, focusing on both consumption poverty and human development outcomes. ... See More +

Publication 57428 APR 13, 2011

Lanjouw, Peter; Murgai, Rinku; May, Ernesto; Zagha, N. Roberto; Pigato, Miria; Vishwanath, Tara; Yoshida, Nobuo; Rascon, Ericka; Das, Jishnu; Dutta, Puja Vasudeva; Das, Maitreyi; Kapoor, Soumya; Joddar, Pinaki; Jaison, Shiny; Soni, Rita; Sriram, Jyoti; Datt, Gaurav; Ravallion, Martin; Deaton, Angus; Himanshu; Dubey, Amaresh; Crost, Benjamin; de Janvry, Alain; Sadoulet, Elisabeth; Dercon, Stefan; Krutikova, Sonya; Kapur, Davesh; Witsoe, Jeffrey; Hall, Gillett; Nikitin, Denis Disclosed

Poverty and social exclusion in India : Main report (English)

The report is organized around three chapters, in addition to this overview, each one dealing with an excluded group: Scheduled Tribe (ST), Scheduled Caste (SC), and women. ... See More +

Publication 61314 APR 12, 2011

Das, Maitreyi Bordia; Rashid, Mansoora; Zagha, N. Roberto; Kapoor, Soumya; Murgai, Rinku; Nikitin, Denis; Badda, John Prakash; Cooper, Gertrude; Pradhan, Sujata; Talukdar, Tanusree; Hall, Gillette; Dutta, Puja Vasudeva; Burra, Neera; Desai, Sonalde; Noon, James; Vanneman, Reeve; Dubey, Amaresh; Iversen, Vegard; Kalwij, Adriaan; Kebede, Bereket; Verschoor, Arjan; Sharif, Iffath; Witsoe, Jeffrey; Johnson, Kiersten; Joddar, Pinaki; Lanjouw, Peter Disclosed

Perspectives on poverty in India : stylized facts from survey data (Vol. 2) : Overview (English)

This report's objective is to develop the evidence base for policy making in relation to poverty reduction. It produces a diagnosis of the broad nature of the poverty problem and its trends in India, focusing on both consumption poverty and human development outcomes. ... See More +

Publication 57428 JAN 01, 2011

Lanjouw, Peter; Murgai, Rinku; May, Ernesto; Zagha, N. Roberto; Pigato, Miria; Vishwanath, Tara; Yoshida, Nobuo; Rascon, Ericka; Das, Jishnu; Dutta, Puja Vasudeva; Das, Maitreyi; Kapoor, Soumya; Joddar, Pinaki; Jaison, Shiny; Soni, Rita; Sriram, Jyoti; Datt, Gaurav; Ravallion, Martin; Deaton, Angus; Himanshu; Dubey, Amaresh; Crost, Benjamin; de Janvry, Alain; Sadoulet, Elisabeth; Dercon, Stefan; Krutikova, Sonya; Kapur, Davesh; Witsoe, Jeffrey; Hall, Gillett; Nikitin, Denis Disclosed

Poverty and social exclusion in India (Vol. 2) : Overview (English)

The report is organized around three chapters, in addition to this overview, each one dealing with an excluded group: Scheduled Tribe (ST), Scheduled Caste (SC), and women. ... See More +

Publication 61314 JAN 01, 2011

Das, Maitreyi Bordia; Rashid, Mansoora; Zagha, N. Roberto; Kapoor, Soumya; Murgai, Rinku; Nikitin, Denis; Badda, John Prakash; Cooper, Gertrude; Pradhan, Sujata; Talukdar, Tanusree; Hall, Gillette; Dutta, Puja Vasudeva; Burra, Neera; Desai, Sonalde; Noon, James; Vanneman, Reeve; Dubey, Amaresh; Iversen, Vegard; Kalwij, Adriaan; Kebede, Bereket; Verschoor, Arjan; Sharif, Iffath; Witsoe, Jeffrey; Johnson, Kiersten; Joddar, Pinaki; Lanjouw, Peter Disclosed

