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The World Bank research observer 25 (2) (English)

This issue includes the following : Ideas and innovation in East Asia, by Milan Brahmghatt and Albert Hu. Impact assessments in finance and private sector development : what have we learned and what should we learn? ... See More +

Publication 73277 AUG 01, 2010

Brahmghatt, Milan; Gill, Indermit S.; Goh, Chor-Ching; Hu, Albert; Kessides, Ioannis N.; Lecocq, Franck; McKenzie, David; Nauges, Celine; Shalizi, Zmarak; Whittington, Dale Disclosed

To mitigate or to adapt : is that the question? Observations on an appropriate response to the climate change challenge to development strategies (English)

Climate change is a new and important challenge to development strategies. In light of the current literature a framework for assessing responses to this challenge is provided. ... See More +

Journal Article 76809 AUG 01, 2010

Shalizi, Zmarak; Lecocq, Franck Disclosed

Climate change and the economics of targeted mitigation in sectors with long-lived capital stock (English)

Mitigation investments in long-lived capital stock (LLKS) differ from other types of mitigation investments in that, once established, LLKS can lock-in a stream of emissions for extended periods of time. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5063 SEP 01, 2009

Shalizi, Zmarak; Lecocq, Franck Disclosed

How might climate change affect economic growth in developing countries ? a review of the growth literature with a climate lens (English)

This paper reviews the empirical and theoretical literature on economic growth to examine how the four components of the climate change bill, namely mitigation, proactive (ex ante) adaptation, reactive (ex post) adaptation, and ultimate damages of climate change affect growth, especially in developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4315 AUG 01, 2007

Lecocq, Franck; Shalizi, Zmarak Disclosed

Balancing expenditures on mitigation of and adaptation to climate change : an exploration of Issues relevant to developing countries (English)

Although climate policies have been so far mostly focused on mitigation, adaptation to climate change is a growing concern in developed and developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4299 AUG 01, 2007

Lecocq, Franck; Shalizi, Zmarak Disclosed

Energy and emissions : local and global effects of the rise of China and India (English)

Part 1 of the paper reviews recent trends in fossil fuel use and associated externalities. It also argues that the recent run-up in international oil prices reflects growing concerns about supply constraints associated with declining spare capacity in OPEC, refining bottlenecks, and geopolitical uncertainties rather than growing incremental use of oil by China and India. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4209 APR 01, 2007

Shalizi, Zmarak Disclosed

Rural-urban migration in developing countries : a survey of theoretical predictions and empirical findings (English)

The migration of labor from rural to urban areas is an important part of the urbanization process in developing countries. Even though it has been the focus of abundant research over the past five decades, some key policy questions have not found clear answers yet. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3915 MAY 01, 2006

Lall, Somik V.; Selod, Harris; Shalizi, Zmarak Disclosed

Addressing China's growing water shortages and associated social and environmental consequences (English)

China has experienced a wide-scale and rapid transformation from an agricultural based economy to the manufacturing workshop of the world. The associated relocation of the population from relatively low density rural areas to very high density urban areas is having a significant impact on the quantity and quality of water available as inputs into the production and consumption process, as well as the ability of the water system to absorb and neutralize the waste byproducts deposited into it. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3895 APR 01, 2006

Shalizi, Zmarak Disclosed

Agglomeration, transport, and regional development in Indonesia (English)

How effective are public interventions in addressing significant regional disparities in formal manufacturing concentration in a developing economy? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3477 JAN 01, 2005

Deichmann, Uwe; Kaiser, Kai; Lall, Somik V; Shalizi, Zmarak

Will the Kyoto Protocol affect growth in Russia? (English)

In light of the recent argument that rapid economic growth in Russia over the next decade, might result in emissions higher than the Kyoto target, thereby putting much-needed growth at risk, the authors revisit the discussion on the costs and benefits of ratification of the Kyoto Protocol by Russia. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3454 NOV 01, 2004

Lecocq, Franck; Shalizi, Zmarak

Location and welfare in cities: impacts of policy interventions on the urban poor (English)

Informal settlements are an integral part of the urban landscape in developing countries. These settlements are widely distributed within cities, including central business centers and peripheral areas with environment hazards. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3318 MAY 01, 2004

Kapoor, Mudit; Lall, Somik V.; Lundberg, Mattias K. A.; Shalizi, Zmarak

Development outreach 4 (3) : sustaining the earth (English)

This newsletter in the Development Outreach covers the following topics: 1) what our readers think; 2) development reach; 3) special report: sustaining the earth; 4) voices from the field; 5) knowledge resources; 6) bookshelf; and 7) calendar of events. ... See More +

Newsletter 25271 SEP 01, 2002

Djumena,Sascha; Gama, Chris; Haidar,Mona; Johnson, Ian; Koro,Emmanuel; Leautier,Frannie A.; Mestrallet, Gerard; Michon, Louis; Shalizi,Zmarak; Svensson,Bent R.; Woicke,Peter Lutz; Zurayk,Rami Ahmed Disclosed

Agglomeration economies and productivity in Indian industry (English)

"New" economic geography theory, and the development of innovative methods of analysis have renewed interest in the location, and spatial concentration of economic activities. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2663 AUG 31, 2001

Lall, Somik; Shalizi, Zmarak; Deichmann, Uwe

Geography and development (English)

The most striking fact about the economic geography of the world is the uneven spatial distribution of economic activity, including the coexistence of economic development and underdevelopment. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2456 SEP 30, 2000

Henderson, J. Vernon; Shalizi, Zmarak; Venables, Anthony J.

