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Universal health coverage and the challenge of informal employment : lessons from developing countries (English)

The aim of the report is to review existing approaches and available policy options to improve access to health care services and financial protection against health shocks for informal-sector workers (ISWs). ... See More +

Working Paper 87077 JAN 01, 2014

Bitran, Ricardo

Explicit health guarantees for Chileans : the AUGE benefits package (English)

This paper focuses on recent and significant health reform implemented in 2005, known as Universal Access with explicit guarantees (Acceso Universal con Garantias Explicitas - AUGE or GES), which mandated SHI insurers to adopt a broad benefits package defined via explicit legal guarantees for all beneficiaries. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 74958 JAN 01, 2013

Bitran, Ricardo Spanish

Explicit health guarantees for Chileans : the AUGE benefits package : Garantias explicitas de salud para los Chilenos : el plan de beneficios del AUGE (Spanish)

This paper focuses on recent and significant health reform implemented in 2005, known as Universal Access with explicit guarantees (Acceso Universal con Garantias Explicitas - AUGE or GES), which mandated SHI insurers to adopt a broad benefits package defined via explicit legal guarantees for all beneficiaries. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 74958 JAN 01, 2013

Bitran, Ricardo English

Health systems analysis for better health system strengthening (English)

Health system strengthening and reform are often necessary actions to achieve better outcomes. The World Bank's 2007 strategy for health, nutrition, and population emphasizes the importance of health system strengthening for results. ... See More +

Working Paper 65927 MAY 01, 2011

Bitran, Ricardo; Berman, Peter

Private health sector assessment in Ghana (English)

Most countries in Sub-Saharan Africa confront serious health challenges; however, Ghana has done beer than many of its neighbors. Ghana's life expectancy at birth is 60 years (versus 53 for all of Sub-Saharan Africa), the infant mortality rate is 73 per thousand (versus 79), and the maternal mortality ratio is 562 per 100,000 (versus 832) (World Bank 2009b). ... See More +

Publication 61312 APR 26, 2011

Adjei, Sam; Sealy, Stephanie; Bitran, Ricardo A.; Munoz, Rodrigo; Makinen, Marty

Review of World Bank's experience with country-level health system analysis (English)

The World Bank often carries out in-depth analysis of the conditions and challenges facing different sectors in our client countries as a contribution to developing the analytical and information base for lending, policy dialogue, and more in-depth analytical work. ... See More +

Working Paper 59887 DEC 01, 2010

Escobar, Liliana; Bitran, Ricardo; Gomez, Paulina; Berman, Peter

Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries : Keringanan dan pembebasan biaya untuk jasa kesehatan di negara berkembang (Indonesian-Malay)

In response to shrinking budgets and growing demands, many developing countries have adopted formal or informal user fees in government health facilities. ... See More +

Newsletter 33359 JAN 01, 2006

Bitran, Ricardo; Giedion, Ursula English, Russian, Spanish

Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries : Exenciones de pago y prestaciones gratuitas en los servicios de salud de los paises en desarrollo (Spanish)

In response to shrinking budgets and growing demands, many developing countries have adopted formal or informal user fees in government health facilities. ... See More +

Newsletter 33359 JAN 01, 2006

Bitran, Ricardo; Giedion, Ursula English, Russian, Indonesian-Malay

Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries (Russian)

In response to shrinking budgets and growing demands, many developing countries have adopted formal or informal user fees in government health facilities. ... See More +

Newsletter 33359 JAN 01, 2006

Bitran, Ricardo; Giedion, Ursula English, Spanish, Indonesian-Malay

Comparative advantages of public and private health care providers in Bangladesh (English)

Bangladesh has made tremendous progress in the social indicators over the past two decades. However, enormous challenges still lie ahead in the areas of equity, quality, governance and accessibility of services to the poor and vulnerable groups, which may impede the achievement of many of the Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) related Millennium Development Goals. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 35553 DEC 01, 2005

Valaydon, Bina; Cortez, Rafael; Bitran, Ricardo; Zaman, Samir; Munoz, Rodrigo; Hussmann, Karen

Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries (English)

In response to shortages in public budgets for government health services, many developing countries around the world, have adopted formal, or informal systems of user fees for health care. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 25987 MAR 31, 2003

