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Hukou and highways : the impact of China’s spatial development policies on urbanization and regional inequality (English)

China has used two main spatial policies to shape its geographic patterns of development: restricted labor mobility through the Hukou residential registration system and massive infrastructure investment, notably a 96,000 kilometer national expressway network. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7350 JUN 30, 2015

Bosker,Maarten; Deichmann,Uwe; Roberts,Mark

Biogas : clean energy access with low-cost mitigation of climate change (English)

With data from the nearly 6,000 households in the Nepal Living Standards Survey of 2010–11, this paper finds that the mean reduction in household firewood collection associated with use of a biogas plant for cooking is about 1,100 kilograms per year from a mean of about 2,400 kilograms per year. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7349 JUN 30, 2015

Somanathan,E.; Bluffstone,Randall

Gold mining and proto-urbanization : recent evidence from Ghana (English)

Central place theory predicts that agglomeration can arise from external shocks. This paper investigates whether gold mining is a catalyst for proto-urbanization in rural Ghana. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7347 JUN 30, 2015

Fafchamps,Marcel; Koelle,Michael Rene; Shilpi,Forhad J.

The economics of policy instruments to stimulate wind power in Brazil (English)

Large-scale deployment of renewable energy technologies, such as wind power and solar energy, has been taking place in industrialized and developing economics mainly because of various fiscal and regulatory policies. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7346 JUN 30, 2015

Landis,Florian; Timilsina,Govinda R.

Political connections and tariff evasion : evidence from Tunisia : Réseaux politiques et fraude douanière : Données tirées de l’expérience tunisienne (French)

Are politically connected firms more likely to evade taxes? This paper presents evidence suggesting firms owned by President Ben Ali and his family were more prone to evade import tariffs. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7336 JUN 25, 2015

Rijkers,Bob; Baghdadi,Leila; Raballand,Gael J. R. F. English

Political connections and tariff evasion : evidence from Tunisia (English)

Are politically connected firms more likely to evade taxes? This paper presents evidence suggesting firms owned by President Ben Ali and his family were more prone to evade import tariffs. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7336 JUN 24, 2015

Rijkers,Bob; Baghdadi,Leila; Raballand,Gael J. R. F. French

Quality and accountability in healthcare delivery : audit evidence from primary care providers in India (English)

This paper presents direct evidence on the quality of health care in low-income settings using a unique and original set of audit studies, where standardized patients were presented to a nearly representative sample of rural public and private primary care providers in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7334 JUN 23, 2015

Das,Jishnu; Holla,Alaka; Mohpal,Aakash; Muralidharan,Karthik

Does collective action sequester carbon ? the case of the Nepal community forestry program (English)

This paper estimate the effects of collective action in Nepal’s community forests on four ecological measures of forest quality. Forest user group collective action is identified through membership in the Nepal Community Forestry Programme, pending membership in the program, and existence of a forest user group whose leaders can identify the year the group was formed. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7327 JUN 22, 2015

Bluffstone,Randy; Somanathan,Eswaran; Jha,Prakash; Luintel,Harisharan; Bista,Rajesh; Paudel,Naya; Adhikari,Bhim

Community managed forest groups and preferences for REDD contract attributes: a choice experiment survey of communities in Nepal : Community managed forest groups and preferences for REDD+ contract attributes: a choice experiment survey of communities in Nepal (English)

A significant portion of the world’s forests that are eligible for Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, known as REDD , payments are community managed forests. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7326 JUN 22, 2015

Dissanayake,Sahan T. M.; Jha,Prakash; Adhikari,Bhim; Bista,Rajesh; Bluffstone,Randall; uintel,Harisharan; Martinsson,Peter; Paudel,Naya Sharma; Somanathan,E.; Toman,Michael A.

