Documents & Reports

Monica Das Gupta

Senior Demographer

MONICA DAS GUPTA is a Senior Social Scientist in the Development Research Group of the World Bank. Trained in demography and social anthropology at the London School of Economics and IDS Sussex, she has researched and written extensively on population and health issues. She prepared the two chapters of the World Bank’s World Development Report 2000/1 on Poverty, examining the interrelationships between poverty and the institutions of the state and civil society. She is currently working on issues related to the organization of public health services in India and Sri Lanka.  Before joining the Bank, she worked at the National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi, and at the Harvard University Center for Population and Development Studies.

The list below is of World Bank working papers and publications. You can also see (and in some cases download) other documents by this author.      

Contact information: email: research@worldbank.org
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Human Development and Public Services Research Site 

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Population, poverty, and climate change (English)

The literature is reviewed on the relationships between population, poverty, and climate change. While developed countries are largely responsible for global warming, the brunt of the fallout will be borne by the developing world, in lower agricultural output, poorer health, and more frequent natural disasters. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6631 OCT 01, 2013

Das Gupta, Monica

Improving child nutrition outcomes in India : can the integrated child development services program be more effective? (English)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled Improving child nutrition outcomes in India : can the integrated child development services (ICDS) program be more effective? ... See More +

Brief 81371 AUG 14, 2013

Gupta, Monica Das; Lokshin, Michael; Gragnolati, Michele; Ivanschenko, Oleksiy

Multisectoral preventive health services in Sri Lanka : lessons for developing countries in providing public goods in health (English)

What can other developing countries learn from Sri Lanka on achieving good health at low cost? While its well-organized medical and maternal-child health services have been documented elsewhere, this paper fills a gap in documenting how it organizes services to reduce the populationapos;s exposure to disease -- a pure public good. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6558 AUG 01, 2013

Das Gupta, Monica; Dalpatadu, K. C. S.; Shanmugarajah, C. K.; Herath, H. M. S. S. D.

Violent conflict and gender inequality : an overview (English)

Violent conflict, a pervasive feature of the recent global landscape, has lasting impacts on human capital, and these impacts are seldom gender neutral. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6371 FEB 01, 2013

Buvinic, Mayra; Das Gupta, Monica; Casabonne, Ursula; Verwimp, Philip

Population, poverty, and sustainable development : a review of the evidence (English)

There is a very large but scattered literature debating the economic implications of high fertility. This paper reviews the literature on three themes: (a) Does high fertility affect low-income countriesapos; prospects for economic growth and poverty reduction? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5719 JUN 01, 2011

Das Gupta, Monica; Bongaarts, John; Cleland, John

Chinaapos;s marriage market and upcoming challenges for elderly men (English)

Fertility decline has fueled a sharp increase in the proportion of apos;missing girlsapos; in China, so an increasing share of males will fail to marry, and will face old age without the support normally provided by wives and children. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5351 JUN 01, 2010

Das Gupta, Monica; Ebenstein, Avraham; Sharygin, Ethan Jennings

Family systems, political systems, and Asiaapos;s apos;missing girlsapos; : the construction of son preference and its unraveling (English)

Son preference is known to be found in certain types of cultures, that is patrilineal cultures. But what explains the fact that China, South Korea, and Northwest India manifest such extreme child sex ratios compared with other patrilineal societies? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5148 DEC 01, 2009

Das Gupta, Monica

How might Indiaapos;s public health systems be strengthened ? (English)

The central government’s policies, though well-intentioned, have inadvertently de-emphasized environmental health and other preventive public health services in India since the 1950s, when it was decided to amalgamate the medical and public health services and to focus public health services largely on single-issue programs. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5140 NOV 01, 2009

Das Gupta, Monica; Shukla, Rajendra; Somanathan, T.V.; Datta, K.K.

The World Bank economic review 23 (3) (English)

This issue includes the following: gender, poverty and demography: an overview, by Mayra Buvinic, Monica Das Gupta, and Ursula Casabonne; Development, modernization, and childbearing: the role of family sex composition, by Deon Filmer, Jed Friedman, and Norbert Schady; the consequences of the apos;missing girlsapos; of China, by Avraham Y. ... See More +

Publication 62999 NOV 01, 2009

Buvinic, Mayra; Das Gupta, Monica; Casabonne, Ursula; Filmer, Deon; Friedman, Jed; Schady, Norbert; Ebenstein, Avraham Y.; Sharygin, Ethan Jennings; Schultz, T. Paul; Sirimaneetham, Vatcharin; Temple, Jonathan R.W.; Lokshin, Michael; Glinskaya, Elena; Gasmi, Farid; Um, Paul Noumba; Virto, Laura Recuero

Gender, poverty, and demography : an overview (English)

Much has been written on gender inequality and how it affects fertility and mortality outcomes as well as economic outcomes. What is not well understood is the role of gender inequality, embedded in the behavior of the family, the market, and society, in mediating the impact of demographic processes on economic outcomes. ... See More +

Journal Article 77627 NOV 01, 2009

Buvinic, Mayra; Gupta, Monica Das; Casabonne, Ursula

How to improve public health systems : lessons from Tamil Nadu (English)

Public health systems in India have weakened since the 1950s, after central decisions to amalgamate the medical and public health services, and to focus public health work largely on single-issue programs - instead of on strengthening public health systems’ broad capacity to reduce exposure to disease. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5073 OCT 01, 2009

Das Gupta, Monica; Desikachari, B.R.; Somanathan, T.V.; Padmanaban, P.

