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Are the poverty effects of trade policies invisible? (English)

Beginning with the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) Doha development agenda and establishment of the millennium development goal of reducing poverty by 50 percent by 2015, poverty impacts of trade reforms have become central to the global development agenda. ... See More +

Journal Article 81264 MAY 17, 2011

Verma, Monika; Hertel, Thomas W.; Valenzuela, Ernesto Disclosed

Border price and export demand shocks for developing countries from rest-of-world trade liberalization using the linkage model (English)

The volume on agricultural price distortions, inequality and poverty begins with a global study that uses the World Bank's linkage model to examine the economic impacts in various countries, regions and the world as a whole of agricultural and trade policies as of 2004. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 55948 JUN 01, 2009

Mensbrugghe, Dominique van der; Valenzuela, Ernesto; Anderson, Kym; Disclosed

Welfare and poverty effects of global agricultural and trade policies using the Linkage model (English)

This paper analyzes the economic effects of agricultural price and merchandise trade policies around the world as of 2004 on global markets, net farm incomes, and national and regional economic welfare and poverty, using the global economy wide Linkage model, new estimates of agricultural price distortions for developing countries, and poverty elasticity's approach. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 55934 JUN 01, 2009

Anderson, Kym; Valenzuela, Ernesto; Mensbrugghe, Dominique van der Disclosed

Agricultural distortion patterns since the 1950s : what needs explaining? (English)

This paper summarizes a new database that sheds light on the impact of trade-related policy developments over the past half century on distortions to agricultural incentives and thus also to consumer prices for food in 75 countries spanning the per capita income spectrum. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 55950 MAY 01, 2009

Anderson, Kym; Croser, Johanna; Sandri, Damiano; Valenzuela, Ernesto Disclosed

Global distortions to key agricultural commodity markets (English)

The regional books that provided detailed estimates of distortion in developing economies are all country focused. While they include commodity details for their particular country, they are not able to provide an overview for developing countries or high-income countries as a group, or for the world as a whole. ... See More +

56138 MAR 01, 2009

Anderson,Kym; Croser,Johanna Louise; Nelgen,Signe; Valenzuela,Ernesto Disclosed

General equilibrium effects of price distortions on global markets, farm incomes and welfare (English)

Earnings from farming in many developing countries have been depressed by a pro-urban bias in own-country policies as well as by Governments of richer countries favoring their farmers with import barriers and subsidies. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56137 SEP 01, 2008

Valenzuela, Ernesto; Mensbrugghe Dominique van der; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Annual estimates of distortions to agricultural incentives in high-income countries (English)

This working paper summarizes the annual estimates, for each of the world's main high-income countries, of key distortion indicators defined in Anderson et al. (2008), and provides some summary statistics for the group's estimates. ... See More +

56130 SEP 01, 2008

Anderson,Kym; Croser,Johanna Louise; Jara Torres,Esteban Andres; Nelgen,Signe; Valenzuela,Ernesto Disclosed

Annual estimates of distortions to agricultural incentives in europe's transition economies (English)

This working paper summarizes annual estimates of covered product Nominal Rate of Assistance (NRAs), for each of the focus economies of Europe's transition economies, their key distortion indicators defined in Anderson et al. (2008), and provides some summary statistics for the region's estimates. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56115 AUG 01, 2008

Valenzuela, Ernesto; Kurzweil, Marianne; Johanna, Croser; Nelgen Signe; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Measuring distortions to agricultural incentives, revisited (English)

Notwithstanding the tariffication component of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture, import tariffs on farm products continue to provide an incomplete indication of the extent to which agricultural producer and consumer incentives are distorted in national markets. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4612 APR 01, 2008

Anderson, Kym; Kurzweil, Marianne; Martin, Will; Sandri, Damiano; Valenzuela, Ernesto Disclosed

Methodology for measuring distortions to agricultural incentives (English)

This paper outlines the methodological issues associated with the task of measuring that actual delivered direct protection or taxation to individual agricultural industries, as well as the direct protection or anti-protection to non-agricultural sectors. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56025 JAN 01, 2008

Anderson, Kym; Kurzweil, Marianne; Martin, Will; Sandri, Damiano; Valenzuela, Ernesto Disclosed

Distortions to agricultural incentives in Ecuador : Main report (English)

Ecuador is a lower-middle-income economy with about 45 percent of its export coming from primary and processed agricultural products. Until the 1970s agriculture was an even more important generator of foreign currency for the country, but the discovery of oil fields in 1967 transformed the country's export profile. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 55981 DEC 01, 2007

Valenzuela, Ernesto; Wong, Sara; Sandri, Damiano Disclosed

Economic and trade indicators for Asia, 1960 to 2004 (English)

This compilation of data from the World Development Indicators, Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) 6.0 databases provides comparative basic economic and trade indicators for Asia region. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56069 DEC 01, 2007

Sandri, Damiano; Valenzuela, Ernesto; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Economic and trade indicators for Europe's transition economies, 1960 to 2004 (English)

This compilation of data from the World Development Indicators, Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) STAT, and Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) 6.0 databases provide comparative basic economic and trade indicators for Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56116 DEC 01, 2007

Sandri, Damiano; Valenzuela, Ernesto; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Economic and trade indicators for Latin America, 1960 to 2004 (English)

