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Equivalent Years of Schooling : A Metric to Communicate Learning Gains in Concrete Terms (English)

In the past decade, hundreds of impact evaluation studies have measured the learning outcomes of education interventions in developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8752 FEB 19, 2019

Evans,David; Yuan,Fei Disclosed

Assessing Rural Accessibility and Rural Roads Investment Needs Using Open Source Data (English)

Rural accessibility is the only metric used in the Sustainable Development Goals to track progress toward better transport services in low- and middle-income countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8746 FEB 19, 2019

Mikou,Mehdi; Rozenberg,Julie; Koks,Elco Eduard; Fox,Charles James Edward; Peralta Quiros,Tatiana Disclosed

Investment Needs for Irrigation Infrastructure along Different Socioeconomic Pathways (English)

This paper conducts an assessment of the global costs for expanding, upgrading, and improving irrigation infrastructure in developing countries, along different future scenarios toward 2050. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8744 FEB 19, 2019

Palazzo,Amanda; Valin,Hugo Jean Pierre; Batka,Miroslav; Havlík,Petr Disclosed

Global Investment Costs for Coastal Defense through the 21st Century (English)

Sea-level rise threatens low-lying areas around the world's coasts with increased coastal flooding during storms. One response to this challenge is to build or upgrade coastal flood defenses. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8745 FEB 19, 2019

Nicholls,Robert John; Hinkel,Jochen; Lincke,Daniel; van der Pol,Thomas Disclosed

Scenarios : Leapfrog, Lock-in, and Lopsided (English)

This paper presents the details of three scenarios -- leapfrog, lock-in, and lopsided -- that describe an illustrative set of technological states. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8748 FEB 19, 2019

Leifman,Michael Meir Disclosed

Meeting the Sustainable Development Goal for Electricity Access -- Using a Multi-Scenario Approach to Understand the Cost Drivers of Power Infrastructure in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)

This paper explores the investments needed to achieve universal access to electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa by 2030, and the additional operation and maintenance costs these investments entail. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8747 FEB 19, 2019

Nicolas,Claire Marion; Samson,Benjamin; Rozenberg,Julie Disclosed

Are Trade Preferences a Panacea? : The African Growth and Opportunity Act and African Exports (English)

Does "infant industry" preferential access durably boost export performance? This paper exploits significant trade policy changes in the United States around the turn of the 21st century to address this question. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8753 FEB 19, 2019

Fernandes,Ana Margarida; Maemir,Hibret Belete; Mattoo,Aaditya; Forero Rojas,Alejandro Disclosed

Household Savings in Central Eastern and Southeastern Europe : How Do Poorer Households Save? (English)

Based on a survey of households in 10 Central Eastern European and Western Balkan countries, this paper presents new and unique evidence on which households have savings and how they save. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8751 FEB 19, 2019

Beckmann,Elisabeth Disclosed

Are They Really Being Served? : Assessing Effective Infrastructure Access and Quality in 15 Kenyan Cities (English)

This paper proposes a framework that examines three levels of access to infrastructure -- nominal, effective, and quality-adjusted access. Most conventional indicators measure nominal access --whether a household has physical access to a service in or near the house. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8750 FEB 19, 2019

Gulyani,Sumila; Ryan Rizvi,Andrea C.; Talukdar,Debabrata Disclosed

Do Firms Exit the Formal Economy after a Minimum Wage Hike? : Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Turkey (English)

This paper explores the effects of a large increase in the national minimum wage in Turkey on firms’ exit rates from the formal economy. The analysis exploits a unique, linked employer-employee panel data set of the universe of registered firms in all sectors of the economy. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8749 FEB 15, 2019

Acar,Aysenur; Bossavie,Laurent Loic Yves; Makovec,Mattia Disclosed

Parental Beliefs, Investments, and Child Development : Evidence from a Large-Scale Experiment (English)

This paper experimentally evaluates a large-scale and low-cost parenting program targeting poor families in Chile. Households in 162 public health centers were randomly assigned to three groups: a control group, a second group that was offered eight weekly group parenting sessions, and a third group that was offered the same eight group sessions plus two sessions of guided interactions between parents and children focused on responsive play and dialogic reading. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8743 FEB 14, 2019

Amaro Da Costa Luz Carneiro,Pedro Manuel; Galasso,Emanuela; Lopez Garcia,Italo Xavier; Bedregal,Paula; Cordero,Miguel Disclosed

Measuring Human Capital (English)

Students around the world are going to school but are not learning -- an emerging gap in human capital formation. To understand this gap, this paper introduces a new data set measuring learning in 164 countries and territories. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8742 FEB 14, 2019

Angrist,Noam; Djankov,Simeon; Goldberg,Pinelopi Koujianou; Patrinos,Harry Anthony Disclosed

Pollution and City Competitiveness : A Descriptive Analysis (English)

As cities grow, the negative effects of congestion start to play their part, often affecting the cities' ability to become and remain competitive. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8740 FEB 14, 2019

Lozano Gracia,Nancy; Soppelsa,Maria Edisa Disclosed

Does Automation in Rich Countries Hurt Developing Ones? : Evidence from the U.S. and Mexico (English)

Following a couple of decades of offshoring, the fear today is of reshoring. Using administrative data on Mexican exports by municipality, sector and destination from 2004 to 2014, this paper investigates how local labor markets in Mexico that are more exposed to automation in the U.S. through trade fared in exports and employment outcomes. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8741 FEB 14, 2019

Artuc,Erhan; Christiaensen,Luc; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Improving Access and Quality in Early Childhood Development Programs : Experimental Evidence from The Gambia (English)

