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Using lotteries to incentivize safer sexual behavior : evidence from a randomized controlled trial on HIV prevention (English)

Financial incentives are a promising HIV prevention strategy. This paper assesses the effect on HIV incidence of a lottery program in Lesotho with low expected payments but a chance to win a high prize conditional on negative test results for sexually transmitted infections. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7215 MAR 18, 2015

Nyqvist,Martina Björkman; Corno,Lucia; De Walque,Damien B. C. M.; Svensson,Jakob

Drinking water salinity and infant mortality in coastal Bangladesh (English)

Bangladesh, with two-thirds of its land area less than five meters above sea level, is one of the most climate-vulnerable countries in the world. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7200 FEB 01, 2015

Dasgupta, Susmita; Huq, Mainul; Wheeler, David

Estimating parameters and structural change in CGE models using a Bayesian cross-entropy estimation approach (English)

This paper uses a three-step Bayesian cross-entropy estimation approach in an environment of noisy and scarce data to estimate behavioral parameters for a computable general equilibrium model. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7174 JAN 01, 2015

Go, Delfin S.; Lofgren, Hans; Mendez Ramos, Fabian; Robinson, Sherman

Who remained in poverty, who moved up, and who fell down ? an investigation of poverty dynamics in Senegal in the late 2000s (English)

Poverty estimates based on cross-section data provide static snapshots of poverty rates. Although a time series of cross-section data can offer some insights into poverty trends, it does not allow for an assessment of dynamics at the household level. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7141 DEC 01, 2014

Dang, Hai-Anh H.; Lanjouw, Peter F.; Swinkels, Rob

How significant is Africa's demographic dividend for its future growth and poverty reduction ? (English)

Africa will be undergoing substantial demographic changes in the coming decades with the rising working age share of its population. The opportunity of African countries to convert these changes into demographic dividends for growth and poverty reduction will depend on several factors. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7134 DEC 01, 2014

Ahmed, S. Amer; Cruz, Marcio; Go, Delfin S.; Maliszewska, Maryla; Osorio-Rodarte, Israel

Measuring risk preferences in rural Ethiopia : risk tolerance and exogenous income proxies (English)

Risk-aversion has generally been found to decrease in income. This may lead one to expect that poor countries will be more risk-averse than rich countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7137 DEC 01, 2014

Vieider, Ferdinand M.; Beyene, Abebe; Bluffstone, Randall; Dissanayake, Sahan; Gebreegziabher, Zenebe; Martinsson, Peter; Mekonnen, Alemu

Climate change, soil salinity, and the economics of high-yield rice production in coastal Bangladesh (English)

It is a virtual certainty that sea-level rise will continue throughout the century and beyond 2100 even if greenhouse gas emissions are stabilized in the near future. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7140 DEC 01, 2014

Dasgupta, Susmita; Hossain, Md. Moqbul; Huq, Mainul; Wheeler, David

Climate change, groundwater salinization and road maintenance costs in coastal Bangladesh (English)

The potentially-adverse impact of salinity on paved roads is well-established in the engineering literature. The problem seems destined to grow, as climate-related changes in sea level and riverine flows drive future increases in groundwater salinity. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7147 DEC 01, 2014

Dasgupta, Susmita; Hossain, Md. Moqbul; Huq, Mainul; Wheeler, David

Facing the hungry tide : climate change, livelihood threats, and household responses in coastal Bangladesh (English)

This paper quantifies the impact of inundation risk and salinization on the family structure and economic welfare of coastal households in Bangladesh. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7148 DEC 01, 2014

Dasgupta, Susmita; Hossain, Md. Moqbul; Huq, Mainul; Wheeler, David

Village political economy, land tenure insecurity, and the rural to urban migration decision : evidence from China (English)

This paper investigates the impact of land tenure insecurity on the migration decisions of China's rural residents. A simple model first frames the relationship among these variables and the probability that a reallocation of land will occur in the following year. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7080 NOV 01, 2014

Giles, John; Mu, Ren

Informing migration policies : a data primer (English)

Researchers in many fields, such as demography, economics, and sociology, have established various data collection methodologies and principles to answer a range of academic and policy questions on migration. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7082 NOV 01, 2014

Carletto, Calogero; Larrison, Jennica; Ozden, Caglar

Protected areas and deforestation : new results from high resolution panel data (English)

This paper investigates the effectiveness of protected areas in slowing tropical forest clearing in 64 countries in Asia/Pacific, Africa, and Latin America for the period 2001-2012. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7091 NOV 01, 2014

Blankespoor, Brian; Dasgupta, Susmita; Wheeler, David

Rewarding safer sex : conditional cash transfers for HIV/STI prevention (English)

Incentive-based policies have been shown to be powerful in many areas of behavior, but have rarely been tested in the sexual domain. The Rewarding Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention and Control in Tanzania (RESPECT) study is a randomized controlled trial testing the hypothesis that a system of rapid feedback and positive reinforcement that uses cash as the primary incentive can be used to reduce risky sexual activity among young people, male and female, who are at high risk of HIV infection. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7099 NOV 01, 2014

de Walque, Damien; Dow, William H.; Nathan, Rose

Agricultural policies and trade paths in Turkey (English)

