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How significant is Africaapos;s demographic dividend for its future growth and poverty reduction ? (English)

Africa will be undergoing substantial demographic changes in the coming decades with the rising working age share of its population. The opportunity of African countries to convert these changes into demographic dividends for growth and poverty reduction will depend on several factors. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7134 DEC 01, 2014

Ahmed, S. Amer; Cruz, Marcio; Go, Delfin S.; Maliszewska, Maryla; Osorio-Rodarte, Israel

Measuring risk preferences in rural Ethiopia : risk tolerance and exogenous income proxies (English)

Risk-aversion has generally been found to decrease in income. This may lead one to expect that poor countries will be more risk-averse than rich countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7137 DEC 01, 2014

Vieider, Ferdinand M.; Beyene, Abebe; Bluffstone, Randall; Dissanayake, Sahan; Gebreegziabher, Zenebe; Martinsson, Peter; Mekonnen, Alemu

Who remained in poverty, who moved up, and who fell down ? an investigation of poverty dynamics in Senegal in the late 2000s (English)

Poverty estimates based on cross-section data provide static snapshots of poverty rates. Although a time series of cross-section data can offer some insights into poverty trends, it does not allow for an assessment of dynamics at the household level. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7141 DEC 01, 2014

Dang, Hai-Anh H.; Lanjouw, Peter F.; Swinkels, Rob

Climate change, soil salinity, and the economics of high-yield rice production in coastal Bangladesh (English)

It is a virtual certainty that sea-level rise will continue throughout the century and beyond 2100 even if greenhouse gas emissions are stabilized in the near future. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7140 DEC 01, 2014

Dasgupta, Susmita; Hossain, Md. Moqbul; Huq, Mainul; Wheeler, David

Village political economy, land tenure insecurity, and the rural to urban migration decision : evidence from China (English)

This paper investigates the impact of land tenure insecurity on the migration decisions of Chinaapos;s rural residents. A simple model first frames the relationship among these variables and the probability that a reallocation of land will occur in the following year. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7080 NOV 01, 2014

Giles, John; Mu, Ren

Informing migration policies : a data primer (English)

Researchers in many fields, such as demography, economics, and sociology, have established various data collection methodologies and principles to answer a range of academic and policy questions on migration. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7082 NOV 01, 2014

Carletto, Calogero; Larrison, Jennica; Ozden, Caglar

Protected areas and deforestation : new results from high resolution panel data (English)

This paper investigates the effectiveness of protected areas in slowing tropical forest clearing in 64 countries in Asia/Pacific, Africa, and Latin America for the period 2001-2012. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7091 NOV 01, 2014

Blankespoor, Brian; Dasgupta, Susmita; Wheeler, David

Rewarding safer sex : conditional cash transfers for HIV/STI prevention (English)

Incentive-based policies have been shown to be powerful in many areas of behavior, but have rarely been tested in the sexual domain. The Rewarding Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention and Control in Tanzania (RESPECT) study is a randomized controlled trial testing the hypothesis that a system of rapid feedback and positive reinforcement that uses cash as the primary incentive can be used to reduce risky sexual activity among young people, male and female, who are at high risk of HIV infection. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7099 NOV 01, 2014

de Walque, Damien; Dow, William H.; Nathan, Rose

Agricultural policies and trade paths in Turkey (English)

In 1959, shortly after the European Economic Community was founded under the 1957 Treaty of Rome, Turkey applied for Associate Membership in the then six-member common market. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7059 OCT 01, 2014

Larson, Donald F.; Martin, Will; Sahin, Sebnem; Tsigas, Marino

Radio frequency (un)identification : results from a proof-of-concept trial of the use of RFID technology to measure microenterprise turnover in Sri Lanka (English)

Accurate measurement of stock levels, turnover, and profitability in microenterprises in developing countries is difficult because the majority of these firms do not keep detailed records. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7064 OCT 01, 2014

de Mel, Suresh; Herath, Dammika; McKenzie, David; Pathak, Yuvraj

Testing the importance of search frictions, matching, and reservation prestige through randomized experiments in Jordan (English)

Unemployment rates for tertiary-educated youth in Jordan are high, as is the duration of unemployment. Two randomized experiments in Jordan were used to test different theories that may explain this phenomenon. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7030 SEP 01, 2014

Groh, Matthew; McKenzie, David; Shammout, Nour; Vishwanath, Tara

Inequality is bad for growth of the poor (but not for that of the rich) (English)

The paper assesses the impact of overall inequality, as well as inequality among the poor and among the rich, on the growth rates along various percentiles of the income distribution. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6963 JUL 01, 2014

van der Weide, Roy; Milanovic, Branko

Estimation of normal mixtures in a nested error model with an application to small area estimation of poverty and inequality (English)

This paper proposes a method for estimating distribution functions that are associated with the nested errors in linear mixed models. The estimator incorporates Empirical Bayes prediction while making minimal assumptions about the shape of the error distributions. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6962 JUL 01, 2014

Elbers, Chris; van der Weide, Roy

Trade flows and trade disputes (English)

This paper introduces a new data set and establishes a set of basic facts and patterns regarding the trade that countries fight about under World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6979 JUL 01, 2014

Bown, Chad P.; Reynolds, Kara M.

