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Customs reform and performance contracts : early results from Madagascar (English)

Malagasy customs introduced performance-based payfor customs inspectors in Madagascar’s main port of Toamasina, incentivizing them to curb tax evasion andillicit financial flows, and expedite customs clearance. ... See More +

Brief 119867 SEP 01, 2017

Raballand,Gael J. R. F.; Chalendard,Cyril Romain; Fernandes,Ana Margarida; Mattoo,Aaditya; Rijkers,Bob Disclosed

Rules on paper, rules in practice : enforcing laws and policies in the Middle East and North Africa (English)

In early 2011, the citizens of countries across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) took to the streets to demand change in an enduring movement unprecedented in its scope and momentum. ... See More +

Publication 107158 JUL 22, 2016

Al-Dahdah,Edouard; Corduneanu Huci,Cristina; Raballand,Gael J. R. F.; Sergenti,Ernest John; Ababsa, Myriam Disclosed

Rules on paper, rules in practice : enforcing laws and policies in the Middle East and North Africa (English)

Rule of Law is a theoretical concept social scientists use to describe a political order where laws are predictable and applied equally to all citizens, regardless of their political or economic influence. ... See More +

Publication 106712 JUN 15, 2016

Al-Dahdah,Edouard Disclosed

The use of detailed statistical data in customs reform : the case of Madagascar (English)

To carry out their various missions (collecting revenue, facilitating trade, and ensuring security), many customs administrations have established a risk management unit. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7625 APR 06, 2016

Chalendard,Cyril Romain; Raballand,Gael J. R. F.; Rakotoarisoa,Antsa Disclosed

Middle East and North Africa - Governance reforms of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) : lessons from four case studies (Egypt, Iraq, Morocco, and Tunisia) (English)

The state-owned enterprise (SOE) landscape has become increasingly diverse. There used to be some relatively well-defined criteria, but with the growing complexity of state participation in the economy, there is no longer a uniform definition, and especially because the definition of a SOE has always been country-specific. ... See More +

Working Paper ACS15142 AUG 01, 2015

Raballand,Gael J. R. F. Disclosed

Political connections and tariff evasion : evidence from Tunisia : Réseaux politiques et fraude douanière : Données tirées de l’expérience tunisienne (French)

Are politically connected firms more likely to evade taxes? This paper presents evidence suggesting firms owned by President Ben Ali and his family were more prone to evade import tariffs. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7336 JUN 25, 2015

Rijkers,Bob; Baghdadi,Leila; Raballand,Gael J. R. F. Disclosed

Political connections and tariff evasion : evidence from Tunisia (English)

Are politically connected firms more likely to evade taxes? This paper presents evidence suggesting firms owned by President Ben Ali and his family were more prone to evade import tariffs. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7336 JUN 24, 2015

Rijkers,Bob; Baghdadi,Leila; Raballand,Gael J. R. F. Disclosed

Mali - Geography of poverty in Mali (English)

This study discusses the impact of economic geography and (low) population density on development outcomes in Mali and explores how policies to reduce poverty can be made more effective by taking these two factors into account. ... See More +

Poverty Assessment 88880 APR 23, 2015

Hoogeveen,Johannes G. Disclosed

Algeria - Mali trade : the normality of informality : Commerce Algérie - Mali : la normalité de l’informalité (French)

This paper estimates the volume of informal trade between Algeria and Mali and analyzes its determinants and mechanisms, using a multi-pronged methodology. ... See More +

Working Paper 101137 MAR 22, 2015

Bensassi,Sami; Brockmeyer,Anne; Pellerin, Matthieu; Raballand,Gael J. R. F. English Disclosed

Algeria - Mali trade : the normality of informality (English)

This paper estimates the volume of informal trade between Algeria and Mali and analyzes its determinants and mechanisms, using a multi-pronged methodology. ... See More +

Working Paper 101137 MAR 22, 2015

Bensassi,Sami; Brockmeyer,Anne; Pellerin, Matthieu; Raballand,Gael J. R. F. French Disclosed

Public sector size and performance management : a case-study of post-revolution Tunisia (English)

This paper examines public sector size and performance management in post-revolution Tunisia, drawing on macro-empirical, legal, and qualitative analyses. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7159 JAN 01, 2015

Brockmeyer, Anne; Khatrouch, Maha; Raballand, Gael Disclosed

Customs, brokers, and informal sectors : a Cameroon case study (English)

Based on extensive interviews with informal importers and brokers in Cameroon, this paper explains why customs reform aimed at reducing fraud and corruption may be difficult to achieve. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6788 FEB 01, 2014

Cantens, Thomas; Kaminski, Jonathan; Kaminski, Jonathan; Raballand, Gael; Tchapa, Tchouawou Disclosed

Zambia - Rebuilding a broken public investment management system (English)

The report follows the diagnostic methodology as outlined in Rajaram et al. The diagnostics is based on interviews, a survey questionnaire with government officials, central statistical office (CSOs), and private sector and desk review of related documents. ... See More +

Working Paper 93365 JAN 01, 2014

Le, Tuan Minh; Raballand, Gael; Palale, Patricia Disclosed

Estimating informal trade across Tunisia's land borders (English)

