Documents & Reports

Shahidur R. Khandker

Lead Economist

 SHAHID KHANDKER is a Lead Economist in Rural Development Team.  He is also a core team member of the Environment and Energy Research Team.  He studied in Canada and received a Ph.D.degree in economics from McMaster University.  At the World Bank, he is a lead researcher in the areas of poverty, rural infrastructure, microfinance, energy, and gender.  He has published extensively in peer-reviewed journals and in the areas of microfinance, poverty, and rural development.  He has published 3 books from the World Bank.  He has more than 20 years of experience in the Bank as a researcher.  He has also worked in the World Bank Institute and led a major global capacity building program on poverty analysis, monitoring, and impact evaluation to support the poverty reduction strategies of the World Bank member countries.  His current research include poverty and income seasonality, microfinanace and hard-core poor, rural road, rural electrification, and energy poverty.  Prior to joining the Bank, he worked in the Economic Growth Center of Yale University and Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies.  

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Dynamic effects of microcredit in Bangladesh (English)

This paper uses long panel survey data spanning over 20 years to examine the dynamics of microcredit programs in Bangladesh. With the phenomenal growth of microfinance institutions representing 30 million members with over $2 billion of annual disbursement over the past two decades, it is important to understand the dynamics of microcredit expansion and its induced impact on household welfare. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6821 MAR 01, 2014

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Samad, Hussain A.

The benefits of solar home systems :an analysis from Bangladesh (English)

The Government of Bangladesh, with help from the World Bank and other donors, has provided aid to a local agency called Infrastructure Development Company Limited and its partner organizations to devise a credit scheme for marketing solar home system units and making these an affordable alternative to grid electricity for poor people in remote areas. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6724 DEC 01, 2013

Samad, Hussain A.; Khandker, Shahidur R.; Asaduzzaman, M.; Yunus, Mohammad

Estimating the effects of credit constraints on productivity of Peruvian agriculture (English)

This paper proposes an estimator for the endogenous switching regression models with fixed effects. The estimator allows for endogenous selection and for conditional heteroscedasticity in the outcome equation. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6658 OCT 01, 2013

Woutersen, Tiemen; Khandker, Shahidur R.

Subsidy to promote girls secondary education : the female stipend program in Bangladesh (English)

The brief summarizes the subsidy to promote girls secondary education: the female stipend program in Bangladesh. The intervention started in 1994. ... See More +

Brief 81464 AUG 14, 2013

Khandker, Shahidur; Pitt, Mark; Fuwa, Nobuhiko

The poverty impact of rural roads : evidence from Bangladesh (English)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled The poverty impact of rural roads : evidence from Bangladesh, conducted during the time period 1995 to 1996 in Bangladesh. ... See More +

Brief 81507 AUG 14, 2013

Khandker, Shahidur; Bakht, Zaid; Koolwal, Gayatri

Welfare impacts of rural electrification : evidence from Vietnam (English)

This brief summarizes the welfare impacts of rural electrification: evidence from Vietnam for the period 2000-2004. Access to electricity is a key to any development initiative and there is a growing body of literature on the impact of rural electrification on development. ... See More +

Brief 81520 AUG 14, 2013

Khandker, Shahidur; Barnes, Douglas; Samad, Hussain; Minh, Nguyen Huu

Are microcredit borrowers in Bangladesh over-indebted ? (English)

Microcredit programs in Bangladesh have experienced spectacular growth in recent years, with a growing number of borrowers availing credit from multiple microcredit agencies. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6574 AUG 01, 2013

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Faruqee, Rashid; Samad, Hussain A.

Are microcredit participants in Bangladesh trapped in poverty and debt ? (English)

This paper addresses whether microcredit participants in Bangladesh are trapped in poverty and debt, as many critics have argued in recent years. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6404 APR 01, 2013

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Samad, Hussain A.

How does competition affect the performance of MFIs ? evidence from Bangladesh (English)

Over the past 20 years, Bangladesh has witnessed strong competition among microfinance institutions. Using program-level panel data from 2005-2010, this paper studies the microfinance institutions' recent competitive roles in their pricing of products, targeting strategies and portfolio shifts, as well as their ability to recover loans. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6408 APR 01, 2013

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Badruddoza, Syed; Koolwal, Gayatri B.

Does access to finance matter in microenterprise growth ? evidence from Bangladesh (English)

In less-developed economies such as Bangladesh, the farm sector is the major source of employment and income, while the rural nonfarm sector provides as an additional source of income. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6333 JAN 01, 2013

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Samad, Hussain A.; Ali, Rubaba

Seasonal hunger and its mitigation in North-West Bangladesh (English)

Seasonal hunger may result from seasonality of agriculture when households fail to smooth income and consumption. Using household survey data from the northwest region of Bangladesh, this paper examines alternative measures of seasonal hunger, and provides some evidence to support policies and programs needed to mitigate seasonal hunger. ... See More +

Journal Article 79391 NOV 20, 2012

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Khalily, M. A. Baqui; Samad, Hussain A.

