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Capital flow measures : structural or cyclical policy tools ? (English)

This paper analyzes the use of capital flow measures in emerging markets. Drawing on a specially compiled new database of capital flow measures, it establishes that policy makers in emerging market economies do not use capital flow measures as an active tool at business cycle frequency. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8418 APR 26, 2018

Gupta,Poonam - GMTSA; Masetti,Oliver Disclosed

Jobs ! electricity shortages and unemployment in Africa (English)

This paper presents evidence on how the provision of unreliable electricity constrains expansion in the productive sectors of the economy, consequently leading to a reduction in the number of employment opportunities in Africa. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8415 APR 19, 2018

Mensah,Justice Tei Disclosed

Impact of free trade agreement use on import prices (English)

This paper examines the impact of free trade agreement (FTA) use on import prices. For this analysis, it employs establishment-level import data with information on tariff schemes, that is, the FTA and most-favored-nation schemes used for importing. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8416 APR 19, 2018

Hayakawa,Kazunobu; Laksanapanyakul,Nuttawut; Mukunoki,Hiroshi; Urata,Shujiro Disclosed

Banking with agents : experimental evidence from Senegal (English)

This paper uses a randomized controlled trial to study the effects of access to agent banking. Individuals were encouraged to open an account and transact at a banking agent or a branch of a financial institution. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8417 APR 19, 2018

Buri,Sinja; Cull,Robert J.; Gine,Xavier; Harten,Sven; Heitmann,Soren Disclosed

Firm location, transport connectivity, and agglomeration economies : Evidence from Liberia (English)

Transport connectivity is among the most important factors in increasing firm productivity and accelerating economic development. The literature generally supports the idea of agglomeration economies, although there is little evidence of their effectiveness in Africa. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8411 APR 18, 2018

Iimi,Atsushi; Rao,Kulwinder Singh Disclosed

Transport connectivity and health care access : evidence from Liberia (English)

Health care access is an important policy concern, especially in rural areas. It is especially challenging in developing countries, where rural residents are poorer and less likely to be insured than those living in urban areas. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8413 APR 18, 2018

Iimi,Atsushi; Rao,Kulwinder Singh Disclosed

Estimating intergenerational mobility with incomplete data : coresidency and truncation bias in rank-based relative and absolute mobility measures (English)

The rank-based measures of intergenerational mobility have become increasingly popular in economics literature. Recent evidence shows that rank-based measures are less affected by measurement error and life-cycle bias compared with other standard measures such as intergenerational regression coefficient and intergenerational correlation. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8414 APR 18, 2018

Emran,M. Shahe; Shilpi,Forhad J. Disclosed

Efficiency, legitimacy and impacts of targeting methods : evidence from an experiment in Niger (English)

The methods to select safety net beneficiaries are the subject of frequent policy debates. This paper presents the results from a randomized experiment analyzing how efficiency, legitimacy, and short-term program effectiveness vary across widely used targeting methods. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8412 APR 18, 2018

Premand,Patrick; Schnitzer,Pascale Disclosed

The economics of the gender wage gap in Armenia (English)

In Armenia, the proportion of women among employed workers increased from 45 to 48 percent between 2008 and 2015. This evolution was accompanied by a fall in the gender earnings gap; however, the difference in average wages of men and women is still among the largest in comparison with countries in the Europe and Central Asia region. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8409 APR 17, 2018

Rodriguez Chamussy,Lourdes; Sinha,Nistha; Atencio,Andrea Disclosed

Place-based policies for development (English)

Many development policies, such as placement of infrastructure or local economic development schemes, are "place-based." Such policies are generally intended to stimulate private sector investment and economic growth in the treated place, and as such they are difficult to appraise and evaluate. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8410 APR 17, 2018

Duranton,Gilles; Venables,Anthony J. Disclosed

Sharing the benefits of innovation-digitization : a summary of market processes and policy suggestions (English)

Governments play a very important role in supporting innovation, managing the disruptive effects of innovation, and ensuring that the benefits of innovation are broadly shared in the long run. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8406 APR 16, 2018

Islam,Roumeen Disclosed

Electricity provision and tax mobilization in Africa (English)

This paper provides evidence on how the provision of social infrastructure, such as reliable electricity, can be leveraged to increase taxation in developing countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8408 APR 16, 2018

Blimpo,Moussa Pouguinimpo; Mensah,Justice Tei; Opalo,K. Ochieng’; Shi,Ruifan Disclosed

Why are connection charges so high ? an analysis of the electricity sector in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)

This study develops and structurally estimates a model of household and electric utility behavior to describe how the low access rates and high connection charges that are common in the Sub-Saharan Africa region arise from regulated electricity tariffs being set too low. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8407 APR 16, 2018

Blimpo,Moussa Pouguinimpo; Mcrae,Shaun David; Steinbuks,Jevgenijs Disclosed

The effects of cash transfers on adult labor market outcomes (English)

