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Roads and rural development in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)

This paper assesses the relation between access to markets and cultivated land in Sub-Saharan Africa. Making use of a geo-referenced panel over three decades (1970-2005) during which the road network was significantly improved, the analysis finds a modest but significant positive association between increased market accessibility and local cropland expansion. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7729 JUN 27, 2016

Berg,Claudia N.; Blankespoor,Brian; Selod,Harris Disclosed

Estimation of climate change damage functions for 140 regions in the GTAP9 database (English)

Climate change damage (or, more correctly, impact) functions relate variations in temperature (or other climate variables) to economic impacts in various dimensions, and are at the basis of quantitative modeling exercises for the assessment of climate change policies. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7728 JUN 23, 2016

Roson,Roberto; Sartori,Martina Disclosed

Is inequality underestimated in Egypt ? evidence from house prices (English)

Household income surveys often fail to capture top incomes which leads to an underestimation of income inequality. A popular solution is to combine the household survey with data from income tax records, which has been found to result in significant upward corrections of inequality estimates. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7727 JUN 22, 2016

Van Der Weide,Roy; Lakner,Christoph; Ianchovichina,Elena Disclosed

What difference does good monitoring & evaluation make to World Bank project performance ? (English)

For more than 20 years, the development community has claimed that monitoring and evaluation helps projects achieve their objectives. This study uses data from 1,300 World Bank projects evaluated between 2008 and 2014 to investigate this suggested link between the quality of monitoring and evaluation and project performance. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7726 JUN 22, 2016

Disclosed

Challenges of fiscal policy in emerging and developing economies (English)

This paper presents a systematic analysis of the availability and use of fiscal space in emerging and developing economies. These economies built fiscal space in the run-up to the Great Recession of 2008-09, which was then used for stimulus. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7725 JUN 22, 2016

Huidrom,Raju; Kose,Ayhan; Ohnsorge,Franziska Lieselotte Disclosed

Do fiscal multipliers depend on fiscal positions ? (English)

This paper analyzes the relationship between fiscal multipliers and fiscal positions of governments using an Interactive Panel Vector Auto Regression model and a large data-set of advanced and developing economies. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7734 JUN 22, 2016

Huidrom,Raju; Kose,Ayhan; Lim,Jamus Jerome; Ohnsorge,Franziska Lieselotte Disclosed

Financial systems, growth, and volatility : searching for the perfect fit (English)

This paper builds on recent research examining the impact of finance on growth, looking at the effect of the financial system on volatility in gross domestic product per capita and consumption per capita growth. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7723 JUN 21, 2016

Islam,Roumeen Disclosed

The Nexus of financial inclusion and financial stability : a study of trade-offs and synergies (English)

Policy makers and regulators have devoted much effort to reforms aimed at improving financial stability in response to lessons from the 2007-09 crisis. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7722 JUN 21, 2016

Cihak,Martin; Mare,Davide Salvatore; Melecky,Martin Disclosed

Evaluating sovereign disaster risk finance strategies : a framework (English)

This paper proposes a framework for ex ante evaluation of sovereign disaster risk finance instruments available to governments for funding disaster losses. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7721 JUN 21, 2016

Clarke,Daniel Jonathan; Mahul,Olivier; Poulter,Richard Andrew; Teh,Tse-Ling Disclosed

Solving commitment problems in disaster risk finance (English)

Those at risk from natural disasters are typically under-protected, possibly because they expect benefactors such as governments and donors to come to their aid. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7720 JUN 21, 2016

Clarke,Daniel Jonathan; Wren-Lewis,Liam Disclosed

A methodology to assess indicative costs of risk financing strategies for scaling up Ethiopia's productive safety net programme (English)

This paper proposes and illustrates a methodology to assess the economic cost of the sovereign risk finance instruments available to the Government of Ethiopia and its development partners for financing the shock-responsive scalability component of the Productive Safety Net Programme. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7719 JUN 21, 2016

Clarke,Daniel Jonathan; Coll-Black,Sarah; Cooney,Naomi Victoria; Edwards,Anna Disclosed

Financing the reconstruction of public capital after a natural disaster (English)

When a natural disaster destroys public capital, these direct losses are exacerbated by indirect losses arising from reduced output while reconstruction takes place. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7718 JUN 21, 2016

Bevan,David L.; Adam,Christopher Disclosed

Potential for application of a probabilistic catastrophe risk modelling framework to poverty outcomes : general form vulnerability functions relating household poverty outcomes to hazard intensity in Ethiopia (English)

