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Micro-Equity for Microenterprises (English)

Many microenterprises in developing countries have high returns to capital, but also face risky revenue streams. In principle, equity offers several advantages over debt when financing investments of this nature, but the use of equity in practice has been largely limited to investments in much larger firms. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8799 APR 01, 2019

De Mel,Suresh; Mckenzie,David J.; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

Evaluation of the work-progression and productivity toolkit : final report (English)

This report summarizes findings from a randomized control trial evaluating the work-progression and productivity toolkit (WPT). The goal of WPT is to provide female operators with skills that lead to promotion to supervisory positions. ... See More +

Working Paper 125850 JAN 01, 2018

Woodruff,Christopher M.; Uckat,Hannah Irmela; Williams,Anaise Disclosed

Labor drops : experimental evidence on the return to additional labor in microenterprises (English)

The majority of enterprises in many developing countries have no paid workers. This paper reports on a field experiment conducted in Sri Lanka that provided wage subsidies to randomly chosen microenterprises to test whether hiring additional labor would benefit such firms. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7924 DEC 19, 2016

De Mel,Suresh; Mckenzie,David J.; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

Identifying gazelles : expert panels vs. surveys as a means to identify firms with rapid growth potential (English)

A business plan competition is conducted to test whether survey instruments or panel judges are able to identify the fastest growing firms. Participants submitted six- to eight-page business plans and defended them before a three- or four-judge panel. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7647 APR 20, 2016

Fafchamps,Marcel; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

Business practices in small firms in developing countries (English)

Management has a large effect on the productivity of large firms. But does management matter in micro and small firms, where the majority of the labor force in developing countries works? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7405 AUG 27, 2015

Mckenzie,David J.; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

The World Bank research observer 29 (1) (English)

The World Bank Research Observer is intended for anyone who has a professional interest in development. Observer articles are written to be accessible to nonspecialist readers; contributors examine key issues in development economics, survey the literature and the latest World Bank research, and debate issues of development policy. ... See More +

Publication 113056 FEB 01, 2014

Knight,John Charles; Devarajan,Shantayanan; Khemani,Stuti; Walton,Michael; Mckenzie,David J.; Woodruff,Christopher M.; Das Gupta,Monica; Canuto,Otaviano; Pinto,Brian R.; Prasad,Mona Disclosed

Sri Lanka - Are women more credit constrained? Experimental evidence on gender and microenterprise returns (English)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled Are women more credit constrained? Experimental evidence on gender and microenterprise returns, conducted during the time period 2005-2007 in Sri Lanka. ... See More +

Brief 81201 AUG 14, 2013

Mel, Suresh De; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Business training and female enterprise start-up, growth, and dynamics experimental evidence from Sri Lanka (English)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled Business training and female enterprise start-up, growth, and dynamics experimental evidence from Sri Lanka, conducted during the time period April and May 2009 in Sri Lanka. ... See More +

Brief 81205 AUG 14, 2013

Mel, Suresh De; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

One-time transfers of cash or capital have long-lasting effects on microenterprises in Sri Lanka (English)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled One-time transfers of cash or capital have long-lasting effects on microenterprises in Sri Lanka, conducted during the time period between 2005 to 2007 in Sri Lanka. ... See More +

Brief 81396 AUG 14, 2013

Mel, Suresh De; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Returns to capital in micro enterprises : evidence from a field experiment (English)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled Returns to capital in micro enterprises : evidence from a field experiment, conducted in 2007 in Sri Lanka. ... See More +

Brief 81454 AUG 14, 2013

de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

When is capital enough to get female enterprises growing? Evidence from a randomized experiment in Ghana (English)

This brief summarizes the when is capital enough to get female enterprises growing? Evidence from a randomized experiment in Ghana. The treatment was staggered from May 2009-February 2010. ... See More +

Brief 81522 AUG 14, 2013

Fafchamps, Marcel; McKenzie, David; Quinn, Simon; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

What are we learning from business training and entrepreneurship evaluations around the developing world? (English)

Business training programs are a popular policy option to improve the performance of enterprises around the world, and the number of rigorous impact evaluations of these programs is growing. ... See More +

Journal Article 112512 JUL 22, 2013

Mckenzie,David J.; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

The demand for, and consequences of, formalization among informal firms in Sri Lanka (English)

A field experiment in Sri Lanka provides informal firms incentives to formalize. Information about the registration process and reimbursement of direct costs does not increase registration. ... See More +

Journal Article 92926 APR 01, 2013

Mel, Suresh de; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Business training for new and existing female-owned firms in Sri Lanka (English)

