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Micro-Equity for Microenterprises (English)

Many microenterprises in developing countries have high returns to capital, but also face risky revenue streams. In principle, equity offers several advantages over debt when financing investments of this nature, but the use of equity in practice has been largely limited to investments in much larger firms. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8799 APR 01, 2019

De Mel,Suresh; Mckenzie,David J.; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

Are labor market imperfections the reason so few microenterprises hire workers? : an experiment in Sri Lanka suggests they are not (English)

This brief examines whether labor market imperfections stop microenterprises from growing, using an experiment in Sri Lanka that provided wage subsidies to small firms to help them hire workers. ... See More +

Brief 111734 JAN 01, 2017

De Mel,Suresh; Mckenzie,David J.; Woodruff,Christoper Disclosed

Labor drops : experimental evidence on the return to additional labor in microenterprises (English)

The majority of enterprises in many developing countries have no paid workers. This paper reports on a field experiment conducted in Sri Lanka that provided wage subsidies to randomly chosen microenterprises to test whether hiring additional labor would benefit such firms. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7924 DEC 19, 2016

De Mel,Suresh; Mckenzie,David J.; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

Radio frequency (Un) identification : Results from a proof-of-concept trial of the use of RFID technology to measure microenterprise turnover in Sri Lanka (English)

Accurate measurement of stock levels, turnover, and profitability in microenterprises in developing countries is difficult due to the fact that the majority of these firms do not keep detailed records. ... See More +

Journal Article 104048 MAR 16, 2016

De Mel,Suresh; Herath,Dammika; Mckenzie,David J.; Pathak,Yuvraj Disclosed

Radio frequency (un)identification : results from a proof-of-concept trial of the use of RFID technology to measure microenterprise turnover in Sri Lanka (English)

Accurate measurement of stock levels, turnover, and profitability in microenterprises in developing countries is difficult because the majority of these firms do not keep detailed records. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7064 OCT 01, 2014

de Mel, Suresh; Herath, Dammika; McKenzie, David; Pathak, Yuvraj Disclosed

Sri Lanka - Are women more credit constrained? Experimental evidence on gender and microenterprise returns (English)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled Are women more credit constrained? Experimental evidence on gender and microenterprise returns, conducted during the time period 2005-2007 in Sri Lanka. ... See More +

Brief 81201 AUG 14, 2013

Mel, Suresh De; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Business training and female enterprise start-up, growth, and dynamics experimental evidence from Sri Lanka (English)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled Business training and female enterprise start-up, growth, and dynamics experimental evidence from Sri Lanka, conducted during the time period April and May 2009 in Sri Lanka. ... See More +

Brief 81205 AUG 14, 2013

Mel, Suresh De; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

One-time transfers of cash or capital have long-lasting effects on microenterprises in Sri Lanka (English)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled One-time transfers of cash or capital have long-lasting effects on microenterprises in Sri Lanka, conducted during the time period between 2005 to 2007 in Sri Lanka. ... See More +

Brief 81396 AUG 14, 2013

Mel, Suresh De; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Returns to capital in micro enterprises : evidence from a field experiment (English)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled Returns to capital in micro enterprises : evidence from a field experiment, conducted in 2007 in Sri Lanka. ... See More +

Brief 81454 AUG 14, 2013

de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

The demand for, and consequences of, formalization among informal firms in Sri Lanka (English)

A field experiment in Sri Lanka provides informal firms incentives to formalize. Information about the registration process and reimbursement of direct costs does not increase registration. ... See More +

Journal Article 92926 APR 01, 2013

Mel, Suresh de; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Business training for new and existing female-owned firms in Sri Lanka (English)

This note discusses one of a number of recent impact evaluations of business training programs. Further reading provides a link to a critical overview of this new literature. ... See More +

Brief 76387 OCT 01, 2012

De Mel,Suresh; Mckenzie,David J.; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

Business training and female enterprise start-up, growth, and dynamics : experimental evidence from Sri Lanka (English)

The authors conduct a randomized experiment among women in urban Sri Lanka to measure the impact of the most commonly used business training course in developing countries, the Start-and-Improve Your Business program. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6145 JUL 01, 2012

de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Do informal firms want to formalize and does it help them if they do? (English)

Most firms in developing countries are informal. Does it make sense for them to formalize? Hernando de Soto has famously argued that informal firms would like to be formal, only that burden some entry barriers prevent them. ... See More +

Brief 68268 MAR 01, 2012

Mckenzie,David J.; De Mel,Suresh; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

The demand for, and consequences of, formalization among informal firms in Sri Lanka (English)

