Documents & Reports

Ana Margarida Fernandes

Senior Economist

ANA MARGARIDA FERNANDES is an Economist in the Development Research Group (Trade team). She joined the World Bank as a Young Economist in 2002. Her current research focuses on the consequences of openness to trade and FDI for firm-level outcomes such as productivity, skilled labor demand, and technological innovation. She has studied more broadly the determinants of firm-level performance, including the role of the business environment, in Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Thailand, countries in Central America, and transition economies. Recently she has examined the consequences of liberalization of the services sector (e.g., through FDI) for the performance of services firms and for the performance of manufacturing services users. S he is currently studying issues relating to professional services in Mozambique and other African countries. She received her M.A., M. Phil., and Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University and a B.A. from Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal.

 

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Malawi - Diagnostic trade integration study (DTIS) update : reducing trade costs to promote competitiveness and inclusive growth (English)

The diagnostic trade integration study (DTIS) update identifies the trade related constraints holding back Malawi from diversifying and deepening its production base, and increasing trade. ... See More +

Working Paper ACS7534 MAR 25, 2014

Hoppe, Mombert; Kirk, Robert; Dihel, Nora; Hall, Alan; Keyser, John; Gondwe, Temwa; Mangelsdorf, Axel; Fernandes, Ana; Maoni, Felix; Chamkakala, Masuako; Said, Jonathan; Ziyendammanja, Deliwe; Glazer, Tamara

Evaluating aid for trade : a survey of recent studies (English)

The demand for accountability in aid-for-trade is increasing but monitoring has focused on case studies and impressionistic narratives. The paper reviews recent evidence from a wide range of studies, recognizing that a multiplicity of approaches is needed to learn what works and what does not. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6742 JAN 01, 2014

Cadot, Olivier; Fernandes, Ana; Gourdon, Julien; Mattoo, Aaditya; de Melo, Jaime

Micro dynamics of Turkey's export boom in the 2000s (English)

This paper examines the microeconomics behind the dramatic export boom experienced by Turkey during the 2000s. Using disaggregated customs data covering the universe of export transactions for Turkey during the period 2002-2011, it characterizes firm-level dynamics in the export sector and decomposes export growth at the aggregate, sector, and destination market levels to identify the role of firm turnover, destination turnover, and product turnover. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6452 MAY 01, 2013

Fernandes, Ana M.; Cebeci, Tolga

Export entrepreneurship and trade structure in Latin America during good and bad times : Export entrepreneurship and trade structure in Latin America during good and bad times (English)

The authors use a new dataset on export transactions for a large set of Latin American and Caribbean and comparator countries to assess the extent of "export entrepreneurship" during periods of fast export growth (2005-2007) and depressed external demand (2008-2009). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6413 APR 01, 2013

Fernandes, Ana M.; Gutierrez-Rocha, Mario; Lederman, Daniel

Lessons for matching grant programs from failed attempts to evaluate them (English)

This note illustrates a case where attempting to do impact evaluations can provide valuable knowledge, even if the impact evaluations ultimately are unable to be completed. ... See More +

Brief 76388 JAN 01, 2013

Campos, Francisco; Coville, Aidan; Fernandes, Ana; Goldstein, Markus; McKenzie, David

Learning from the experiments that never happened : lessons from trying to conduct randomized evaluations of matching grant programs in Africa (English)

Matching grants are one of the most common policy instruments used by developing country governments to try to foster technological upgrading, innovation, exports, use of business development services and other activities leading to firm growth. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6296 DEC 01, 2012

Fernandes, Ana M.; Campos, Francisco; Coville, Aidan; McKenzie, David; Goldstein, Markus

Are the benefits of export support durable ? evidence from Tunisia (English)

This paper evaluates the effects of the FAMEX export promotion program in Tunisia on the performance of beneficiary firms. While much of the literature assesses only the short-term impact of such programs, the paper considers also the longer-term impact. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6295 DEC 01, 2012

Cadot, Olivier; Fernandes, Ana M.; Gourdon, Julien; Mattoo, Aaditya

Exporter dynamics database (English)

This paper introduces the Exporter Dynamics Database. The database includes exporter characteristics and measures of exporter growth based on firm-level customs information from 38 developing and seven developed countries, primarily for the period between 2003 and 2010. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6229 OCT 01, 2012

Fernandes, Ana M.; Cebeci, Tolga; Pierola, Martha Denisse; Freund, Caroline

The risks of innovation : are innovating firms less likely to die ? (English)

While innovation is a source of competitiveness, it may expose plants to survival risks. Using a rich set of plant-product data for Chilean manufacturing plants during the period 1996-2006 and discrete-time hazard models controlling for unobserved plant heterogeneity, this paper shows that innovating plants have higher survival odds. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6103 JUN 01, 2012

Fernandes, Ana M.; Paunov, Caroline

Together we stand ? agglomeration in Indian manufacturing (English)

This paper uses plant-level data to examine the impact of industrial and trade policy reforms on the geographic concentration of manufacturing industries in India from 1980 to 1999. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6062 MAY 01, 2012

Fernandes, Ana M.; Sharma, Gunjan

Explaining local manufacturing growth in Chile : the advantages of sectoral diversity (English)

This paper investigates whether the agglomeration of economic activity in regional clusters affects long-run manufacturing total factor productivity (TFP) growth in an emerging market context. ... See More +

Journal Article 79464 APR 05, 2012

Almeida, Rita; Fernandes, Ana M.

Explaining local manufacturing growth in Chile : the advantages of sectoral diversity (English)

This paper investigates whether the agglomeration of economic activity in regional clusters affects long-run manufacturing total factor productivity growth in an emerging market context. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5891 DEC 01, 2011

Almeida, Rita; Fernandes, Ana M.

