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Estimation of normal mixtures in a nested error model with an application to small area estimation of poverty and inequality (English)

This paper proposes a method for estimating distribution functions that are associated with the nested errors in linear mixed models. The estimator incorporates Empirical Bayes prediction while making minimal assumptions about the shape of the error distributions. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6962 JUL 01, 2014

Elbers, Chris; van der Weide, Roy

Inequality is bad for growth of the poor (but not for that of the rich) (English)

The paper assesses the impact of overall inequality, as well as inequality among the poor and among the rich, on the growth rates along various percentiles of the income distribution. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6963 JUL 01, 2014

van der Weide, Roy; Milanovic, Branko

Trade flows and trade disputes (English)

This paper introduces a new data set and establishes a set of basic facts and patterns regarding the trade that countries fight about under World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6979 JUL 01, 2014

Financial (dis-)information : evidence from an audit study in Mexico (English)

An audit study was conducted in peri-urban Mexico to understand the quality of information and products offered to low-income potential customers. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6902 JUN 01, 2014

Gine, Xavier; Martinez Cuellar, Cristina; Mazer, Rafael Keenan

The price of empowerment : experimental evidence on land titling in Tanzania (English)

This paper reports on a randomized field experiment that uses price incentives to address economic and gender inequality in land tenure formalization. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6908 JUN 01, 2014

Ali, Daniel Ayalew; Collin, Matthew; Deininger, Klaus; Dercon, Stefan; Sandefur, Justin; Zeitlin, Andrew

Institutional investors and long-term investment : evidence from Chile (English)

Developing countries are trying to develop long-term financial markets and institutional investors are expected to play a key role. This paper uses unique evidence on the universe of institutional investors from the leading case of Chile to study to what extent mutual funds, pension funds, and insurance companies hold and bid for long-term instruments, and which factors affect their choices. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6922 JUN 01, 2014

Opazo, Luis; Raddatz, Claudio; Schmukler, Sergio L.

Economics of transiting to renewable energy in Morocco : a general equilibrium analysis : Economics of transiting to renewable energy in Morocco : a general equilibrium analysis (English)

Morocco has set an ambitious target of supplying 42 percent of electricity through renewable sources, 14 percent each through hydro, wind, and solar, by 2020. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6940 JUN 01, 2014

Timilsina, Govinda R.; Landis, Florian

Deals and delays : firm-level evidence on corruption and policy implementation times (English)

This paper examines whether demands for bribes for particular government services are associated with expedited or delayed policy implementation. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6949 JUN 01, 2014

Freund, Caroline; Hallward-Driemeier, Mary; Rijkers, Bob

Does involvement of local NGOs enhance public service delivery ? cautionary evidence from a Malaria-prevention evaluation in India (English)

Using data from an experimental supportive intervention to India's malaria control program, this paper studies the impact of leveraging local non-state capacity to promote mosquito net usage and recommended fever care-seeking patterns. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6931 JUN 01, 2014

Das, Ashis; Friedman, Jed; Kandpal, Eeshani

Radio's impact on preferences for patronage benefits (English)

Citizens in developing countries support politicians who provide patronage or clientelist benefits, such as government jobs and gifts at the time of elections. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6932 JUN 01, 2014

Keefer, Philip; Khemani, Stuti

The anatomy of failure : an ethnography of a randomized trial to deepen democracy in rural India (English)

Programs that induce citizen participation to improve the quality of government at the local level are the subjects of large amounts of funding and intense debate. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6958 JUN 01, 2014

Ananthpur, Kripa; Malik, Kabir; Rao, Vijayendra

International asset allocations and capital flows : the benchmark effect (English)

This paper studies channels through which well-known benchmark indexes impact asset allocations and capital flows across countries. The study uses unique monthly micro-level data of benchmark compositions and mutual fund investments during 1996-2012. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6866 MAY 01, 2014

Raddatz, Claudio; Schmukler, Sergio L.; Williams, Tomas

A global assessment of human capital mobility: the role of non-OECD destinations (English)

Discussions of high-skilled mobility typically evoke migration patterns from poorer to wealthier countries, which ignore movements to and between developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6863 MAY 01, 2014

Artuc, Erhan; Docquier, Frederic; Ozden, Caglar; Parsons, Christopher

Growth, inequality, and social welfare : cross-country evidence (English)

Social welfare functions that assign weights to individuals based on their income levels can be used to document the relative importance of growth and inequality changes for changes in social welfare. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6842 APR 01, 2014

