Documents & Reports

Hiau Looi Kee

Senior Economist

HIAU LOOI KEE is a Senior Economist with the Trade Team of the World Bank Research Department.  She joined the World Bank as a Young Professional in September 2000, after receiving her Ph.D. in economics from the University of California at Davis.  Her research focuses on trade, productivity and growth.  Her current projects include studying FDI, rules of origins and firm productivity in Bangladesh's garment sector and a large scale estimations of import demand elasticities and trade restrictiveness indexes of countries.  The latter contributes to the Global Monitoring Reports.  She has worked on trade and investment issues in Cambodia, Mongolia, Bangladesh, Mexico, and her homeland, Malaysia. She has a M. Soc. Sci. in economics from the National University of Singapore, and a B.A. from the National Taiwan University.

Contact: Hiau Looi Kee hlkee@worldbank.org

 

The author's works below are drawn from the World Bank's institutional archives.

Works by this author


  

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Is protectionism on the rise? : assessing national trade policies during the crisis of 2008 (English)

This paper quantifies trade policy changes and the associated trade impacts for about 100 countries between 2008 and 2009. Results show that there has been no widespread increase in protectionism. ... See More +

Journal Article 86266 MAR 01, 2013

Kee, Hiau Looi; Neagu, Cristina; Nicita, Alessandro

Trade liberalization and export variety : a comparison of Mexico and China (English)

The issue of measuring product variety has received relatively little attention due to its inherent difficulty. In the language of index numbers, an expansion in the range of inputs or outputs is a 'new goods' problem: a good that is newly available will have an observed price and quantity, but no corresponding price or quantity the year before. ... See More +

Working Paper 66617 DEC 31, 2011

Feenstra, Robert C.; Kee, Hiau Looi

The effects of domestic climate change measures on international competitiveness (English)

Under the Kyoto Protocol, industrialized countries (called Annex I countries) have to reduce their combined emissions to 5 percent below 1990 levels in the first commitment period of 2008-12. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5309 MAY 01, 2010

Kee, Hiau Looi; Ma, Hong; Mani, Muthukumara

Is protectionism on the rise ? assessing national trade policies during the crisis of 2008 (English)

To understand the role of trade policies in the crisis of 2008, this paper constructs the overall trade restrictiveness indices for a wide range of countries using their tariff schedules in 2008 and 2009. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5274 APR 01, 2010

Kee, Hiau Looi; Neagu, Cristina; Nicita, Alessandro

International trade and climate change : economic, legal, and institutional perspectives : Comercio internacional y cambio climatico : perspectivas economicas, legales e institucionales (Spanish)

The broad objective of this study is to analyze areas in which the climate change agenda intersects with multilateral trade obligations. The study identifies the key issues at stake, as well as possible actions -- at the national and multilateral levels -- that could help developing countries strengthen their capacities to respond to emerging conflicts between international trade and global climate regimes while taking advantage of new opportunities. ... See More +

Publication 41453 JAN 01, 2009

Kee, Hiau Looi; Morita, Sachiko; Kishore, Sunanda; Seki, Cizuka; Tatsui, Eri; Mani, Muthukumara; Sugathan, Mahesh; Govindarajalu, Chandrasekar English, Farsi

International trade and climate change : economic, legal, and institutional perspectives (English)

The broad objective of this study is to analyze areas in which the climate change agenda intersects with multilateral trade obligations. The study identifies the key issues at stake, as well as possible actions -- at the national and multilateral levels -- that could help developing countries strengthen their capacities to respond to emerging conflicts between international trade and global climate regimes while taking advantage of new opportunities. ... See More +

Publication 41453 JAN 01, 2007

Kee, Hiau Looi; Morita, Sachiko; Kishore, Sunanda; Seki, Cizuka; Tatsui, Eri; Mani, Muthukumara; Sugathan, Mahesh; Govindarajalu, Chandrasekar Spanish, Farsi

International trade and climate change : economic, legal, and institutional perspectives (Farsi)

The broad objective of this study is to analyze areas in which the climate change agenda intersects with multilateral trade obligations. The study identifies the key issues at stake, as well as possible actions -- at the national and multilateral levels -- that could help developing countries strengthen their capacities to respond to emerging conflicts between international trade and global climate regimes while taking advantage of new opportunities. ... See More +

Publication 41453 JAN 01, 2007

Kee, Hiau Looi; Morita, Sachiko; Kishore, Sunanda; Seki, Cizuka; Tatsui, Eri; Mani, Muthukumara; Sugathan, Mahesh; Govindarajalu, Chandrasekar

Estimating trade restrictiveness indices (English)

The objective of this paper is to provide indicators of trade restrictiveness that include both measures of tariff and nontariff barriers for 91 developing and industrial countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3840 FEB 01, 2006

Olarreaga, Marcelo; Kee, Hiau Looi; Nicita, Alessandro

End of MFA quotas : Key issues and strategic options for Bangladesh readymade garment industry (English)

It was the Multi Fiber Arrangement (MFA) in global textile and clothing trade that opened the doors for Bangladesh creating a golden opportunity for exploiting its comparative advantage in the labor-intensive garment industry. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 35551 DEC 01, 2005

Devarajan, Shanta; Sattar, Zaidi; Martin, Will; Ahsan, F. M Ziaul; Alexander, Rajani; Taslim, M.A.; Malone, Vlad; Ahmad, Nilufar; Baysan, Tercan; Matsaert, Frank; Razi, Zillul Hye; Mahmood, Syed; Islam, Shafiqul; Hiau Looi Kee; Ahmed, Nasiruddin

A model on knowledge and endogenous growth (English)

The authors present a model of endogenous growth in which the main engine of economic development is knowledge. Using a two-sector closed economy model that comprises of a conventional goods-producing sector and a research and development sector, their model incorporates two key aspects of knowledge: technology and human capital. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3539 MAR 01, 2005

