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CGE modeling of market access in services (English)

This paper examines how the applied multi-sector computable general equilibrium (CGE) literature has moved into quantication of the impacts of greater market access for services. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6106 JUN 01, 2012

Hoekman, Bernard; Francois, Joseph; Christen, Elisabeth

Reducing distortions in international commodity markets (English)

World commodity markets and particularly the markets for agricultural commodities remain highly distorted despite the wave of liberalization that has swept world trade since the 1980s. ... See More +

Brief 69118 MAY 01, 2012

Martin, Will; Hoekman, Bernard

Reducing distortions in international commodity markets : an agenda for multilateral cooperation (English)

Global commodity markets are affected by a variety of government policies that may expand or lower overall supply and as a result affect world prices for the specific products concerned. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5928 JAN 01, 2012

Martin, Will; Hoekman, Bernard

Taking stock of trade protectionism since 2008 (English)

The onset of the financial crisis in September 2008 and the subsequent 'Great Trade Collapse' (Baldwin 2009), many countries actively used trade policy instruments as part of their response to the global recession. ... See More +

Brief 65939 DEC 01, 2011

Datt, Mohini; Hoekman, Bernard; Malouche, Mariem

Unfinished Business? The WTO's Doha Agenda (English)

This book examines the state and the fate of the Doha Development Agenda (DDA). The volume has three key objectives: to provide qualitative and quantitative information about the implications of what is currently on the table; to examine controversial areas where further progress might be made; and to identify lessons that might be of use for future negotiations. ... See More +

Publication 65456 NOV 01, 2011

Martin, Will; Bouët, Antoine; Grant, Jason; Brown, Chad P.; Anderson, Kym; Mattoo, Aaditya; Laborde, David; Blandford, David; Gootiiz, Batshur; Hoekman, Bernard; Subramanian, Arvind; Borchert, Ingo; van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique; Prusa, Thomas J.; Winkler, Deborah; Nelgen, Signe; Meilke, Karl; Taylor, Benjamin J.; Josling, Tim; Wilson, John S.

Determinants of trade policy responses to the 2008 financial crisis (English)

The collapse in trade and contraction of output that occurred during 2008-09 was comparable to, and in many countries more severe than, the Great Depression of 1930, but did not give rise to the rampant protectionism that followed the Great Crash. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5862 OCT 01, 2011

Cui, Yue; Hoekman, Bernard; Gawande, Kishore

The WTO and the Doha Round : walking on two legs (English)

The Doha Round of the World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations has been ongoing for 10 years, and given political cycles in major countries, there is not much hope for a rapid conclusion. ... See More +

Brief 65157 OCT 01, 2011

Hoekman, Bernard

The role of international business in aid for trade : building capacity for trade in developing countries (English)

Since the launch of the global initiative on aid for trade in 2005, there has been a concerted effort by donors, partner agencies, and recipients to strengthen trade capacity and improve trade-related infrastructure so that developing countries may reap the benefits of trade. ... See More +

Working Paper 84635 JUL 01, 2011

Cattaneo, Olivier; Hoekman, Bernard; Jackson, Selina; Foletti, Liliana; le Vernoy, Alexandre; Yerxa, Gavin

Reducing distortions in international commodity markets : an agenda for multilateral cooperation (English)

World commodity markets-and particularly the markets for agricultural commodities-remain highly distorted despite the wave of liberalization that has swept world trade since the 1980s. ... See More +

Working Paper 71264 APR 02, 2011

Martin, Will; Hoekman, Bernard

Services trade liberalization and regulatory reform : re-invigorating international cooperation (English)

Trade and investment in services are inhibited by a range of policy restrictions, but the best offers so far in the Doha negotiations are on average twice as restrictive as actual policy. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5517 JAN 01, 2011

Hoekman, Bernard; Mattoo, Aaditya

Proposals for WTO reform : a synthesis and assessment (English)

This paper summarizes the major arguments and proposals to reform the modus operandi of the World Trade Organization --including decision-making procedures, negotiating modalities, and dispute settlement. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5525 JAN 01, 2011

Hoekman, Bernard

Aid for trade : an action agenda looking forward (English)

The current post-crisis environment and fragile economic recovery increases the importance of aid for trade. Global rebalancing and tightened fiscal budgets in the short to medium term also place renewed emphasis on aid effectiveness. ... See More +

Brief 56057 AUG 01, 2010

Hoekman, Bernard; Wilson, John S.

