Documents & Reports

Chad P. Bown

Lead Economist

CHAD P. BOWN, Senior Economist, joined the World Bank in September 2009 in the Development Research Group, Trade and International Integration (DECTI).

Bown is a Life Member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and he serves on the editorial boards at a number of journals, including Economics & Politics, Journal of International Economics, Journal of International Economic Law, Journal of World Trade, Review of International Organizations, and World Trade Review.

Bown’s research examines the political economy of international trade laws and institutions, trade policy negotiations, and trade disputes, and his work has been published in journals such as The American Economic Review, The Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of International Economics, and Journal of Development Economics. Bown is the author of the book Self-Enforcing Trade: Developing Countries and WTO Dispute Settlement (Brookings Institution Press, 2009), and the co-editor, with Joost Pauwelyn, of The Law, Economics, and Politics of Retaliation in WTO Dispute Settlement (Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Bown has recently published an edited volume on the global economic crisis titled The Great Recession and Import Protection: The Role of Temporary Trade Barriers (CEPR and World Bank, 2011). His trade policy monitoring initiatives during 2008-2010 were featured at the time through a series of op-eds and commentary published in the Financial Times, The Wall Street Journal, and VoxEU, in addition to media reporting by these and other outlets such as The Economist, The Washington Post, Reuters, and BusinessWeek. The monitoring stemmed from a trade policy transparency project he initiated at the World Bank in 2004, resulting in the freely available, Internet-based Global Antidumping Database, which is now part of the World Bank's Temporary Trade Barriers Database.

Bown is formerly a tenured Professor of Economics at Brandeis University, where he began his career in 1999 and was on the faculty for twelve years with a joint appointment in the Department of Economics and International Business School (IBS). He has also served as Senior Economist for International Trade and Investment in the White House on the President's Council of Economic Advisers (CEA). Bown has also been the Okun-Model Fellow in Economic Studies and a non-resident Fellow in the Global Economy and Development Program at the Brookings Institution in Washington, and he spent a year in residence as a visiting scholar in Economic Research at the WTO Secretariat in Geneva.

Bown received a B.A. magna cum laude in Economics and International Relations from Bucknell University and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Contact information: cbown@worldbank.org

Personal Website: https://sites.google.com/site/decrgchadbown/

Works by this author


  

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Trade flows and trade disputes (English)

This paper introduces a new data set and establishes a set of basic facts and patterns regarding the trade that countries fight about under World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6979 JUL 01, 2014

Bown, Chad P.; Reynolds, Kara M.

What do we know about preferential trade agreements and temporary trade barriers ? (English)

Two of the most important trade policy developments to take place since the 1980s are the expansion of preferential trade agreements and temporary trade barriers, such as antidumping, safeguards, and countervailing duties. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6898 JUN 01, 2014

Bown, Chad P.; Karacaovali, Baybars; Tovar, Patricia

Trade policy instruments over time (English)

This paper surveys political-economic research on the variety of instruments that governments use to conduct international trade policy. It presents key insights on the relationships between instruments such as tariffs, quotas, voluntary export restraints, and other nontariff barriers, as well as the ebb and flow of the national use of temporary trade barriers such as antidumping, countervailing duties, and safeguards. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6757 JAN 01, 2014

Bown, Chad P.

How different are safeguards from antidumping ? evidence from us trade policies toward steel (English)

Use of temporary trade barriers has proliferated across countries, industries, and even policy instruments. This paper constructs a panel of bilateral, product-level United States steel imports that are matched to a unique data set on trade policy exclusions that are associated with the 2002 United States steel safeguard in order to compare the trade impacts that result from application of various temporary trade barrier policies over 1989-2003. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6378 MAR 01, 2013

Bown, Chad P.

Emerging economies, trade policy, and macroeconomic shocks (English)

This paper estimates the impact of aggregate fluctuations on the time-varying trade policies of thirteen major emerging economies over 1989-2010; by 2010, these WTO member countries collectively accounted for 21 percent of world merchandise imports and 22 percent of world GDP. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6315 JAN 01, 2013

Bown, Chad P.; Crowley, Meredith A.

Trade policy flexibilities and Turkey : tariffs, antidumping, safeguards, and WTO dispute settlement (English)

Trade policy commitments to lower import tariffs and to maintain tariffs at low levels entail short and long-run political-economic costs and benefits. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6322 JAN 01, 2013

Bown, Chad P.

Antidumping and market competition: implications for emerging economies (English)

While the original justification of the antidumping laws in the industrial economies was to protect domestic consumers against predation by foreign suppliers, by the early 1990s the laws and their use had evolved so much that the opposite concern arose. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6197 SEP 01, 2012

Bown, Chad P.; McCulloch, Rachel

Emerging economies and the emergence of south-south protectionism (English)

Do exports resume when import-restricting temporary trade barriers such as antidumping are finally removed? To establish the importance of this question for emerging economies, this paper uses newly available data from the World Bank's Temporary Trade Barriers Database to update a number of inter-temporal indicators of import protection along three dimensions: additional time coverage through 2011, additional policy-imposing country coverage, and a more comprehensive depiction of impacted trading partner coverage. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6162 AUG 01, 2012

Bown, Chad P.

Import protection, business cycles, and exchange rates : evidence from the great recession (English)

This research estimates the impact of macroeconomic fluctuations on import protection policies over 1988:Q1-2010:Q4 for five industrialized economies -- the United States, European Union, Australia, Canada and South Korea. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6038 APR 01, 2012

Crowley, Meredith A.; Bown, Chad P.

