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Do Sanitation Improvements Reduce Fecal Contamination of Water, Hands, Food, Soil, and Flies? : Evidence from a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Bangladesh (English)

Sanitation improvements have had limited effectiveness in reducing the spread of fecal pathogens into the environment. The authors conducted environmental measurements within a randomized controlled trial in Bangladesh that implemented individual and combined water treatment, sanitation, handwashing (WSH) and nutrition interventions (WASH). ... See More +

Journal Article 136139 SEP 26, 2018

Ercumen,Ayse; Pickering,Amy J.; Kwong,Laura H.; Mertens,Andrew; Arnold,Benjamin Ford; Benjamin-Chung,Jade; Hubbard,Alan Edward; Alam,Mahfuja; Sen,Debashis; Islam,Sharmin; Rahman,Md. Zahidur; Kullmann,Craig Phillip; Chase,Claire; Ahmed,Rokeya; Parvez,Sarker Masud; Unicomb,Leanne; Rahman,Mahbubur; Ram,Pavani K.; Clasen,Thomas; Luby,Stephen P.; Colford,John M. Jr Disclosed

Fecal Indicator Bacteria along Multiple Environmental Transmission Pathways (Water, Hands, Food, Soil, Flies) and Subsequent Child Diarrhea in Rural Bangladesh (English)

Enteric pathogens can be transmitted through multiple environmental pathways, yet little is known about the relative contribution of each pathway to diarrhea risk among children. ... See More +

Journal Article 136140 JUN 14, 2018

Pickering,Amy J.; Ercumen,Ayse; Arnold,Benjamin Ford; Kwong,Laura H.; Parvez,Sarker Masud; Alam,Mahfuja; Sen,Debashis; Islam,Sharmin; Kullmann,Craig Phillip; Chase,Claire; Ahmed,Rokeya; Unicomb,Leanne; Colford,John M. Jr; Luby,Stephen P. Disclosed

Animal Feces Contribute to Domestic Fecal Contamination : Evidencefrom E. coli Measured in Water, Hands, Food, Flies, and Soil in Bangladesh (English)

Fecal-oral pathogens are transmitted through complex, environmentally mediated pathways. Sanitation interventions that isolate human feces from the environment may reduce transmission but have shown limited impact on environmental contamination. ... See More +

136135 JUL 07, 2017

Ercumen,Ayse; Pickering,Amy J.; Kwong,Laura H.; Arnold,Benjamin Ford; Parvez,Sarker Masud; Alam,Mahfuja; Sen,Debashis; Islam,Sharmin; Kullmann,Craig Phillip; Chase,Claire; Ahmed,Rokeya; Unicomb,Leanne; Luby,Stephen P.; Colford Jr.,John M. Disclosed

A randomized, controlled study of a rural sanitation behavior change program in Madhya Pradesh, India (English)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled A randomized, controlled study of a rural sanitation behavior change program in Madhya Pradesh, India, conducted between 2009 and 2011 in India. ... See More +

Brief 90351 SEP 02, 2014

Patil, Sumeet R.; Arnold, Benjamin F.; Salvatore, Alicia; Briceno, Bertha; Colford, John M.; Gertler, Paul J. Disclosed

The effect of India’s total sanitation campaign on defecation behaviors and child health in rural Madhya Pradesh : a cluster randomized controlled trial (English)

Poor sanitation is thought to be a major cause of enteric infections among young children. However, there are no previously published randomized trials to measure the health impacts of large-scale sanitation programs. ... See More +

Journal Article 102486 AUG 26, 2014

Sumeet R. Patil; Arnold,Benjamin Ford; Salvatore,Alicia Link; Briceno,Bertha; Sandipan Ganguly; Colford Jr.,John M.; Gertler,Paul J. Disclosed

Analysis of hand washing behaviors measured in baseline impact evaluation surveys : findings from Peru, Senegal, and Vietnam (English)

Hand washing with soap has been shown to reduce diarrhea and respiratory disease, the two leading causes of childhood deaths in low- and middle-income settings. ... See More +

Working Paper 90745 AUG 01, 2014

Arnold,Benjamin Ford; Briceno,Bertha; Chase,Claire; Colford Jr.,John M.; Gertler,Paul J.; Orsola Vidal,Alexandra; Ram, Pavani K. Disclosed

Validity of rapid measures of hand washing behavior : an analysis of data from multiple impact evaluations in the global scaling up hand washing project (English)

There is increasing interest in improving hand washing in low- and middle-income countries. The validity of rapid hand washing measures was evaluated by comparing them to hand washing behavior measured during five-hour structured observations. ... See More +

Working Paper 90744 AUG 01, 2014

Arnold,Benjamin Ford; Briceno,Bertha; Chase,Claire; Colford Jr.,John M.; Gertler,Paul J.; Orsola Vidal,Alexandra; Ram, Pavani K.; Sahli, Michelle W. Disclosed

A randomized, controlled study of a rural sanitation behavior change program in Madhya Pradesh, India (English)

Poor sanitation and open defecation are thought to be a major cause of diarrhea and intestinal parasite infections among young children. In 1999, India launched the Total Sanitation Campaign with the goal of achieving universal toilet coverage in rural India by 2012. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6702 NOV 01, 2013

Patil, Sumeet R.; Arnold, Benjamin F.; Salvatore, Alicia; Briceno, Bertha; Colford, Jr., John M.; Gertler, Paul J. Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Do Sanitation Improvements Reduce Fecal Contamination of Water, Hands, Food, Soil, and Flies? : Evidence from a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Bangladesh (English)
See More +
SEP 26, 2018 136139 Journal Article
Fecal Indicator Bacteria along Multiple Environmental Transmission Pathways (Water, Hands, Food, Soil, Flies) and Subsequent Child Diarrhea in Rural Bangladesh (English)
See More +
JUN 14, 2018 136140 Journal Article
Animal Feces Contribute to Domestic Fecal Contamination : Evidencefrom E. coli Measured in Water, Hands, Food, Flies, and Soil in Bangladesh (English)
See More +
JUL 07, 2017 136135
A randomized, controlled study of a rural sanitation behavior change program in Madhya Pradesh, India (English)
See More +
SEP 02, 2014 90351 Brief
The effect of India’s total sanitation campaign on defecation behaviors and child health in rural Madhya Pradesh : a cluster randomized controlled trial (English)
See More +
AUG 26, 2014 102486 Journal Article
Analysis of hand washing behaviors measured in baseline impact evaluation surveys : findings from Peru, Senegal, and Vietnam (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2014 90745 Working Paper
Validity of rapid measures of hand washing behavior : an analysis of data from multiple impact evaluations in the global scaling up hand washing project (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2014 90744 Working Paper
A randomized, controlled study of a rural sanitation behavior change program in Madhya Pradesh, India (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2013 WPS6702 Policy Research Working Paper