Bitran, Ricardo; Giedion, Ursula Spanish, French

Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries : Exenciones y liberaciones de pago para los servicios de salud en los paises en desarrollo (Spanish)

In response to shortages in public budgets for government health services, many developing countries around the world, have adopted formal, or informal systems of user fees for health care. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 25987 MAR 01, 2003

Bitran, Ricardo; Giedion, Ursula English, French

Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries : Derogations et exemptions en matiere de services de sante dans les pays en voie de developpement (French)

In response to shortages in public budgets for government health services, many developing countries around the world, have adopted formal, or informal systems of user fees for health care. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 25987 MAR 01, 2003

Bitran, Ricardo; Giedion, Ursula English, Spanish

Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries (English)

In response to shrinking budgets and growing demands, many developing countries have adopted formal or informal user fees in government health facilities. ... See More +

Newsletter 33359 JAN 01, 2003

Bitran, Ricardo; Giedion, Ursula Russian, Spanish, Indonesian-Malay

A supply - demand model of health care financing with an application to Zaire : a training tool (English)

Developing countries are turning increasingly to cost recovery to pay for health care services; but the decision makers who must develop and implement systems for cost recovery are often unfamiliar with health care financing issues. ... See More +

Publication 13306 MAY 31, 1994

Bitran, Ricardo A.

The demand for health care in Latin America : lessons from the Dominican Republic and El Salvador (English)

Historically, less developed countries have relied heavily on their governments for the provision and financing of health care services. A common explanation for this is the widely-shared principle that health care is a right of every human being and that, in order to ensure that this right is exercised by all, health care services should be provided free of charge. ... See More +

Publication 12424 OCT 31, 1993

Bitran, Ricardo; McInnes, D. Keith

The determinants of hospital costs : an analysis of Ethiopia (English)

The problem of financing health care in poor countries has become increasingly acute. In the context of health financing, hospitals are viewed with skepticism as facilities are not cost-effective in the provision of primary health care services. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS249 AUG 31, 1989

Bitran-Dicowsky, Ricardo; Dunlop, David W.

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Universal health coverage and the challenge of informal employment : lessons from developing countries (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2014 87077 Working Paper
Explicit health guarantees for Chileans : the AUGE benefits package (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 74958 Working Paper (Numbered Series) Spanish
Explicit health guarantees for Chileans : the AUGE benefits package : Garantias explicitas de salud para los Chilenos : el plan de beneficios del AUGE (Spanish)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 74958 Working Paper (Numbered Series) English
Health systems analysis for better health system strengthening (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2011 65927 Working Paper
Private health sector assessment in Ghana (English)
See More +
APR 26, 2011 61312 Publication
Review of World Bank's experience with country-level health system analysis (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2010 59887 Working Paper
Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries : Keringanan dan pembebasan biaya untuk jasa kesehatan di negara berkembang (Indonesian-Malay)
See More +
JAN 01, 2006 33359 Newsletter English, Russian, Spanish
Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries : Exenciones de pago y prestaciones gratuitas en los servicios de salud de los paises en desarrollo (Spanish)
See More +
JAN 01, 2006 33359 Newsletter English, Russian, Indonesian-Malay
Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries (Russian)
See More +
JAN 01, 2006 33359 Newsletter English, Spanish, Indonesian-Malay
Comparative advantages of public and private health care providers in Bangladesh (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2005 35553 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries (English)
See More +
MAR 31, 2003 25987 Working Paper (Numbered Series) Spanish, French
Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries : Exenciones y liberaciones de pago para los servicios de salud en los paises en desarrollo (Spanish)
See More +
MAR 01, 2003 25987 Working Paper (Numbered Series) English, French
Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries : Derogations et exemptions en matiere de services de sante dans les pays en voie de developpement (French)
See More +
MAR 01, 2003 25987 Working Paper (Numbered Series) English, Spanish
Waivers and exemptions for health services in developing countries (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2003 33359 Newsletter Russian, Spanish, Indonesian-Malay
A supply - demand model of health care financing with an application to Zaire : a training tool (English)
See More +
MAY 31, 1994 13306 Publication
The demand for health care in Latin America : lessons from the Dominican Republic and El Salvador (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 1993 12424 Publication
The determinants of hospital costs : an analysis of Ethiopia (English)
See More +
AUG 31, 1989 WPS249 Policy Research Working Paper