Taking stock of antidumping, safeguards, and countervailing duties, 1990-2009 (English)

This paper examines the evolving, cross-country use of antidumping, safeguard, and countervailing duty policies -- temporary trade barriers (TTBs) -- over the period 1990-2009. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5436 SEP 01, 2010

Bown, Chad P.

China quarterly update, June 2010 (English)

China's economy has continued to grow robustly, with some softening recently. So far in 2010, the slowdown in government-led investment (GLI) after last year's massive stimulus has partly been offset by strong real estate investment. ... See More +

Newsletter 55131 JUN 01, 2010

Bown, Chad P.; Cowley, Meredith A.; Chinese

China quarterly update, June 2010 (Chinese)

China's economy has continued to grow robustly, with some softening recently. So far in 2010, the slowdown in government-led investment (GLI) after last year's massive stimulus has partly been offset by strong real estate investment. ... See More +

Newsletter 55131 JUN 01, 2010

Bown, Chad P.; Cowley, Meredith A.; English

U.S. antidumping: much ado about zeroing (English)

The United States use of "zeroing" in its antidumping procedures has become a political flash point threatening some legitimacy of the WTO's dispute settlement system. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5352 JUN 01, 2010

Bown, Chad P.; Prusa, Thomas J.

China's export growth and the China safeguard : threats to the world trading system ? (English)

Is there evidence from China's pre-WTO accession period that newly imposed U.S. or EU import restrictions deflect Chinese exports to third markets? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5291 MAY 01, 2010

Crowley, Meredith A.; Bown, Chad P.

Developing countries and monitoring WTO commitments in response to the global economic crisis (English)

This paper examines the role of the public sector in providing additional information to exporters in developing countries as they seek to monitor and keep open their access to foreign markets by using the rules of the WTO system. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5301 MAY 01, 2010

Bown, Chad P.

Self-enforcing trade agreements : evidence from time-varying trade policy (English)

The Bagwell and Staiger (1990) theory of cooperative trade agreements predicts new tariffs (i) increase with imports, (ii) increase with the inverse of the sum of the import demand and export supply elasticities, and (iii) decrease with the variance of imports. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5223 MAR 01, 2010

Crowley, Meredith A.; Bown, Chad P.

Developing countries, dispute settlement, and the advisory centre on WTO law (English)

Critical appraisals of the current and potential benefits from developing country engagement in the World Trade Organization (WTO) focus mainly on the Doha Round of negotiations. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5168 JAN 01, 2010

Bown, Chad P.; McCulloch, Rachel

U.S.-Japan and U.S.-China trade conflict : export growth, reciprocity, and the international trading system (English)

First Japan and more recently China have pursued export-oriented growth strategies. While other Asian countries have done likewise, Japan and China are of particular interest because their economies are so large and the size of the associated bilateral trade imbalances with the United States so conspicuous. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5102 OCT 01, 2009

Bown, Chad P.; McCulloch, Rachel

The pattern of antidumping and other types of contingent protection (English)

Many of the major economies in the multilateral, rules-based trading system find themselves in a situation in which their applied tariff rates are quite close to the tariff binding levels that form their legal commitments at the World Trade Organization (WTO). ... See More +

Brief 51635 OCT 01, 2009

Bown, Chad P

The global resort to antidumping, safeguards, and other trade remedies amidst the economic crisis (English)

This paper examines newly available data from the World Bank-sponsored Global Antidumping Database tracking the worldwide use of trade remedies such as antidumping, countervailing duties, global safeguards and China-specific safeguards during the current economic crisis. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5051 SEP 01, 2009

Bown, Chad P.

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Trade flows and trade disputes (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6979 Policy Research Working Paper
What do we know about preferential trade agreements and temporary trade barriers ? (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6898 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade policy instruments over time (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2014 WPS6757 Policy Research Working Paper
How different are safeguards from antidumping ? evidence from us trade policies toward steel (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2013 WPS6378 Policy Research Working Paper
Emerging economies, trade policy, and macroeconomic shocks (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 WPS6315 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade policy flexibilities and Turkey : tariffs, antidumping, safeguards, and WTO dispute settlement (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 WPS6322 Policy Research Working Paper
Antidumping and market competition: implications for emerging economies (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 WPS6197 Policy Research Working Paper
Emerging economies and the emergence of south-south protectionism (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2012 WPS6162 Policy Research Working Paper
Import protection, business cycles, and exchange rates : evidence from the great recession (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2012 WPS6038 Policy Research Working Paper
Taking stock of antidumping, safeguards, and countervailing duties, 1990-2009 (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2010 WPS5436 Policy Research Working Paper
China quarterly update, June 2010 (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2010 55131 Newsletter Chinese
China quarterly update, June 2010 (Chinese)
See More +
JUN 01, 2010 55131 Newsletter English
U.S. antidumping: much ado about zeroing (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2010 WPS5352 Policy Research Working Paper
China's export growth and the China safeguard : threats to the world trading system ? (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2010 WPS5291 Policy Research Working Paper
Developing countries and monitoring WTO commitments in response to the global economic crisis (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2010 WPS5301 Policy Research Working Paper
Self-enforcing trade agreements : evidence from time-varying trade policy (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2010 WPS5223 Policy Research Working Paper
Developing countries, dispute settlement, and the advisory centre on WTO law (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2010 WPS5168 Policy Research Working Paper
U.S.-Japan and U.S.-China trade conflict : export growth, reciprocity, and the international trading system (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2009 WPS5102 Policy Research Working Paper
The pattern of antidumping and other types of contingent protection (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2009 51635 Brief
The global resort to antidumping, safeguards, and other trade remedies amidst the economic crisis (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2009 WPS5051 Policy Research Working Paper