The effect of nonbinding agreements on cooperation among forest user groups in Nepal and Ethiopia (English)

This paper summarizes the results from public goods experiments investigating the effect of nonbinding agreements on cooperation. Unlike previous studies, this experimental study was conducted among members of forest user groups in Ethiopia and Nepal with long histories of social interdependence. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7325 JUN 22, 2015

Dannenberg,Astrid; Martinsson,Peter

Do improved biomass cookstoves reduce fuelwood consumption and carbon emissions ? evidence from rural Ethiopia using a randomized treatment trial with electronic monitoring (English)

This paper uses a randomized experimental design with real-time electronic stove temperature measurements and controlled cooking tests to estimate the fuelwood and carbon dioxide savings from an improved cookstove program in the process of being implemented in rural Ethiopia. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7324 JUN 22, 2015

Beyene,Abebe; Bluffstone,Randy; Gebreegzhiaber,Zenebe; Martinsson,Peter; Mekonnen,Alemu; Vieider,Ferdinand

Cooperative behavior and common pool resources : experimental evidence from community forest user groups in Nepal (English)

This paper examines whether cooperative behavior by respondents measured as contributions in a one-shot public goods game correlates with reported pro-forest collective action behaviors. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7323 JUN 22, 2015

Bluffstone,Randy; Dannenberg,Astrid; Martinsson,Peter; Jha,Prakash; Bista,Rjesh

The improved biomass stove saves wood, but how often do people use it ? evidence from a randomized treatment trial in Ethiopia (English)

This paper uses a randomized experimental design and real-time electronic stove use monitors to evaluate the frequency with which villagers use improved biomass-burning Mirt injera cookstoves in rural Ethiopia. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7297 JUN 09, 2015

Beyene,Abebe D.; Bluffstone,Randall; Gebreegziabher,Zenebe; Martinsson,Peter; Mekonnen,Alemu; Vieider,Ferdinand

Preferences for REDD+ contract attributes in low-income countries : a choice experiment in Ethiopia (English)

This paper informs the national and international policy discussions related to the adoption of the United Nations Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Programme. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7296 JUN 09, 2015

Dissanayake,Sahan T. M.; Beyene,Abebe Damte; Bluffstone,Randall; Gebreegziabher, Zenebe; Martinsson,Peter; Mekonnen,Alemu; Toman,Michael A.; Vieider,Ferdinand M.

The economic viability of jatropha biodiesel in Nepal (English)

Nepal depends entirely on imports for meeting its demand for petroleum products, which account for the largest share in total import volume. Diesel is the main petroleum product consumed in the country and accounts for 38 percent of the total national CO2 emissions from fuel consumption. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7295 JUN 08, 2015

Timilsina,Govinda R.; Tiwari,Ujjal

Toward a new definition of shared prosperity: a dynamic perspective from three countries (English)

This paper proposes a new measure of growth in shared prosperity, based on shifts in population shares of different income groups over time. This measure complements the definition of shared prosperity recently proposed by the World Bank in which income growth of the bottom 40 percent is examined. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7294 JUN 08, 2015

Dang,Hai-Anh H.; Lanjouw,Peter F.

Costs and benefits of land fragmentation : evidence from Rwanda (English)

This paper disentangles different aspects of land fragmentation and its impact on the efficiency of resource use. The paper uses information on the incidence of crop shocks to assess whether fragmentation provides benefits in reducing risk and parcel coordinates and terrain-adjusted travel times between parcels to more precisely account for the associated costs in 2010/11 data from Rwanda. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7290 JUN 03, 2015

Ali,Daniel Ayalew; Deininger,Klaus W.; Ronchi,Loraine

Doing the survey two-step : the effects of reticence on estimates of corruption in two-stage survey questions (English)

This paper develops a structural approach for modeling how respondents answer survey questions and uses it to estimate the proportion of respondents who are reticent in answering corruption questions, as well as the extent to which reticent behavior biases down conventional estimates of corruption. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7276 MAY 22, 2015

Karalashvili,Nona; Kraay,Aart C.; Murrell,Peter

Poverty dynamics in India between 2004 and 2012 : insights from longitudinal analysis using synthetic panel data (English)

Recent National Sample Surveys point to significant poverty reduction in India since 2004/05, with a marked acceleration between 2009/10 and 2011/12. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7270 MAY 20, 2015

Dang,Hai-Anh H.; Lanjouw,Peter F.

