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Exporter behavior, country size and stage of development : evidence from the exporter dynamics database (English)

This paper presents new data on the micro structure of the export sector for 45 countries and studies how exporter behavior varies with country size and stage of development. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7452 OCT 21, 2015

Fernandes,Ana Margarida; Freund,Caroline; Pierola Castro,Martha D. Disclosed

Champions wanted : promoting exports in the Middle East and North Africa (English)

Traditional discussions of export performance are typically cast in terms of countries and sectors, which has a comparative advantage, what should be protected, and so on. ... See More +

Brief 100036 OCT 01, 2015

Jaud,Melise; Freund,Caroline Disclosed

Champions wanted : promoting exports in the Middle East and North Africa (English)

While other emerging regions were thriving, MENA's aggregate export performance over the past two decades has been consistently weak. Using detailed firm-level export data from Customs administrations, this report explains why. ... See More +

Publication 95681 APR 07, 2015

Freund,Caroline; Jaud,Melise Arabic, French Disclosed

Champions wanted : promoting exports in the Middle East and North Africa : En quête de champions : promouvoir les exportations au moyen-orient et en Afrique du Nord (French)

While other emerging regions were thriving, MENA's aggregate export performance over the past two decades has been consistently weak. Using detailed firm-level export data from Customs administrations, this report explains why. ... See More +

Publication 95681 JAN 01, 2015

Freund,Caroline; Jaud,Melise Arabic, English Disclosed

Champions wanted : promoting exports in the Middle East and North Africa (Arabic)

While other emerging regions were thriving, MENA's aggregate export performance over the past two decades has been consistently weak. Using detailed firm-level export data from Customs administrations, this report explains why. ... See More +

Publication 95681 JAN 01, 2015

Freund,Caroline; Jaud,Melise French, English Disclosed

Which firms create the most jobs in developing countries ? evidence from Tunisia (English)

This paper examines private sector job creation in Tunisia over the period 1996-2010 using a unique database containing information on all registered private enterprises, including self-employment. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7068 OCT 01, 2014

Rijkers, Bob; Arouri, Hassen; Freund, Caroline; Nucifora, Antonio Disclosed

Episodes of unemployment reduction in rich, middle-income, and transition economies (English)

This paper studies the incidence and determinants of episodes of drastic unemployment reduction, defined as swift, substantial, and sustained declines in unemployment. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6891 MAY 01, 2014

Freund, Caroline; Rijkers, Bob Disclosed

All in the family : state capture in Tunisia (English)

This paper examines the relationship between entry regulation and the business interests of former President Ben Ali's family using firm-level data from Tunisia. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6810 MAR 01, 2014

Freund,Caroline; Nucifora,Antonio; Rijkers,Bob Disclosed

The Middle East and North Africa : a year in transition (English)

This note is based on report entitled Looking Ahead after a Year in Transition that was issued by the Chief Economist’s office of the Middle East and North Africa region of the World Bank. ... See More +

Brief 75214 DEC 01, 2012

Freund, Caroline; Ianchovichina, Elena; Wood, Christina; Mottaghi, Lili Disclosed

Exporter dynamics database (English)

This paper introduces the Exporter Dynamics Database. The database includes exporter characteristics and measures of exporter growth based on firm-level customs information from 38 developing and seven developed countries, primarily for the period between 2003 and 2010. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6229 OCT 01, 2012

Cebeci, Tolga; Fernandes, Ana M.; Freund, Caroline; Pierola, Martha Denisse Disclosed

Looking ahead after a year in transition (English)

This edtion of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) economic developments and prospects reports focuses on the economic developments and short-term outlook for four economies, Tunisia, Egypt, the Republic of Yemen and Libya. ... See More +

Publication 74376 OCT 01, 2012

Ianchovichina, Elena; Freund, Caroline Disclosed

Export superstars (English)

This paper shows that the top 1 percent of exporters critically shape trade patterns, using firm-level data from 32 countries. In particular, variation in average firm size (the intensive margin) explains over two thirds of the variation in the sector distribution of exports across countries, the remaining share is explained by variation in the number of firms (the extensive margin). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6222 OCT 01, 2012

Freund, Caroline; Pierola, Martha Denisse Disclosed

World Bank Middle East and North Africa region : a regional economic update (Vol. 2) : Enabling employment miracles (English)

Political uncertainties in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) continue to affect the short term economic prospects in the region, while major developments in the global economy over the past six months have put the region on a two-track growth path for 2012. ... See More +

Working Paper 68238 APR 01, 2012

Freund,Caroline; Ianchovichina,Elena Disclosed

World Bank Middle East and North Africa region : a regional economic update : Executive summary (Arabic)