Dollar, David; Kleineberg, Tatjana; Kraay, Aart

The heterogeneous effects of HIV testing (English)

An extensive multi-disciplinary literature examines the effects of learning one's HIV status on subsequent risky sexual behaviors. However, many of these studies rely on non-experimental designs; use self-reported outcome measures, or both. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6823 MAR 01, 2014

Baird, Sarah; Gong, Erick; McIntosh, Craig; Ozler, Berk

Designing experiments to measure spillover effects (English)

This paper formalizes the design of experiments intended specifically to study spillover effects. By first randomizing the intensity of treatment within clusters and then randomly assigning individual treatment conditional on this cluster-level intensity, a novel set of treatment effects can be identified. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6824 MAR 01, 2014

Baird, Sarah; Bohren, J. Aislinn; McIntosh, Craig; Ozler, Berk

Coping with risk : the effects of shocks on reproductive health and transactional sex in rural Tanzania (English)

Transactional sex is believed to be an important risk-coping mechanism for women in Sub-Saharan Africa and a leading contributor to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6751 JAN 01, 2014

de Walque, Damien; Dow, William H.; Gong, Erick

Clean-development investments : an incentive-compatible CGE modeling framework (English)

The Clean Development Mechanism established under the Kyoto Protocol allows industrialized Annex I countries to offset part of their domestic emissions by investing in emissions-reduction projects in developing non-Annex I countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6720 DEC 01, 2013

Bohringer, Christoph; Rutherford, Thomas F.; Springmannc, Marco

Can subjective questions on economic welfare be trusted ? evidence for three developing countries (English)

While self-assessments of welfare have become popular for measuring poverty and estimating welfare effects, the methods can be deceptive given systematic heterogeneity in respondents' scales. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6726 DEC 01, 2013

Ravallion, Martin; Himelein, Kristen; Beegle, Kathleen

A systemic analysis of land markets and land institutions in West African cities : rules and practices - the case of Bamako, Mali (English)

This paper presents a new type of land market analysis relevant to cities with plural tenure systems as in West Africa. The methodology hinges on a systemic analysis of land delivery channels, which helps to show how land is initially made available for circulation, how tenure can be formalized incrementally, and the different means whereby households can access land. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6687 NOV 01, 2013

Durand-Lasserve, Alain; Durand-Lasserve, Maylis; Selod, Harris

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Estimation of normal mixtures in a nested error model with an application to small area estimation of poverty and inequality (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6962 Policy Research Working Paper
Inequality is bad for growth of the poor (but not for that of the rich) (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6963 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade flows and trade disputes (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6979 Policy Research Working Paper
Financial (dis-)information : evidence from an audit study in Mexico (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6902 Policy Research Working Paper
The price of empowerment : experimental evidence on land titling in Tanzania (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6908 Policy Research Working Paper
Institutional investors and long-term investment : evidence from Chile (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6922 Policy Research Working Paper
Economics of transiting to renewable energy in Morocco : a general equilibrium analysis : Economics of transiting to renewable energy in Morocco : a general equilibrium analysis (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6940 Policy Research Working Paper
Deals and delays : firm-level evidence on corruption and policy implementation times (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6949 Policy Research Working Paper
Does involvement of local NGOs enhance public service delivery ? cautionary evidence from a Malaria-prevention evaluation in India (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6931 Policy Research Working Paper
Radio's impact on preferences for patronage benefits (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6932 Policy Research Working Paper
The anatomy of failure : an ethnography of a randomized trial to deepen democracy in rural India (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6958 Policy Research Working Paper
International asset allocations and capital flows : the benchmark effect (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2014 WPS6866 Policy Research Working Paper
A global assessment of human capital mobility: the role of non-OECD destinations (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2014 WPS6863 Policy Research Working Paper
Growth, inequality, and social welfare : cross-country evidence (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2014 WPS6842 Policy Research Working Paper
The heterogeneous effects of HIV testing (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2014 WPS6823 Policy Research Working Paper
Designing experiments to measure spillover effects (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2014 WPS6824 Policy Research Working Paper
Coping with risk : the effects of shocks on reproductive health and transactional sex in rural Tanzania (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2014 WPS6751 Policy Research Working Paper
Clean-development investments : an incentive-compatible CGE modeling framework (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2013 WPS6720 Policy Research Working Paper
Can subjective questions on economic welfare be trusted ? evidence for three developing countries (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2013 WPS6726 Policy Research Working Paper
A systemic analysis of land markets and land institutions in West African cities : rules and practices - the case of Bamako, Mali (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2013 WPS6687 Policy Research Working Paper