This report provides comparative basic economic and trade indicators for Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region. Within the region countries are sub-divided into sub-regions, and for each region and sub-region the case study countries are shown separately together with an aggregate of that sub-region's non-studied countries. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 55974 DEC 01, 2007

Sandri, Damiano; Valenzuela, Ernesto; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Annual estimates of African distortions to agricultural incentives (English)

This working paper summarizes the annual estimates of covered product Nominal Rate of Assistance (NRA), for each of the focus countries, of Africa key distortion indicators defined in Anderson et al, and provides some summary statistics for the region's estimates. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56029 DEC 01, 2007

Valenzuela, Ernesto; Kurzweil, Marianne; Croser, Johanna; Nelgen, Signe; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Annual estimates of Asian distortions to agricultural incentives (English)

This compilation summarizes the estimates for the focus countries of Asia key distortion indicators defined in Anderson et al. (2008). Three tables are provided for each country: (a) the Nominal Rate of Assistance (NRA) to individual farm products covered in the study and their weighted average, using as weights production valued at undistorted prices; (b) the Relative Rate of Assistance (RRA) to producers of agricultural dabbles, again using as weights production valued at undistorted prices, and the component parts of the RRA calculation; and (c) the weights themselves for individual covered farm products and for the residual non-covered group of products, shown as percentages and so they sum to 100 percent. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56070 DEC 01, 2007

Valenzuela, Ernesto; Kurzweil, Marianne; Croser, Johanna; Nelgen, Signe; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Annual estimates of Latin American distortions to agricultural incentives (English)

This compilation summarizes the estimates, for the focus countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, of key distortion indicators. Three tables are provided for each country: (a) the Nominal Rate of Assistance (NRA) to individual farm products covered in the study and their weighted average, using as weights production valued at undistorted prices; (b) the Relative Rate of Assistance (RRA) to producers of agricultural (relative to non-agricultural) tradables, again using as weights production valued at undistorted prices, and the component parts of the RRA calculation; and (c) the weights themselves for individual covered farm products and for the residual non-covered group of products, shown as percentages and so they sum to 100 percent. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 55973 DEC 01, 2007

Valenzuela, Ernesto; Kurzweil, Marianne; Jara, Esteban; Croser, Johanna; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Distortions to agricultural incentives in Ecuador (Vol. 2) : National spreadsheet for agricultural distortions (English)

Ecuador is a lower-middle-income economy with about 45 percent of its export coming from primary and processed agricultural products. Until the 1970s agriculture was an even more important generator of foreign currency for the country, but the discovery of oil fields in 1967 transformed the country's export profile. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 55981 DEC 01, 2007

Valenzuela, Ernesto; Wong, Sara; Sandri, Damiano Disclosed

Economic and trade indicators for high income and developing countries, 1960 to 2004 (English)

This compilation of data from the World Development Indicators (WDI), and Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) 6.0 databases provides comparative basic economic and trade indicators for high income countries (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, or OECD with the exclusion of Korea Rep, Mexico, and Turkey) which are compared with three aggregates for developing countries according to the 2006 WDI income classification: low-income, lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income. ... See More +

56134 DEC 01, 2007

Anderson,Kym; Sandri,Damiano; Valenzuela,Ernesto Disclosed

Economic and trade indicators for Africa, 1960 to 2004 (English)

This compilation of data from the World development indicators, and Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) 6.0 databases provides comparative basic economic and trade indicators for the Africa region. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56027 DEC 01, 2007

Anderson,Kym; Sandri,Damiano; Valenzuela,Ernesto Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Are the poverty effects of trade policies invisible? (English)
See More +
MAY 17, 2011 81264 Journal Article
Border price and export demand shocks for developing countries from rest-of-world trade liberalization using the linkage model (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2009 55948 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Welfare and poverty effects of global agricultural and trade policies using the Linkage model (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2009 55934 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Agricultural distortion patterns since the 1950s : what needs explaining? (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2009 55950 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Global distortions to key agricultural commodity markets (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2009 56138
General equilibrium effects of price distortions on global markets, farm incomes and welfare (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2008 56137 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Annual estimates of distortions to agricultural incentives in high-income countries (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2008 56130
Annual estimates of distortions to agricultural incentives in europe's transition economies (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2008 56115 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Measuring distortions to agricultural incentives, revisited (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2008 WPS4612 Policy Research Working Paper
Methodology for measuring distortions to agricultural incentives (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2008 56025 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Distortions to agricultural incentives in Ecuador : Main report (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 55981 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Economic and trade indicators for Asia, 1960 to 2004 (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 56069 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Economic and trade indicators for Europe's transition economies, 1960 to 2004 (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 56116 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Economic and trade indicators for Latin America, 1960 to 2004 (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 55974 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Annual estimates of African distortions to agricultural incentives (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 56029 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Annual estimates of Asian distortions to agricultural incentives (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 56070 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Annual estimates of Latin American distortions to agricultural incentives (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 55973 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Distortions to agricultural incentives in Ecuador (Vol. 2) : National spreadsheet for agricultural distortions (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 55981 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Economic and trade indicators for high income and developing countries, 1960 to 2004 (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 56134
Economic and trade indicators for Africa, 1960 to 2004 (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 56027 Working Paper (Numbered Series)