Political uncertainties in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) continue to affect the short term economic prospects in the region, while major developments in the global economy over the past six months have put the region on a two-track growth path for 2012. ... See More +

Working Paper 68238 APR 01, 2012

Freund,Caroline; Ianchovichina,Elena Disclosed

World Bank Middle East and North Africa region : a regional economic update : Resume executif (French)

Political uncertainties in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) continue to affect the short term economic prospects in the region, while major developments in the global economy over the past six months have put the region on a two-track growth path for 2012. ... See More +

Working Paper 68238 APR 01, 2012

Freund,Caroline; Ianchovichina,Elena Disclosed

The World Bank economic review 25 (3) (English)

This paper is organized in following headings: what constrains Africa's exports?; does the internet reduce corruption? evidence from United States and across countries; do labor statistics depend on how and to whom the questions are asked? ... See More +

Publication 80518 OCT 01, 2011

Freund, Caroline; Rocha, Nadia; Andersen, Thomas Barnebeck; Bentzen, Jeanet; Dalgaard, Carl-Johan; Selaya, Pablo; Bardasi, Elena; Beegle, Kathleen; Dillon, Andrew; Serneels, Pieter; Klapper, Leora F.; Love, Inessa; de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher; Chavis, Larry W.; Gine, Xavier; Mansuri, Ghazala; Picon, Mario; Lederman, Daniel; Rodriguez-Clare, Andres; Xu, Daniel Yi Disclosed

Investing for growth and jobs (English)

This edtion of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) economic developments and prospects reports focuses foresees an improvement compared to its last forecast in May 2011. ... See More +

Publication 75725 SEP 01, 2011

Ianchovichina, Elena; Freund, Caroline Disclosed

The trade performance of the Middle East and North Africa (English)

This paper characterizes the trade performance of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) over the past 15 years. Cross-section results show that MENA's exports to the outside world were only one third of their potential in recent years, after controlling for the standard determinants of trade. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 64339 JUL 01, 2011

Behar, Alberto; Freund, Caroline Disclosed

What constrains Africa's exports? (English)

Africa's share of global exports has dropped by 50 percent over the last three decades. To stem this decline, aid for trade to the region has increased rapidly in recent years. ... See More +

Journal Article 81273 MAY 30, 2011

Freund, Caroline; Rocha, Nadia Disclosed

Factory Europe? brainier but not brawnier (English)

While intermediates comprise the majority of total goods trade in the European Union (EU), their share of total trade has remained flat since 1996. ... See More +

Working Paper 103793 APR 01, 2011

Behar,Alberto; Freund,Caroline Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Exporter behavior, country size and stage of development : evidence from the exporter dynamics database (English)
See More +
OCT 21, 2015 WPS7452 Policy Research Working Paper
Champions wanted : promoting exports in the Middle East and North Africa (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2015 100036 Brief
Champions wanted : promoting exports in the Middle East and North Africa (English)
See More +
APR 07, 2015 95681 Publication Arabic, French
Champions wanted : promoting exports in the Middle East and North Africa : En quête de champions : promouvoir les exportations au moyen-orient et en Afrique du Nord (French)
See More +
JAN 01, 2015 95681 Publication Arabic, English
Champions wanted : promoting exports in the Middle East and North Africa (Arabic)
See More +
JAN 01, 2015 95681 Publication French, English
Which firms create the most jobs in developing countries ? evidence from Tunisia (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2014 WPS7068 Policy Research Working Paper
Episodes of unemployment reduction in rich, middle-income, and transition economies (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2014 WPS6891 Policy Research Working Paper
All in the family : state capture in Tunisia (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2014 WPS6810 Policy Research Working Paper
The Middle East and North Africa : a year in transition (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2012 75214 Brief
Exporter dynamics database (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2012 WPS6229 Policy Research Working Paper
Looking ahead after a year in transition (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2012 74376 Publication
Export superstars (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2012 WPS6222 Policy Research Working Paper
World Bank Middle East and North Africa region : a regional economic update (Vol. 2) : Enabling employment miracles (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2012 68238 Working Paper
World Bank Middle East and North Africa region : a regional economic update : Executive summary (Arabic)
See More +
APR 01, 2012 68238 Working Paper
World Bank Middle East and North Africa region : a regional economic update : Resume executif (French)
See More +
APR 01, 2012 68238 Working Paper
The World Bank economic review 25 (3) (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2011 80518 Publication
Investing for growth and jobs (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2011 75725 Publication
The trade performance of the Middle East and North Africa (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2011 64339 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
What constrains Africa's exports? (English)
See More +
MAY 30, 2011 81273 Journal Article
Factory Europe? brainier but not brawnier (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2011 103793 Working Paper