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Using Mobile Phone Data to Reduce Spread of Disease (English)

While human mobility has important benefits for economic growth, it can generate negative externalities. This paper studies the effect of mobility on the spread of disease in a low-incidence setting when people do not internalize their risks to others. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9198 MAR 30, 2020

Milusheva,Sveta Disclosed

Digital Trade in MENA : Regulatory Readiness Assessment (English)

A strong regulatory framework can provide essential tools for remote transactions and improve trust in digital trade. Yet, regulations can also introduce restrictions that hamper the conditions for digital markets. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9199 MAR 30, 2020

Daza Jaller,Lillyana Sophia; Molinuevo,Martin Disclosed

Internet Job Search, Employment, and Wage Growth : Evidence from the Arab Republic of Egypt (English)

This paper assesses the impact of Internet job search on employment in the Arab Republic of Egypt, the most populous country in the Middle East and North Africa region. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9196 MAR 26, 2020

El-Mallakh,Nelly Disclosed

The Relationship between Female Labor Force Participation and Violent Conflicts in South Asia (English)

This paper explores the link between the prevalence of violent conflicts and extremely low female labor force participation rates in South Asia. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9195 MAR 26, 2020

Robertson,Raymond; Lopez-Acevedo,Gladys C.; Morales,Matias Disclosed

Determinants of Global Value Chain Participation : Cross-Country Evidence (English)

The past decades witnessed big changes in international trade with the rise of global value chains. Some countries, such as China, Poland, and Vietnam, rode the tide, while other countries, many in the Africa region, faltered. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9197 MAR 26, 2020

Fernandes,Ana Margarida; Kee,Hiau Looi; Winkler,Deborah Elisabeth Disclosed

The Future of Work in Agriculture : Some Reflections (English)

As countries develop (and food saturation takes hold), agriculture's role as domestic employer declines. But the broader agri-food system also expands, and the scope for agriculture-related job creation shifts beyond the farm. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9193 MAR 24, 2020

Christiaensen,Luc; Rutledge,Zachariah Judson; Taylor,J. Edward Disclosed

Demand for Information on Environmental Health Risk, Mode of Delivery, and Behavioral Change : Evidence from Sonargaon, Bangladesh (English)

Millions of villagers in Bangladesh are exposed to arsenic by drinking contaminated water from private wells. Testing for arsenic can encourage switching from unsafe wells to safer sources. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9194 MAR 24, 2020

Tarozzi,Alessandro; Maertens,Ricardo; Ahmed,Kazi Matin Uddin; van Geen,Alexander Disclosed

Determinants of International Buyout Investments (English)

Using a comprehensive and proprietary data set on international private equity activity, this paper studies the determinants of buyout investments across 61 countries and 19 industries over 1990-2017. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9191 MAR 23, 2020

Aldatmaz,Serdar; Brown,Greg W.; Demirguc-Kunt,Asli Disclosed

Customary Land Conversion and the Formation of the African City (English)

As cities grow and spatially expand, agricultural land is converted into residential land. In many developing countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, this process is accompanied by a change in land tenure, whereby plots held under traditional customary arrangements are sold to new urban residents, possibly with formal property rights. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9192 MAR 23, 2020

M. Picard,Pierre; Selod,Harris Disclosed

Estimating Resiliency Benefits of Road Upgradation : Case of the East Road in Malaita, Solomon Islands (English)

Governments and their multilateral partners are increasingly recognizing the importance of incorporating climate and disaster resilience considerations into infrastructure development plans as well as the related construction and financing decisions. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9190 MAR 19, 2020

Marcelo Gordillo,Darwin; Raina,Aditi Disclosed

Peer Effects on Violence : Experimental Evidence from El Salvador (English)

This paper provides experimental evidence of the effect of having peers with different propensities for violence in the context of an afterschool program. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9187 MAR 17, 2020

Dinarte Diaz,Lelys Ileana Disclosed

What are the Empirical Determinants of International Tourist Arrivals and Expenditures? : An Empirical Application to the Case of Sao Tome and Principe (English)

The link between tourism and growth is very important for some countries, especially small island countries like São Tomé and Príncipe. This paper investigates the empirical determinants of tourism outcomes (tourist arrivals and expenditures) and uses the findings to assess the performance of the tourism sector in São Tomé and Príncipe. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9189 MAR 17, 2020

Montes Rojas,Gabriel Victorio; Barroso,Rafael Chelles Disclosed

Conflict and the Composition of Economic Activity in Afghanistan (English)

Despite informality being the norm in conflict-affected countries, most estimates of the impact of conflict on economic activity rely on formal sector data. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9188 MAR 17, 2020

Galdo,Virgilio; Lopez-Acevedo,Gladys C.; Rama,Martin G. Disclosed

Fear is What Weighs Most : Experiences of Women in Situations of Violence in Accessing Support Services in Brazil (English)

This paper seeks to fill a knowledge gap relative to the low uptake of services for women living in situations of violence. The phenomenon is observed in many countries, including in Brazil, despite its robust legal framework to prevent and protect women from domestic violence. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9186 MAR 16, 2020

Machado,Ana Luiza; Muller,Miriam; Van Wie,Sara Hause Disclosed

Urban Agglomerations and Employment Transitions in Ethiopia (English)