The World Bank Research Observer 14 (2) (English)

Road funds, user charges, and taxes, by Ken Gwilliam and Zmarak Shalizi. Between the state and the market: can informal insurance patch the safety net? ... See More +

Publication 20350 AUG 31, 1999

Binswanger,Hans P.; Blank,Lorraine R.; Deininger,Klaus W.; Dinar,Ariel; Grosh,Margaret Ellen; Gwilliam,Kenneth M.; Irwin, Timothy; Klein, Michael; Mendelsohn,Robert; Morduch,Jonathan J.; Perry, Guillermo E.; Reilly, John; Shalizi,Zmarak; Thobani,Mateen Disclosed

Road funds, user charges, and taxes (English)

Insufficient or uncertain budgetary allocations to road maintenance have resulted in road deterioration that has significantly increased production and transport costs in many countries. ... See More +

Journal Article 76637 AUG 01, 1999

Gwilliam, Ken; Shalizi, Zmarak Disclosed

The use of sectoral and project performance indicators in Bank-financed transport operations : a first edition note (English)

This note forms a part of a Bank-wide exercise undertaken by the central vice-presidencies to put the recommendations in the Wapenhaus Report into operation, and is addressed to all Bank staff engaged in the transport sector. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 16121 APR 30, 1995

Gannon,Colin A.; Shalizi,Zmarak Disclosed

Transport-related air pollution strategies : What lessons for developing countries? (English)

This paper reviews the current air quality strategy being pursued in developed and developing country cities. The present strategy is essentially curative -stabilize emission amounts first and then reduce the level of air pollution gradually, focusing on improved fuel and automotive technologies for new vehicles, plus routine inspection and maintenance programs for other vehicles. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 16120 SEP 30, 1994

Shalizi,Zmarak; Carbajo,Jose C. Disclosed

Roads and the environment : a handbook (English)

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 13709 SEP 30, 1994

Shalizi,Zmarak Eligible for Disclosure

Railways, energy and environment (English)

This paper addresses the question whether rail transport should be preferred over road-based modes because of its superior environmental characteristics, presumed to exist because rail is more energy efficient than road modes and uses, or can use, less polluting forms of energy. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 16124 MAR 31, 1994

Gwilliam,Kenneth M.; Shalizi,Zmarak; Thompson,Louis Stanley Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
The World Bank research observer 25 (2) (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2010 73277 Publication
To mitigate or to adapt : is that the question? Observations on an appropriate response to the climate change challenge to development strategies (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2010 76809 Journal Article
Climate change and the economics of targeted mitigation in sectors with long-lived capital stock (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2009 WPS5063 Policy Research Working Paper
How might climate change affect economic growth in developing countries ? a review of the growth literature with a climate lens (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2007 WPS4315 Policy Research Working Paper
Balancing expenditures on mitigation of and adaptation to climate change : an exploration of Issues relevant to developing countries (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2007 WPS4299 Policy Research Working Paper
Energy and emissions : local and global effects of the rise of China and India (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2007 WPS4209 Policy Research Working Paper
Rural-urban migration in developing countries : a survey of theoretical predictions and empirical findings (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2006 WPS3915 Policy Research Working Paper
Addressing China's growing water shortages and associated social and environmental consequences (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2006 WPS3895 Policy Research Working Paper
Agglomeration, transport, and regional development in Indonesia (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2005 WPS3477 Policy Research Working Paper
Will the Kyoto Protocol affect growth in Russia? (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2004 WPS3454 Policy Research Working Paper
Location and welfare in cities: impacts of policy interventions on the urban poor (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2004 WPS3318 Policy Research Working Paper
Development outreach 4 (3) : sustaining the earth (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2002 25271 Newsletter
Agglomeration economies and productivity in Indian industry (English)
See More +
AUG 31, 2001 WPS2663 Policy Research Working Paper
Geography and development (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 2000 WPS2456 Policy Research Working Paper
The World Bank Research Observer 14 (2) (English)
See More +
AUG 31, 1999 20350 Publication
Road funds, user charges, and taxes (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 1999 76637 Journal Article
The use of sectoral and project performance indicators in Bank-financed transport operations : a first edition note (English)
See More +
APR 30, 1995 16121 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Transport-related air pollution strategies : What lessons for developing countries? (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 1994 16120 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Roads and the environment : a handbook (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 1994 13709 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Railways, energy and environment (English)
See More +
MAR 31, 1994 16124 Working Paper (Numbered Series)