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The World Bank economic review 25 (2) (English)

This paper is organized in following headings: has India's economic growth become more pro-poor in the wake of economic reforms?; are the poverty effects of trade policies invisible? ... See More +

Publication 80517 JUN 01, 2011

Datt, Gaurav; Ravallion, Martin; Verma, Monika; Kraay, Aart; Nyiri, Zsolt; Croser, Johanna L.; Anderson, Kym; Yilmazkuday, Hakan; Newhouse, David; Suryadarma, Daniel; Mont, Daniel; Cuong, Nguyen Viet Disclosed

Agricultural distortions in Sub-Saharan Africa : trade and welfare indicators, 1961 to 2004 (English)

For decades, agricultural price and trade policies in Sub-Saharan Africa hampered farmers' contributions to economic growth and poverty reduction. ... See More +

Journal Article 81267 MAY 23, 2011

Croser, Johanna L.; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Novel indicators of the trade and welfare effects of agricultural distortions in OECD countries (English)

Agricultural markets in OECD countries have long been highly distorted by government policies. Traditional weighted average aggregates of the price distortions involved, such as producer and consumer support estimates can be poor indicators of the trade restrictiveness and economic welfare losses associated with them, especially if a country's support estimates vary a lot across the product range. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5404 AUG 01, 2010

Anderson, Kym; Croser, Johanna Disclosed

Agricultural distortions in Sub-Saharan Africa : trade and welfare indicators, 1961 to 2004 (English)

For decades, agricultural price and trade policies in Sub-Saharan Africa have hampered farmers’ contributions to economic growth and poverty reduction. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5344 JUN 01, 2010

Croser, Johanna; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Changing contributions of different agricultural policy instruments to global reductions in trade and welfare (English)

Trade negotiators and policy advisors are keen to know the relative contribution of different farm policy instruments to international trade and economic welfare. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5345 JUN 01, 2010

Croser, Johanna; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

How much do agricultural policies restrict trade? Comparing trade restrictiveness indexes (English)

Recently the Bank has provided new indicators for monitoring the extent to which agricultural policies restrict international trade in farm goods. ... See More +

Brief 53311 MAR 01, 2010

Anderson, Kym; Croser, Johanna; Disclosed

Distribution of agricultural NRAs across countries and products, 1955-84 and 1985-2007 (English)

The global database developed as an integral part of the World Bank's research project on Distortions to Agricultural Incentives, which is publicly available, provides around 30,000 estimates of nominal rates assistance to agricultural industries (NRAs) and associated consumer tax equivalents for 75 countries that together account for between 90 and 95 percent of the world's population, farmers, agricultural output and total Gross Domestic Product (GDP). ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 55963 MAY 01, 2009

Anderson, Kym; Croser, Johanna Disclosed

Agricultural distortion patterns since the 1950s : what needs explaining? (English)

This paper summarizes a new database that sheds light on the impact of trade-related policy developments over the past half century on distortions to agricultural incentives and thus also to consumer prices for food in 75 countries spanning the per capita income spectrum. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 55950 MAY 01, 2009

Anderson, Kym; Croser, Johanna; Sandri, Damiano; Valenzuela, Ernesto Disclosed

How do agricultural policy restrictions to global trade and welfare differ across commodities ? (English)

For decades the world's agricultural markets have been highly distorted by national government policies, but very differently for different commodities. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4864 MAR 01, 2009

Lloyd, Peter J.; Croser, Johanna L.; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Global distortions to agricultural markets : new indicators of trade and welfare impacts, 1955 to 2007 (English)

Despite recent reforms, world agricultural markets remain highly distorted by government policies. Traditional indicators of those price distortions can be poor guides to the policies' economic effects. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4865 MAR 01, 2009

Lloyd, Peter J.; Croser, Johanna L.; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Welfare- and trade-based indicators of national distortions to agricultural incentives (English)

Despite reforms over the past quarter-century, world agricultural markets remain highly distorted by government policies. Traditional indicators of those price distortions such as the nominal rate of assistance and consumer tax equivalent provide measures of the degree of intervention, but they can be misleading as indicators of the true effects of those policies. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56139 MAR 01, 2009

Lloyd, Peter J.; Croser, Johanna L.; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Global distortions to key agricultural commodity markets (English)

The regional books that provided detailed estimates of distortion in developing economies are all country focused. While they include commodity details for their particular country, they are not able to provide an overview for developing countries or high-income countries as a group, or for the world as a whole. ... See More +

56138 MAR 01, 2009

Anderson,Kym; Croser,Johanna Louise; Nelgen,Signe; Valenzuela,Ernesto Disclosed

Annual estimates of distortions to agricultural incentives in high-income countries (English)

