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Valuing mortality and morbidity in the context of disaster risks (English)

Benefit-cost analyses of disaster risk reduction (DRR) projects are an important tool for evaluating the efficiency of such projects, and an important input into decision making. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4832 FEB 01, 2009

L. Cropper, Maureen; Sahin, Sebnem Disclosed

Public transport subsidies and affordability in Mumbai, India (English)

This paper describes the role of public transport and the nature and incidence of transport subsidies in Mumbai, India. Mumbai has an extensive rail and bus network, and public transport is used for over 75 percent of all motorized trips in Greater Mumbai. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4395 NOV 01, 2007

Cropper, Maureen; Bhattacharya, Soma Disclosed

The impact of policies to control motor vehicle emissions in Mumbai, India (English)

This paper examines the impact of measures to reduce emissions from passenger transport, specifically buses, cars, and two-wheelers in Mumbai. These include converting diesel buses to compressed natural gas (CNG), as the Indian Supreme Court required in Delhi, which would necessitate an increase in bus fares to cover the cost of pollution controls. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4059 NOV 01, 2006

Takeuchi, Akie; Cropper, Maureen; Bento, Antonio Disclosed

The value of mortality risk reductions in Delhi, India (English)

The authors interviewed commuters in Delhi, India, asking them to report their willingness to pay (WTP) to reduce their risk of dying in road traffic accidents in each of three scenarios that mirror the circumstances under which the majority of the road fatalities in Delhi occur. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3995 AUG 01, 2006

Bhattacharya, Soma; Alberini, Anna; Cropper, Maureen L. Disclosed

The welfare effects of slum improvement programs : the case of Mumbai (English)

The authors compare the welfare effects of in situ slum upgrading programs with programs that provide slum dwellers with better housing in a new location. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3852 FEB 01, 2006

Takeuchi, Akie; Cropper, Maureen; Bento, Antonio Disclosed

Urban poverty and transport : the case of Mumbai (English)

This paper reports the results of a survey of 5,000 households in the Greater Mumbai Region conducted in the winter of 2004. The goal of the survey was to better understand the demand for transport services by the poor, the factors affecting this demand, and the inter-linkages between transport decisions and other vital decisions such as where to live and work. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3693 SEP 01, 2005

Baker, Judy; Basu, Rakhi; Cropper, Maureen; Lall, Somik; Takeuchi, Akie Disclosed

Why have traffic fatalities declined in industrialized countries ? Implications for pedestrians and vehicle occupants (English)

This paper examines whether the relationship between traffic fatalities and per capita income is the same for different classes of road users and investigates the factors underlying the decline in fatalities per vehicle kilometer traveled (VKT) observed in high-income countries over recent decades. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3678 AUG 01, 2005

Kopits, Elizabeth; Cropper, Maureen Disclosed

Environmental health and traditional fuel use in Guatemala (English)

Recent statistics from the Ministerio de Salud Publica y Asistencia Social (MSPAS) in Guatemala indicate that between 1997 and 2000 acute respiratory infection (ARI) was the single most important cause of morbidity and mortality in Guatemala.2 In this period, the number of cases of morbidity due to ARI grew by an average of 31 percent per year.3 In the same period, ARI caused on average two to three times as many deaths as acute diarrhea, the second most important cause of mortality in Guatemala. ... See More +

ESMAP Paper ESM284 JUN 01, 2005

Ahmed, Kulsum; Awe, Yewande; Barnes, Douglas F.; Cropper, Maureen L.; Kojima, Masami Disclosed

The political economy of health services provision and access in Brazil (English)

The authors examine the impact of local politics and government structure on the allocation of publicly subsidized (SUS) health services across municipios (counties) in Brazil, and on the probability that uninsured individuals who require medical attention actually receive access to those health services. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3508 FEB 01, 2005

Mushfiq Mobarak, Ahmed; Rajkumar, Andrew Sunil; Cropper, Maureen

Environmental health and traditional fuel use in Guatemala (English)

Recognition of the problem of indoor air pollution (IAP) and its deleterious effects of health is growing worldwide as efforts increase to understand and articulate the complex health-air pollution linkages. ... See More +

Publication 32525 JAN 01, 2005

Ahmed, Kulsum; Awe, Yewande; Barnes, Douglas F.; Cropper, Maureen L.; Kojima, Masami Disclosed

Traffic fatalities and economic growth (English)

The authors examine the impact of income growth on the death rate due to traffic fatalities, as well as on fatalities per motor vehicle and on the motorization rate (vehicles/population) using panel data from 1963-99 for 88 countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3035 APR 30, 2003

Kopits, Elizabeth; Cropper, Maureen

The impact of urban spatial structure on travel demand in the United States (English)

The authors combine measures of urban form and public transit supply for 114 urbanized areas with the 1990 Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey to address two questions: (1) How do measures of urban form, including city shape, road density, the spatial distribution of population, and jobs-housing balance affect the annual miles driven and commute mode choices of U.S. households? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3007 MAR 31, 2003

Bento, Antonio M.; Cropper, Maureen L.; Mobarak, Ahmed Mushfiq; Vinha, Katja

Improving air quality in metropolitan Mexico City : an economic valuation (English)

Mexico City has for years experienced high levels of ozone and particulate air pollution. In 1995-99 the entire population of the Mexico City metropolitan area was exposed to annual average concentrations of fine particulate pollution (particulates with a diameter of less than 10 micrometers, or PM10) exceeding 50 micrograms per cubic meter, the annual average standard in both Mexico and the United States. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2785 FEB 28, 2002