The surprising effects of the great recession : losers and winners in Thailand in 2008-2009 (English)

In 2009, buffeted by the great recession, Thai gross domestic product fell by 2.3 percent. Using monthly data from the socio-economic surveys of 2007-2010, this paper finds, after controlling for household variables, that real consumption per capita rose in 2009 relative to 2008 for most groups, including the poor, urban and rural households, men, women, and children. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6255 NOV 01, 2012

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Haughton, Jonathan

Replicating replication : due diligence in Roodman and Morduch's replication of Pitt and Khandker (1998) (English)

"The Impact of Microcredit on the Poor in Bangladesh: Revisiting the Evidence," by David Roodman and Jonathan Morduch (2011) is the most recent of a sequence of papers and postings that seeks to refute the findings of the Pitt and Khandker (1998) article "The Impact of Group-Based Credit on Poor Households in Bangladesh: Does the Gender of Participants Matter?" ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6273 NOV 01, 2012

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Pitt, Mark M.

Grameen bank lending : does group liability matter ? (English)

Competing theories increasingly support the positive role of social capital in small loan default costs of group lending; at the same time, potential group collusion may increase loan delinquencies. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6204 SEP 01, 2012

Khandker, Shahidur R.

Seasonal hunger and public policies : evidence from Northwest Bangladesh (English)

Seasonal hunger induced by agricultural seasonality is often a characteristic feature of rural poverty. The evidence of seasonal distress in many agrarian societies can be found in the narratives of economic historians. ... See More +

Publication 70268 JUN 16, 2012

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Mahmud, Wahiduddin

Who benefits most from rural electrification ? evidence in India (English)

This paper applies an econometric analysis to estimate the average and distribution benefits of rural electrification using rich household survey data from India. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6095 JUN 01, 2012

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Samad, Hussain A.; Ali, Rubaba; Barnes, Douglas F.

Appraising the Thailand village fund (English)

The Thailand Village Fund is the second-largest microcredit scheme in the world. Nearly 80,000 elected local Village Fund committees administer loans that reach 30 percent of all households. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5998 MAR 01, 2012

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Rukumnuaykit, Pungpond; Haughton, Jonathan; Boonperm, Jirawan

Household coping and response to government stimulus in an economic crisis : evidence from Thailand (English)

The crash of global financial markets in 2008 caused a ripple effect on economic demand and growth worldwide. Export-oriented economies were hit particularly hard, and many governments stepped in quickly with broad-ranging stimulus programs to lessen the effects on households of rising unemployment and falling income. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6016 MAR 01, 2012

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Haughton, Jonathan; Jitsuchon, Somchai; Koolwal, Gayatri B.

Can social safety nets alleviate seasonal deprivation ? evidence from northwest Bangladesh (English)

This paper examines the role of social safety-net programs in Bangladesh run by the government and nongovernmental organizations to mitigate seasonal deprivation in the country's highly vulnerable northwest region. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5865 OCT 01, 2011

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Samad, Hussain A.; Khaleque, M. Abdul

Estimating the long-term impacts of rural roads : a dynamic panel approach (English)

Infrastructure investments are typically long-term. As a result, observed benefits to households and communities may vary considerably over time as short-term outcomes generate or are subsumed by longer-term impacts. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5867 OCT 01, 2011

Khandker, Shahidur R.; Koolwal, Gayatri B.

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Dynamic effects of microcredit in Bangladesh (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2014 WPS6821 Policy Research Working Paper
The benefits of solar home systems :an analysis from Bangladesh (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2013 WPS6724 Policy Research Working Paper
Estimating the effects of credit constraints on productivity of Peruvian agriculture (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2013 WPS6658 Policy Research Working Paper
Subsidy to promote girls secondary education : the female stipend program in Bangladesh (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81464 Brief
The poverty impact of rural roads : evidence from Bangladesh (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81507 Brief
Welfare impacts of rural electrification : evidence from Vietnam (English)
See More +
AUG 14, 2013 81520 Brief
Are microcredit borrowers in Bangladesh over-indebted ? (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2013 WPS6574 Policy Research Working Paper
Are microcredit participants in Bangladesh trapped in poverty and debt ? (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2013 WPS6404 Policy Research Working Paper
How does competition affect the performance of MFIs ? evidence from Bangladesh (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2013 WPS6408 Policy Research Working Paper
Does access to finance matter in microenterprise growth ? evidence from Bangladesh (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 WPS6333 Policy Research Working Paper
Seasonal hunger and its mitigation in North-West Bangladesh (English)
See More +
NOV 20, 2012 79391 Journal Article
The surprising effects of the great recession : losers and winners in Thailand in 2008-2009 (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2012 WPS6255 Policy Research Working Paper
Replicating replication : due diligence in Roodman and Morduch's replication of Pitt and Khandker (1998) (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2012 WPS6273 Policy Research Working Paper
Grameen bank lending : does group liability matter ? (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 WPS6204 Policy Research Working Paper
Seasonal hunger and public policies : evidence from Northwest Bangladesh (English)
See More +
JUN 16, 2012 70268 Publication
Who benefits most from rural electrification ? evidence in India (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2012 WPS6095 Policy Research Working Paper
Appraising the Thailand village fund (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2012 WPS5998 Policy Research Working Paper
Household coping and response to government stimulus in an economic crisis : evidence from Thailand (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2012 WPS6016 Policy Research Working Paper
Can social safety nets alleviate seasonal deprivation ? evidence from northwest Bangladesh (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2011 WPS5865 Policy Research Working Paper
Estimating the long-term impacts of rural roads : a dynamic panel approach (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2011 WPS5867 Policy Research Working Paper