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South Sudan - economic update : taming the tides of high inflation - policy options (English)

The Republic of South Sudan emerged in 2011 from decades of conflict as the world’s newest independent country, with huge state and peace building challenges, and extreme institutional and socio-economic deficits.By August 2016, South Sudan displayed all the signs of macroeconomic collapse,with output contracting, and inflation and parallel exchange market premium spiraling.The fiscal deficit remained high, although its exact magnitude is difficult to estimate given the lack of real time data.The financing situation is dire. ... See More +

Working Paper 120563 JAN 01, 2017

Dihel,Nora Carina; Pape,Utz Johann Disclosed

Shifting Kenya's private sector into higher gear : a trade and competitiveness agenda (English)

Shifting Kenya’s private sector into higher gear: a trade and competitiveness agenda’ was born out of the World Bank’s Trade and Competitiveness (T&C) Global Practice recent stock taking of its work in Kenya. ... See More +

Working Paper 105194 APR 01, 2016

Mogollon,Maria Paulina; Kojucharov,Nikola Denchev; Dowdall,Georgia Frances Isabelle; Twagira,Frank Abner; Begazo Gomez,Tania Priscilla; Adamali,Aref; Cirera,Xavier; Dihel,Nora Carina; Eliasz,Toni Kristian; Kimani,Markus Njehiah; Malinska,Jana; Mugo,Richard Wamutitu; Ochieng,Sarah Ruth; Rahman,Aun Ali Disclosed

The unexplored potential of trade in services in Africa : from hair stylists and teachers to accountants and doctors (English)

The book speaks volumes about the latent potential for trade in services in Africa and the regulatory hurdles that providers face in materializing such flows, and proposes concrete policy action for integrating fragmented services markets in Africa. ... See More +

Working Paper 107185 MAR 01, 2016

Grover,Arti; Dihel,Nora Carina Disclosed

Sudan - Country economic memorandum : realizing the potential for diversified development (Vol. 2) : Summary (English)

From 1999 to 2011 Sudan had a period where it benefited from extensive discoveries of natural wealth through oil. But the oil economy had also clear symptoms of Dutch disease. ... See More +

Country Economic Memorandum 103352 SEP 30, 2015

Geiger,Michael Tobias Arabic Disclosed

Sudan - Country economic memorandum : realizing the potential for diversified development : Main report (English)

From 1999 to 2011 Sudan had a period where it benefited from extensive discoveries of natural wealth through oil. But the oil economy had also clear symptoms of Dutch disease. ... See More +

Country Economic Memorandum 103352 SEP 30, 2015

Geiger,Michael Tobias; Lofgren,Hans; Bogoev,Jane; Nishiuchi,Toru; Nguyen, Ha; Garlick,Robert James; Lyasse,Omar; Yousif,Iman Sachet; Goldberg,Joseph R.; Ferrantino,Michael Joseph; Schmidt,Gabriela; Dihel,Nora Carina; Fernandes,Ana Margarida; Ferro,Esteban; Battaile,William G.; Land,Bryan Christopher Disclosed

Sudan - Country economic memorandum : realizing the potential for diversified development (Vol. 2) : السودان-مذكرة اقتصادية قطرية: إمكانات للتنمية المتنوعة (Arabic)

From 1999 to 2011 Sudan had a period where it benefited from extensive discoveries of natural wealth through oil. But the oil economy had also clear symptoms of Dutch disease. ... See More +

Country Economic Memorandum 103352 SEP 30, 2015

Geiger,Michael Tobias; Lofgren,Hans; Bogoev,Jane; Nishiuchi,Toru; Nguyen, Ha; Garlick,Robert James; Lyasse,Omar; Yousif,Iman Sachet; Goldberg,Joseph R.; Ferrantino,Michael Joseph; Schmidt,Gabriela; Dihel,Nora Carina; Fernandes,Ana Margarida; Ferro,Esteban; Battaile,William G.; Land,Bryan Christopher Disclosed

More than copper: toward the diversification and stabilization of Zambian exports (English)

This paper analyzes Zambian export patterns using a new transaction-level trade data set for the period 1999-2011. The data show that, in international comparison, Zambian exports are exceptionally concentrated (on mining products). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7151 JAN 01, 2015

Brulhart, Marius; Dihel, Nora; Kukenova, Madina Disclosed

Internationalizing Sub-Saharan Africa’s education and health services (English)