How can donors help build global public goods in health ? (English)

Aid to developing countries has largely neglected the population-wide health services that are core to communicable disease control in the developed world. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4907 APR 01, 2009

Das Gupta, Monica; Gostin, Lawrence

Is there an incipient turnaround in Asiaapos;s quot;missing girlsquot; phenomenon ? (English)

The apparently inexorable rise in the proportion of quot;missing girlsquot; in much of East and South Asia has attracted much attention amongst researchers and policy-makers. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4846 FEB 01, 2009

Das Gupta, Monica; Chung, Woojin; Shuzhuo, Li

The political economy of village sanitation in south India : capture or poor information ? (English)

Despite efforts to mandate and finance local governmentsapos; provision of environmental sanitation services, outcomes remain poor in the villages surveyed in the four South Indian states. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4802 DEC 01, 2008

Ban, Radu; Das Gupta, Monica; Rao, Vijayendra

Can biological factors like hepatitis B explain the bulk of gender imbalance in China? : a review of the evidence (English)

A recent study challenges the assumption that the large deficit of girls in East and South Asia reflects the preference for sons, suggesting that much of the deficit as much as 75 percent in China is attributable to hepatitis B (HBV). ... See More +

Journal Article 76784 MAY 27, 2008

Gupta, Monica Das

Does Hepatitis B infection or son preference explain the bulk of gender imbalance in China ? : a review of the evidence (English)

China has a large deficit of females, and public policies have sought to reduce the son preference that is widely believed to cause this. Recently a study has suggested that up to 75 percent of this deficit is attributable to hepatitis B infection, indicating that immunization programs should form the first plank of policy interventions. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4502 JAN 01, 2008

Das Gupta, Monica

Why is son preference declining in South Korea ? the role of development and public policy, and the implications for China and India (English)

For years, South Korea presented the puzzling phenomenon of steeply rising sex ratios at birth despite rapid development, including in womenapos;s education and formal employment. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4373 OCT 01, 2007

Chung, Woojin; Das Gupta, Monica

Indiaapos;s undernourished children : a call for reform and action (English)

The prevalence of child undernutrition in India is among the highest in the world; nearly double that of Sub-Saharan Africa, with dire consequences for morbidity, mortality, productivity and economic growth. ... See More +

Publication 36805 JAN 01, 2006

Gragnolati, Michele; Bredenkamp, Caryn; Shekar, Meera; Das Gupta, Monica; Lee, Yi-Kyoung

Public health in India : an overview (English)

Public health services, which reduce a populationapos;s exposure to disease through such measures as sanitation and vector control, are an essential part of a countryapos;s development infrastructure. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3787 DEC 01, 2005

Das Gupta, Monica

Indiaapos;s undernourished children: a call for reform and action (English)

This paper explores the dimensions of child undernutrition in India, and examines the effectiveness of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) program in addressing it. ... See More +

Working Paper 34638 AUG 01, 2005

Gragnolati, Michele; Shekar, Meera; Das Gupta, Monica; Bredenkamp, Caryn; Lee, Yi-Kyoung

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Population, poverty, and climate change (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2013 WPS6631 Policy Research Working Paper
Improving child nutrition outcomes in India : can the integrated child development services program be more effective? (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81371 Brief
Multisectoral preventive health services in Sri Lanka : lessons for developing countries in providing public goods in health (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2013 WPS6558 Policy Research Working Paper
Violent conflict and gender inequality : an overview (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2013 WPS6371 Policy Research Working Paper
Population, poverty, and sustainable development : a review of the evidence (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2011 WPS5719 Policy Research Working Paper
Chinaapos;s marriage market and upcoming challenges for elderly men (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2010 WPS5351 Policy Research Working Paper
Family systems, political systems, and Asiaapos;s apos;missing girlsapos; : the construction of son preference and its unraveling (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2009 WPS5148 Policy Research Working Paper
How might Indiaapos;s public health systems be strengthened ? (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2009 WPS5140 Policy Research Working Paper
The World Bank economic review 23 (3) (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2009 62999 Publication
Gender, poverty, and demography : an overview (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2009 77627 Journal Article
How to improve public health systems : lessons from Tamil Nadu (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2009 WPS5073 Policy Research Working Paper
How can donors help build global public goods in health ? (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2009 WPS4907 Policy Research Working Paper
Is there an incipient turnaround in Asiaapos;s quot;missing girlsquot; phenomenon ? (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2009 WPS4846 Policy Research Working Paper
The political economy of village sanitation in south India : capture or poor information ? (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2008 WPS4802 Policy Research Working Paper
Can biological factors like hepatitis B explain the bulk of gender imbalance in China? : a review of the evidence (English)
See More +
MAY 27, 2008 76784 Journal Article
Does Hepatitis B infection or son preference explain the bulk of gender imbalance in China ? : a review of the evidence (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2008 WPS4502 Policy Research Working Paper
Why is son preference declining in South Korea ? the role of development and public policy, and the implications for China and India (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2007 WPS4373 Policy Research Working Paper
Indiaapos;s undernourished children : a call for reform and action (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2006 36805 Publication
Public health in India : an overview (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2005 WPS3787 Policy Research Working Paper
Indiaapos;s undernourished children: a call for reform and action (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2005 34638 Working Paper