Cesar, Herman; Borja-Aburto, Victor H.; Dorland, Kees; Munoz Cruz, Roberto; Brander, Luke; Cropper, Maureen; Gonzalez Marinez, Ana Citlalic; Olaiz-Fernandez, Gustavo; Martinez Bolivar, Ana Patricia; Olsthoorn, Xander; Rosales-Castillo, Alberto; Soto Montes de Oca, Gloria; Torres-Meza, Victor; Uribe Ceron, Ricardo; Van Beukering, Pieter; Vega Lopez, Eduardo; Nino Zarazua, Max Magin; Nino Zarazua,Miguel Angel; Vergara, Walter

How the location of roads and protected areas affects deforestation in North Thailand (English)

Using plot-level data, the authors estimate a bi-variate probit model to explain land clearing, and the siting of protected areas in North Thailand in 1986. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2583 APR 30, 2001

Cropper, Maureen; Puri, Jyotsna; Griffiths, Charles

The value of preventing malaria in Tembien, Ethiopia (English)

The authors measure the monetary value households place on preventing malaria in Tembien, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. They estimate a household demand function for a hypothetical malaria vaccine and compute the value of preventing malaria as the household's maximum willingness to pay to provide vaccines for all family members. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2273 JAN 31, 2000

Cropper,Maureen L.; Haile, Mitiku; Lampieti, Julian A.; Poulos, Christine; Whittington, Dale

Valuing mortality reductions in India : a study of compensating wage differentials (English)

Conducting cost-benefit analyses of health and safety regulations requires placing a dollar value on reductions in health risks, including the risk of death. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2078 JAN 31, 1999

Simon, Nathalie B.; Cropper, Maureen L.; Alberini, Anna; Arora, Seema

Sulfur dioxide control by electric utilities : what are the gains from trade? (English)

Title IV of the 1990 US Clean Air Act Amendments established a market for transferable sulfur dioxide emission allowances among electric utilities. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1966 AUG 31, 1998

Carlson, Curtis; Burtraw, Dallas; Cropper, Maureen; Palmer, Karen L.

The implications of hyperbolic discounting for project evaluation (English)

The neoclassical theory of project evaluation is based on models in which agents discount the future at a constant exponential rate. But there is strong empirical evidence that people discount the future hyperbolically, applying larger annual discount rates to near-term returns than to returns in the distant future. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1943 JUL 31, 1998

Cropper, Maureen; Laibson, David

The health effects of air pollution in Delhi, India (English)

The authors report the results of a time-series study of the impact of particulate air pollution on daily mortality in Delhi. They find: a) A positive, significant relationship between particulate pollution and daily nontraumatic deaths as well as deaths from certain causes (respiratory and cardiovascular problems) and for certain age groups. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1860 DEC 31, 1997

Cropper, Maureen L.; Simon, Nathalie B.; Alberini, Anna; Sharma, P. K.

Roads, population pressures, and deforestation in Thailand, 1976-89 (English)

Tropical deforestation is considered one of the major environmental disasters of the 20th century, although there have been few careful studies of its causes. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1726 FEB 28, 1997

Cropper, Maureen; Griffiths, Charles; Mani, Muthukumara

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Valuing mortality and morbidity in the context of disaster risks (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2009 WPS4832 Policy Research Working Paper
Public transport subsidies and affordability in Mumbai, India (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2007 WPS4395 Policy Research Working Paper
The impact of policies to control motor vehicle emissions in Mumbai, India (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2006 WPS4059 Policy Research Working Paper
The value of mortality risk reductions in Delhi, India (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2006 WPS3995 Policy Research Working Paper
The welfare effects of slum improvement programs : the case of Mumbai (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2006 WPS3852 Policy Research Working Paper
Urban poverty and transport : the case of Mumbai (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2005 WPS3693 Policy Research Working Paper
Why have traffic fatalities declined in industrialized countries ? Implications for pedestrians and vehicle occupants (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2005 WPS3678 Policy Research Working Paper
Environmental health and traditional fuel use in Guatemala (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2005 ESM284 ESMAP Paper
The political economy of health services provision and access in Brazil (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2005 WPS3508 Policy Research Working Paper
Environmental health and traditional fuel use in Guatemala (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2005 32525 Publication
Traffic fatalities and economic growth (English)
See More +
APR 30, 2003 WPS3035 Policy Research Working Paper
The impact of urban spatial structure on travel demand in the United States (English)
See More +
MAR 31, 2003 WPS3007 Policy Research Working Paper
Improving air quality in metropolitan Mexico City : an economic valuation (English)
See More +
FEB 28, 2002 WPS2785 Policy Research Working Paper
How the location of roads and protected areas affects deforestation in North Thailand (English)
See More +
APR 30, 2001 WPS2583 Policy Research Working Paper
The value of preventing malaria in Tembien, Ethiopia (English)
See More +
JAN 31, 2000 WPS2273 Policy Research Working Paper
Valuing mortality reductions in India : a study of compensating wage differentials (English)
See More +
JAN 31, 1999 WPS2078 Policy Research Working Paper
Sulfur dioxide control by electric utilities : what are the gains from trade? (English)
See More +
AUG 31, 1998 WPS1966 Policy Research Working Paper
The implications of hyperbolic discounting for project evaluation (English)
See More +
JUL 31, 1998 WPS1943 Policy Research Working Paper
The health effects of air pollution in Delhi, India (English)
See More +
DEC 31, 1997 WPS1860 Policy Research Working Paper
Roads, population pressures, and deforestation in Thailand, 1976-89 (English)
See More +
FEB 28, 1997 WPS1726 Policy Research Working Paper