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Issues for civil service pension reform in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)

The paper summarizes the main factors behind the projected increase civil service pension costs in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It discusses the benefits and potential downsides to unifying civil service and national pension systems, drawing on regional and international best practices and experience. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 110299 NOV 01, 2016

Schwarz,Anita M.; Abels,Miglena Disclosed

From conflict to peace : a note on designing and transitioning war related cash benefits (English)

The highlights on Conflict to peace describes the importance of Post-conflict cash benefitsare necessary to restore social balances after longperiods of civil unrest orwar and are part of there conciliation processfor a country and society.However, these policies/programs can have along-term fiscal impact,be very regressive, be difficult to retract, and crowd out other social protection programming.Hence, policy makers need to carefully weighthe advantages and disadvantages of different design options in the delivery of these cash benefits. ... See More +

Brief 105963 SEP 01, 2015

Schwarz,Anita M.; Ovadiya,Mirey Disclosed

The inverting pyramid : pension systems facing demographic challenges in Europe and Central Asia : Overview (English)

The pension and old age security systems that originated in Europe in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries have been effective in sharply reducing poverty rates among the elderly throughout Europe. ... See More +

Publication 84686 JAN 31, 2014

Schwarz, Anita M.; Arias, Omar S.; Zviniene, Asta; Rudolph, Heinz P.; Eckardt, Sebastian; Koettl, Johannes; Immervoll, Herwig; Abels, Miglena Disclosed

The inverting pyramid : pension systems facing demographic challenges in Europe and Central Asia (Vol. 2) : Main report (English)

The pension and old age security systems that originated in Europe in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries have been effective in sharply reducing poverty rates among the elderly throughout Europe. ... See More +

Publication 84686 JAN 31, 2014

Schwarz, Anita M.; Arias, Omar S.; Zviniene, Asta; Rudolph, Heinz P.; Eckardt, Sebastian; Koettl, Johannes; Immervoll, Herwig; Abels, Miglena Disclosed

Kosovo - First Sustainable Employment Development Policy Operation : P112227 - Implementation Status Results Report : Sequence 03 (English)

Implementation Status and Results Report ISR5507 DEC 26, 2011

Schwarz,Anita M. Disclosed

Social protection responses to the global economic crisis in ECA (English)

Besides affecting the private sector, the current global economic downturn will likely have a far-reaching impact on government revenues around the world. ... See More +

Brief 52679 MAR 01, 2009

Lindert, Kathy; Schwarz, Anita Russian Disclosed

Social protection responses to the global economic crisis in ECA (Russian)

Besides affecting the private sector, the current global economic downturn will likely have a far-reaching impact on government revenues around the world. ... See More +

Brief 52679 MAR 01, 2009

Lindert, Kathy; Schwarz, Anita English Disclosed

Fiscal policy and economic growth : lessons for Eastern Europe and Central Asia (English)

This study explores public finance policies in the transition countries of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) and their likely effects on economic growth. ... See More +

Publication 41174 JUN 29, 2007

Gray, Cheryl; Lane, Tracey; Varoudakis, Aristomene; Abu-Ghaida, Dina; Dulitzky, Daniel; Guven, Ufuk; Hou, Xiaohui; Rutkowski, Jan; Schwarz, Anita; Walewski, Mateusz; Gray, Cheryl; Kasek, Leszek; Lane, Tracey; Marcincin, Anton; Pushak, Taras; Rzonca, Andrzej; Saavedra, Pablo; Skrok, Emilia; Tiongson, Erwin; Valachy, Juraj; Varoudakis, Aristomene; Vybornaia, Olga; Kessides, Christine; Khan, Shaheena Disclosed

Pension systems and labor costs in southeastern Europe (English)

The pension systems in southeastern Europe, which here is defined to include Albania, Bosnia, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia, are facing a wide variety of interrelated problems. ... See More +

Working Paper 48797 JUN 01, 2007

Schwarz, Anita M. Disclosed

Albania social insurance review (English)

This social insurance review on Albania will focus largely on pensions, given that they are the largest component of the payroll tax and the largest expenditure item by far. ... See More +

Other Social Protection Study 37594 DEC 01, 2006

Schwarz, Anita Albanian Disclosed

Albania social insurance review (Albanian)

This social insurance review on Albania will focus largely on pensions, given that they are the largest component of the payroll tax and the largest expenditure item by far. ... See More +

Other Social Protection Study 37594 DEC 01, 2006

Schwarz, Anita English

Taking stock of pension reforms around the world (English)

Countries around the world are reforming their pension systems. Most are reforming to reduce the fiscal costs of their existing pension systems. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 20533 MAY 31, 1999

Schwarz, Anita M.; Demirguc-Kunt, Asli

Costa Rican pension system : options for reform (English)

The Costa Rican Social Insurance Fund - the country's main social security institution - was established in 1941 to provide compulsory social insurance coverage for employees, through old-age, disability, and survivor pensions, as well as sickness and maternity benefits. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1483 JUN 30, 1995

Demirguc-Kunt, Asli; Schwarz, Anita

How effective are directed credit policies in the United States? A literature survey (English)

Schwarz surveys U.S. experience with directed credit as background for a larger study of the Asian experience. Almost half of net credit lent in the United States annually is directly affected by government policies - half of net credit covering budget deficits, and half falling under various federal credit programs. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1019 NOV 30, 1992

Schwarz, Anita M.

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Issues for civil service pension reform in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2016 110299 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
From conflict to peace : a note on designing and transitioning war related cash benefits (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2015 105963 Brief
The inverting pyramid : pension systems facing demographic challenges in Europe and Central Asia : Overview (English)
See More +
JAN 31, 2014 84686 Publication
The inverting pyramid : pension systems facing demographic challenges in Europe and Central Asia (Vol. 2) : Main report (English)
See More +
JAN 31, 2014 84686 Publication
Kosovo - First Sustainable Employment Development Policy Operation : P112227 - Implementation Status Results Report : Sequence 03 (English)
See More +
DEC 26, 2011 ISR5507 Implementation Status and Results Report
Social protection responses to the global economic crisis in ECA (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2009 52679 Brief Russian
Social protection responses to the global economic crisis in ECA (Russian)
See More +
MAR 01, 2009 52679 Brief English
Fiscal policy and economic growth : lessons for Eastern Europe and Central Asia (English)
See More +
JUN 29, 2007 41174 Publication
Pension systems and labor costs in southeastern Europe (English)
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JUN 01, 2007 48797 Working Paper
Albania social insurance review (English)
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DEC 01, 2006 37594 Other Social Protection Study Albanian
Albania social insurance review (Albanian)
See More +
DEC 01, 2006 37594 Other Social Protection Study English
Taking stock of pension reforms around the world (English)
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MAY 31, 1999 20533 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Costa Rican pension system : options for reform (English)
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JUN 30, 1995 WPS1483 Policy Research Working Paper
How effective are directed credit policies in the United States? A literature survey (English)
See More +
NOV 30, 1992 WPS1019 Policy Research Working Paper