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The rise and fall of Brazilian inequality, 1981-2004 (English)

Measured by the Gini coefficient, income inequality in Brazil rose from 0.57 in 1981 to 0.63 in 1989, before falling back to 0.56 in 2004. This latest figure would lower Brazil's world inequality rank from 2nd (in 1989) to 10th (in 2004). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3867 MAR 01, 2006

Ferreira, Francisco H. G.; Leite, Phillippe G.; Litchfield, Julie A. Disclosed

Damaging fluctuations, risk and poverty: a review : Damaging fluctuations, risk and poverty: a review (English)

The report examines three proximate causes of falls in private consumption poverty: the average person's lifetime consumption rises; the distribution of lifetime consumption shifts towards the initially poor; for the poor and near-poor, damaging fluctuations (DFs) in consumption are better managed. ... See More +

Working Paper 27913 OCT 01, 1999

Sinha, Saurabh; Lipton, Michael; Church, Joanna; Leavy, Jennifer; Litchfield, Julie; Ronchi, Loraine; Straub, Rachael; Yaqub, Shahin

The World Bank economic review 13 (3) (English)

Evaluating education reforms : four cases in developing countries; by Elizabeth M. King, and Peter F. Orazem. Do community-managed schools work? ... See More +

Publication 26451 SEP 30, 1999

Bourguignon, Francois [editor]; King, Elizabeth M.; Orazem, Peter F.; Jimenez, Emmanuel; Sawada, Yasuyuki; Kim, Jooseop; Alderman, Harold; Wohlgemuth, Darin; Tan, Jee-Peng; Lane, Julia; Lassibille, Gerard; Ferreria, Francisco H. G.; Litchfield, Julie A.; Milanovic, Branko; Jovanovic, Branko; Hakim, Guillermo; Miranda, Javier

Calm after the storms : income distribution and welfare in Chile, 1987-94 (English)

After rising during most, but not all, of the 1960-85 period, inequality in Chile seems to have stabilized since around 1987. Following the stormy period of economic and political reforms of the 1970s and 1980s, no statistically significant Lorenz dominance results could be detected since 1987. ... See More +

Journal Article 77298 SEP 01, 1999

Ferreira, Francisco H. G.; Litchfield, Julie A. Disclosed

Calm after the storms : income distribution in Chile, 1987-94 (English)

This paper uses Vietnam as a case study in rapidly assessing the strengths and weaknesses of an existing system of transfers and safety nets. Data are taken to be weak; in particular, rigorous ex-post evaluations of the components of the existing social security system are not available in time to inform policy choices. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1960 AUG 31, 1998

Ferreira, Francisco H. G.; Litchfield, Julie A.