Documents & Reports

Francis K. T. Ng

Senior Economist

FRANCIS NG is a senior economist of the International Trade and Integration Team (DECTI) in the Development Economic Research Group of the World Bank. Mr. Ng has  served a number of assignments, including South Asia Country Program Department, Country Policy Department, Country Economics Department, International Economics Department, and Policy Research Group in the World Bank. He is currently doing research on various international trade issues, including trade growth and barriers, markets access for developing countries, agricultural trade and subsidies, trade policy reforms in Sub-Saharan Africa, trade and production fragmentation in East Asia and Central European economies, and competition and investment policies in the Middle East and Eastern Europe. Prior to joining the Bank, he was a special research associate at U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and a community officer at City District Office in Hong Kong Government. He holds PhD, MBA/MPA and MA degrees in economics, international business and public administration.

Current research interest: trade growth and performance analysis, market access and import barriers, regional integration and competitiveness, trade and production fragmentation, trade policy reform and FDI issues, and various trade indicator measures/data analysis.

The author's works below are drawn from the World Bank's institutional archives. You can also download other documents by this author.

Works by this author


  

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Increase in protectionism and its impact on Sri Lanka's performance in global markets (English)

Sri Lanka's external performance defies global trends on two counts. First, the level of openness as measured by the ratio of trade in goods and services, after a strong increase in 1987-95 and stagnation in 1996-2004, sharply fell in 2005-10 to the levels experienced during the era of import substitution. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6512 JUN 01, 2013

Kaminski, Bartlomiej; Ng, Francis

Developing country trade policies and market access issues : 1990-2012 (English)

The study presents a comprehensive review of developing country trade policies and market access issues as they evolved over the period 1990-2012. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6463 MAY 01, 2013

Michalopoulos, Constantine; Ng, Francis

Demand growth versus market share gains : decomposing world manufacturing import growth (English)

This paper decomposes manufacturing import growth rates in a selected set of large industrial and developing countries (five industrial and eight developing) and measures the relative contributions of domestic demand and market share changes for two separate periods 1991/92 - 2001/02 and 2001/02 - 2007/08. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6375 FEB 01, 2013

Ng, Francis; Aksoy, M. Ataman

Trends in developing country trade 1980-2010 (English)

This paper reviews trends and patterns in developing countries' trade from 1980 to 2010. During the 30-year span, world trade expanded rapidly, especially in developing countries in the last decade. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6334 JAN 01, 2013

Michalopoulos, Constantine; Ng, Francis

Regional productive complementarity and competitiveness (English)

A positive international environment favors growth of the several economies in a given region, but does not assure that the differences in the economic potential of the several countries are reduced in this process. ... See More +

Journal Article 79437 AUG 21, 2012

Baumann, Renato; Ng, Francis

The evolution of agricultural trade flows (English)

Earlier research showed that during the 1980s and 1990s most of the global agricultural trade expansion took place among the industrial countries and among countries within trade blocs. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5308 MAY 01, 2010

Ng, Francis; Aksoy, M. Ataman

Bosnia and Herzegovina's surprising export performance : back to the past in a new veil but will It last ? (English)

Bosnia and Herzegovina's industrial restructuring, as seen through the lenses of foreign trade performance and its sustainability, has taken off. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5187 JAN 01, 2010

Kaminski, Bartlomiej; Ng, Francis

China and central and eastern European countries : regional networks, global supply chain, or international competitors? (English)

China has emerged as one of the top recipients of foreign direct investment in the world. Meanwhile, the successful transition experience of many Central and Eastern European countries has also allowed them to attract an increasing share of global foreign direct investment. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4689 AUG 01, 2008

Fung , K.C.; Ng, Francis; Li, Ke; Korhonen, Iikka

Integration of markets vs. integration by agreements (English)

This paper provides an analysis of the two channels of regional integration: integration via markets and integration via agreements. Given that East Asia and Latin America are two fertile regions where both forms of integrations have taken place, the authors examine the experiences of these two areas. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4546 MAR 01, 2008

Aminian, Nathalie; Ng, Francis; Fung, K.C.

Who are the net food importing countries ? (English)

The purpose of this paper is to update the information on net food importing countries, using different definitions of food, separating countries by their level of income, whether they are in conflict and whether they are significant oil exporters. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4457 JAN 01, 2008

Ng, Francis; Aksoy, M. Ataman

Beyond Transition 18 (1) (English)

EMU Enlargement: why flexibility matters, by Philipp Maier and Maarten Hendrikx. Gains from risk sharing in the EU, by Yuliya Demyanyk and Vadym Volosovych. ... See More +

Newsletter 40957 JAN 01, 2007

Maier, Philipp; Hendrikx, Maarten; Demyanyk,Yuliya; Volosovych, Vadym; Ross, Tanel; Wilson, John S.; Xubei Luo; Broadman, Harry G.; Paci, Pierella; Tiongson, Erwin; Walewski, Mateusz; Liwinski, Jacek; Stoilkova, Maria; Hazans, Mihails; Balcerowicz, Ewa; Kaminski, Bartlomiej; Ng, Francis; Haughton, Tim; Malova, Darina; Lokshin, Michael; Sajaia, Zurab; Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina; Yakovlev, Evgeny; Kisunko, Gregory; Coolidge, Jacqueline; Havrylchyk, Olena; Jurzyk, Emilia; Dushkevych, Natalya; Zelenyuk, Valentin Russian

Beyond Transition 18 (1) (Russian)

EMU Enlargement: why flexibility matters, by Philipp Maier and Maarten Hendrikx. Gains from risk sharing in the EU, by Yuliya Demyanyk and Vadym Volosovych. ... See More +