Early childhood experiences lay the foundation for outcomes later in life. Policy makers in developing countries face a dual challenge of promoting access to and quality of early childhood development services, but evidence on how to manage this trade-off is scarce. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8737 FEB 13, 2019

Blimpo,Moussa Pouguinimpo; Amaro Da Costa Luz Carneiro,Pedro Manuel; Jervis,Pamela; Pugatch,Todd Disclosed

Does Pollution Hinder Urban Competitiveness ? (English)

This paper surveys the recent literature exploring the causes of urban pollution in the developing world and the implications of such pollution for a city's competitiveness. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8739 FEB 13, 2019

Kahn,Matthew Edwin; Lozano Gracia,Nancy; Soppelsa,Maria Edisa Disclosed

Inflation : Concepts, Evolution, and Correlates (English)

In the past four to five decades, inflation has fallen around the world, with median annual global consumer price inflation down from a peak of 16.6 percent in 1974 to 2.6 percent in 2017. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8738 FEB 13, 2019

Ha,Jongrim; Ivanova,Anna; Ohnsorge,Franziska Lieselotte; Unsal Portillo Ocando,Derya Filiz Disclosed

Does Culture Matter or Firm ? Demand for Female Labor in Three Indian Cities (English)

In discussing the inordinately low employment of Indian women in urban areas, several studies have argued that culture and attitudes have created a labor market that is inherently discriminatory. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8736 FEB 12, 2019

Das,Maitreyi B; Mehta,Soumya Kapoor; Zumbyte,Ieva; Sasmal,Sanjeev; Goyal,Sangeeta Disclosed

Estimation of Poverty in Somalia Using Innovative Methodologies (English)

Somalia is highly data-deprived, leaving policy makers to operate in a statistical vacuum. To overcome this challenge, the World Bank implemented wave 2 of the Somali High Frequency Survey to better understand livelihoods and vulnerabilities and, especially, to estimate national poverty indicators. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8735 FEB 12, 2019

Pape,Utz Johann; Wollburg,Philip Randolph Disclosed

What Is State Capacity ? (English)

Reform leaders who want to pursue technically sound policies are confronted with the problem of getting myriad government agencies, staffed by thousands of bureaucrats and state personnel, to deliver. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8734 FEB 11, 2019

Khemani,Stuti Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Equivalent Years of Schooling : A Metric to Communicate Learning Gains in Concrete Terms (English)
See More +
FEB 19, 2019 WPS8752 Policy Research Working Paper
Assessing Rural Accessibility and Rural Roads Investment Needs Using Open Source Data (English)
See More +
FEB 19, 2019 WPS8746 Policy Research Working Paper
Investment Needs for Irrigation Infrastructure along Different Socioeconomic Pathways (English)
See More +
FEB 19, 2019 WPS8744 Policy Research Working Paper
Global Investment Costs for Coastal Defense through the 21st Century (English)
See More +
FEB 19, 2019 WPS8745 Policy Research Working Paper
Scenarios : Leapfrog, Lock-in, and Lopsided (English)
See More +
FEB 19, 2019 WPS8748 Policy Research Working Paper
Meeting the Sustainable Development Goal for Electricity Access -- Using a Multi-Scenario Approach to Understand the Cost Drivers of Power Infrastructure in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)
See More +
FEB 19, 2019 WPS8747 Policy Research Working Paper
Are Trade Preferences a Panacea? : The African Growth and Opportunity Act and African Exports (English)
See More +
FEB 19, 2019 WPS8753 Policy Research Working Paper
Household Savings in Central Eastern and Southeastern Europe : How Do Poorer Households Save? (English)
See More +
FEB 19, 2019 WPS8751 Policy Research Working Paper
Are They Really Being Served? : Assessing Effective Infrastructure Access and Quality in 15 Kenyan Cities (English)
See More +
FEB 19, 2019 WPS8750 Policy Research Working Paper
Do Firms Exit the Formal Economy after a Minimum Wage Hike? : Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Turkey (English)
See More +
FEB 15, 2019 WPS8749 Policy Research Working Paper
Parental Beliefs, Investments, and Child Development : Evidence from a Large-Scale Experiment (English)
See More +
FEB 14, 2019 WPS8743 Policy Research Working Paper
Measuring Human Capital (English)
See More +
FEB 14, 2019 WPS8742 Policy Research Working Paper
Pollution and City Competitiveness : A Descriptive Analysis (English)
See More +
FEB 14, 2019 WPS8740 Policy Research Working Paper
Does Automation in Rich Countries Hurt Developing Ones? : Evidence from the U.S. and Mexico (English)
See More +
FEB 14, 2019 WPS8741 Policy Research Working Paper
Improving Access and Quality in Early Childhood Development Programs : Experimental Evidence from The Gambia (English)
See More +
FEB 13, 2019 WPS8737 Policy Research Working Paper
Does Pollution Hinder Urban Competitiveness ? (English)
See More +
FEB 13, 2019 WPS8739 Policy Research Working Paper
Inflation : Concepts, Evolution, and Correlates (English)
See More +
FEB 13, 2019 WPS8738 Policy Research Working Paper
Does Culture Matter or Firm ? Demand for Female Labor in Three Indian Cities (English)
See More +
FEB 12, 2019 WPS8736 Policy Research Working Paper
Estimation of Poverty in Somalia Using Innovative Methodologies (English)
See More +
FEB 12, 2019 WPS8735 Policy Research Working Paper
What Is State Capacity ? (English)
See More +
FEB 11, 2019 WPS8734 Policy Research Working Paper