This note discusses one of a number of recent impact evaluations of business training programs. Further reading provides a link to a critical overview of this new literature. ... See More +

Brief 76387 OCT 01, 2012

De Mel,Suresh; Mckenzie,David J.; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

What are we learning from business training and entrepreneurship evaluations around the developing world ? (English)

Business training programs are a popular policy option to try to improve the performance of enterprises around the world. The last few years have seen rapid growth in the number of evaluations of these programs in developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6202 SEP 01, 2012

McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Business training and female enterprise start-up, growth, and dynamics : experimental evidence from Sri Lanka (English)

The authors conduct a randomized experiment among women in urban Sri Lanka to measure the impact of the most commonly used business training course in developing countries, the Start-and-Improve Your Business program. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6145 JUL 01, 2012

de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Do informal firms want to formalize and does it help them if they do? (English)

Most firms in developing countries are informal. Does it make sense for them to formalize? Hernando de Soto has famously argued that informal firms would like to be formal, only that burden some entry barriers prevent them. ... See More +

Brief 68268 MAR 01, 2012

Mckenzie,David J.; De Mel,Suresh; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

The demand for, and consequences of, formalization among informal firms in Sri Lanka (English)

The majority of firms in most developing countries are informal. The authors of this paper conducted a field experiment in Sri Lanka that provided incentives for informal firms to formalize. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5991 MAR 01, 2012

de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher Disclosed

Long term impacts of one off grants to microenterprises (English)

Traditional economic models of investment such as the Ramsey model would predict that such grants should have at most temporary effects. In such models, there is an efficient steady state size for a business conditional on the ability of the owner. ... See More +

Brief 68267 FEB 01, 2012

Mckenzie,David J.; De Mel,Suresh; Woodruff,Christopher M. Disclosed

The World Bank economic review 25 (3) (English)

This paper is organized in following headings: what constrains Africa's exports?; does the internet reduce corruption? evidence from United States and across countries; do labor statistics depend on how and to whom the questions are asked? ... See More +

Publication 80518 OCT 01, 2011

Freund, Caroline; Rocha, Nadia; Andersen, Thomas Barnebeck; Bentzen, Jeanet; Dalgaard, Carl-Johan; Selaya, Pablo; Bardasi, Elena; Beegle, Kathleen; Dillon, Andrew; Serneels, Pieter; Klapper, Leora F.; Love, Inessa; de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher; Chavis, Larry W.; Gine, Xavier; Mansuri, Ghazala; Picon, Mario; Lederman, Daniel; Rodriguez-Clare, Andres; Xu, Daniel Yi Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Micro-Equity for Microenterprises (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2019 WPS8799 Policy Research Working Paper
Evaluation of the work-progression and productivity toolkit : final report (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2018 125850 Working Paper
Labor drops : experimental evidence on the return to additional labor in microenterprises (English)
See More +
DEC 19, 2016 WPS7924 Policy Research Working Paper
Identifying gazelles : expert panels vs. surveys as a means to identify firms with rapid growth potential (English)
See More +
APR 20, 2016 WPS7647 Policy Research Working Paper
Business practices in small firms in developing countries (English)
See More +
AUG 27, 2015 WPS7405 Policy Research Working Paper
The World Bank research observer 29 (1) (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2014 113056 Publication
Sri Lanka - Are women more credit constrained? Experimental evidence on gender and microenterprise returns (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81201 Brief
Business training and female enterprise start-up, growth, and dynamics experimental evidence from Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81205 Brief
One-time transfers of cash or capital have long-lasting effects on microenterprises in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81396 Brief
Returns to capital in micro enterprises : evidence from a field experiment (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81454 Brief
When is capital enough to get female enterprises growing? Evidence from a randomized experiment in Ghana (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81522 Brief
What are we learning from business training and entrepreneurship evaluations around the developing world? (English)
See More +
JUL 22, 2013 112512 Journal Article
The demand for, and consequences of, formalization among informal firms in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2013 92926 Journal Article
Business training for new and existing female-owned firms in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2012 76387 Brief
What are we learning from business training and entrepreneurship evaluations around the developing world ? (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 WPS6202 Policy Research Working Paper
Business training and female enterprise start-up, growth, and dynamics : experimental evidence from Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2012 WPS6145 Policy Research Working Paper
Do informal firms want to formalize and does it help them if they do? (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2012 68268 Brief
The demand for, and consequences of, formalization among informal firms in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2012 WPS5991 Policy Research Working Paper
Long term impacts of one off grants to microenterprises (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2012 68267 Brief
The World Bank economic review 25 (3) (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2011 80518 Publication