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Education attainment in the Middle East and North Africa : success at a cost (English)

This paper reviews the experience of the Middle East and North Africa region in education attainment over the past four decades (1970-2010). It documents the following main findings: (a) all countries in the region experienced significant improvements in educational attainment over this period; (b) most countries in the region did better in this regard than comparators that had roughly the same education stocks in 1970; (c) collectively, the region achieved a greater percentage increase in education than other regions; (d) the region's better performance was in part because of higher rates of public spending on education, better food sufficiency status, and a lower initial stock of education in 1970 in comparison with most other developing country regions; and (e) the region had among the lowest payoffs to public spending in terms of increments in education stock; the impressive advance in education was achieved at high cost. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7127 DEC 01, 2014

Iqbal, Farrukh; Kiendrebeogo, Youssouf

Motivations, monitoring technologies, and pay for performance (Vol. 1of1) (English)

Monitoring technologies and pay for performance contracts are becoming popular solutions to improve public services delivery. Their track record is however mixed. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7128 DEC 01, 2014

Cordella, Antonio; Cordella, Tito

Party age and party color : new results on the political economy of redistribution and inequality (English)

This paper advances research on inequality with unique, new data on income distribution in 61 countries, including 20 Latin American countries, to explore the effects of political parties on redistribution. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7129 DEC 01, 2014

Keefer, Philip; Milanovic, Branko

Incomplete integration and contagion of debt distress in economic unions (English)

This paper compares different fiscal integration schemes on the basis of their ability to finance public investments and resilience to debt distress and contagion. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7130 DEC 01, 2014

Karayalcin, Cem; Onder, Harun

How significant is Africa's demographic dividend for its future growth and poverty reduction ? (English)

Africa will be undergoing substantial demographic changes in the coming decades with the rising working age share of its population. The opportunity of African countries to convert these changes into demographic dividends for growth and poverty reduction will depend on several factors. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7134 DEC 01, 2014

Ahmed, S. Amer; Cruz, Marcio; Go, Delfin S.; Maliszewska, Maryla; Osorio-Rodarte, Israel

Economic effects of the Syrian war and the spread of the Islamic state on the Levant (English)

This paper uses a global computable general-equilibrium framework with new detail on six Levant countries -- the Arab Republic of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic, and Turkey -- to quantify the direct and indirect economic effects of the Syrian war and the advance of the Islamic State on the Levant. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7135 DEC 01, 2014

Ianchovichina, Elena; Ivanic, Maros

Addressing access and behavioral constraints through social intermediation services : a review of Chile Solidario and Red Unidos (English)

Social programs are often designed under the assumption that individuals make rational decisions that improve their welfare. Yet, informational and behavioral constraints limit the extreme and chronic poor's access and participation in social programs. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7136 DEC 01, 2014

Camacho, Adriana; Cunningham, Wendy; Rigolini, Jamele; Silva, Veronica

Local foundations for better governance : A Review of Ghazala Mansuri and Vijayendra Rao's Localizing Development (English)

In Localizing Development, Mansuri and Rao survey theory and evidence for development strategies based on local community empowerment. This note extends their theoretical argument by focusing on local government as a vital source of new leadership. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7131 DEC 01, 2014

Myerson, Roger B.

Transparent government and business regulation : "open for business?" (English)

This paper presents new indicators for 185 economies measuring the accessibility of business regulatory information. The paper shows that the new data can serve as meaningful proxies for the overall transparency of governments and the new data have explanatory power for the quality of business regulation. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7132 DEC 01, 2014

Geginat, Carolin; Saltane, Valentina

Sukuk markets : a proposed approach for development (English)

The issuance of sukuk, as an instrument in Islamic finance, has been growing in recent years. Many policy makers and businesses are looking at the sukuk markets as sources of long-term financing. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7133 DEC 01, 2014

Kusuma , Ketut Ariadi; Silva, Anderson Caputo

Measuring risk preferences in rural Ethiopia : risk tolerance and exogenous income proxies (English)

Risk-aversion has generally been found to decrease in income. This may lead one to expect that poor countries will be more risk-averse than rich countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7137 DEC 01, 2014

Vieider, Ferdinand M.; Beyene, Abebe; Bluffstone, Randall; Dissanayake, Sahan; Gebreegziabher, Zenebe; Martinsson, Peter; Mekonnen, Alemu

Wage growth, landholding, and mechanization in Chinese agriculture (English)

This paper uses farm panel data from China to examine the dynamics of land transactions, machine investments, and the demand for machine services. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7138 DEC 01, 2014

Wang, Xiaobing; Yamauchi, Futoshi; Otsuka, Keijiro; Huang, Jikun

Roads, labor markets, and human capital : evidence from rural Indonesia (English)

