Documents & Reports

William J. Martin

Research Manager

WILL MARTIN is Research Manager, Agriculture and Rural Development, in the Development Research Group. He obtained his first degrees from the University of Queensland and the Australian National University, and Masters and PhD degrees from Iowa State University. Before joining the World Bank, he worked as a researcher and manager at the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics, and as a Senior Research Fellow at the Australian National University. He has published extensively on agricultural trade policy and developing countries, with a particular focus on the World Trade Organization and economic development.  He has published widely using quantitative models such as the Global Trade Analysis Project, and has a particular interest in using detailed data to build up a complete picture of the effects of policies on welfare impacts at national and household levels.

The list below is of World Bank working papers and publications. You can also see (and in some cases download) other publications by this author.

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Agriculture and trade opportunities for Tanzania : past volatility and future climate change (English)

Given global heterogeneity in climate-induced agricultural variability, Tanzania has the potential to substantially increase its maize exports to other countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6132 JUL 01, 2012

Ahmed , Syud Amer; Diffenbaugh, Noah S.; Hertel, Thomas W.; Martin, William J.

Reducing distortions in international commodity markets (English)

World commodity markets and particularly the markets for agricultural commodities remain highly distorted despite the wave of liberalization that has swept world trade since the 1980s. ... See More +

Brief 69118 MAY 01, 2012

Hoekman, Bernard; Martin, Will

Reducing distortions in international commodity markets : an agenda for multilateral cooperation (English)

Global commodity markets are affected by a variety of government policies that may expand or lower overall supply and as a result affect world prices for the specific products concerned. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5928 JAN 01, 2012

Hoekman, Bernard; Martin, Will

Unfinished Business? The WTOapos;s Doha Agenda (English)

This book examines the state and the fate of the Doha Development Agenda (DDA). The volume has three key objectives: to provide qualitative and quantitative information about the implications of what is currently on the table; to examine controversial areas where further progress might be made; and to identify lessons that might be of use for future negotiations. ... See More +

Publication 65456 NOV 01, 2011

Martin, Will; Mattoo, Aaditya; Winkler, Deborah; Laborde, David; Blandford, David; Josling, Tim; Borchert, Ingo; Gootiiz, Batshur; Bouët, Antoine; Grant, Jason; Meilke, Karl; Taylor, Benjamin J.; Wilson, John S.; Hoekman, Bernard; van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique; Anderson, Kym; Nelgen, Signe; Brown, Chad P.; Prusa, Thomas J.; Subramanian, Arvind

Implications of the Doha market access proposals for developing countries (English)

This paper uses detailed data on bound and applied tariffs to assess the consequences of the World Trade Organization’s December 2008 Modalities for tariffs levied and faced by developing countries, and the welfare implications of these reforms. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5679 JUN 01, 2011

Laborde, David; Martin, Will; van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique

Export restrictions and price insulation during commodity price booms (English)

For individual countries, variable trade barriers can be used to reduce the volatility of domestic relative to world prices. If this is done by countries accounting for a large share of the market, its effect is offset by increases in world price volatility. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5645 MAY 01, 2011

Martin, Will; Anderson, Kym

Measuring the impacts of global trade reform with optimal aggregators of distortions (English)

Traditional weighted-average measures of trade distortions are widely used in analyzing global and regional reforms, despite well-known deficiencies. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5665 MAY 01, 2011

Laborde, David; Martin, Will; van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique

Estimating the short-run poverty impacts of the 2010-11 surge in food prices (English)

Global food prices have increased substantially since mid-2010, as have prices in many developing countries. In this study we assess the poverty impact of the price changes between June and December 2010 in twenty-eight low and middle income countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5633 APR 01, 2011

Ivanic, Maros; Martin, Will; Zaman, Hassan

Would freeing up world trade reduce poverty and inequality ? the vexed role of agricultural distortions (English)

Trade policy reforms in recent decades have sharply reduced the distortions that were harming agriculture in developing countries, yet global trade in farm products continues to be far more distorted than trade in nonfarm goods. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5603 MAR 01, 2011

Anderson, Kym; Cockburn, John; Martin, Will

Costs of taxation and benefits of public goods with multiple taxes and goods (English)

The recent public economics literature involves an apparent consensus that income effects reduce the costs of raising revenues and hence increase the desirable level of public good provision. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5410 SEP 01, 2010

Anderson, James E.; Martin, Will

The financial crisis and its impacts on global agriculture (English)

The financial crisis arose in the industrial countries, but has affected developing countries through higher interest rates, sharp changes in commodity prices, and reductions in investment, trade, migration and remittances. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5431 SEP 01, 2010

Lin , Justin Yifu; Martin, Will

Potential implications of a special safeguard mechanism in the WTO : the case of wheat (English)

The Special Safeguard Mechanism was a key issue in the July 2008 failure to reach agreement in the World Trade Organization negotiations under the Doha Development Agenda. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5334 JUN 01, 2010

Hertel, Thomas W.; Martin, Will; Leister, Amanda M.

