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Health and noncommunicable diseases (English)

This is a background paper to the Pacific Possible report. Pacific Island countries suffer from a non-communicable diseases crises, with some of the world's highest rates of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. ... See More +

Working Paper 119110 AUG 01, 2017

Hou,Xiaohui; Anderson,Ian Mcallister; Burton-Mckenzie,Ethan John Wilson Disclosed

Timor-Leste - Health equity and financial protection report (English)

This report analyses equity and financial protection in the health sector of Timor-Leste. In particular, it examines inequalities in health outcomes, health behavior and health care utilization; benefit incidence analysis; financial protection; and the progressivity of health care financing. ... See More +

Working Paper 103445 FEB 01, 2016

Ly,Caroline; Lee,Yi-Kyoung; Hou,Xiaohui Disclosed

Turning challenges into opportunities : the medium term health expenditure pressure study in Timor-Leste (English)

Timor-Leste has achieved significant improvements in the health sector since becoming independent a little over a decade ago. Timor-Leste is undergoing an epidemiology transition as the non-communicable disease burden increases, while infectious disease prevalence remains high. ... See More +

Working Paper 110652 JAN 01, 2016

Hou,Xiaohui; Asante,Augustine Danso Disclosed

The heterogeneous effects of a food price crisis on child school enrolment and labor : evidence from Pakistan (English)

Using a panel survey, this paper investigates how food price increase in Pakistan in 2008–2010affects children’s school enrollment and labor. The causal identification relies on thegeographical variations in food (wheat) price. ... See More +

Journal Article 104049 NOV 11, 2015

Hou,Xiaohui; Hong,Seo Yeon; Scott,Kinnon Disclosed

Financing the frontline : an analytical review of provincial administrations' rural health expenditure 2006-2012 (English)

Financing the frontline updates the expenditure analysis carried out in below the glass floor (2013) and tests whether the spending patterns emerging in 2009 and 2010 in Papua New Guinea have been sustained or improved in 2011 and 2012. ... See More +

Working Paper 103552 SEP 01, 2015

Cairns,Alan Thomas; Hou,Xiaohui Disclosed

Understanding bottlenecks and future Human Resource for Health (HRH) challenge : will health workers remain motivated in Timor-Leste? (English)

This briefing note presents the key findings and policy implications of the health worker survey implemented in all thirteen districts of Timor-Leste in 2014. ... See More +

Brief 103441 JUN 30, 2015

Hou,Xiaohui; Zaman,Rashid Disclosed

Retaining health workers in rural areas of Timor-Leste : what can health worker preferences tell us? (English)

This briefing note presents the key findings and policy implications of a 2014 discrete choice experiment (DCE) conducted with 441 health workers, in all 13 districts of Timor-Leste. ... See More +

Brief 103440 JUN 30, 2015

Hou,Xiaohui; Zaman,Rashid Disclosed

Increasing functionality and compliance to policies at rural health posts : a way forward to achieving universal access to essential health care in Timor-Leste (English)

This briefing note presents the key findings and policy implications of the health facility survey implemented in 2014 in 69 sampled health facilities in Timor-Leste. ... See More +

Brief 103438 JUN 30, 2015

Hou,Xiaohui; Zaman,Rashid Disclosed

Is there a 'know go' gap for doctors in Timor-Leste? : findings from clinical observations and vignettes (English)

This briefing note presents the key findings and policy implications of the direct clinical observations (DCOs) and vignettes that were implemented as a part of the Health Worker Survey in Timor-Leste in 2014. ... See More +

Brief 103439 JUN 30, 2015

Hou,Xiaohui; Zaman,Rashid Disclosed

Determinants of tobacco consumption in Papua New Guinea : challenges in changing behaviors (English)

This paper analyzes smoking prevalence and smoking behaviors in Papua New Guinea. Using the 2009–10 Papua New Guinea Household Income and Expenditure Survey, the paper analyzes the determinants of tobacco use and tobacco choices in Papua New Guinea. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7302 JUN 10, 2015

Hou,Xiaohui; Xu,Xiaochen; Anderson,Ian Disclosed

Stagnant stunting rate despite rapid economic growth in Papua New Guinea—factors correlated with malnutrition among children under five (English)

Maternal and child undernutrition is a pervasive and detrimental condition in Papua New Guinea. Despite rapid economic growth during the past decade, the stunting rate for children under 5, one of the primary indicators for child undernutrition, was estimated at 46 percent in Papua New Guinea in 2010, stagnant from 44 percent in 2005. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7301 JUN 10, 2015

Hou,Xiaohui Disclosed

A snapshot of health equity in Papua New Guinea : an analysis of the 2010 household income and expenditure survey (English)

This paper highlights challenges that the government of Papua New Guinea faces in delivering equitable health care. It analyses findings from the 2010 household survey, including sickness reporting, health service utilization and out of pocket expenditure, concluding that the poorest quintile is most vulnerable to illness, yet has the lowest utilization rates of healthcare facilities. ... See More +

Working Paper 99895 JUN 01, 2015

Irava, Wayne; Barker,Katie; Somanathan,Aparnaa; Hou,Xiaohui Disclosed

Health worker survey in Timor-Leste : final report (English)

At the time of independence in 2002, Timor-Leste had a seriously weak health system with only a handful of doctors in the country. In this context, the governments of Timor-Leste signed an agreement and the Cuban Medical Brigade started to train medical students and deploy them in the country, particularly in rural areas. ... See More +