Impact evaluation of trade interventions : paving the way (English)

The focus of trade policy has shifted in recent years from economy-wide reductions in tariffs and trade restrictions toward targeted interventions to facilitate trade and promote exports. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5877 NOV 01, 2011

Fernandes, Ana M.; Cadot, Olivier; Mattoo, Aaditya; Gourdon, Julien

Can Kenya become a global exporter of business services? (English)

Business services are generally provided on a private sector basis and require a high level of skills that are usually certified. Business services include accounting, architectural, engineering, legal services, Business Process Outsourcing (BPO), Information Communication Technology (ICT), Information Communication Technology Enabled Services (ITeS), and more. ... See More +

Brief 63808 MAY 01, 2011

Gicho, Richard; Fernandes, Ana Margarida; Strychacz, Nicholas; Dihel, Nora; Kashangaki, John

Towards a regional integration of professional services in Southern Africa (English)

Professional services are vital for development in Southern Africa. Accounting, legal and engineering services contribute directly and indirectly to economic growth, including by lowering transactions costs, being key inputs and creating spillovers of knowledge to other sectors. ... See More +

Brief 60111 NOV 01, 2010

Dihel, Nora; Fernandes, Ana M.; Mattoo, Aaditya

Reform and regional integration of professional services in East Africa (English)

Professional services matter for development in East Africa. Business services, including professional services, are among the most dynamic services sectors; and are a key input for other sectors. ... See More +

Brief 56746 SEP 01, 2010

Fernandes, Ana Margarida; Mattoo, Aaditya; Strychacz, Nicholas; Dihel, Nora

Reform and Regional Integration of Professional Services in East Africa (English)

This note presents the results of extensive information gathering and analysis of these largely unexplored segments of the East African economy. ... See More +

Brief 60023 AUG 01, 2010

Dihel, Nora; Fernandes, Ana Margarida; Mattoo, Aaditya; Strychacz, Nicholas French

Reform and Regional Integration of Professional Services in East Africa : Reforme et integration regionale des services professionnels en Afrique de l'Est (French)

This note presents the results of extensive information gathering and analysis of these largely unexplored segments of the East African economy. ... See More +

Brief 60023 AUG 01, 2010

Dihel, Nora; Fernandes, Ana Margarida; Mattoo, Aaditya; Strychacz, Nicholas English

The World Bank economic review 24 (1) (English)

This issue includes the following: On analyzing the world distribution of Income, by Anthony B. Atkinson and Andrea Brandolini. Do autocratic states trade less? ... See More +

Publication 73274 FEB 01, 2010

Atkinson, Anthony B.; Brandolini, Andrea; Aidt, Tokes; Gassebner, Martin; Beck, Thorston; Demirguc-Kunt, Asli; Levine, Ross; Glick, Peter; Sahn, David E.; Correa, Paulo G.; Fernandes, Ana M.; Uregian, Chris J.; Alix-Garcia, Jennifer; Saah, David

Technology adoption and the investment climate : firm-level evidence for Eastern Europe and Central Asia (English)

Survey data for 7,000 firms in 28 countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia are used to examine the correlates of technology adoption proxied by ISO certification and web use. ... See More +

Journal Article 77636 FEB 01, 2010

Correa, Paulo G.; Fernandes, Ana M.; Uregian, Chris J.

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Malawi - Diagnostic trade integration study (DTIS) update : reducing trade costs to promote competitiveness and inclusive growth (English)
See More +
MAR 25, 2014 ACS7534 Working Paper
Evaluating aid for trade : a survey of recent studies (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2014 WPS6742 Policy Research Working Paper
Micro dynamics of Turkey's export boom in the 2000s (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2013 WPS6452 Policy Research Working Paper
Export entrepreneurship and trade structure in Latin America during good and bad times : Export entrepreneurship and trade structure in Latin America during good and bad times (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2013 WPS6413 Policy Research Working Paper
Lessons for matching grant programs from failed attempts to evaluate them (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 76388 Brief
Learning from the experiments that never happened : lessons from trying to conduct randomized evaluations of matching grant programs in Africa (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2012 WPS6296 Policy Research Working Paper
Are the benefits of export support durable ? evidence from Tunisia (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2012 WPS6295 Policy Research Working Paper
Exporter dynamics database (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2012 WPS6229 Policy Research Working Paper
The risks of innovation : are innovating firms less likely to die ? (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2012 WPS6103 Policy Research Working Paper
Together we stand ? agglomeration in Indian manufacturing (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2012 WPS6062 Policy Research Working Paper
Explaining local manufacturing growth in Chile : the advantages of sectoral diversity (English)
See More +
APR 05, 2012 79464 Journal Article
Explaining local manufacturing growth in Chile : the advantages of sectoral diversity (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2011 WPS5891 Policy Research Working Paper
Impact evaluation of trade interventions : paving the way (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2011 WPS5877 Policy Research Working Paper
Can Kenya become a global exporter of business services? (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2011 63808 Brief
Towards a regional integration of professional services in Southern Africa (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2010 60111 Brief
Reform and regional integration of professional services in East Africa (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2010 56746 Brief
Reform and Regional Integration of Professional Services in East Africa (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2010 60023 Brief French
Reform and Regional Integration of Professional Services in East Africa : Reforme et integration regionale des services professionnels en Afrique de l'Est (French)
See More +
AUG 01, 2010 60023 Brief English
The World Bank economic review 24 (1) (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2010 73274 Publication
Technology adoption and the investment climate : firm-level evidence for Eastern Europe and Central Asia (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2010 77636 Journal Article