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The Role of Income and Substitution in Commodity Demand (English)

This paper presents estimates of time-varying income elasticities of demand for energy and metal commodities. The analysis finds that the elasticities are close to unity, evaluated at world median per capita income levels. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9122 JAN 23, 2020

Baffes,John; Kabundi,Alain Ntumba; Nagle,Peter Stephen Oliver Disclosed

Assessing Deprivation with an Ordinal Variable : Theory and Application to Sanitation Deprivation in Bangladesh (English)

The challenges associated with poverty measurement with a cardinal variable have received due attention during the last four decades, but there is a dearth of literature studying how to meaningfully assess poverty with an ordinal variable. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9120 JAN 23, 2020

Seth,Suman; Yalonetzky,Gaston Disclosed

Inequality, Poverty and the Intra-Household Allocation of Consumption in Senegal (English)

Intra-household inequalities have long been a source of concern for policy design, but there is very little evidence. The current practice of ignoring inequality within households could lead to an underestimation of both overall inequality and poverty levels, as well as to the misclassification of some individuals as regards to their poverty status. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9121 JAN 23, 2020

De Vreyer,Philippe H.; Lambert,Sylvie Disclosed

Debt and Financial Crises (English)

Emerging market and developing economies have experienced recurrent episodes of rapid debt accumulation over the past fifty years. This paper examines the consequences of debt accumulation using a three-pronged approach: an event study of debt accumulation episodes in 100 emerging market and developing economies since 1970; a series of econometric models examining the linkages between debt and the probability of financial crises; and a set of case studies of rapid debt buildup that ended in crises. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9116 JAN 22, 2020

Koh,Wee Chian; Kose,Ayhan; Nagle,Peter Stephen Oliver; Ohnsorge,Franziska Lieselotte; Sugawara,Naotaka Disclosed

Returns to Education in Azerbaijan : Some New Estimates (English)

This paper estimates private and social returns to investment in education in Azerbaijan, using the 2015 Azerbaijan Monitoring Survey for Social Welfare. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9117 JAN 22, 2020

Garcia Moreno,Vicente A.; Patrinos,Harry Anthony Disclosed

Intimate Partner Violence : The Influence of Job Opportunities for Men and Women (English)

This study examines the association of unemployment variation with intimate partner violence using representative data from thirty-one developing countries, through 2005 to 2016. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9118 JAN 22, 2020

Bhalotra,Sonia R.; Kambhampati,Uma; Rawlings,Samantha; Siddique,Zahra Disclosed

Regional Integration in South Asia : Implications for Green Growth, Female Labor Force Participation, and the Gender Wage Gap (English)

The study aims to provide insights to policy makers in measuring the impact of trade liberalization and regional integration measures on gender employment and wages. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9119 JAN 22, 2020

Mani,Muthukumara S.; Gopalakrishnan,Badri Narayanan; Wadhwa,Deepika Disclosed

Conceptual Aspects of Global Value Chains (English)

The paper offers an overview of some key conceptual aspects associated with the rise of global value chains (GVCs). It outlines a series of alternative interpretations and definitions of what the rise of GVCs entails, and it traces the implications of these alternative conceptualizations for the measurement of the phenomenon, as well as for elucidating the key determinants and implications of GVC participation, both at the country level and at the firm level. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9114 JAN 21, 2020

Antras,Pol Disclosed

Heterogeneous Effects of the de jure and de facto Business Environment : Findings from Multiple Data Sets on the Business Environment (English)

Using multiple sources of national- and firm-level data around the world, this paper investigates how the effects of the business environment depend on whether the measure is de jure or de facto, and how business environment effects differ by ownership and size. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9115 JAN 21, 2020

Zhenwei Qiang,Christine; Wang,He; Xu,L. Colin Disclosed

Does Democratization Promote Competition? : Indonesian Manufacturing Pre and Post Suharto (English)