Agglomeration boosts economic growth. A vast literature has empirically assessed the effects of agglomeration by estimating the city population elasticity on wages. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9184 MAR 13, 2020

Kamei,Akito; Nakamura,Shohei Disclosed

Electricity Access and Structural Transformation : Evidence from Brazil's Electrification (English)

This study proposes a novel supply-side mechanism driving economic structural transformation: grid electrification. Increasing electricity availability affects the reallocation of inputs to more productive activities through generating higher returns and lowering entry costs in sectors with greater infrastructure intensity. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9182 MAR 13, 2020

Perez Sebastian,Fidel; Steinbuks,Jevgenijs; Feres,Jose Gustavo; Trotter,Ian Michael Disclosed

Traffic, Air Pollution, and Distributional Impacts in Dar es Salaam : A Spatial Analysis with New Satellite Data (English)

Air pollution from vehicular traffic is a major source of health damage in urban areas. The problems of urban traffic and pollution are essentially geographic, because their incidence and impacts depend on the spatial distribution of economic activities, households, and transport links. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9185 MAR 13, 2020

Dasgupta,Susmita; Lall,Somik V.; Wheeler,David Disclosed

Does the Internet Reduce Gender Gaps? : The Case of Jordan (English)

This article investigates the link between digital technologies and female labor market outcomes in a country with one of the largest gender disparities. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9183 MAR 13, 2020

Viollaz,Mariana; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Prospects, Risks, and Vulnerabilities in Emerging and Developing Economies : Lessons from the Past Decade (English)

Growth in emerging markets and developing economies (EMDEs) has generally disappointed since the 2009 global recession, with sizable forecast downgrades in most years. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9181 MAR 12, 2020

Ruch,Franz Ulrich Disclosed

Policy Challenges for Emerging and Developing Economies : Lessons from the Past Decade (English)

The 2009 global recession demonstrated, once again, the importance of crisis prevention as well as the critical need for preserving policy room so that emerging market and developing economies (EMDEs) can act when their economies are hit by shocks. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9180 MAR 12, 2020

Ruch,Franz Ulrich Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Using Mobile Phone Data to Reduce Spread of Disease (English)
See More +
MAR 30, 2020 WPS9198 Policy Research Working Paper
Digital Trade in MENA : Regulatory Readiness Assessment (English)
See More +
MAR 30, 2020 WPS9199 Policy Research Working Paper
Internet Job Search, Employment, and Wage Growth : Evidence from the Arab Republic of Egypt (English)
See More +
MAR 26, 2020 WPS9196 Policy Research Working Paper
The Relationship between Female Labor Force Participation and Violent Conflicts in South Asia (English)
See More +
MAR 26, 2020 WPS9195 Policy Research Working Paper
Determinants of Global Value Chain Participation : Cross-Country Evidence (English)
See More +
MAR 26, 2020 WPS9197 Policy Research Working Paper
The Future of Work in Agriculture : Some Reflections (English)
See More +
MAR 24, 2020 WPS9193 Policy Research Working Paper
Demand for Information on Environmental Health Risk, Mode of Delivery, and Behavioral Change : Evidence from Sonargaon, Bangladesh (English)
See More +
MAR 24, 2020 WPS9194 Policy Research Working Paper
Determinants of International Buyout Investments (English)
See More +
MAR 23, 2020 WPS9191 Policy Research Working Paper
Customary Land Conversion and the Formation of the African City (English)
See More +
MAR 23, 2020 WPS9192 Policy Research Working Paper
Estimating Resiliency Benefits of Road Upgradation : Case of the East Road in Malaita, Solomon Islands (English)
See More +
MAR 19, 2020 WPS9190 Policy Research Working Paper
Peer Effects on Violence : Experimental Evidence from El Salvador (English)
See More +
MAR 17, 2020 WPS9187 Policy Research Working Paper
What are the Empirical Determinants of International Tourist Arrivals and Expenditures? : An Empirical Application to the Case of Sao Tome and Principe (English)
See More +
MAR 17, 2020 WPS9189 Policy Research Working Paper
Conflict and the Composition of Economic Activity in Afghanistan (English)
See More +
MAR 17, 2020 WPS9188 Policy Research Working Paper
Fear is What Weighs Most : Experiences of Women in Situations of Violence in Accessing Support Services in Brazil (English)
See More +
MAR 16, 2020 WPS9186 Policy Research Working Paper
Urban Agglomerations and Employment Transitions in Ethiopia (English)
See More +
MAR 13, 2020 WPS9184 Policy Research Working Paper
Electricity Access and Structural Transformation : Evidence from Brazil's Electrification (English)
See More +
MAR 13, 2020 WPS9182 Policy Research Working Paper
Traffic, Air Pollution, and Distributional Impacts in Dar es Salaam : A Spatial Analysis with New Satellite Data (English)
See More +
MAR 13, 2020 WPS9185 Policy Research Working Paper
Does the Internet Reduce Gender Gaps? : The Case of Jordan (English)
See More +
MAR 13, 2020 WPS9183 Policy Research Working Paper
Prospects, Risks, and Vulnerabilities in Emerging and Developing Economies : Lessons from the Past Decade (English)
See More +
MAR 12, 2020 WPS9181 Policy Research Working Paper
Policy Challenges for Emerging and Developing Economies : Lessons from the Past Decade (English)
See More +
MAR 12, 2020 WPS9180 Policy Research Working Paper