Agricultural price distortions, inequality, and poverty (English)

For decades, the earnings from farming in many developing countries have been depressed because of a pro-urban, anti-agricultural bias in own-country policies and because governments in more well off countries are favoring their farmers by imposing import barriers and providing subsidies. ... See More +

Publication 53879 MAR 17, 2010

Anderson, Kym; Cockburn, John; Martin, Will

Formulas and flexibility in trade negotiations : sensitive agricultural products in the WTOapos;s Doha agenda (English)

Many trade negotiations involve large cuts in high tariffs, with flexibilities allowing much smaller cuts for an agreed number of politically-sensitive products. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5200 FEB 01, 2010

Jean, Sebastien; Laborde, David; Martin, Will

Conclude Doha : it matters ! (English)

The Doha Round must be concluded not because it will produce dramatic liberalization but because it will create greater security of market access. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5135 NOV 01, 2009

Hoekman, Bernard; Martin, Will; Mattoo, Aaditya

Implications of the growth of China and India for the other Asian giant : Russia (English)

Continuing rapid growth of China and India can be expected to raise incomes in Russia, but also to put adjustment pressure on Russian firms. The impacts of the rapid growth of China and India on the Russian economy are explored by examining a baseline projection using a global general equilibrium model, and then assessing the implications of higher-than-expected growth in China and India. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5075 OCT 01, 2009

Ianchovichina, Elena; Ivanic, Maros; Martin, Will

Agricultural price distortions, inequality, and poverty : introduction and summary (English)

Reforms in recent decades have sharply reduced the distortions affecting agriculture in developing countries, particularly by cuts to agricultural export taxes and by some reductions in government assistance to agriculture in high-income countries, but international trade in farm products continues to be far more distorted than trade in nonfarm goods. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 55933 AUG 01, 2009

Anderson, Kym; Cockburn, John; Martin, Will

Distortions to agricultural incentives in Asia (English)

This study is part of a global research project seeking to understand the changing scope and impact of the policy bias against agriculture and the reasons behind agricultural policy reforms in Africa, Europeapos;s transition economies, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia. ... See More +

Publication 47938 FEB 04, 2009

Anderson, Kym; Martin, Will;

Trade preference erosion : measurement and policy response (English)

The multilateral trade system rests on the principle of nondiscrimination. The most-favored-nation (MFN) clause embodied in article one of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was the defining principle for a system that emerged in the post, Second World War era, largely in reaction to the folly of protectionism and managed trade that contributed to the global economic depression of the 1930s. ... See More +

Publication 48339 JAN 01, 2009

Hoekman, Bernard; Martin, Will; Primo Braga, Carlos A.

Distortions to agricultural incentives in China and Southeast Asia (English)

This chapter begins with a brief summary of economic growth and structural changes in the region since the 1950s and of agricultural and other economic policies as they affected agriculture before and after the various reforms, and in several cases fundamental regime changes, of the past half-century. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56131 SEP 01, 2008

Anderson, Kym; Martin, Will

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Agriculture and trade opportunities for Tanzania : past volatility and future climate change (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2012 WPS6132 Policy Research Working Paper
Reducing distortions in international commodity markets (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2012 69118 Brief
Reducing distortions in international commodity markets : an agenda for multilateral cooperation (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2012 WPS5928 Policy Research Working Paper
Unfinished Business? The WTOapos;s Doha Agenda (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2011 65456 Publication
Implications of the Doha market access proposals for developing countries (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2011 WPS5679 Policy Research Working Paper
Export restrictions and price insulation during commodity price booms (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2011 WPS5645 Policy Research Working Paper
Measuring the impacts of global trade reform with optimal aggregators of distortions (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2011 WPS5665 Policy Research Working Paper
Estimating the short-run poverty impacts of the 2010-11 surge in food prices (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2011 WPS5633 Policy Research Working Paper
Would freeing up world trade reduce poverty and inequality ? the vexed role of agricultural distortions (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2011 WPS5603 Policy Research Working Paper
Costs of taxation and benefits of public goods with multiple taxes and goods (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2010 WPS5410 Policy Research Working Paper
The financial crisis and its impacts on global agriculture (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2010 WPS5431 Policy Research Working Paper
Potential implications of a special safeguard mechanism in the WTO : the case of wheat (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2010 WPS5334 Policy Research Working Paper
Agricultural price distortions, inequality, and poverty (English)
See More +
MAR 17, 2010 53879 Publication
Formulas and flexibility in trade negotiations : sensitive agricultural products in the WTOapos;s Doha agenda (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2010 WPS5200 Policy Research Working Paper
Conclude Doha : it matters ! (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2009 WPS5135 Policy Research Working Paper
Implications of the growth of China and India for the other Asian giant : Russia (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2009 WPS5075 Policy Research Working Paper
Agricultural price distortions, inequality, and poverty : introduction and summary (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2009 55933 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Distortions to agricultural incentives in Asia (English)
See More +
FEB 04, 2009 47938 Publication
Trade preference erosion : measurement and policy response (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2009 48339 Publication
Distortions to agricultural incentives in China and Southeast Asia (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2008 56131 Working Paper (Numbered Series)