This paper summarizes the nature and determinants of trade in education and health services in a selected group of countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. ... See More +

Working Paper 99654 JAN 01, 2015

Dihel,Nora Carina; Grover,Arti Disclosed

Improving behavior at borders to promote trade formalization : the charter for cross-border traders (English)

Informal trade supports the livelihood of hundreds of thousands of households in Africa, reaches markets and clients that are underserved by formal channels, and contributes to regional food security. ... See More +

Brief 89473 JUL 01, 2014

Brenton, Paul; Dihel, Nora; Hoppe, Mombert; Soprano, Carmine Disclosed

Zambia economic brief : promoting trade and competitiveness - what can Zambia do? (English)

Zambia continues to experience strong growth, but challenges are building up. Copper prices are declining, and global financial conditions are tightening. ... See More +

Economic Updates and Modeling 88863 JUN 16, 2014

Brulhart,Marius; Dihel,Nora Carina; Grover,Arti; Guloba,Asumani; Hoppe,Mombert; Kambou,Gerard; Keyser,John C.; Kukenova,Madina; Kumar, Praveen; Ross-Larson,Bruce C.; Valadier,Cecile Disclosed

Malawi - Diagnostic trade integration study (DTIS) update : reducing trade costs to promote competitiveness and inclusive growth (English)

The diagnostic trade integration study (DTIS) update identifies the trade related constraints holding back Malawi from diversifying and deepening its production base, and increasing trade. ... See More +

Working Paper ACS7534 MAR 25, 2014

Hoppe, Mombert; Kirk, Robert; Dihel, Nora; Hall, Alan; Keyser, John; Gondwe, Temwa; Mangelsdorf, Axel; Fernandes, Ana; Maoni, Felix; Chamkakala, Masuako; Said, Jonathan; Ziyendammanja, Deliwe; Glazer, Tamara Disclosed

Women and trade in Africa : realizing the potential (English)

Regional trade in Africa can play a vital role in diversifying economies and reducing dependence on the export of a few mineral products, in delivering food and energy security, in generating jobs for the increasing numbers of young people, and in alleviating poverty and promoting a shared prosperity. ... See More +

Working Paper 82520 JAN 01, 2013

Brenton, Paul; Gamberoni, Elisa; Sear, Catherine; Mora, Maria Elena Garcia; Roshan, Sabrina; Ndumbe, Louis Njie; Ityavyar, Susan D.; Baffes, John; Maratou-Kolias, Laura; Coste, Antoine; Dihel, Nora; Christian,, Michelle; Reis, Jose Guilherme; Bossuroy, Thomas; Campos, Francisco; Coville, Aidan; Goldstein, Markus; Roberts, Gareth; Sequeira, Sandra; Kweka, Josaphat; Haji, Mahjabeen Disclosed

Kenya economic update : walking on a tightrope - rebalancing Kenya's economy with a special focus on regional integration (English)

In 2012, Kenya's economy has been on a tightrope. Policy makers have had to walk a fine line between stabilizing the economy and maintaining the growth momentum. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 82380 JUN 01, 2012

Kiringai, Jane; Randa, John; Dihel, Nora Carina; Mills, Ian; Warutere, Peter Disclosed

Beyond the Nakumatt generation : distribution services in East Africa (English)

Distribution services are an important driver of growth in East Africa. With contributions to gross domestic product (GDP) ranging from about 11 percent in Kenya, Rwanda, and Tanzania to more than 14 percent in Uganda in 2008/09 distribution services are a significant part of all East African economies. ... See More +

Brief 66319 SEP 01, 2011

Dihel, Nora Disclosed

Deepening regional integration to address Burundi's trade challenges and support economic growth (English)

This note explores the role of regional integration in addressing Burundi's trade and development challenges. It presents Burundi's main export and import challenges and discusses the role of regional integration in reducing the country's current high transport costs, diversifying its trade flows and attracting foreign direct investment. ... See More +

Brief 63806 MAY 01, 2011

Dihel, Nora Disclosed

The role of clearing and forwarding agents in reforming the EAC logistics sector (English)

This policy note examines the current role of clearing and forwarding agents within the international trade logistics chain in the East African Community (EAC), this note discusses policies, particularly with regards to training and education that can be enacted in order to strengthen the participation of Clearing and Forwarding (C&F) agents in the international trade logistics chain, and can help to facilitate greater flows of international trade throughout the EAC, an aspect of the logistics industry that has been relatively under-examined. ... See More +