This paper uses household panel data from rural Indonesia to examine the impact of road quality on labor supply and wages. First, road projects are found to increase transportation speed. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7139 DEC 01, 2014

Yamauchi, Futoshi

Village political economy, land tenure insecurity, and the rural to urban migration decision : evidence from China (English)

This paper investigates the impact of land tenure insecurity on the migration decisions of China's rural residents. A simple model first frames the relationship among these variables and the probability that a reallocation of land will occur in the following year. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7080 NOV 01, 2014

Giles, John; Mu, Ren

Informing migration policies : a data primer (English)

Researchers in many fields, such as demography, economics, and sociology, have established various data collection methodologies and principles to answer a range of academic and policy questions on migration. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7082 NOV 01, 2014

Carletto, Calogero; Larrison, Jennica; Ozden, Caglar

Promoting women's economic empowerment : what works ? (English)

A review of rigorous evaluations of interventions that seek to empower women economically shows that the same class of interventions has significantly different outcomes depending on the client. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7087 NOV 01, 2014

Buvinic, Mayra; Furst-Nichols, Rebecca

Dropout in upper secondary education in Mexico : patterns, consequences and possible causes (English)

This study examines the causes and effects of low enrollment and high dropout rates at the upper secondary level in Mexico, where upper secondary completion rates are well below those of other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries and the regional average. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7083 NOV 01, 2014

Bentaouet Kattan, Raja; Szekely, Miguel

Does land fragmentation increase the cost of cultivation ? evidence from India (English)

Although a large literature discusses the productivity effects of land fragmentation, measurement and potential endogeneity issues are often overlooked. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7085 NOV 01, 2014

Deininger, Klaus; Monchuk, Daniel; Nagarajan, Hari K; Singh, Sudhir K

Assessing public debt sustainability in Mauritania with a stochastic framework (English)

This work presents a stochastic framework for assessing public debt sustainability and applies it to the case of Mauritania. The sustainability assessment projects solvency and liquidity indicators -- public debt stock and gross financing needs relative to GDP -- for 2014-23. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7088 NOV 01, 2014

Baghdassarian, William; Mele, Gianluca; Pradelli, Juan

The impact of household food consumption data collection methods on poverty and inequality measures in Niger (English)

This paper assesses the impact of three methodologies of food data collection on the welfare distribution, and poverty and inequality measures in Niger. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7090 NOV 01, 2014

Backiny-Yetna, Prospere; Steele, Diane; Djima, Ismael Yacoubou

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Education attainment in the Middle East and North Africa : success at a cost (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7127 Policy Research Working Paper
Motivations, monitoring technologies, and pay for performance (Vol. 1of1) (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7128 Policy Research Working Paper
Party age and party color : new results on the political economy of redistribution and inequality (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7129 Policy Research Working Paper
Incomplete integration and contagion of debt distress in economic unions (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7130 Policy Research Working Paper
How significant is Africa's demographic dividend for its future growth and poverty reduction ? (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7134 Policy Research Working Paper
Economic effects of the Syrian war and the spread of the Islamic state on the Levant (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7135 Policy Research Working Paper
Addressing access and behavioral constraints through social intermediation services : a review of Chile Solidario and Red Unidos (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7136 Policy Research Working Paper
Local foundations for better governance : A Review of Ghazala Mansuri and Vijayendra Rao's Localizing Development (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7131 Policy Research Working Paper
Transparent government and business regulation : "open for business?" (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7132 Policy Research Working Paper
Sukuk markets : a proposed approach for development (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7133 Policy Research Working Paper
Measuring risk preferences in rural Ethiopia : risk tolerance and exogenous income proxies (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7137 Policy Research Working Paper
Wage growth, landholding, and mechanization in Chinese agriculture (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7138 Policy Research Working Paper
Roads, labor markets, and human capital : evidence from rural Indonesia (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2014 WPS7139 Policy Research Working Paper
Village political economy, land tenure insecurity, and the rural to urban migration decision : evidence from China (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7080 Policy Research Working Paper
Informing migration policies : a data primer (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7082 Policy Research Working Paper
Promoting women's economic empowerment : what works ? (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7087 Policy Research Working Paper
Dropout in upper secondary education in Mexico : patterns, consequences and possible causes (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7083 Policy Research Working Paper
Does land fragmentation increase the cost of cultivation ? evidence from India (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7085 Policy Research Working Paper
Assessing public debt sustainability in Mauritania with a stochastic framework (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7088 Policy Research Working Paper
The impact of household food consumption data collection methods on poverty and inequality measures in Niger (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7090 Policy Research Working Paper