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The inverting pyramid : pension systems facing demographic challenges in Europe and Central Asia (Vol. 1 of 2) : Overview (English)

The pension and old age security systems that originated in Europe in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries have been effective in sharply reducing poverty rates among the elderly throughout Europe. ... See More +

Publication 84686 JAN 31, 2014

Schwarz, Anita M.; Arias, Omar S.; Zviniene, Asta; Rudolph, Heinz P.; Eckardt, Sebastian; Koettl, Johannes; Immervoll, Herwig; Abels, Miglena; Abels, Miglena

The inverting pyramid : pension systems facing demographic challenges in Europe and Central Asia (Vol. 2 of 2) : Main report (English)

The pension and old age security systems that originated in Europe in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries have been effective in sharply reducing poverty rates among the elderly throughout Europe. ... See More +

Publication 84686 JAN 31, 2014

Schwarz, Anita M.; Arias, Omar S.; Zviniene, Asta; Rudolph, Heinz P.; Eckardt, Sebastian; Koettl, Johannes; Immervoll, Herwig; Abels, Miglena; Abels, Miglena

What goes up must come down -- cyclicality in public wage bill spending (English)

This paper analyzes the cyclicality of public sector wage bill spending in Europe and Central Asia and assesses the impact of wage bill spending on fiscal discipline before, during, and after the global financial crisis of 2008/09. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6760 JAN 01, 2014

Eckardt, Sebastian; Mills, Zachary

The fiscal management of natural resource revenues in a developing country setting (English)

The exhaustibility and volatility of natural resource revenues pose well-known economic challenges, of which those facing oil producers are the most prominent. ... See More +

Brief 73245 APR 01, 2012

Eckardt, Sebastian; Sarsenov, Ilyas; Thomas, Mark Roland

Afghanistan - Expenditure framework and public financial management (English)

Afghanistan has made progress building an effective expenditure management framework over the past several years. This Annex reviews this achievement but also identifies key challenges going forward. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 72361 APR 01, 2010

Eckardt, Sebastian; Jensen, Peter

Local governance in developing countries (Russian)

This book develops a comparative institutional framework for responsive, responsible, and accountable governance in developing countries. It provides a synthesis of analytical literature on local governance. ... See More +

Publication 37450 JUL 27, 2006

Shah, Anwar; Shah, Sana; Heymans, Chris; Steffensen, Jesper; Qiao, Baoyun; Mathur, Om Prakash; Alok, V.N.; Eckardt, Sebastian; Makhmutova, Meruert; Swianiewicz, Pawel; Asensio, Miguel Angel; Afonso, Jose; Araujo, Erika; Letelier S., Leonardo English

Local governance in developing countries (English)

This book develops a comparative institutional framework for responsive, responsible, and accountable governance in developing countries. It provides a synthesis of analytical literature on local governance. ... See More +

Publication 37450 JAN 01, 2006

Shah, Sana; Qiao, Baoyun; Eckardt, Sebastian; Heymans, Chris; Swianiewicz, Pawel; Letelier S., Leonardo; Steffensen, Jesper; Asensio, Miguel Angel; Shah, Anwar; Mathur, Om Prakash; Alok, V.N.; Araujo, Erika; Makhmutova, Meruert; Afonso, Jose Russian