Brief 63804 MAY 01, 2011

Arnold, John; Mathenge, John; Dihel, Nora; Strychacz, Nicholas Disclosed

Can Kenya become a global exporter of business services? (English)

Business services are generally provided on a private sector basis and require a high level of skills that are usually certified. Business services include accounting, architectural, engineering, legal services, Business Process Outsourcing (BPO), Information Communication Technology (ICT), Information Communication Technology Enabled Services (ITeS), and more. ... See More +

Brief 63808 MAY 01, 2011

Dihel, Nora; Fernandes, Ana Margarida; Gicho, Richard; Kashangaki, John; Strychacz, Nicholas Disclosed

Regional trade agreements in sub-Saharan Africa : supporting export diversification (English)

This note briefly discusses the recent export performance in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and the impact of the global crisis on trade. It proceeds to argue that regional integration in SSA can play a critical role in allowing countries to exploit opportunities for export diversification both in regional and global markets. ... See More +

Brief 60116 MAR 01, 2011

Brenton, Paul; Dihel, Nora; Gillson, Ian; Hoppe, Mombert Disclosed

Towards a regional integration of professional services in Southern Africa (English)

Professional services are vital for development in Southern Africa. Accounting, legal and engineering services contribute directly and indirectly to economic growth, including by lowering transactions costs, being key inputs and creating spillovers of knowledge to other sectors. ... See More +

Brief 60111 NOV 01, 2010

Dihel, Nora; Fernandes, Ana M.; Mattoo, Aaditya Disclosed

Reform and regional integration of professional services in East Africa (English)

Professional services matter for development in East Africa. Business services, including professional services, are among the most dynamic services sectors; and are a key input for other sectors. ... See More +

Brief 56746 SEP 01, 2010

Dihel, Nora; Fernandes, Ana Margarida; Mattoo, Aaditya; Strychacz, Nicholas Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
South Sudan - economic update : taming the tides of high inflation - policy options (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2017 120563 Working Paper
Shifting Kenya's private sector into higher gear : a trade and competitiveness agenda (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2016 105194 Working Paper
The unexplored potential of trade in services in Africa : from hair stylists and teachers to accountants and doctors (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2016 107185 Working Paper
Sudan - Country economic memorandum : realizing the potential for diversified development (Vol. 2) : Summary (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 2015 103352 Country Economic Memorandum Arabic
Sudan - Country economic memorandum : realizing the potential for diversified development : Main report (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 2015 103352 Country Economic Memorandum
Sudan - Country economic memorandum : realizing the potential for diversified development (Vol. 2) : السودان-مذكرة اقتصادية قطرية: إمكانات للتنمية المتنوعة (Arabic)
See More +
SEP 30, 2015 103352 Country Economic Memorandum
More than copper: toward the diversification and stabilization of Zambian exports (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2015 WPS7151 Policy Research Working Paper
Internationalizing Sub-Saharan Africa’s education and health services (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2015 99654 Working Paper
Improving behavior at borders to promote trade formalization : the charter for cross-border traders (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 89473 Brief
Zambia economic brief : promoting trade and competitiveness - what can Zambia do? (English)
See More +
JUN 16, 2014 88863 Economic Updates and Modeling
Malawi - Diagnostic trade integration study (DTIS) update : reducing trade costs to promote competitiveness and inclusive growth (English)
See More +
MAR 25, 2014 ACS7534 Working Paper
Women and trade in Africa : realizing the potential (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 82520 Working Paper
Kenya economic update : walking on a tightrope - rebalancing Kenya's economy with a special focus on regional integration (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2012 82380 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Beyond the Nakumatt generation : distribution services in East Africa (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2011 66319 Brief
Deepening regional integration to address Burundi's trade challenges and support economic growth (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2011 63806 Brief
The role of clearing and forwarding agents in reforming the EAC logistics sector (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2011 63804 Brief
Can Kenya become a global exporter of business services? (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2011 63808 Brief
Regional trade agreements in sub-Saharan Africa : supporting export diversification (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2011 60116 Brief
Towards a regional integration of professional services in Southern Africa (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2010 60111 Brief
Reform and regional integration of professional services in East Africa (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2010 56746 Brief