The majority of firms in most developing countries are informal. The authors of this paper conducted a field experiment in Sri Lanka that provided incentives for informal firms to formalize. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5991 MAR 01, 2012

de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Long term impacts of one off grants to microenterprises (English)

Traditional economic models of investment such as the Ramsey model would predict that such grants should have at most temporary effects. In such models, there is an efficient steady state size for a business conditional on the ability of the owner. ... See More +

Brief 68267 FEB 01, 2012

Mckenzie,David J.; De Mel,Suresh; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

The World Bank economic review 25 (3) (English)

This paper is organized in following headings: what constrains Africa's exports?; does the internet reduce corruption? evidence from United States and across countries; do labor statistics depend on how and to whom the questions are asked? ... See More +

Publication 80518 OCT 01, 2011

Freund, Caroline; Rocha, Nadia; Andersen, Thomas Barnebeck; Bentzen, Jeanet; Dalgaard, Carl-Johan; Selaya, Pablo; Bardasi, Elena; Beegle, Kathleen; Dillon, Andrew; Serneels, Pieter; Klapper, Leora F.; Love, Inessa; de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher; Chavis, Larry W.; Gine, Xavier; Mansuri, Ghazala; Picon, Mario; Lederman, Daniel; Rodriguez-Clare, Andres; Xu, Daniel Yi Disclosed

Getting credit to high return micro entrepreneurs : the results of an information intervention (English)

Small-scale entrepreneurs typically cite access to finance as the most important constraint to growth. Recent randomized experiments have shown the return to capital to be very high for the average microenterprise in Sri Lanka. ... See More +

Journal Article 81278 MAY 18, 2011

de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Enterprise recovery following natural disasters (English)

Using data from surveys of enterprises in Sri Lanka after the December 2004 tsunami, the authors undertake the first microeconomic study of the recovery of the private firms in a developing country following a major natural disaster. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5269 APR 01, 2010

de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Innovative firms or innovative owners ? determinants of innovation in micro, small, and medium enterprises (English)

Innovation is key to technology adoption and creation, and to explaining the vast differences in productivity across and within countries. Despite the central role of the entrepreneur in the innovation process, data limitations have restricted standard analysis of the determinants of innovation to consideration of the role of firm characteristics. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4934 MAY 01, 2009

de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Are women more credit constrained ? experimental evidence on gender and microenterprise returns (English)

This paper analyzes data from a randomized experiment on mean returns to capital in Sri Lankan micro-enterprises. The findings show greater returns among men than among women; indeed, returns were not different from zero for women. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4746 OCT 01, 2008

de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Micro-Equity for Microenterprises (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2019 WPS8799 Policy Research Working Paper
Are labor market imperfections the reason so few microenterprises hire workers? : an experiment in Sri Lanka suggests they are not (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2017 111734 Brief
Labor drops : experimental evidence on the return to additional labor in microenterprises (English)
See More +
DEC 19, 2016 WPS7924 Policy Research Working Paper
Radio frequency (Un) identification : Results from a proof-of-concept trial of the use of RFID technology to measure microenterprise turnover in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
MAR 16, 2016 104048 Journal Article
Radio frequency (un)identification : results from a proof-of-concept trial of the use of RFID technology to measure microenterprise turnover in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2014 WPS7064 Policy Research Working Paper
Sri Lanka - Are women more credit constrained? Experimental evidence on gender and microenterprise returns (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81201 Brief
Business training and female enterprise start-up, growth, and dynamics experimental evidence from Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81205 Brief
One-time transfers of cash or capital have long-lasting effects on microenterprises in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81396 Brief
Returns to capital in micro enterprises : evidence from a field experiment (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81454 Brief
The demand for, and consequences of, formalization among informal firms in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2013 92926 Journal Article
Business training for new and existing female-owned firms in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2012 76387 Brief
Business training and female enterprise start-up, growth, and dynamics : experimental evidence from Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2012 WPS6145 Policy Research Working Paper
Do informal firms want to formalize and does it help them if they do? (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2012 68268 Brief
The demand for, and consequences of, formalization among informal firms in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2012 WPS5991 Policy Research Working Paper
Long term impacts of one off grants to microenterprises (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2012 68267 Brief
The World Bank economic review 25 (3) (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2011 80518 Publication
Getting credit to high return micro entrepreneurs : the results of an information intervention (English)
See More +
MAY 18, 2011 81278 Journal Article
Enterprise recovery following natural disasters (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2010 WPS5269 Policy Research Working Paper
Innovative firms or innovative owners ? determinants of innovation in micro, small, and medium enterprises (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2009 WPS4934 Policy Research Working Paper
Are women more credit constrained ? experimental evidence on gender and microenterprise returns (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2008 WPS4746 Policy Research Working Paper