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The trouble with insurance -- or; do high real interest rates cause bank crises? (English)

Guarantees protect the payments system, prevent runs on banks, and protect depositors against losses. However, they also can promote excessive risk taking and provide bank owners with resources that can be used for one-side bets: if they win they keep the profits, if they lose the government pays the debt. ... See More +

Brief 17230 OCT 31, 1997

Vieira da Cunha, Paulo; Brock, Phil

Learning from Argentina's fiscal adjustment (English)

In the 1980s, the economy of Argentina experienced inflation of 750 percent a year; in 1995, this was cut to 1.6 percent. Fiscal adjustment was not the only explanation for a stabilized economy and renewed growth. ... See More +

Brief 17287 OCT 31, 1997

Cavallo,Domingo F. Disclosed

From prices to incomes : agricultural subsidization without protection? (English)

Although direct income support for agriculture has a theoretical appeal, recent experiences in the European Union (EU), Mexico and the United States (U.S.) ... See More +

Brief 17084 SEP 30, 1997

Baffes, John; Meerman, Jacob

Creating incentives to control pollution (English)

An innovative program in Indonesia, developed with assistance from the World Bank researches, set out to tap the power of public opinion and financial markets to encourage factories to reduce pollution. ... See More +

Brief 17317 JUL 31, 1997

Afsah, Shakeb; Laplante, Benoit; Shaman, David; Wheeler, David

Does commodity dependence slow development? Commodity-dependent countries are not doomed - provided policies and an active private sector help promote growth (English)

Because of an association with weak export and income growth, commodity dependence has long been considered a barrier to economic development. However, statistical analyses and case studies show that commodity dependence does not necessarily hinder economic growth. ... See More +

Brief 16719 APR 30, 1997

Nanae Yabuki; Takamasa Akiyama

Do hedge funds and commodity funds affect commodity prices? (English)

Commodity prices have been extremely volatile in recent years. Hedge funds and commodity funds are one possible source of the increased price violatility. ... See More +

Brief 17840 FEB 28, 1997

Mitchell, Donald O.; Gilbert, Christopher L.

New ways of looking at inequality and growth (English)

Research using greatly improved data has drawn some surprising conclusions about the relationship between inequality and growth. Contrary to the proposition that the early stages of growth exacerbate inequality, new research shows that growth does not consistently affect inequality tend to be small. ... See More +

Brief 17797 FEB 28, 1997

Squire, Lyn; Deininger, Klaus

Using interest rate stories for country analysis (English)

High interest rates place banking systems under stress and create the potential for crisis by squeezing firms' profits and encouraging banks to undertake riskier projects than they otherwise would. ... See More +

Newsletter 17861 JAN 31, 1997

Vieira da Cunha, Paulo; Brock, Phil

Regionalism and multilateralism: what do economists have to say? (English)

World Bank economists encounter many arguments for and against regional trading arrangements. This note deals with only one of these arguments, but one that is as powerful as it is elusive: whether regional arrangements-regardless of their other pros and cons-are stepping stones toward a liberal multilateral trading regime or millstones around the neck of such progress. ... See More +

Brief 30392 DEC 01, 1996

Moving toward a full-service World Bank : what can Bank economists do to ensure that their work responds to our clients' needs? (English)

Many people view the World Bank as a development organization that lends money. But our nonlending services are an equally important business product. ... See More +

Brief 17860 OCT 31, 1996

Kaji, Gautam

China's hybrid capital markets (English)

China's capital markets have taken off since their emergence in the early 1990s. But they are losing steam because China's experimental system, a hybrid of market forces operating within a planned economy, is at odds with itself. ... See More +

Brief 17857 OCT 31, 1996

Kumar, Anjali; Kwang Jun; Leilynne Lau

Trade policy reform and industry (English)

Both theory and empirical evidence show that high rates of protection significantly depress economic development. It is an unfortunate fact that industrial countries maintain barriers to imports, while admonishing developing countries to reduce theirs. ... See More +