Aid for trade : building on progress today for tomorrow's future (English)

Since 2005, donors and development agencies have increased the overall value of aid for trade and put in place several mechanisms to channel such aid and to ensure that it targets national priorities. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5361 JUL 01, 2010

Hoekman, Bernard; Wilson, John S.

Rebalancing the global economy : a primer for policymaking (English)

As the world economy recovers, developing countries will need to rely on international markets including dynamic emerging markets, as a source of demand to revitalize economic growth. ... See More +

Publication 56063 JUN 22, 2010

Hoekman, Bernard; Claessens, Stijn; Evenett, Simon

Food prices and rural poverty (English)

Economic development theorists and practitioners have long focused attention on the question of the impact of food prices on poverty in developing countries. ... See More +

Publication 66677 JAN 01, 2010

Aksoy, Ataman; Hoekman, Bernard

Conclude Doha : it matters ! (English)

The Doha Round must be concluded not because it will produce dramatic liberalization but because it will create greater security of market access. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5135 NOV 01, 2009

Martin, Will; Hoekman, Bernard; Mattoo, Aaditya

The Euro-mediterranean partnership : trade in services as an alternative to migration ? (English)

This paper discusses options to facilitate movement of workers between high-income and developing countries within the framework of trade agreements, focusing on the European Union’s partnership agreements with neighboring countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5049 SEP 01, 2009

Hoekman, Bernard; Ozden, Caglar

Changes in cross-border trade costs in the Pan-Arab free trade area, 2001-2008 (English)

The Pan-Arab Free Trade Area, negotiated under auspices of the Arab League, came into force in 1997. Under the agreement all tariffs on goods of Arab origin were to be removed by January 1, 2005. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5031 AUG 01, 2009

Hoekman, Bernard; Zarrouk, Jamel

Trade-related policy responses to the crisis : a stock taking (English)

The world is facing the most severe global economic crisis since the great depression of the 1930s. For the first time since World War two, World Bank projections for annual economic growth show that world gross domestic product (GDP) will decline 2.9 percent in 2009 and growth in developing countries will fall to 1.2 percent from 5.9 percent in 2008. ... See More +

Brief 51629 JUL 01, 2009

Hoekman, Bernard; Cattaneo, Olivier; Evenett, Simon

Why governments tax or subsidize trade : evidence from agriculture (English)

This paper empirically explores the political-economic determinants of why governments choose to tax or subsidize trade in agriculture. The authors use a new data set on nominal rates of assistance (NRA) across a number of commodities spanning the last five decades for 64 countries. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 55958 MAY 01, 2009

Hoekman, Bernard; Gawande, Kishore

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
CGE modeling of market access in services (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2012 WPS6106 Policy Research Working Paper
Reducing distortions in international commodity markets (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2012 69118 Brief
Reducing distortions in international commodity markets : an agenda for multilateral cooperation (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2012 WPS5928 Policy Research Working Paper
Taking stock of trade protectionism since 2008 (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2011 65939 Brief
Unfinished Business? The WTO's Doha Agenda (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2011 65456 Publication
Determinants of trade policy responses to the 2008 financial crisis (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2011 WPS5862 Policy Research Working Paper
The WTO and the Doha Round : walking on two legs (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2011 65157 Brief
The role of international business in aid for trade : building capacity for trade in developing countries (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2011 84635 Working Paper
Reducing distortions in international commodity markets : an agenda for multilateral cooperation (English)
See More +
APR 02, 2011 71264 Working Paper
Services trade liberalization and regulatory reform : re-invigorating international cooperation (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2011 WPS5517 Policy Research Working Paper
Proposals for WTO reform : a synthesis and assessment (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2011 WPS5525 Policy Research Working Paper
Aid for trade : an action agenda looking forward (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2010 56057 Brief
Aid for trade : building on progress today for tomorrow's future (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2010 WPS5361 Policy Research Working Paper
Rebalancing the global economy : a primer for policymaking (English)
See More +
JUN 22, 2010 56063 Publication
Food prices and rural poverty (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2010 66677 Publication
Conclude Doha : it matters ! (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2009 WPS5135 Policy Research Working Paper
The Euro-mediterranean partnership : trade in services as an alternative to migration ? (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2009 WPS5049 Policy Research Working Paper
Changes in cross-border trade costs in the Pan-Arab free trade area, 2001-2008 (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2009 WPS5031 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade-related policy responses to the crisis : a stock taking (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2009 51629 Brief
Why governments tax or subsidize trade : evidence from agriculture (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2009 55958 Working Paper (Numbered Series)