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NDC Schemes and the Labor Market : Issues and Options (English)

Defined contribution (DC) schemes whether unfunded or funded are often considered superior to defined benefit (DB) schemes in their ability to address labor market issues, particularly in encouraging formal employment and delayed retirement. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 136565 APR 01, 2019

Holzmann,Robert; Robalino,David A.; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

From Ghana to America : The Skill Content of Jobs and Economic Development (English)

There is a growing body of literature exploring the skill content of jobs. This paper contributes to this research by using data on the task content of occupations in developing countries, instead of U.S. data, as most existing studies do. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8758 FEB 25, 2019

Lo Bello,Salvatore; Sanchez Puerta,Maria Laura; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Does Automation in Rich Countries Hurt Developing Ones? : Evidence from the U.S. and Mexico (English)

Following a couple of decades of offshoring, the fear today is of reshoring. Using administrative data on Mexican exports by municipality, sector and destination from 2004 to 2014, this paper investigates how local labor markets in Mexico that are more exposed to automation in the U.S. through trade fared in exports and employment outcomes. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8741 FEB 14, 2019

Artuc,Erhan; Christiaensen,Luc; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

From Ghana to America : The Skill Content of Jobs and Economic Development (English)

There is a growing body of literature exploring the skill content ofjobs. This article contributes to this research by using data on thetask content of occupations from developing countries, instead of US data as most existing studies do. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 134251 JAN 31, 2019

Sanchez Puerta,Maria Laura; Lo Bello,Salvatore; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Does Automation in Rich Countries Hurt Developing Ones? : Evidence from the U.S. and Mexico (English)

Following a couple of decades of offshoring, the fear today is of reshoring. Using administrative data on Mexican exports by municipality, sector and destination from 2004 to 2014, this paper investigates how local labor markets in Mexico that are more exposed to automation in the U.S. through trade fared in exports and employment outcomes. ... See More +

Working Paper 135294 JAN 01, 2019

Artuc,Erhan; Christiaensen,Luc; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Does Job Polarization Explain the Rise in Earnings Inequality ? Evidence from Europe (English)

Earnings inequality and job polarization have increased significantly in several countries since the early 1990s. Using data from European countries covering a 20-year period, this paper provides new evidence that the decline of middle-skilled occupations and the simultaneous increase of high- and low-skilled occupations are important factors accounting for the rise of inequality, especially at the bottom of the distribution. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8652 NOV 26, 2018

Bussolo,Maurizio; Torre,Ivan; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Critical Connections : Promoting Economic Growth and Resilience in Europe and Central Asia : Overview (English)

The Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region has a rich history of regional integration and connectivity to the broader world economy, which has stimulated the growth of knowledge and technological innovation. ... See More +

Publication 129794 SEP 05, 2018

Gould,David Michael; Abate,Megersa Abera; Artuc,Erhan; Bamieh,Omar; Briceno-Garmendia,Cecilia M.; Fiorini,Matteo; Hoekman,Bernard M.; Kenett,Dror Yossef; Lebrand,Mathilde Sylvie Maria; López-Garcia,Paloma; Özden,Çag˘lar; Panterov,Georgi Lyudmilov; Rocha,Nadia; Taglioni,Daria; Tan,Shawn Weiming; Varela,Gonzalo J.; Winkler,Hernan Jorge; Yde-Jensen,Thea Disclosed

Critical Connections : Promoting Economic Growth and Resilience in Europe and Central Asia (Vol. 2) : Main report (English)

The Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region has a rich history of regional integration and connectivity to the broader world economy, which has stimulated the growth of knowledge and technological innovation. ... See More +

Publication 129794 SEP 05, 2018

Gould,David Michael; Abate,Megersa Abera; Artuc,Erhan; Bamieh,Omar; Briceno-Garmendia,Cecilia M.; Fiorini,Matteo; Hoekman,Bernard M.; Kenett,Dror Yossef; Lebrand,Mathilde Sylvie Maria; López-Garcia,Paloma; Özden,Çag˘lar; Panterov,Georgi Lyudmilov; Rocha,Nadia; Taglioni,Daria; Tan,Shawn Weiming; Varela,Gonzalo J.; Winkler,Hernan Jorge; Yde-Jensen,Thea Disclosed

Expanding social insurance coverage to informal workers (English)

The high incidence of informality in developing countries implies that many workers are not covered against important risks, such as unemployment, illness and old-age poverty. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 118728 AUG 01, 2017

Winkler,Hernan Jorge; Ruppert Bulmer,Elizabeth N.; Mote,Hilma Kupila Disclosed

The labor market effects of financial crises : the role of temporary contracts in central and western Europe (English)

This paper examines how the 2008-09 financial crisis affected labor markets in Central and Western Europe, and how this impact depended on employment protections laws. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8085 JUN 05, 2017

Sharma,Siddharth; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Reaping digital dividends : leveraging the internet for development in Europe and Central Asia : Main report (English)

From East to West, the economies of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) are not taking full advantage of the internet to foster economic growth and job creation. ... See More +

Publication 114437 APR 18, 2017

Kelly,Timothy John Charles; Liaplina,Aleksandra; Tan,Shawn Weiming; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

How is the internet changing labor market arrangements ? evidence from telecommunications reforms in Europe (English)

This paper exploits variations in the timing of telecommunications reforms across Europe to analyze the relationship between the rise of alternative work arrangements and the emergence of the Internet. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7976 FEB 16, 2017

Vazquez,Emmanuel Jose; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Reaping digital dividends : leveraging the internet for development in Europe and Central Asia (Vol. 2) : Overview (Russian)

