The purpose of this report is to present the results of an assessment of national weather, climate, and hydrological services in Central Asia and to present a program to improve these services. ... See More + The report is based on the findings of three country assessments - the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan - and supporting regional documentation. These and other countries that form the Central Asian region share common concerns, regarding economic development and the vulnerability of their economies and people to weather, climate, and hydrological extremes. National assessments are based on evaluations of weather, climate, and hydrological hazards; key users’ needs; national hydro meteorological services’ (NMS) capacities; and potential economic benefits from improvement of hydro meteorological service delivery. The results of this global facility for disaster reduction and recovery (GFDRR) work and summary report will contribute directly to the development of the regional initiative to improve weather, climate, and hydrological service delivery in the Central Asia. See Less -
Working Paper 102640 JAN 01, 2016
Rogers,David; Smetanina,Marina Igorevna; Tsirkunov,Vladimir V.
The importance of weather, climate, and water1 information is rising because of the need to serve more elaborate societal needs, minimize growing economic losses, and help countries adapt to climate change. ... See More + Weather, climate, and water affect societies and economies through extreme events, such as tropical cyclones, floods, high winds, storm surges, and prolonged droughts, and through high-impact weather and climate events that affect demand for electricity and production capacity, planting and harvesting dates, management of construction, transportation networks and inventories, and human health. The key players are the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs), which are the backbone of the global weather and climate enterprise. By international agreement under the auspices of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), they are the government's authoritative source of weather, climate, and water information, providing timely input to emergency managers, national and local administrations, the public, and critical economic sectors. The report underscores the urgent need to strengthen NMHSs, especially those in developing countries, and provides cost-benefit estimates of the return that countries can hope to achieve. It also offers a recommended approach that has been tested and implemented in Europe, in Central and South Asia, and countries in other regions. The NMHSs make a significant contribution to safety, security, and economic well-being by observing, forecasting, and warning of pending weather, climate, and water threats. See Less -
Publication 81113 SEP 12, 2013
Rogers, David P.; Tsirkunov, Vladimir V.
This paper evaluates early warning measures to be taken during disaster situations. Early warning systems can prevent deaths, but usually there needs to be infrastructure in place to accommodate the people who heed the warnings. ... See More + Risk reduction is found to be most effective when there has been an investment in critical infrastructure. In Hong Kong, improving the housing structure made people safer in their homes during floods and typhoons, making evacuation unnecessary for most people. Upkeep of roads and bridges ensures that if evacuation is necessary, it can be done more safely and efficiently. Any warning system must keep people aware of their options, so as to increase their willingness to act soon enough. For many, the survival of their livestock is essential to their own survival in the aftermath of a disaster. See Less -
Risk and Vulnerability Assessment 69358 JAN 01, 2010
Rogers, David ; Tsirkunov, Vladimir
|Title||Document Date||Report No.||Document Type||Also available in|
|Improving weather, climate, and hydrological services delivery in Central Asia (Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan) (English) See More +||JAN 01, 2016||102640||Working Paper|
|Weather and climate resilience : effective preparedness through national meteorological and hydrological services (English) See More +||SEP 12, 2013||81113||Publication|
|Global assessment report on disaster risk reduction : costs and benefits of early warning systems (English) See More +||JAN 01, 2010||69358||Risk and Vulnerability Assessment|