Was Weber right ? the effects of pay for ability and pay for performance on pro-social motivation, ability and effort in the public sector (English)

This paper examines the effects of pecuniary compensation on the ability and motivation of individuals in organizations with non-pecuniary or pro-social missions. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7261 MAY 11, 2015

Banuri,Sheheryar; Keefer,Philip E.

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Hukou and highways : the impact of China’s spatial development policies on urbanization and regional inequality (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 2015 WPS7350 Policy Research Working Paper
Biogas : clean energy access with low-cost mitigation of climate change (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 2015 WPS7349 Policy Research Working Paper
Gold mining and proto-urbanization : recent evidence from Ghana (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 2015 WPS7347 Policy Research Working Paper
The economics of policy instruments to stimulate wind power in Brazil (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 2015 WPS7346 Policy Research Working Paper
Political connections and tariff evasion : evidence from Tunisia : Réseaux politiques et fraude douanière : Données tirées de l’expérience tunisienne (French)
See More +
JUN 25, 2015 WPS7336 Policy Research Working Paper English
Political connections and tariff evasion : evidence from Tunisia (English)
See More +
JUN 24, 2015 WPS7336 Policy Research Working Paper French
Quality and accountability in healthcare delivery : audit evidence from primary care providers in India (English)
See More +
JUN 23, 2015 WPS7334 Policy Research Working Paper
Does collective action sequester carbon ? the case of the Nepal community forestry program (English)
See More +
JUN 22, 2015 WPS7327 Policy Research Working Paper
Community managed forest groups and preferences for REDD contract attributes: a choice experiment survey of communities in Nepal : Community managed forest groups and preferences for REDD+ contract attributes: a choice experiment survey of communities in Nepal (English)
See More +
JUN 22, 2015 WPS7326 Policy Research Working Paper
The effect of nonbinding agreements on cooperation among forest user groups in Nepal and Ethiopia (English)
See More +
JUN 22, 2015 WPS7325 Policy Research Working Paper
Do improved biomass cookstoves reduce fuelwood consumption and carbon emissions ? evidence from rural Ethiopia using a randomized treatment trial with electronic monitoring (English)
See More +
JUN 22, 2015 WPS7324 Policy Research Working Paper
Cooperative behavior and common pool resources : experimental evidence from community forest user groups in Nepal (English)
See More +
JUN 22, 2015 WPS7323 Policy Research Working Paper
The improved biomass stove saves wood, but how often do people use it ? evidence from a randomized treatment trial in Ethiopia (English)
See More +
JUN 09, 2015 WPS7297 Policy Research Working Paper
Preferences for REDD+ contract attributes in low-income countries : a choice experiment in Ethiopia (English)
See More +
JUN 09, 2015 WPS7296 Policy Research Working Paper
The economic viability of jatropha biodiesel in Nepal (English)
See More +
JUN 08, 2015 WPS7295 Policy Research Working Paper
Toward a new definition of shared prosperity: a dynamic perspective from three countries (English)
See More +
JUN 08, 2015 WPS7294 Policy Research Working Paper
Costs and benefits of land fragmentation : evidence from Rwanda (English)
See More +
JUN 03, 2015 WPS7290 Policy Research Working Paper
Doing the survey two-step : the effects of reticence on estimates of corruption in two-stage survey questions (English)
See More +
MAY 22, 2015 WPS7276 Policy Research Working Paper
Poverty dynamics in India between 2004 and 2012 : insights from longitudinal analysis using synthetic panel data (English)
See More +
MAY 20, 2015 WPS7270 Policy Research Working Paper
Was Weber right ? the effects of pay for ability and pay for performance on pro-social motivation, ability and effort in the public sector (English)
See More +
MAY 11, 2015 WPS7261 Policy Research Working Paper