Documents & Reports

Luis Alberto Portugal Perez

Economist

ALBERTO PORTUGAL is an Economist in the Trade and International Integration Team, Development Research Group. His current work focuses on trade costs and the impact of trade facilitation reform on the performance of developing countries. He has also been working on other topics including aid for trade, standards, FDI and regionalism. Mr. Portugal holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Geneva, Switzerland, where he has also taught International and Development Economics. He has also consulted for the United Nations.

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Food prices, road infrastructure, and market integration in Central and Eastern Africa (English)

Market integration is key to ensuring sufficient and stable food supplies. This paper assesses the impediments to market integration in Central and Eastern Africa for three food staples: maize, rice, and sorghum. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7003 AUG 01, 2014

Brenton, Paul; Portugal-Perez, Alberto; Regolo, Julie

Preferential market access design: evidence and lessons from African apparel exports to the us and the EU (English)

Least developed countries rely on preferential market access. Proof of sufficient transformation has to be provided to customs in importing countries by meeting Rules of Origin requirements to benefit from these preferences. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6357 FEB 01, 2013

de Melo, Jaime; Portugal-Perez, Alberto

Food standards and exports : evidence from China (English)

Using a new database on Chinese food standards, this paper estimates the impact of volunta-ry and mandatory standards on its agricultural and food exports. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5976 FEB 01, 2012

Mangelsdorf, Axel; Portugal-Perez, Alberto; Wilson, John S.

Aid to the services sector : does it affect manufacturing exports ? (English)

This paper evaluates the impact of foreign aid to five service sectors (transportation, information and communications technologies, energy, banking/financial services, and business services) on exports of downstream manufacturing sectors in developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5728 JUL 01, 2011

Ferro, Esteban; Portugal-Perez, Alberto; Wilson, John S.

Export performance and trade facilitation reform : hard and soft infrastructure (English)

The authors estimate the impact of aggregate indicators of quot;softquot; and quot;hardquot; infrastructure on the export performance of developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5261 APR 01, 2010

Portugal-Perez, Alberto; Wilson, John S.

Beyond the information technology agreement : harmonization of standards and trade in electronics (English)

Product standards can have a dual impact on production and trade costs. Standards may impose additional costs on exporters as it may be necessary to adapt products for specific markets (cost-effect). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4916 APR 01, 2009

Portugal-Perez, Alberto; Reyes, Jose-Daniel; Wilson, John S.

Assessing the impact of political economy factors on rules of origin under NAFTA (English)

Rules of origin are legitimate policy instruments to prevent trade deflection in a preferential trade agreement short of a customs union. Trade deflection takes place when a product imported into the preferential trade agreement through the member with the lowest external tariff is transhipped to a higher-tariff member, while yielding a benefit for the re-exporter. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4848 FEB 01, 2009

Portugal-Perez, Alberto

Why trade facilitation matters to Africa ? (English)

This paper reviews data and research on trade costs for Sub-Saharan African countries. It focuses on: border-related costs, transport costs, costs related to behind-the border issues, and the costs of compliance with rules of origin specific to preferential trade agreements. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4719 SEP 01, 2008

Portugal-Perez, Alberto; Wilson, John S.

Market access and welfare under free trade agreements : textiles under NAFTA (English)

The effective market access granted to textiles and apparel under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is estimated, taking into account the presence of rules of origin. ... See More +

Journal Article 77496 SEP 01, 2005

Cadot, Olivier; Carrere, Celine; de Melo, Jaime; Portugal-Perez, Alberto