Newsletter 40957 JAN 01, 2007

Maier, Philipp; Hendrikx, Maarten; Demyanyk,Yuliya; Volosovych, Vadym; Ross, Tanel; Wilson, John S.; Xubei Luo; Broadman, Harry G.; Paci, Pierella; Tiongson, Erwin; Walewski, Mateusz; Liwinski, Jacek; Stoilkova, Maria; Hazans, Mihails; Balcerowicz, Ewa; Kaminski, Bartlomiej; Ng, Francis; Haughton, Tim; Malova, Darina; Lokshin, Michael; Sajaia, Zurab; Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina; Yakovlev, Evgeny; Kisunko, Gregory; Coolidge, Jacqueline; Havrylchyk, Olena; Jurzyk, Emilia; Dushkevych, Natalya; Zelenyuk, Valentin English

Turkey's evolving trade integration into Pan-European markets (English)

This is an empirical paper seeking to identify the mode of Turkey's integration into global markets in general, and pan-European markets in particular, as revealed in its trade performance. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3908 MAY 01, 2006

Kaminski, Bartlomiej; Ng, Francis

Bulgaria's integration into the Pan-European economy and industrial restructuring (English)

This paper looks at Bulgaria's industrial restructuring through the lenses of its evolving specialization in international division of labor and integration into international markets with a special emphasis on EU markets. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3863 MAR 01, 2006

Kaminski, Bartlomiej; Ng, Francis

Kenya - export prospects and problems (English)

This report examines reasons why Kenya and other African trade did not provide the engine of growth that it did elsewhere. During the last quarter century many Sub-Saharan African countries non-oil exports either declined in absolute terms, or expanded at a slower pace than world trade. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 34993 OCT 01, 2005

Ng, Francis; Yeats, Alexander

Romania's integration into European markets : implications for sustainability of the current export boom (English)

In defiance of its unimpressive track in structural reforms and relatively low foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, Romanian exports have experienced surprisingly strong performance in both European Union (EU) and non-EU markets since 2000 after a four-year period of flat growth. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3451 NOV 01, 2004

Kaminski, Bartlomiej; Ng, Francis

Agricultural tariffs or subsidies : which are more important for developing economies? (English)

This article assesses the impact of the world price-depressing effect of agricultural subsidies and border protection in Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries on developing economies' exports, imports, and welfare. ... See More +

Journal Article 77468 MAY 01, 2004

Olarreaga, Marcelo; Hoekman, Bernard; Ng, Francis

The World Bank economic review 18 (2) (English)

Do macroeconomics crises always slow human capital accumulations? By Nobert R. Schady. The distribution of income shocks during crises: an application of quantile analysis to Mexico, 1992-95, by William F. ... See More +

Publication 30182 JAN 01, 2004

Kaufman, Daniel; Bosch, Mariano; Maloney, William F.; Hertel, Thomas W; Schady, Nobert R.; Hoekman, Bernard; Ng, Francis; Verner, Dorte; Cunningham, Wendy V.; Olarreaga, Marcelo; Preckel, Paul V.; Cranfield, John A. L.; Mastruzzi, Massimo; Ivanic, Maros; Blunch, Niels-Hugo; Kraay, Aart

Major trade trends in East Asia : what are their implications for regional cooperation and growth (English)

This study's empirical findings have positive implications for further efforts to expand East Asian regional trade and cooperation initiatives. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3084 JUN 30, 2003

Ng, Francis; Yeats, Alexander

Export profiles of small landlocked countries : a case study focusing on their implications for Lesotho (English)

World Bank demographic and country characteristic statistics identify 16 small landlocked countries that are similar to Lesotho. The authors attempt to determine what useful policy information can be derived from the recent trade performance of these "comparators." ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3085 JUN 30, 2003

Ng, Francis; Yeats, Alexander

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Increase in protectionism and its impact on Sri Lanka's performance in global markets (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2013 WPS6512 Policy Research Working Paper
Developing country trade policies and market access issues : 1990-2012 (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2013 WPS6463 Policy Research Working Paper
Demand growth versus market share gains : decomposing world manufacturing import growth (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2013 WPS6375 Policy Research Working Paper
Trends in developing country trade 1980-2010 (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 WPS6334 Policy Research Working Paper
Regional productive complementarity and competitiveness (English)
See More +
AUG 21, 2012 79437 Journal Article
The evolution of agricultural trade flows (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2010 WPS5308 Policy Research Working Paper
Bosnia and Herzegovina's surprising export performance : back to the past in a new veil but will It last ? (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2010 WPS5187 Policy Research Working Paper
China and central and eastern European countries : regional networks, global supply chain, or international competitors? (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2008 WPS4689 Policy Research Working Paper
Integration of markets vs. integration by agreements (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2008 WPS4546 Policy Research Working Paper
Who are the net food importing countries ? (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2008 WPS4457 Policy Research Working Paper
Beyond Transition 18 (1) (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2007 40957 Newsletter Russian
Beyond Transition 18 (1) (Russian)
See More +
JAN 01, 2007 40957 Newsletter English
Turkey's evolving trade integration into Pan-European markets (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2006 WPS3908 Policy Research Working Paper
Bulgaria's integration into the Pan-European economy and industrial restructuring (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2006 WPS3863 Policy Research Working Paper
Kenya - export prospects and problems (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2005 34993 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Romania's integration into European markets : implications for sustainability of the current export boom (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2004 WPS3451 Policy Research Working Paper
Agricultural tariffs or subsidies : which are more important for developing economies? (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2004 77468 Journal Article
The World Bank economic review 18 (2) (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2004 30182 Publication
Major trade trends in East Asia : what are their implications for regional cooperation and growth (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 2003 WPS3084 Policy Research Working Paper
Export profiles of small landlocked countries : a case study focusing on their implications for Lesotho (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 2003 WPS3085 Policy Research Working Paper