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Agrarian structure in Poland : the myth of large-farm superiority (English)

In Poland, present policies are aimed at promoting large, mechanized farms over smaller family farms. These policies are based on the perception that large farms offer real economies of scale. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1596 APR 30, 1996

Van Zyl, Johan; Miller, Bill R.; Parker, Andrew

The relationship between farm size and efficiency in South African agriculture (English)

Drawing on international evidence, the authors discuss the sources of economies of scale. Using representative farm-level survey data for South Africa's six major grain producing areas and one irrigation area for the period 1975-90, they: describe the the structure of South African agriculture, detailing the distribution of farm sizes and results from previous studies of farm-size efficiency. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1548 NOV 30, 1995

van Zyl, Johan; Binswanger, Hans; Thirtle, Colin

Testing the induced innovation hypothesis in South African agriculture (an error correction approach) (English)

The authors investigate whether factor prices matter in agricultural production and in the selection of production technology. Each stage of the analysis corroborates the inducement hypothesis, which implies that factor prices do matter in agricultural production and in the selection of production technology. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1547 NOV 30, 1995

Thirtle, Colin; Townsend, Robert; van Zyl, Johan

Market-assisted land reform : a new solution to old problems (English)

Historically, land reform has been implemented by government agencies expropriating land, with or without compensation, and then distributing it to the landless. ... See More +

Newsletter 22753 AUG 31, 1995

Aiyar, Swaminathan; Parker, Andrew; Van Zyl, Johan

Decentralization can work : experience from Colombia (English)

During the 1980s, Colombia embarked on an ambitious program to decentralize responsibilities for planning, financing, and delivering public goods and services. ... See More +

Newsletter 22752 AUG 31, 1995

Aiyar, Swaminathan; Parker, Andrew; Van Zyl, Johan

How well has decentralization worked for rural development? (English)

Many developing countries are experimenting with decentralizing power and responsibilities to local governments. These processes of decentralization have achieved some notable improvements in delivering services to rural communities. ... See More +

Newsletter 22751 AUG 31, 1995

Aiyar, Swaminathan; Parker, Andrew; Van Zyl, Johan

Market-assisted land reform : helping solve a debt crisis (English)

The abolition of subsidies and privileges tend to reduce the profitability of farming sharply. The impact is most severe on farmers who have borrowed large sums from banks, especially since real interest rates tend to be high during adjustment. ... See More +

Newsletter 22754 AUG 31, 1995

Aiyer, Swaminathan; Parker, Andrew; Van Zyl, Johan

The myth of large-farm superiority (English)

Large, mechanized farms are often viewed as more efficient than small ones. This myth has often included policymakers and technicians who favor large commercial farms depending on mechanization and hired labor, or large collectives or state farms rather than smaller family farms. ... See More +

Newsletter 22755 AUG 31, 1995

Aiyer, Swaminathan; Parker, Andrew; Van Zyl, Johan

Decentralization : a new strategy for rural development (English)

The widespread failure of integrated rural development to bring about a sustained improvement in the living standards of rural people has left unanswered the question of how best to ensure effective rural development programs. ... See More +

Newsletter 22735 AUG 31, 1995

Aiyar, Swaminathan; Parker, Andrew; Van Zyl, Johan

Decentralized rural development and enhanced community participation : a case study from Northeast Brazil (English)

In Northeast Brazil, despite sustained efforts to reduce rural poverty and more than $3.2 billion in spending, the rural poor are little better off than they were two decades ago. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1498 AUG 31, 1995

van Zyl, Johan; Barbosa, Tulio; Parker, Andrew N.; Sonn, Loretta