From East to West, the economies of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) are not taking full advantage of the internet to foster economic growth and job creation. ... See More +

Publication 114437 JAN 01, 2017

Kelly,Timothy John Charles; Liaplina,Aleksandra; Tan,Shawn Weiming; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Greying the budget : ageing and preferences over public policies (English)

This paper looks at how individual preferences for the allocation of government spending change along the life cycle. Using the Life in Transition Survey II for 34 countries in Europe and Central Asia, the study finds that older individuals are less likely to support a rise in government outlays on education and more likely to support increases in spending on pensions. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7555 FEB 02, 2016

de Mello,Luiz; Schotte,Simone Raphaela; Tiongson,Erwin H. R.; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Why are the elderly more averse to immigration when they are more likely to benefit ? evidence across countries (English)

Using household surveys for 24 countries over a 10-year period, this paper investigates why the elderly are more averse to open immigration policies than their younger peers. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7554 FEB 02, 2016

Schotte,Simone Raphaela; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Fiscal policy issues in the aging societies (English)

Aging may be one of the most far-reaching processes defining the economic, fiscal, and social changes societies are likely to experience over the next 40 years. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 95266 MAR 09, 2015

Bogetic,Zeljko; Onder,Harun; Onal,Anil; Skrok,Emilia; Schwartz, Anita; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Income inequality and violent crime : evidence from Mexico's drug war (English)

The relationship between income inequality and crime has attracted the interest of many researchers, but little convincing evidence exists on the causal effect of inequality on crime in developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6935 JUN 01, 2014

Enamorado, Ted; Lopez-Calva , Luis-Felipe; Rodriguez-Castelan, Carlos; Winkler, Hernan Disclosed

Is labor income responsible for poverty reduction ? a decomposition approach (English)

Demographics, labor income, public transfers, or remittances: Which factor contributes the most to observed reductions in poverty? Using counterfactual simulations, this paper accounts for the contribution labor income has made to the observed changes in poverty over the past decade for a set of 16 countries that have experienced substantial declines in poverty. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6414 APR 01, 2013

Azevedo, Joao Pedro; Inchauste, Gabriela; Olivieri, Sergio; Saavedra, Jaime; Winkler, Hernan Disclosed

When job earnings are behind poverty reduction (English)

Improvement in labor market conditions has been the main explanation behind many of the poverty success stories observed in the last decade, that is the primary conclusion of an analysis of changes in poverty by income source. ... See More +

Brief 73663 NOV 01, 2012

Inchauste, Gabriela; Azevedo, Joao Pedro; Olivieri, Sergio; Saavedra, Jaime; Winkler, Hernan Disclosed

What is behind the decline in poverty since 2000 ? evidence from Bangladesh, Peru and Thailand (English)

This paper quantifies the contributions of different factors to poverty reduction observed in Bangladesh, Peru and Thailand over the last decade. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6199 SEP 01, 2012

Comboni, Maria Gabriela Inchauste; Olivieri, Sergio; Saavedra, Jaime; Winkler, Hernan Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
NDC Schemes and the Labor Market : Issues and Options (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2019 136565 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
From Ghana to America : The Skill Content of Jobs and Economic Development (English)
See More +
FEB 25, 2019 WPS8758 Policy Research Working Paper
Does Automation in Rich Countries Hurt Developing Ones? : Evidence from the U.S. and Mexico (English)
See More +
FEB 14, 2019 WPS8741 Policy Research Working Paper
From Ghana to America : The Skill Content of Jobs and Economic Development (English)
See More +
JAN 31, 2019 134251 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Does Automation in Rich Countries Hurt Developing Ones? : Evidence from the U.S. and Mexico (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2019 135294 Working Paper
Does Job Polarization Explain the Rise in Earnings Inequality ? Evidence from Europe (English)
See More +
NOV 26, 2018 WPS8652 Policy Research Working Paper
Critical Connections : Promoting Economic Growth and Resilience in Europe and Central Asia : Overview (English)
See More +
SEP 05, 2018 129794 Publication
Critical Connections : Promoting Economic Growth and Resilience in Europe and Central Asia (Vol. 2) : Main report (English)
See More +
SEP 05, 2018 129794 Publication
Expanding social insurance coverage to informal workers (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2017 118728 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
The labor market effects of financial crises : the role of temporary contracts in central and western Europe (English)
See More +
JUN 05, 2017 WPS8085 Policy Research Working Paper
Reaping digital dividends : leveraging the internet for development in Europe and Central Asia : Main report (English)
See More +
APR 18, 2017 114437 Publication
How is the internet changing labor market arrangements ? evidence from telecommunications reforms in Europe (English)
See More +
FEB 16, 2017 WPS7976 Policy Research Working Paper
Reaping digital dividends : leveraging the internet for development in Europe and Central Asia (Vol. 2) : Overview (Russian)
See More +
JAN 01, 2017 114437 Publication
Greying the budget : ageing and preferences over public policies (English)
See More +
FEB 02, 2016 WPS7555 Policy Research Working Paper
Why are the elderly more averse to immigration when they are more likely to benefit ? evidence across countries (English)
See More +
FEB 02, 2016 WPS7554 Policy Research Working Paper
Fiscal policy issues in the aging societies (English)
See More +
MAR 09, 2015 95266 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Income inequality and violent crime : evidence from Mexico's drug war (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6935 Policy Research Working Paper
Is labor income responsible for poverty reduction ? a decomposition approach (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2013 WPS6414 Policy Research Working Paper
When job earnings are behind poverty reduction (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2012 73663 Brief
What is behind the decline in poverty since 2000 ? evidence from Bangladesh, Peru and Thailand (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 WPS6199 Policy Research Working Paper