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Infrastructure services in developing countries : access, quality, costs and policy reform (English)

The authors review the evidence on the state of infrastructure in the developing world, emphasizing the investment needs and the emerging policy issues. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3468 DEC 01, 2004

Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia; Estache, Antonio; Shafik, Nemat

Getting connected : private participation in infrastructure in the Middle East and North Africa (English)

This report analyzes the infrastructure needed for the region's economies to compete in global markets. Drawing on international best practice, it proposes new approaches to infrastructure provision based on unbundling monopolies, opening up services to private participation, and promoting competition for and in infrastructure markets. ... See More +

Publication 16435 MAR 31, 1997

Smith, Graham R.; Shafik, Nemat; Guislain, Pierre; Reichert, James A. Arabic Disclosed

Getting connected : private participation in infrastructure in the Middle East and North Africa (Arabic)

This report analyzes the infrastructure needed for the region's economies to compete in global markets. Drawing on international best practice, it proposes new approaches to infrastructure provision based on unbundling monopolies, opening up services to private participation, and promoting competition for and in infrastructure markets. ... See More +

Publication 16435 MAR 01, 1997

Smith, Graham R.; Shafik, Nemat; Guislain, Pierre; Reichert, James A. English Disclosed

Proposal for a joint venture between a multinational company and a local tobacco factory (Vol. 2) : Teaching notes (English)

This case represents an investment proposal prepared by a big diversified multinational company and submitted to the government of one of the former socialist countries. ... See More +

Departmental Working Paper 18880 JAN 01, 1997

Petkoski, Djordjija; Shafik, Nemat Talaat

Proposal for a joint venture between a multinational company and a local tobacco factory : Case study (English)

This case represents an investment proposal prepared by a big diversified multinational company and submitted to the government of one of the former socialist countries. ... See More +

Departmental Working Paper 18880 JAN 01, 1997

Petkoski, Djordjija; Shafik, Nemat Talaat

Claiming the future : choosing prosperity in the Middle East and North Africa (English)

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region face unprecedented challenges. The pace of change in the global economy has been faster, prompting the need for new economic strategies to participate successfully in it. ... See More +

Publication 15047 OCT 31, 1995

Shafik, Nemat

Middle East and North Africa - Claiming the future : choosing prosperity in the Middle East and North Africa - summary : Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord - Revendiquer l'avenir : le choix de la prospérité au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord - résumé (English)

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region face unprecedented challenges. The pace of change in the global economy has been faster, prompting the need for new economic strategies to participate successfully in it. ... See More +

Publication 15060 JAN 01, 1995

Shafik,Nemat Talaat Disclosed

Information and price determination under mass privatization (English)

The valuation of enterprises has been a major stumbling block to privatization in transitional economies. Data on the performance of state-owned enterprises under central planning is plentiful, but that information is not worth much in a market economy, especially one in which much progress has been made in price and trade liberalization. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1305 JUN 30, 1994

Shafik, Nemat

Making a market : mass privatization in the Czech and Slovak Republics (English)

The author assesses the Czechoslovak mass privatization program for speed, equity, and corporate governance. The program transferred claims on assets in 1,491 enterprises - assets worth about $10.7 billion - to the 8.5 million citizens who participated in the scheme. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1231 DEC 31, 1993

Shafik, Nemat; DEC

Has labor migration promoted economic integration in the Middle East? (English)

In terms of trade and capital flow, the Middle East is one of the least economically integrated regions of the world. The major exception is labor mobility where intraregional migration flows are extensive and remittances now exceed the value of regional trade in goods as well as official capital flow. ... See More +

Departmental Working Paper 12735 JUN 30, 1992

Shafik, Nemat; MNA

Economic growth and environmental quality : time series and cross-country evidence (English)

The authors explore the relationship between economic growth and environmental quality by analyzing patterns of environmental transformation for countries at different income levels. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS904 JUN 30, 1992

Shafik, Nemat; Bandyopadhyay, Sushenjit

Are high real interest rates bad for world economic growth? (English)

There is a conventional perception that high real interest rates are bad for economic growth. However, the authors show that close examination of the experience over the last 40 years undermines the existence of such a relationship. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS669 MAY 31, 1991

Shafik, Nemat; Jalali, Jalaleddin

Modeling investment behavior in developing countries : an application to Egypt (English)

The economic literature on investment has been characterized by considerable controversy, even by the standards of economists. A number of different, often overlapping, models of investment determination have been hypothesized and the empirical evidence has done little to clarify which, if any, are accurate representations of the way in which capital formation occurs in the economy. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS452 JUN 30, 1990

Shafik, Nemat

Does devaluation hurt private investment? The Indonesian case (English)

Devaluation affects investment because of its effect on the real supply price of capital goods; the real price of imported inputs, w���������������hich together with capital goods are used to produce output; the real product wage and thereby profitability and investment; real income, which affects the demand for domestically produced goods; and nominal and real interest rates, which in turn affect investment. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS418 MAY 31, 1990

Chhibber, Ajay; Shafik, Nemat

Exchange reform, parallel markets, and inflation in Africa : the case of Ghana (English)

This paper presents a theoretical framework to analyze the issue of exchange rate reform in the presence of parallel markets. In Ghana, which has carried out one of the most thorough structural adjustment programs in Africa, an increasingly high inflation rate has been attributed to major devaluations of the official exchange rate. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS427 MAY 31, 1990

Chhibber, Ajay; Shafik, Nemat

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Infrastructure services in developing countries : access, quality, costs and policy reform (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2004 WPS3468 Policy Research Working Paper
Getting connected : private participation in infrastructure in the Middle East and North Africa (English)
See More +
MAR 31, 1997 16435 Publication Arabic
Getting connected : private participation in infrastructure in the Middle East and North Africa (Arabic)
See More +
MAR 01, 1997 16435 Publication English
Proposal for a joint venture between a multinational company and a local tobacco factory (Vol. 2) : Teaching notes (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 1997 18880 Departmental Working Paper
Proposal for a joint venture between a multinational company and a local tobacco factory : Case study (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 1997 18880 Departmental Working Paper
Claiming the future : choosing prosperity in the Middle East and North Africa (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 1995 15047 Publication
Middle East and North Africa - Claiming the future : choosing prosperity in the Middle East and North Africa - summary : Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord - Revendiquer l'avenir : le choix de la prospérité au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord - résumé (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 1995 15060 Publication
Information and price determination under mass privatization (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 1994 WPS1305 Policy Research Working Paper
Making a market : mass privatization in the Czech and Slovak Republics (English)
See More +
DEC 31, 1993 WPS1231 Policy Research Working Paper
Has labor migration promoted economic integration in the Middle East? (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 1992 12735 Departmental Working Paper
Economic growth and environmental quality : time series and cross-country evidence (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 1992 WPS904 Policy Research Working Paper
Are high real interest rates bad for world economic growth? (English)
See More +
MAY 31, 1991 WPS669 Policy Research Working Paper
Modeling investment behavior in developing countries : an application to Egypt (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 1990 WPS452 Policy Research Working Paper
Does devaluation hurt private investment? The Indonesian case (English)
See More +
MAY 31, 1990 WPS418 Policy Research Working Paper
Exchange reform, parallel markets, and inflation in Africa : the case of Ghana (English)
See More +
MAY 31, 1990 WPS427 Policy Research Working Paper