The basic economic model of labor supply has a very clear prediction of what should be expected when an adult receives an unexpected cash windfall: they should work less and earn less. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8404 APR 12, 2018

Baird,Sarah Jane; Mckenzie,David J.; Ozler,Berk Disclosed

Capital inflows, equity issuance activity, and corporate investment (English)

This paper uses issuance-level data to study how equity capital inflows that enter emerging market economies affect equity issuance and corporate investment. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8405 APR 12, 2018

Calomiris,Charles W.; Larrain,Mauricio; Schmukler,Sergio L. Disclosed

Determinants and dynamics of business aspirations : evidence from small-scale entrepreneurs in an emerging market (English)

Small-scale entrepreneurs are ubiquitous in emerging market economies, yet very few graduate to become larger businesses. This paper asks whether such entrepreneurs aspire to grow and, if so, on which dimensions of the business? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8400 APR 11, 2018

Dalton,Patricio S.; Ruschenpohler,Julius; Zia,Bilal Husnain Disclosed

Closer, but no cigar : intergenerational mobility across caste groups in India (English)

This paper compares the intergenerational mobility of educational and occupational attainment of men from disadvantaged groups (Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST)) in India with the intergenerational mobility of men outside these groups during 1983-2009. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8401 APR 11, 2018

Sinha,Rishabh Disclosed

Returns to investment in education : a decennial review of the global literature (English)

Returns to investment in education based on human capital theory have been estimated systematically since the 1950s. In the 60-plus year history of such estimates, there have been several compilations in the literature. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8402 APR 11, 2018

Psacharopoulos,George; Patrinos,Harry Anthony Disclosed

To impute or not to impute ? a review of alternative poverty estimation methods in the context of unavailable consumption data (English)

There is an increasingly stronger demand for more frequent and accurate poverty estimates, despite the oftentimes unavailable household consumption data. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8403 APR 11, 2018

Dang,Hai-Anh H. Disclosed

Communism as the unhappy coming (English)

This paper shows that Eastern Orthodox believers are less happy compared with Catholics and Protestants using data covering more than 100 countries around the world. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8399 APR 03, 2018

Djankov,Simeon; Nikolova,Elena Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Capital flow measures : structural or cyclical policy tools ? (English)
See More +
APR 26, 2018 WPS8418 Policy Research Working Paper
Jobs ! electricity shortages and unemployment in Africa (English)
See More +
APR 19, 2018 WPS8415 Policy Research Working Paper
Impact of free trade agreement use on import prices (English)
See More +
APR 19, 2018 WPS8416 Policy Research Working Paper
Banking with agents : experimental evidence from Senegal (English)
See More +
APR 19, 2018 WPS8417 Policy Research Working Paper
Firm location, transport connectivity, and agglomeration economies : Evidence from Liberia (English)
See More +
APR 18, 2018 WPS8411 Policy Research Working Paper
Transport connectivity and health care access : evidence from Liberia (English)
See More +
APR 18, 2018 WPS8413 Policy Research Working Paper
Estimating intergenerational mobility with incomplete data : coresidency and truncation bias in rank-based relative and absolute mobility measures (English)
See More +
APR 18, 2018 WPS8414 Policy Research Working Paper
Efficiency, legitimacy and impacts of targeting methods : evidence from an experiment in Niger (English)
See More +
APR 18, 2018 WPS8412 Policy Research Working Paper
The economics of the gender wage gap in Armenia (English)
See More +
APR 17, 2018 WPS8409 Policy Research Working Paper
Place-based policies for development (English)
See More +
APR 17, 2018 WPS8410 Policy Research Working Paper
Sharing the benefits of innovation-digitization : a summary of market processes and policy suggestions (English)
See More +
APR 16, 2018 WPS8406 Policy Research Working Paper
Electricity provision and tax mobilization in Africa (English)
See More +
APR 16, 2018 WPS8408 Policy Research Working Paper
Why are connection charges so high ? an analysis of the electricity sector in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)
See More +
APR 16, 2018 WPS8407 Policy Research Working Paper
The effects of cash transfers on adult labor market outcomes (English)
See More +
APR 12, 2018 WPS8404 Policy Research Working Paper
Capital inflows, equity issuance activity, and corporate investment (English)
See More +
APR 12, 2018 WPS8405 Policy Research Working Paper
Determinants and dynamics of business aspirations : evidence from small-scale entrepreneurs in an emerging market (English)
See More +
APR 11, 2018 WPS8400 Policy Research Working Paper
Closer, but no cigar : intergenerational mobility across caste groups in India (English)
See More +
APR 11, 2018 WPS8401 Policy Research Working Paper
Returns to investment in education : a decennial review of the global literature (English)
See More +
APR 11, 2018 WPS8402 Policy Research Working Paper
To impute or not to impute ? a review of alternative poverty estimation methods in the context of unavailable consumption data (English)
See More +
APR 11, 2018 WPS8403 Policy Research Working Paper
Communism as the unhappy coming (English)
See More +
APR 03, 2018 WPS8399 Policy Research Working Paper