Fiscal multipliers in recessions and expansions : does it matter whether government spending is increasing or decreasing ? (English)

Using non-linear methods, this paper finds that existing estimates of government spending multipliers in expansion and recession may yield biased results by ignoring whether government spending is increasing or decreasing. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6993 JUL 01, 2014

Riera-Crichton, Daniel; Vegh, Carlos A.; Vuletin, Guillermo

Financial (dis-)information : evidence from an audit study in Mexico (English)

An audit study was conducted in peri-urban Mexico to understand the quality of information and products offered to low-income potential customers. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6902 JUN 01, 2014

Gine, Xavier; Martinez Cuellar, Cristina; Mazer, Rafael Keenan

The price of empowerment : experimental evidence on land titling in Tanzania (English)

This paper reports on a randomized field experiment that uses price incentives to address economic and gender inequality in land tenure formalization. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6908 JUN 01, 2014

Ali, Daniel Ayalew; Collin, Matthew; Deininger, Klaus; Dercon, Stefan; Sandefur, Justin; Zeitlin, Andrew

Institutional investors and long-term investment : evidence from Chile (English)

Developing countries are trying to develop long-term financial markets and institutional investors are expected to play a key role. This paper uses unique evidence on the universe of institutional investors from the leading case of Chile to study to what extent mutual funds, pension funds, and insurance companies hold and bid for long-term instruments, and which factors affect their choices. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6922 JUN 01, 2014

Opazo, Luis; Raddatz, Claudio; Schmukler, Sergio L.

Does involvement of local NGOs enhance public service delivery ? cautionary evidence from a Malaria-prevention evaluation in India (English)

Using data from an experimental supportive intervention to Indiaapos;s malaria control program, this paper studies the impact of leveraging local non-state capacity to promote mosquito net usage and recommended fever care-seeking patterns. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6931 JUN 01, 2014

Das, Ashis; Friedman, Jed; Kandpal, Eeshani

Radioapos;s impact on preferences for patronage benefits (English)

Citizens in developing countries support politicians who provide patronage or clientelist benefits, such as government jobs and gifts at the time of elections. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6932 JUN 01, 2014

Keefer, Philip; Khemani, Stuti

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
How significant is Africaapos;s demographic dividend for its future growth and poverty reduction ? (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7134 Policy Research Working Paper
Measuring risk preferences in rural Ethiopia : risk tolerance and exogenous income proxies (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7137 Policy Research Working Paper
Who remained in poverty, who moved up, and who fell down ? an investigation of poverty dynamics in Senegal in the late 2000s (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7141 Policy Research Working Paper
Climate change, soil salinity, and the economics of high-yield rice production in coastal Bangladesh (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7140 Policy Research Working Paper
Village political economy, land tenure insecurity, and the rural to urban migration decision : evidence from China (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7080 Policy Research Working Paper
Informing migration policies : a data primer (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7082 Policy Research Working Paper
Protected areas and deforestation : new results from high resolution panel data (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7091 Policy Research Working Paper
Rewarding safer sex : conditional cash transfers for HIV/STI prevention (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7099 Policy Research Working Paper
Agricultural policies and trade paths in Turkey (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2014 WPS7059 Policy Research Working Paper
Radio frequency (un)identification : results from a proof-of-concept trial of the use of RFID technology to measure microenterprise turnover in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2014 WPS7064 Policy Research Working Paper
Testing the importance of search frictions, matching, and reservation prestige through randomized experiments in Jordan (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7030 Policy Research Working Paper
Inequality is bad for growth of the poor (but not for that of the rich) (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6963 Policy Research Working Paper
Estimation of normal mixtures in a nested error model with an application to small area estimation of poverty and inequality (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6962 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade flows and trade disputes (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6979 Policy Research Working Paper
Fiscal multipliers in recessions and expansions : does it matter whether government spending is increasing or decreasing ? (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6993 Policy Research Working Paper
Financial (dis-)information : evidence from an audit study in Mexico (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6902 Policy Research Working Paper
The price of empowerment : experimental evidence on land titling in Tanzania (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6908 Policy Research Working Paper
Institutional investors and long-term investment : evidence from Chile (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6922 Policy Research Working Paper
Does involvement of local NGOs enhance public service delivery ? cautionary evidence from a Malaria-prevention evaluation in India (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6931 Policy Research Working Paper
Radioapos;s impact on preferences for patronage benefits (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6932 Policy Research Working Paper