Does democratization promote economic competition? This paper documents that the disruption of political connections associated with Suharto's fall had a modest pro-competitive effect on Indonesian manufacturing industries in which his family had extensive business interests. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9112 JAN 21, 2020

Hallward-Driemeier,Mary C.; Kochanova,Anna; Rijkers,Bob Disclosed

Gender Differences in Agricultural Productivity in Cote d'Ivoire : Changes in Determinants and Distributional Composition over the Past Decade (English)

This paper analyzes changes in agricultural productivity gender gaps in Côte d'Ivoire between 2008 and 2016 using decomposition methods. The analysis finds that the unconditional gender gap between male- and female-headed households has decreased by 14 percent over the past decade. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9113 JAN 21, 2020

Donald,Aletheia Amalia; Lawin,Gabriel; Rouanet,Lea Marie Disclosed

Migration and Remittances in the Former Soviet Union Countries of Central Asia and the South Caucasus : What Are the Long-Term Macroeconomic Consequences? (English)

Armenia, Georgia, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Tajikistan have all experienced substantial out-migration of workers and an associated inflow of workers' remittances over the past two decades. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9111 JAN 15, 2020

Brownbridge,Martin; Canagarajah,Sudharshan Disclosed

Macro-Financial Aspects of Climate Change (English)

This paper examines the interaction between macro-financial and climate-related risks. It brings together different strands of the literature on climate-related risks and how these relate to macro-financial management and risks. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9109 JAN 14, 2020

Feyen,Erik H.B.; Utz,Robert Johann; Zuccardi Huertas,Igor Esteban; Bogdan,Olena; Moon,Jisung Disclosed

Migration in Libya : A Spatial Network Analysis (English)

This paper provides the first systematic analysis of migration to, within, and from Libya. The data used in the analysis are from the Displacement Tracking Matrix data set of the International Organization for Migration. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9110 JAN 14, 2020

Di Maio,Michele; Leone Sciabolazza,Valerio; Molini,Vasco Disclosed

Free Movement and Affordable Housing : Public Preferences for Reform in Uzbekistan (Russian)

Uzbekistan has one of the lowest rates of internal migration in the world, leading to persistent economic imbalances. Drawing from a unique monthly panel survey called Listening to the Citizens of Uzbekistan and a survey experiment, this paper focuses on two factors that prevent domestic mobility: (i) restrictive propiska registration policies, and (ii) the exceptionally high cost of urban housing. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9107 JAN 13, 2020

English Disclosed

What Aspects of Formality Do Workers Value ? Evidence from a Choice Experiment in Bangladesh (English)

This study uses a choice experiment among 2,000 workers in Bangladesh to elicit willingness to pay (WTP) for job attributes: a contract, termination notice, working hours, paid leave, and a pension fund. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9108 JAN 13, 2020

Mahmud,Minhaj; Gutierrez,Italo A.; Kumar,Krishna B.; Nataraj,Shanthi Disclosed

Free Movement and Affordable Housing : Public Preferences for Reform in Uzbekistan (English)

Uzbekistan has one of the lowest rates of internal migration in the world, leading to persistent economic imbalances. Drawing from a unique monthly panel survey called Listening to the Citizens of Uzbekistan and a survey experiment, this paper focuses on two factors that prevent domestic mobility: (i) restrictive propiska registration policies, and (ii) the exceptionally high cost of urban housing. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9107 JAN 08, 2020

Seitz,William Hutchins Russian Disclosed

Stages of Development of Payment Systems : Leapfrogging across Countries and MENA's Place in the World (English)

This paper studies the relationship between the level of economic development and the incidence of three forms of payments across countries, namely the incidence of bank accounts, digital payments, and mobile money accounts among the adult populations across countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9104 JAN 07, 2020

Gevaudan,Clement; Lederman,Daniel Disclosed

Free Primary Education, Fertility, and Women's Access to the Labor Market : Evidence from Ethiopia (English)

