Documents & Reports

Luis Alberto Portugal Perez

Economist

ALBERTO PORTUGAL is an Economist in the Trade and International Integration Team, Development Research Group. His current work focuses on trade costs and the impact of trade facilitation reform on the performance of developing countries. He has also been working on other topics including aid for trade, standards, FDI and regionalism. Mr. Portugal holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Geneva, Switzerland, where he has also taught International and Development Economics. He has also consulted for the United Nations.

The author's works below are drawn from the World Bank's institutional archives. You can also download other documents by this author.

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Uruguay - Trade competitiveness diagnostic (Vol. 2) : Resumen ejecutivo (Spanish)

As a small economy, Uruguay’s growth and poverty reduction prospects are closely related to its performance in international markets. This report analyzes export dynamics in Uruguay over the period 2000-2013, benchmarking them against relevant comparator countries. ... See More +

Working Paper 101540 OCT 01, 2015

Portugal Perez,Luis Alberto; Reyes,Jose Daniel; Varela,Gonzalo J.

Uruguay - Trade competitiveness diagnostic : Main report (English)

As a small economy, Uruguay’s growth and poverty reduction prospects are closely related to its performance in international markets. This report analyzes export dynamics in Uruguay over the period 2000-2013, benchmarking them against relevant comparator countries. ... See More +

Working Paper 101540 OCT 01, 2015

Portugal Perez,Luis Alberto; Reyes,Jose Daniel; Varela,Gonzalo J.

Food prices, road infrastructure, and market integration in Central and Eastern Africa (English)

Market integration is key to ensuring sufficient and stable food supplies. This paper assesses the impediments to market integration in Central and Eastern Africa for three food staples: maize, rice, and sorghum. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7003 AUG 01, 2014

Brenton, Paul; Portugal-Perez, Alberto; Regolo, Julie

Preferential market access design: evidence and lessons from African apparel exports to the us and the EU (English)

Least developed countries rely on preferential market access. Proof of sufficient transformation has to be provided to customs in importing countries by meeting Rules of Origin requirements to benefit from these preferences. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6357 FEB 01, 2013

de Melo, Jaime; Portugal-Perez, Alberto

Food standards and exports : evidence from China (English)

Using a new database on Chinese food standards, this paper estimates the impact of volunta-ry and mandatory standards on its agricultural and food exports. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5976 FEB 01, 2012

Mangelsdorf, Axel; Portugal-Perez, Alberto; Wilson, John S.

Aid to the services sector : does it affect manufacturing exports ? (English)

This paper evaluates the impact of foreign aid to five service sectors (transportation, information and communications technologies, energy, banking/financial services, and business services) on exports of downstream manufacturing sectors in developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5728 JUL 01, 2011

Ferro, Esteban; Portugal-Perez, Alberto; Wilson, John S.

Export performance and trade facilitation reform : hard and soft infrastructure (English)

The authors estimate the impact of aggregate indicators of "soft" and "hard" infrastructure on the export performance of developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5261 APR 01, 2010

Portugal-Perez, Alberto; Wilson, John S.

Beyond the information technology agreement : harmonization of standards and trade in electronics (English)

Product standards can have a dual impact on production and trade costs. Standards may impose additional costs on exporters as it may be necessary to adapt products for specific markets (cost-effect). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4916 APR 01, 2009

Portugal-Perez, Alberto; Reyes, Jose-Daniel; Wilson, John S.

Assessing the impact of political economy factors on rules of origin under NAFTA (English)

Rules of origin are legitimate policy instruments to prevent trade deflection in a preferential trade agreement short of a customs union. Trade deflection takes place when a product imported into the preferential trade agreement through the member with the lowest external tariff is transhipped to a higher-tariff member, while yielding a benefit for the re-exporter. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4848 FEB 01, 2009

Portugal-Perez, Alberto

Why trade facilitation matters to Africa ? (English)

This paper reviews data and research on trade costs for Sub-Saharan African countries. It focuses on: border-related costs, transport costs, costs related to behind-the border issues, and the costs of compliance with rules of origin specific to preferential trade agreements. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS4719 SEP 01, 2008

Portugal-Perez, Alberto; Wilson, John S.

Market access and welfare under free trade agreements : textiles under NAFTA (English)

The effective market access granted to textiles and apparel under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is estimated, taking into account the presence of rules of origin. ... See More +

Journal Article 77496 SEP 01, 2005

Cadot, Olivier; Carrere, Celine; de Melo, Jaime; Portugal-Perez, Alberto

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Uruguay - Trade competitiveness diagnostic (Vol. 2) : Resumen ejecutivo (Spanish)
See More +
OCT 01, 2015 101540 Working Paper
Uruguay - Trade competitiveness diagnostic : Main report (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2015 101540 Working Paper
Food prices, road infrastructure, and market integration in Central and Eastern Africa (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2014 WPS7003 Policy Research Working Paper
Preferential market access design: evidence and lessons from African apparel exports to the us and the EU (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2013 WPS6357 Policy Research Working Paper
Food standards and exports : evidence from China (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2012 WPS5976 Policy Research Working Paper
Aid to the services sector : does it affect manufacturing exports ? (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2011 WPS5728 Policy Research Working Paper
Export performance and trade facilitation reform : hard and soft infrastructure (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2010 WPS5261 Policy Research Working Paper
Beyond the information technology agreement : harmonization of standards and trade in electronics (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2009 WPS4916 Policy Research Working Paper
Assessing the impact of political economy factors on rules of origin under NAFTA (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2009 WPS4848 Policy Research Working Paper
Why trade facilitation matters to Africa ? (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2008 WPS4719 Policy Research Working Paper
Market access and welfare under free trade agreements : textiles under NAFTA (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2005 77496 Journal Article