This working paper summarizes the annual estimates, for each of the world's main high-income countries, of key distortion indicators defined in Anderson et al. (2008), and provides some summary statistics for the group's estimates. ... See More +

56130 SEP 01, 2008

Anderson,Kym; Croser,Johanna Louise; Jara Torres,Esteban Andres; Nelgen,Signe; Valenzuela,Ernesto Disclosed

Annual estimates of distortions to agricultural incentives in europe's transition economies (English)

This working paper summarizes annual estimates of covered product Nominal Rate of Assistance (NRAs), for each of the focus economies of Europe's transition economies, their key distortion indicators defined in Anderson et al. (2008), and provides some summary statistics for the region's estimates. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56115 AUG 01, 2008

Valenzuela, Ernesto; Kurzweil, Marianne; Johanna, Croser; Nelgen Signe; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Annual estimates of African distortions to agricultural incentives (English)

This working paper summarizes the annual estimates of covered product Nominal Rate of Assistance (NRA), for each of the focus countries, of Africa key distortion indicators defined in Anderson et al, and provides some summary statistics for the region's estimates. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56029 DEC 01, 2007

Valenzuela, Ernesto; Kurzweil, Marianne; Croser, Johanna; Nelgen, Signe; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Annual estimates of Asian distortions to agricultural incentives (English)

This compilation summarizes the estimates for the focus countries of Asia key distortion indicators defined in Anderson et al. (2008). Three tables are provided for each country: (a) the Nominal Rate of Assistance (NRA) to individual farm products covered in the study and their weighted average, using as weights production valued at undistorted prices; (b) the Relative Rate of Assistance (RRA) to producers of agricultural dabbles, again using as weights production valued at undistorted prices, and the component parts of the RRA calculation; and (c) the weights themselves for individual covered farm products and for the residual non-covered group of products, shown as percentages and so they sum to 100 percent. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56070 DEC 01, 2007

Valenzuela, Ernesto; Kurzweil, Marianne; Croser, Johanna; Nelgen, Signe; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Annual estimates of Latin American distortions to agricultural incentives (English)

This compilation summarizes the estimates, for the focus countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, of key distortion indicators. Three tables are provided for each country: (a) the Nominal Rate of Assistance (NRA) to individual farm products covered in the study and their weighted average, using as weights production valued at undistorted prices; (b) the Relative Rate of Assistance (RRA) to producers of agricultural (relative to non-agricultural) tradables, again using as weights production valued at undistorted prices, and the component parts of the RRA calculation; and (c) the weights themselves for individual covered farm products and for the residual non-covered group of products, shown as percentages and so they sum to 100 percent. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 55973 DEC 01, 2007

Valenzuela, Ernesto; Kurzweil, Marianne; Jara, Esteban; Croser, Johanna; Anderson, Kym Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
The World Bank economic review 25 (2) (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2011 80517 Publication
Agricultural distortions in Sub-Saharan Africa : trade and welfare indicators, 1961 to 2004 (English)
See More +
MAY 23, 2011 81267 Journal Article
Novel indicators of the trade and welfare effects of agricultural distortions in OECD countries (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2010 WPS5404 Policy Research Working Paper
Agricultural distortions in Sub-Saharan Africa : trade and welfare indicators, 1961 to 2004 (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2010 WPS5344 Policy Research Working Paper
Changing contributions of different agricultural policy instruments to global reductions in trade and welfare (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2010 WPS5345 Policy Research Working Paper
How much do agricultural policies restrict trade? Comparing trade restrictiveness indexes (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2010 53311 Brief
Distribution of agricultural NRAs across countries and products, 1955-84 and 1985-2007 (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2009 55963 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Agricultural distortion patterns since the 1950s : what needs explaining? (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2009 55950 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
How do agricultural policy restrictions to global trade and welfare differ across commodities ? (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2009 WPS4864 Policy Research Working Paper
Global distortions to agricultural markets : new indicators of trade and welfare impacts, 1955 to 2007 (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2009 WPS4865 Policy Research Working Paper
Welfare- and trade-based indicators of national distortions to agricultural incentives (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2009 56139 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Global distortions to key agricultural commodity markets (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2009 56138
Annual estimates of distortions to agricultural incentives in high-income countries (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2008 56130
Annual estimates of distortions to agricultural incentives in europe's transition economies (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2008 56115 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Annual estimates of African distortions to agricultural incentives (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 56029 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Annual estimates of Asian distortions to agricultural incentives (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 56070 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Annual estimates of Latin American distortions to agricultural incentives (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2007 55973 Working Paper (Numbered Series)