This paper uses mirror statistics and research in the field to estimate the magnitude of Tunisia's informal trade with Libya and Algeria. The aim is to assess the scale of this trade and to evaluate the amount lost in taxes and duties as a result as well as to assess the local impact in terms of income generation. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6731 DEC 01, 2013

Ayadi, Lotfi; Benjamin, Nancy; Bensassi, Sami; Raballand, Gael Disclosed

Behavioral economics and public sector reform : an accidental experiment and lessons from Cameroon (English)

Starting with the hypothesis that behaviors are the critical (and often overlooked) factor in public sector performance, this paper explores the notion of how behavioral change (and thus institutional change) might be better motivated in the public sector. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6595 SEP 01, 2013

Raballand, Gael; Rajaram, Anand Disclosed

Are rural road investments alone sufficient to generate transport flows? Lessons from a randomized experiment in rural Malawi and policy implications (English)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled Are rural road investments alone sufficient to generate transport flows? ... See More +

Brief 81200 AUG 14, 2013

Raballand, Gael; Thornton, Rebecca; Yang, Dean; Goldberg, Jessica; Keleher, Niall; Muller, Annika Disclosed

Does the semi-autonomous agency model function in a low-governance environment ? the case of the road development agency in Zambia (English)

This paper uses Zambia as a case study to assess empirically whether political interference in a low-governance environment has diminished in the past years as expected after a semi-autonomous agency model was set up ten years ago. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6585 AUG 01, 2013

Raballand, Gael; Bridges, Kate; Beuran, Monica; Sacks, Audrey Disclosed

Reform by numbers : measurement applied to customs and tax administrations in developing countries (English)

This paper is organized as follows. In chapter two, Samson Bilangna and Marcellin Djeuwo from the Cameroon customs administration present the history and the outcomes of the performance measurement policy launched by their administra-tion: the General Directorate of Customs signed 'performance contracts' with the frontline customs officers in 2010 and with some importers in 2011. ... See More +

Publication 73516 OCT 31, 2012

Cantens, Thomas; Ireland, Robert; Raballand, Gael Disclosed

Why cargo dwell time matters in trade (English)

The international community has been increasing investment in projects that promote trade facilitation and improve logistics in the developing world, including in ports. ... See More +

Brief 68665 MAY 01, 2012

Raballand, Gael; Refas, Salim; Beuran, Monica; Isik, Gozde Disclosed

The impact of demand on cargo dwell time in ports in SSA (English)

Long cargo dwell times in ports are a critical issue in Sub-Saharan African countries since they result in slow import processes and are bound to dramatically reduce trade. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6014 MAR 01, 2012

Beuran, Monica; Mahihenni, Mohamed Hadi; Raballand, Gael; Refas, Salim Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Customs reform and performance contracts : early results from Madagascar (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2017 119867 Brief
Rules on paper, rules in practice : enforcing laws and policies in the Middle East and North Africa (English)
See More +
JUL 22, 2016 107158 Publication
Rules on paper, rules in practice : enforcing laws and policies in the Middle East and North Africa (English)
See More +
JUN 15, 2016 106712 Publication
The use of detailed statistical data in customs reform : the case of Madagascar (English)
See More +
APR 06, 2016 WPS7625 Policy Research Working Paper
Middle East and North Africa - Governance reforms of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) : lessons from four case studies (Egypt, Iraq, Morocco, and Tunisia) (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2015 ACS15142 Working Paper
Political connections and tariff evasion : evidence from Tunisia : Réseaux politiques et fraude douanière : Données tirées de l’expérience tunisienne (French)
See More +
JUN 25, 2015 WPS7336 Policy Research Working Paper
Political connections and tariff evasion : evidence from Tunisia (English)
See More +
JUN 24, 2015 WPS7336 Policy Research Working Paper
Mali - Geography of poverty in Mali (English)
See More +
APR 23, 2015 88880 Poverty Assessment
Algeria - Mali trade : the normality of informality : Commerce Algérie - Mali : la normalité de l’informalité (French)
See More +
MAR 22, 2015 101137 Working Paper English
Algeria - Mali trade : the normality of informality (English)
See More +
MAR 22, 2015 101137 Working Paper French
Public sector size and performance management : a case-study of post-revolution Tunisia (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2015 WPS7159 Policy Research Working Paper
Customs, brokers, and informal sectors : a Cameroon case study (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2014 WPS6788 Policy Research Working Paper
Zambia - Rebuilding a broken public investment management system (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2014 93365 Working Paper
Estimating informal trade across Tunisia's land borders (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2013 WPS6731 Policy Research Working Paper
Behavioral economics and public sector reform : an accidental experiment and lessons from Cameroon (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2013 WPS6595 Policy Research Working Paper
Are rural road investments alone sufficient to generate transport flows? Lessons from a randomized experiment in rural Malawi and policy implications (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81200 Brief
Does the semi-autonomous agency model function in a low-governance environment ? the case of the road development agency in Zambia (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2013 WPS6585 Policy Research Working Paper
Reform by numbers : measurement applied to customs and tax administrations in developing countries (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 2012 73516 Publication
Why cargo dwell time matters in trade (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2012 68665 Brief
The impact of demand on cargo dwell time in ports in SSA (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2012 WPS6014 Policy Research Working Paper