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Transportation fuel use, technology and standards: The role of credibility and expectations (English)

There is a debate among policy analysts about whether fuel taxes alone are the most effective policy to reduce fuel use by motorists, or whether to also use mandatory standards for fuel efficiency. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4695 AUG 01, 2008

Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Mideksa, Torben K. Disclosed

Autonomy, participation, and learning in Argentine schools - findings and their implications for decentralization (English)

According to a theoretical model, school autonomy and parental participation in schools, can increase student learning through separate channels. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2766 JAN 31, 2002

Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Filmer, Deon

Public expenditures and environmental protection : when is the cost of funds irrelevant? (English)

Assume that a public program -- whether in the form of public expenditures or regulation of private activities -- provides not only a public good to consumers but also a collective input (say, a less polluted water source for brewers, or better roads for their trucks). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2507 DEC 31, 2000

Eskeland, Gunnar S.

Environmental protection and optimal taxation (English)

Struck by the fact that economists did not have a plausible model for why emissions standards, and mandated technologies, play a dominant role in pollution control, the author sought answers to two questions: 1) Should one stimulate emissions reductions by firms, and households, rich and poor, in the same way? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2510 DEC 31, 2000

Eskeland, Gunnar S.

Externalities and production efficiency (English)

The author brings together two of government's primary challenges: environmental protection, and taxation to generate revenues. If negative externalities can be reduced not only by changes in consumption patterns, but also by making each activity cleaner (abatement efforts), how shall inducements to various approaches be combined? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2319 APR 30, 2000

Eskeland, Gunnar S.

Corruption under moral hazard (English)

In this theoretical analysis, the "principal" can be the head of the tax collection agency (or "government" or even citizens), the "supervisor" can be the tax collector, and the "agent" can be the taxpayer. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2204 OCT 31, 1999

Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Thiele, Henrik

Challenging El Salvador's rural health care strategy (English)

Can a supply-driven network of under-skilled rural health promoters make a difference in rural health care? There are few, if any, signs that the current rural health strategy in El Salvador is working, whether the health promoters are government employees or non-governmental organization (NGO) workers. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2164 AUG 31, 1999

Lewis, Maureen; Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Traa-Valerezo, Ximena

Acting globally while thinking locally : is the global environment protected by transport emission control programs? (English)

This study uses the term public goods for air quality and the global climate, not because the control should be by the government the government is anyway just a conduit for private resources. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1975 SEP 30, 1998

Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Jian Xie

Air pollution and health effects - a study of respiratory illness among children in Santiago, Chile (English)

The authors estimate dose-response functions for respiratory disease among children based on data from public clinics in Santiago. They find that respiratory disease among Santiago s children is significantly affected by air pollution, measured as PM10 (small dust particles). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1932 JUN 30, 1998

Ostro, Bart D.; Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Feyzioglu, Tarhan; Sanchez, Jose Miguel

The World Bank economic review 11(3) (English)

Rationing can backfire: the "day without a car" in Mexico City. Prices and protocols in public health care. Formal and informal regulation of industrial pollution: comparative evidence from Indonesia and the United States. ... See More +

Publication 17657 SEP 30, 1997

Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Feyzioglu, Tarhan; Hammer, Jeffrey S.; Pargal, Sheoli; Hettige, Hemamala; Singh, Manjula; Wheeler, David; Taylor, Mark P.; Sarno, Lucio; Hoekman, Bernard; Djankow, Simeon; Haggarty, Luke; Shirley, Mary M.

Rationing can backfire : day without a car in Mexico city (English)

A ban restricting each car from driving on a specified weekday is found to have increased total driving in Mexico City. Because of the ban, cars effectively represent 'driving permits' and some households have bought an additional car and increased their driving. ... See More +

Journal Article 77256 SEP 01, 1997

Eskeland, Gunnar S; Feyzioglu, Tarhan Disclosed

Taxing bads by taxing goods : pollution control with presumptive charges (English)

Solving environmental problems, in both developing and industrial countries, appears to be more challenging than merely applying a fee on polluters. ... See More +

Publication 15490 JAN 31, 1996

Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Devarajan, Shantayanan

Determinants of diarrheal disease in Jakarta (English)

In this report, the authors develop and estimate a model of household defensive behavior and illness. Using cross-section data from a household survey in Jakarta, they observe defensive behavior (washing hands after using the toilet) consistent with expectations: defensive effort intensifies with exposure to contamination, and with income and education. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1568 JAN 31, 1996

Alberini, Anna; Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Krupnick, Alan; McGranahan, Gordon

Rationing can backfire : the day without a car in Mexico City (English)

In November 1989, Mexico City's administration imposed a regulation banning each car from driving on a specific day of the week. The regulation has been both popular and controversial. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1554 DEC 31, 1995

Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Feyzioglu, Tarhan

Air pollution and mortality : results from Santiago, Chile (English)

Heavy outdoor pollution is found in developing country cities such as Jakarta, Katowice, Mexico City, and Santiago. But most epidemiological studies of dose-response relationships between particulate air pollution (PM10) and premature deaths are from Western industrial nations. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1453 MAY 31, 1995

Ostr, Bart; Sanchez, Jose Miguel; Aranda, Carlos; Eskeland, Gunnar S.