Working Paper 103443 JUN 01, 2015

Zaman, Rashid; Engelhardt,Kay; Smitz,Marc-Francois; Hafidz, Firdaus; Witter,Sophie; Lievens,Tomas; Hou,Xiaohui Disclosed

Tobacco consumption in Papua New Guinea (English)

Tobacco use is a major challenge to international development. Despite being a signatory to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and a Tobacco Free Pacific, Papua New Guinea is one of the ten countries with the highest rates of tobacco use in the world. ... See More +

Brief 96795 MAY 01, 2015

Hou,Xiaohui Disclosed

Stagnant stunting rate despite economic growth in Papua New Guinea (English)

Despite rapid economic growth during the past decade, the stunting rate for children under 5, one of the primary indicators for child under-nutrition, is estimated at 46 percent in Papua New Guinea. ... See More +

Brief 97508 MAY 01, 2015

Hou,Xiaohui Disclosed

A snapshot of health equity in Papua New Guinea : an analysis of the 2010 household income and expenditure survey (English)

In Papua New Guinea the poorest quintile is most vulnerable to illness, yet has the lowest utilization rates of healthcare facilities. When looking at age groups the elderly (> 55) are the most vulnerable to illness and the least likely to seek treatment. ... See More +

Brief 96547 MAY 01, 2015

Irava, Wayne; Barker,Katie; Somanathan,Aparnaa; Hou,Xiaohui Disclosed

Assessment of health financing options : Papua New Guinea (English)

This report examines three broad health financing options in PNG: (i) increasing the level of general revenue spending; (ii) introducing contributory, insurance-based health financing arrangements; and (iii) mobilizing additional resources through efficiency savings in the sector. ... See More +

Brief 92720 JAN 01, 2015

Hou, Xiaohui; Somanathan, Aparnaa Disclosed

Can social health insurance be successfully introduced and expanded in Papua New Guinea? (English)

Cross-country comparisons have identified several enabling conditions required to ensure the sustainability of payroll tax-based systems. These are: (i) a large formal labour market; (ii) a growing economy; (iii) an administrative capacity for collection; and (iv) good regulatory and oversight structures. ... See More +

Brief 92699 JAN 01, 2015

Hou, Xiaohui; Somanathan, Aparnaa Disclosed

The heterogeneous effects of a food price crisis on child school enrollment and labor : evidence from Pakistan (English)

Using a panel survey, this paper investigates how the increase in food prices in Pakistan in 2008-2010 affected children's school enrollment and labor. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6566 AUG 01, 2013

Hou, Xiaohui; Hong, Seo Yeon Disclosed

Learning from economic downturns : how to better assess, track, and mitigate the impact on the health sector (English)

Many countries around the world are moving toward universal health coverage, while navigating through periods of economic crisis. The impact of the economic downturn of 2008-09 on the health care sector has renewed efforts to make health systems more resilient during and after economic downturns. ... See More +

Publication 81593 JAN 01, 2013

Hou, Xiaohui; Velenyi, Edit V.; Yazbeck, Abdo S.; Lunes, Roberto F; Smith, Owen Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Health and noncommunicable diseases (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2017 119110 Working Paper
Timor-Leste - Health equity and financial protection report (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2016 103445 Working Paper
Turning challenges into opportunities : the medium term health expenditure pressure study in Timor-Leste (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2016 110652 Working Paper
The heterogeneous effects of a food price crisis on child school enrolment and labor : evidence from Pakistan (English)
See More +
NOV 11, 2015 104049 Journal Article
Financing the frontline : an analytical review of provincial administrations' rural health expenditure 2006-2012 (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2015 103552 Working Paper
Understanding bottlenecks and future Human Resource for Health (HRH) challenge : will health workers remain motivated in Timor-Leste? (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 2015 103441 Brief
Retaining health workers in rural areas of Timor-Leste : what can health worker preferences tell us? (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 2015 103440 Brief
Increasing functionality and compliance to policies at rural health posts : a way forward to achieving universal access to essential health care in Timor-Leste (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 2015 103438 Brief
Is there a 'know go' gap for doctors in Timor-Leste? : findings from clinical observations and vignettes (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 2015 103439 Brief
Determinants of tobacco consumption in Papua New Guinea : challenges in changing behaviors (English)
See More +
JUN 10, 2015 WPS7302 Policy Research Working Paper
Stagnant stunting rate despite rapid economic growth in Papua New Guinea—factors correlated with malnutrition among children under five (English)
See More +
JUN 10, 2015 WPS7301 Policy Research Working Paper
A snapshot of health equity in Papua New Guinea : an analysis of the 2010 household income and expenditure survey (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2015 99895 Working Paper
Health worker survey in Timor-Leste : final report (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2015 103443 Working Paper
Tobacco consumption in Papua New Guinea (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2015 96795 Brief
Stagnant stunting rate despite economic growth in Papua New Guinea (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2015 97508 Brief
A snapshot of health equity in Papua New Guinea : an analysis of the 2010 household income and expenditure survey (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2015 96547 Brief
Assessment of health financing options : Papua New Guinea (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2015 92720 Brief
Can social health insurance be successfully introduced and expanded in Papua New Guinea? (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2015 92699 Brief
The heterogeneous effects of a food price crisis on child school enrollment and labor : evidence from Pakistan (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2013 WPS6566 Policy Research Working Paper
Learning from economic downturns : how to better assess, track, and mitigate the impact on the health sector (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 81593 Publication