Brief 17858 OCT 31, 1996

Nash, John; Majd, Nader

Economists and economic work in the World Bank (English)

It is essential that Bank economists start thinking of themselves as one profession. All of Bank economists should work together, complementing one another's efforts. ... See More +

Brief 17859 OCT 31, 1996

Baird, Mark

Economists and public sector efficiency (English)

The study attempts to answer these questions: How can economists increase efficiency in the public sector? How can we translate economic theory and ideas into operational practice? ... See More +

Brief 17855 SEP 30, 1996

Stiglitz, Joseph

How warehouse receipts help commodity trading and financing (English)

Warehouse receipts, also called warrants, are documents stating the ownership of a specific characteristics stored in a specific warehouse for a specific fee. ... See More +

Brief 17856 SEP 30, 1996

Varangis, Panos; Larson, Don

Poverty and growth: lessons from 40 years of data on India's poor (English)

There has been much debate about how much poor people share in economic growth. Some analysts argue that in developing countries distribution must get worse before it gets better. ... See More +

Brief 30391 SEP 01, 1996

What determines foreign direct investment? (English)

Foreign direct investment (FDI) can be important and stable source of capital for developing countries, and can contribute greatly to development by diversifying risk and imposing market disciplines. ... See More +

Brief 17854 AUG 31, 1996

Kwang W. Jun

A challenge to World Bank economists: achieving analytical wisdom (English)

The biggest threat that we face as economists is the threat to our integrity as economists. We go to graduate school, read books, and draw diagrams. ... See More +

Brief 30390 AUG 01, 1996

Some thoughts for World Bank economists (English)

The economics profession has a problem: economists know a lot of very important things that other people do not. Our laws are like the laws of physics, and when people try to violate them, they run into real trouble. ... See More +

Brief 30389 AUG 01, 1996

Stock markets, corporate finance, and economic growth (English)

During the past decade the capitalization of emerging markets increased twentyfold. In 1994 trading on these markets accounted for about 17 percent of the $9.6 trillion of shares traded on the world's stock markets, up from a mere 3 percent of the much smaller $1.6 trillion in 1985. ... See More +

Brief 17852 JUL 31, 1996

Demirguc-Kunt, Asli; Levine, Ross

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
The trouble with insurance -- or; do high real interest rates cause bank crises? (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 1997 17230 Brief
Learning from Argentina's fiscal adjustment (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 1997 17287 Brief
From prices to incomes : agricultural subsidization without protection? (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 1997 17084 Brief
Creating incentives to control pollution (English)
See More +
JUL 31, 1997 17317 Brief
Does commodity dependence slow development? Commodity-dependent countries are not doomed - provided policies and an active private sector help promote growth (English)
See More +
APR 30, 1997 16719 Brief
Do hedge funds and commodity funds affect commodity prices? (English)
See More +
FEB 28, 1997 17840 Brief
New ways of looking at inequality and growth (English)
See More +
FEB 28, 1997 17797 Brief
Using interest rate stories for country analysis (English)
See More +
JAN 31, 1997 17861 Newsletter
Regionalism and multilateralism: what do economists have to say? (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 1996 30392 Brief
Moving toward a full-service World Bank : what can Bank economists do to ensure that their work responds to our clients' needs? (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 1996 17860 Brief
China's hybrid capital markets (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 1996 17857 Brief
Trade policy reform and industry (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 1996 17858 Brief
Economists and economic work in the World Bank (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 1996 17859 Brief
Economists and public sector efficiency (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 1996 17855 Brief
How warehouse receipts help commodity trading and financing (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 1996 17856 Brief
Poverty and growth: lessons from 40 years of data on India's poor (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 1996 30391 Brief
What determines foreign direct investment? (English)
See More +
AUG 31, 1996 17854 Brief
A challenge to World Bank economists: achieving analytical wisdom (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 1996 30390 Brief
Some thoughts for World Bank economists (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 1996 30389 Brief
Stock markets, corporate finance, and economic growth (English)
See More +
JUL 31, 1996 17852 Brief