Chen, Derek H. C.; Hiau Looi Kee

Import demand elasticities and trade distortions (English)

To study the effects of tariffs on gross domestic product (GDP), one needs import demand elasticities at the tariff line level that are consistent with GDP maximization. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3452 NOV 01, 2004

Olarreaga, Marcelo; Hiau Looi Kee; Nicita, Alessandro

Export variety and country productivity (English)

The authors study the link between export product variety and country productivity based on data from 34 industrial and developing countries, from 1982 to 1997. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3412 SEP 01, 2004

Feenstra, Robert; Hiau Looi Kee

Trade, capital accumulation, and structural unemployment : An empirical study of the Singapore economy (English)

The past three and a half decades witnessed a distinctly declining trend in Singapore's unemployment rate, which dropped from an average annual rate of 7.85 percent in 1966-70 to 2.74 percent in 1991-2000. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3272 APR 01, 2004

Hiau Looi Kee; Hian Teck Hoon

On the measurement of product variety in trade (English)

Product variety plays an important role in the theoretical work on monopolistic competition and trade, and recent empirical work has begun to quantify this for aggregate and disaggregate import demands. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3213 FEB 01, 2004

Feenstra, Robert; Hiau Looi Kee

Market access for sale : Latin America's lobbying for U.S. tariff preferences : Market access for sale: Latin America's lobbying for U.S. tariff preferences (English)

This paper assesses the foreign lobbying forces behind the tariff preferences that the United States grants to Latin American and Caribbean countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3198 JAN 01, 2004

Kee, Hiau Looi; Olarreaga, Marcelo; Silva, Peri

Imports, entry, and competition law as market disciplines (English)

Since the early 1990s numerous countries have adopted or strengthened competition legislation. Kee and Hoekman investigate the impact of competition law on industry markups over time and across a large number of countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3031 APR 30, 2003

Kee, Hiau Looi; Hoekman, Bernard

Market access for sale : Latin America's lobbying for US tariff preferences (English)

This paper assesses the foreign lobbying forces behind the tariff preferences that the United States grants to Latin American countries.The basic framework is the one developed by Grossman andHelpman (1994) that is extended to explain the relationship betweenforeign lobbying and tariff preferences. ... See More +

Working Paper 29936 MAR 01, 2003

Olarreaga, Marcelo; Hiau Looi Kee; Silva, Peri

Productivity in endowments : sectoral evidence for Hong Kong's aggregate growth (English)

The author provides sectoral evidence that sheds new light on the current debate regarding the sources of growth of the East Asian miracle. The author tests both the productivity-driven and endowment-driven hypotheses using Hong Kong's sectoral data. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2892 SEP 30, 2002

Hiau Looi Kee

Markups, returns to scale, and productivity : a case study of Singapore's manufacturing sector (English)

The results of this paper challenge the conventional wisdom in the literature that productivity plays no role in the economic development of Singapore. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2857 JUN 30, 2002

Kee, Hiau Looi

Productivity versus endowments - a study of Singapore's sectoral growth, 1974-92 (English)

Productivity, and the Rybczynski effects of factor endowments, have been highlighted as the two main reasons behind the growth of newly industrializing economies in East Asia. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2702 NOV 30, 2001

Hiau Looi Kee

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Is protectionism on the rise? : assessing national trade policies during the crisis of 2008 (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2013 86266 Journal Article
Trade liberalization and export variety : a comparison of Mexico and China (English)
See More +
DEC 31, 2011 66617 Working Paper
The effects of domestic climate change measures on international competitiveness (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2010 WPS5309 Policy Research Working Paper
Is protectionism on the rise ? assessing national trade policies during the crisis of 2008 (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2010 WPS5274 Policy Research Working Paper
International trade and climate change : economic, legal, and institutional perspectives : Comercio internacional y cambio climatico : perspectivas economicas, legales e institucionales (Spanish)
See More +
JAN 01, 2009 41453 Publication English, Farsi
International trade and climate change : economic, legal, and institutional perspectives (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2007 41453 Publication Spanish, Farsi
International trade and climate change : economic, legal, and institutional perspectives (Farsi)
See More +
JAN 01, 2007 41453 Publication
Estimating trade restrictiveness indices (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2006 WPS3840 Policy Research Working Paper
End of MFA quotas : Key issues and strategic options for Bangladesh readymade garment industry (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2005 35551 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
A model on knowledge and endogenous growth (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2005 WPS3539 Policy Research Working Paper
Import demand elasticities and trade distortions (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2004 WPS3452 Policy Research Working Paper
Export variety and country productivity (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2004 WPS3412 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade, capital accumulation, and structural unemployment : An empirical study of the Singapore economy (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2004 WPS3272 Policy Research Working Paper
On the measurement of product variety in trade (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2004 WPS3213 Policy Research Working Paper
Market access for sale : Latin America's lobbying for U.S. tariff preferences : Market access for sale: Latin America's lobbying for U.S. tariff preferences (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2004 WPS3198 Policy Research Working Paper
Imports, entry, and competition law as market disciplines (English)
See More +
APR 30, 2003 WPS3031 Policy Research Working Paper
Market access for sale : Latin America's lobbying for US tariff preferences (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2003 29936 Working Paper
Productivity in endowments : sectoral evidence for Hong Kong's aggregate growth (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 2002 WPS2892 Policy Research Working Paper
Markups, returns to scale, and productivity : a case study of Singapore's manufacturing sector (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 2002 WPS2857 Policy Research Working Paper
Productivity versus endowments - a study of Singapore's sectoral growth, 1974-92 (English)
See More +
NOV 30, 2001 WPS2702 Policy Research Working Paper