Travel mode substitution in Sao Paulo : estimates and implications for air pollution control (English)

How would travel demand in Sao Paulo respond to demand management instruments? Could higher gasoline prices or lower metro fares (or changes in travel time) help reduce congestion or pollution? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1437 MAR 31, 1995

Swait, Joffre; Eskeland, Gunnar S.

A presumptive pigovian tax : complementing regulation to mimic an emissions fee (English)

If regulations are used to make cars and fuels cleaner, should gasoline taxes be used to manage demand for trips that pollute? Anaysis of a well-composed program for Mexico City indicates that the emission reductions would cost 24 percent more if a tax on gasoline was not introduced. ... See More +

Journal Article 13668 SEP 30, 1994

Eskeland, Gunnar S.

The World Bank economic review 8(3) (English)

Capital mobility in developing countries: some measurement issues and empirical estimates. The political economy of growth: a critical survey of the recent literature. ... See More +

Publication 17650 SEP 30, 1994

Montiel, Peter J.; Alesina, Alberto; Perotti, Roberto; Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Fields, Gary S.; Tarr, David G.

Energy pricing and air pollution : econometric evidence from manufacturing in Chile and Indonesia (English)

Sound public policy addresses externalities directly, when possible. Air pollution is best alleviated by policy instruments that internalize the social cost of pollution, making it attractive to reduce emissions. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1323 JUL 31, 1994

Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Jimenez, Emmanuel; Lili Liu; DEC

Is demand for polluting goods manageable? an econometric study of car ownership and use in Mexico (English)

Charging for social marginal costs is efficient regardless of price elasticities, but the importance of getting prices "right" is greater the more manageable, or elastic, the demand. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1309 JUN 30, 1994

Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Feyzioglu, Tarhan N.; DEC

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Transportation fuel use, technology and standards: The role of credibility and expectations (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2008 WPS4695 Policy Research Working Paper
Autonomy, participation, and learning in Argentine schools - findings and their implications for decentralization (English)
See More +
JAN 31, 2002 WPS2766 Policy Research Working Paper
Public expenditures and environmental protection : when is the cost of funds irrelevant? (English)
See More +
DEC 31, 2000 WPS2507 Policy Research Working Paper
Environmental protection and optimal taxation (English)
See More +
DEC 31, 2000 WPS2510 Policy Research Working Paper
Externalities and production efficiency (English)
See More +
APR 30, 2000 WPS2319 Policy Research Working Paper
Corruption under moral hazard (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 1999 WPS2204 Policy Research Working Paper
Challenging El Salvador's rural health care strategy (English)
See More +
AUG 31, 1999 WPS2164 Policy Research Working Paper
Acting globally while thinking locally : is the global environment protected by transport emission control programs? (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 1998 WPS1975 Policy Research Working Paper
Air pollution and health effects - a study of respiratory illness among children in Santiago, Chile (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 1998 WPS1932 Policy Research Working Paper
The World Bank economic review 11(3) (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 1997 17657 Publication
Rationing can backfire : day without a car in Mexico city (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 1997 77256 Journal Article
Taxing bads by taxing goods : pollution control with presumptive charges (English)
See More +
JAN 31, 1996 15490 Publication
Determinants of diarrheal disease in Jakarta (English)
See More +
JAN 31, 1996 WPS1568 Policy Research Working Paper
Rationing can backfire : the day without a car in Mexico City (English)
See More +
DEC 31, 1995 WPS1554 Policy Research Working Paper
Air pollution and mortality : results from Santiago, Chile (English)
See More +
MAY 31, 1995 WPS1453 Policy Research Working Paper
Travel mode substitution in Sao Paulo : estimates and implications for air pollution control (English)
See More +
MAR 31, 1995 WPS1437 Policy Research Working Paper
A presumptive pigovian tax : complementing regulation to mimic an emissions fee (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 1994 13668 Journal Article
The World Bank economic review 8(3) (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 1994 17650 Publication
Energy pricing and air pollution : econometric evidence from manufacturing in Chile and Indonesia (English)
See More +
JUL 31, 1994 WPS1323 Policy Research Working Paper
Is demand for polluting goods manageable? an econometric study of car ownership and use in Mexico (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 1994 WPS1309 Policy Research Working Paper