Poverty decline, agricultural wages, and non-farm employment in rural India : 1983-2004 (English)

The authors analyze five rounds of National Sample Survey data covering 1983, 1987/8, 1993/4, 1999/0, and 2004/5 to explore the relationship between rural diversification and poverty. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4858 MAR 01, 2009

Lanjouw, Peter; Murgai, Rinku Disclosed

Is a guaranteed living wage a good anti-poverty policy? (English)

Minimum wages are generally thought to be unenforceable in developing rural economies. But there is one solution - a workfare scheme in which the government acts as the employer of last resort. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3640 JUN 01, 2005

Murgai, Rinku; Ravallion, Martin Disclosed

Food assistance programs in Bangladesh (English)

Bangladesh boasts a wide array of targeted food assistance programs that strive to achieve a number of important developmental objectives. Findings from the 2000 Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) as well as other studies carried out in recent years suggest that these programs are reasonably well-targeted towards the poor. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 30862 MAY 01, 2004

Murgai, Rinku; Zaidi, Salman

Poverty trends in Bangladesh during the nineties (English)

Analysis of data from various Bangladesh Household Expenditure Surveys (HES) suggests considerable progress at poverty reduction during the 1990s. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 30863 MAY 01, 2004

Murgai, Rinku; Zaidi, Salman

Sending farmers back to school - the impact of farmer field schools in Indonesia (English)

The authors evaluate the impact of farmer field schools, an intensive participatory training program emphasizing integrated pest management. Their evaluation focuses on whether participation in the program has improved yields and reduced pesticide use among graduates and their neighbors who may have gained knowledge from graduates through informal communications. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3022 APR 30, 2003

Feder, Gershon; Murgai, Rinku; Quizon, Jaime B.

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
For India's rural poor, growing towns matter more than growing cities (English)
See More +
MAR 06, 2017 WPS7994 Policy Research Working Paper
Looking back on two decades of poverty and well-being in India (English)
See More +
APR 07, 2016 WPS7626 Policy Research Working Paper
Why did poverty decline in India ? a nonparametric decomposition exercise (English)
See More +
MAR 15, 2016 WPS7602 Policy Research Working Paper
Growth, urbanization, and poverty reduction in India (English)
See More +
FEB 17, 2016 WPS7568 Policy Research Working Paper
Pathways to reducing poverty and sharing prosperity in India : lessons from the last two decades (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2016 106902 Working Paper
Job opportunities along the rural-urban gradation and female labor force participation in India (English)
See More +
SEP 15, 2015 WPS7412 Policy Research Working Paper
Right to work? : assessing India's employment guarantee scheme in Bihar (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2014 85414 Publication
Is workfare cost-effective against poverty in a poor labor-surplus economy? (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2013 WPS6673 Policy Research Working Paper
Testing information constraints on India's largest antipoverty program (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2013 WPS6598 Policy Research Working Paper
Non-farm diversification, poverty, economic mobility and income inequality : a case study in village India (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2013 WPS6451 Policy Research Working Paper
Does India's employment guarantee scheme guarantee employment ? (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2012 WPS6003 Policy Research Working Paper
Perspectives on poverty in India : stylized facts from survey data : Main report (English)
See More +
APR 13, 2011 57428 Publication
Poverty and social exclusion in India : Main report (English)
See More +
APR 12, 2011 61314 Publication
Perspectives on poverty in India : stylized facts from survey data (Vol. 2) : Overview (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2011 57428 Publication
Poverty and social exclusion in India (Vol. 2) : Overview (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2011 61314 Publication
Poverty decline, agricultural wages, and non-farm employment in rural India : 1983-2004 (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2009 WPS4858 Policy Research Working Paper
Is a guaranteed living wage a good anti-poverty policy? (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2005 WPS3640 Policy Research Working Paper
Food assistance programs in Bangladesh (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2004 30862 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Poverty trends in Bangladesh during the nineties (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2004 30863 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Sending farmers back to school - the impact of farmer field schools in Indonesia (English)
See More +
APR 30, 2003 WPS3022 Policy Research Working Paper