This article investigates the causal relationship between women's schooling and fertility by exploiting variation generated by the removal of school fees in Ethiopia. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9105 JAN 07, 2020

Chicoine,Luke Disclosed

The Spillovers of Employment Guarantee Programs on Child Labor and Education (English)

Many developing countries use employment guarantee programs to combat poverty. This paper examines the consequences of such employment guarantee programs for the human capital accumulation of children. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9106 JAN 07, 2020

Li,Tianshu; Sekhri,Sheetal Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
The Role of Income and Substitution in Commodity Demand (English)
See More +
JAN 23, 2020 WPS9122 Policy Research Working Paper
Assessing Deprivation with an Ordinal Variable : Theory and Application to Sanitation Deprivation in Bangladesh (English)
See More +
JAN 23, 2020 WPS9120 Policy Research Working Paper
Inequality, Poverty and the Intra-Household Allocation of Consumption in Senegal (English)
See More +
JAN 23, 2020 WPS9121 Policy Research Working Paper
Debt and Financial Crises (English)
See More +
JAN 22, 2020 WPS9116 Policy Research Working Paper
Returns to Education in Azerbaijan : Some New Estimates (English)
See More +
JAN 22, 2020 WPS9117 Policy Research Working Paper
Intimate Partner Violence : The Influence of Job Opportunities for Men and Women (English)
See More +
JAN 22, 2020 WPS9118 Policy Research Working Paper
Regional Integration in South Asia : Implications for Green Growth, Female Labor Force Participation, and the Gender Wage Gap (English)
See More +
JAN 22, 2020 WPS9119 Policy Research Working Paper
Conceptual Aspects of Global Value Chains (English)
See More +
JAN 21, 2020 WPS9114 Policy Research Working Paper
Heterogeneous Effects of the de jure and de facto Business Environment : Findings from Multiple Data Sets on the Business Environment (English)
See More +
JAN 21, 2020 WPS9115 Policy Research Working Paper
Does Democratization Promote Competition? : Indonesian Manufacturing Pre and Post Suharto (English)
See More +
JAN 21, 2020 WPS9112 Policy Research Working Paper
Gender Differences in Agricultural Productivity in Cote d'Ivoire : Changes in Determinants and Distributional Composition over the Past Decade (English)
See More +
JAN 21, 2020 WPS9113 Policy Research Working Paper
Migration and Remittances in the Former Soviet Union Countries of Central Asia and the South Caucasus : What Are the Long-Term Macroeconomic Consequences? (English)
See More +
JAN 15, 2020 WPS9111 Policy Research Working Paper
Macro-Financial Aspects of Climate Change (English)
See More +
JAN 14, 2020 WPS9109 Policy Research Working Paper
Migration in Libya : A Spatial Network Analysis (English)
See More +
JAN 14, 2020 WPS9110 Policy Research Working Paper
Free Movement and Affordable Housing : Public Preferences for Reform in Uzbekistan (Russian)
See More +
JAN 13, 2020 WPS9107 Policy Research Working Paper English
What Aspects of Formality Do Workers Value ? Evidence from a Choice Experiment in Bangladesh (English)
See More +
JAN 13, 2020 WPS9108 Policy Research Working Paper
Free Movement and Affordable Housing : Public Preferences for Reform in Uzbekistan (English)
See More +
JAN 08, 2020 WPS9107 Policy Research Working Paper Russian
Stages of Development of Payment Systems : Leapfrogging across Countries and MENA's Place in the World (English)
See More +
JAN 07, 2020 WPS9104 Policy Research Working Paper
Free Primary Education, Fertility, and Women's Access to the Labor Market : Evidence from Ethiopia (English)
See More +
JAN 07, 2020 WPS9105 Policy Research Working Paper
The Spillovers of Employment Guarantee Programs on Child Labor and Education (English)
See More +
JAN 07, 2020 WPS9106 Policy Research Working Paper