In 1959, shortly after the European Economic Community was founded under the 1957 Treaty of Rome, Turkey applied for Associate Membership in the then six-member common market. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7059 OCT 01, 2014

Larson, Donald F.; Martin, Will; Sahin, Sebnem; Tsigas, Marino

Radio frequency (un)identification : results from a proof-of-concept trial of the use of RFID technology to measure microenterprise turnover in Sri Lanka (English)

Accurate measurement of stock levels, turnover, and profitability in microenterprises in developing countries is difficult because the majority of these firms do not keep detailed records. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7064 OCT 01, 2014

de Mel, Suresh; Herath, Dammika; McKenzie, David; Pathak, Yuvraj

Testing the importance of search frictions, matching, and reservation prestige through randomized experiments in Jordan (English)

Unemployment rates for tertiary-educated youth in Jordan are high, as is the duration of unemployment. Two randomized experiments in Jordan were used to test different theories that may explain this phenomenon. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7030 SEP 01, 2014

Groh, Matthew; McKenzie, David; Shammout, Nour; Vishwanath, Tara

Inequality is bad for growth of the poor (but not for that of the rich) (English)

The paper assesses the impact of overall inequality, as well as inequality among the poor and among the rich, on the growth rates along various percentiles of the income distribution. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6963 JUL 01, 2014

van der Weide, Roy; Milanovic, Branko

Estimation of normal mixtures in a nested error model with an application to small area estimation of poverty and inequality (English)

This paper proposes a method for estimating distribution functions that are associated with the nested errors in linear mixed models. The estimator incorporates Empirical Bayes prediction while making minimal assumptions about the shape of the error distributions. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6962 JUL 01, 2014

Elbers, Chris; van der Weide, Roy

Trade flows and trade disputes (English)

This paper introduces a new data set and establishes a set of basic facts and patterns regarding the trade that countries fight about under World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6979 JUL 01, 2014

Bown, Chad P.; Reynolds, Kara M.

Fiscal multipliers in recessions and expansions : does it matter whether government spending is increasing or decreasing ? (English)

Using non-linear methods, this paper finds that existing estimates of government spending multipliers in expansion and recession may yield biased results by ignoring whether government spending is increasing or decreasing. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6993 JUL 01, 2014

Riera-Crichton, Daniel; Vegh, Carlos A.; Vuletin, Guillermo

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Using lotteries to incentivize safer sexual behavior : evidence from a randomized controlled trial on HIV prevention (English)
See More +
MAR 18, 2015 WPS7215 Policy Research Working Paper
Drinking water salinity and infant mortality in coastal Bangladesh (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2015 WPS7200 Policy Research Working Paper
Estimating parameters and structural change in CGE models using a Bayesian cross-entropy estimation approach (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2015 WPS7174 Policy Research Working Paper
Who remained in poverty, who moved up, and who fell down ? an investigation of poverty dynamics in Senegal in the late 2000s (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7141 Policy Research Working Paper
How significant is Africa's demographic dividend for its future growth and poverty reduction ? (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7134 Policy Research Working Paper
Measuring risk preferences in rural Ethiopia : risk tolerance and exogenous income proxies (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7137 Policy Research Working Paper
Climate change, soil salinity, and the economics of high-yield rice production in coastal Bangladesh (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7140 Policy Research Working Paper
Climate change, groundwater salinization and road maintenance costs in coastal Bangladesh (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7147 Policy Research Working Paper
Facing the hungry tide : climate change, livelihood threats, and household responses in coastal Bangladesh (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7148 Policy Research Working Paper
Village political economy, land tenure insecurity, and the rural to urban migration decision : evidence from China (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7080 Policy Research Working Paper
Informing migration policies : a data primer (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7082 Policy Research Working Paper
Protected areas and deforestation : new results from high resolution panel data (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7091 Policy Research Working Paper
Rewarding safer sex : conditional cash transfers for HIV/STI prevention (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7099 Policy Research Working Paper
Agricultural policies and trade paths in Turkey (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2014 WPS7059 Policy Research Working Paper
Radio frequency (un)identification : results from a proof-of-concept trial of the use of RFID technology to measure microenterprise turnover in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2014 WPS7064 Policy Research Working Paper
Testing the importance of search frictions, matching, and reservation prestige through randomized experiments in Jordan (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7030 Policy Research Working Paper
Inequality is bad for growth of the poor (but not for that of the rich) (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6963 Policy Research Working Paper
Estimation of normal mixtures in a nested error model with an application to small area estimation of poverty and inequality (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6962 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade flows and trade disputes (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6979 Policy Research Working Paper
Fiscal multipliers in recessions and expansions : does it matter whether government spending is increasing or decreasing ? (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6993 Policy Research Working Paper