This paper analyzes the potential to combine catastrophe risk modelling (CAT risk modeling) with economic analysis of vulnerability to poverty using the example of drought hazard impacts on the welfare of rural households in Ethiopia. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7717 JUN 21, 2016

Porter,Catherine; White,Emily Jennifer Disclosed

Early warning, early action : the use of predictive tools in drought response through Ethiopia's productive safety net programme (English)

This paper investigates the use of early warning tools as part of Ethiopia's Disaster Risk Management framework. Analyzing, in particular, the Livelihoods, Early Assessment and Protection tool, Livelihood Integrated Assessment and Hotspots Assessments, the paper delineates the scope and objectives of existing early warning tools, their commonalities and limitations. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7716 JUN 21, 2016

Drechsler,Mareile Beate Stephanie; Soer,Wolter Disclosed

Weather index insurance and shock coping : evidence from Mexico's CADENA Program (English)

Weather risk and incomplete insurance markets are significant contributors to poverty for rural households in developing countries. Weather index insurance has emerged as a possible tool for overcoming these challenges. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7715 JUN 21, 2016

De Janvry,Alain F.; Ramirez Ritchie,Elizabeth Andrea; Sadoulet,Elisabeth Marie L. Disclosed

Insuring growth : the impact of disaster funds on economic reconstruction in Mexico (English)

Climate change has considerably increased the likelihood of experiencing extreme weather events. Governments in developing countries have a limited capacity to smooth the losses created by extreme weather, and could potentially benefit from the introduction of disaster funds, that is, ex-ante budgeting allocations for post-disaster reconstruction. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7714 JUN 21, 2016

De Janvry,Alain F.; del Valle,Alejandro; Sadoulet,Elisabeth Marie L. Disclosed

Inflation targeting and exchange rate volatility in emerging markets (English)

The paper investigates the relevance of the exchange rate on the reaction function of the central banks of 24 emerging market economies for the period 2000Q1 to 2015Q2. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7712 JUN 20, 2016

Cabral,Rene; Carneiro,Francisco Galrao; Mollick,Andre Varella Disclosed

Openness, specialization, and the external vulnerability of developing countries (English)

Deepening real and financial integration of developing countries into the world economy has prompted renewed interest in the contribution of external shocks to their macroeconomic fluctuations. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7711 JUN 20, 2016

Barrot Araya,Luis Diego; Calderon,Cesar; Serven,Luis Disclosed

On the central role of small farms in African rural development strategies (English)

Improving the productivity of smallholder farms in Sub-Saharan Africa offers the best chance to reduce poverty among this generation of rural poor, by building on the limited resources farming households already possess. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7710 JUN 20, 2016

Larson,Donald F.; Muraoka,Rie; Otsuka,Keijiro Disclosed

Increased coverage of maternal health services among the poor in western Uganda in an output-based aid voucher scheme (English)

Vouchers stimulate demand for health care services by giving beneficiaries purchasing power. In turn, health facilities’ claims are reimbursed for providing beneficiaries with improved quality of health care. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7709 JUN 20, 2016

Obare,Francis; Okwero,Peter; Villegas,Leslie; Mills,Samuel Lantei; Bellows,Ben Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Roads and rural development in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)
See More +
JUN 27, 2016 WPS7729 Policy Research Working Paper
Estimation of climate change damage functions for 140 regions in the GTAP9 database (English)
See More +
JUN 23, 2016 WPS7728 Policy Research Working Paper
Is inequality underestimated in Egypt ? evidence from house prices (English)
See More +
JUN 22, 2016 WPS7727 Policy Research Working Paper
What difference does good monitoring & evaluation make to World Bank project performance ? (English)
See More +
JUN 22, 2016 WPS7726 Policy Research Working Paper
Challenges of fiscal policy in emerging and developing economies (English)
See More +
JUN 22, 2016 WPS7725 Policy Research Working Paper
Do fiscal multipliers depend on fiscal positions ? (English)
See More +
JUN 22, 2016 WPS7734 Policy Research Working Paper
Financial systems, growth, and volatility : searching for the perfect fit (English)
See More +
JUN 21, 2016 WPS7723 Policy Research Working Paper
The Nexus of financial inclusion and financial stability : a study of trade-offs and synergies (English)
See More +
JUN 21, 2016 WPS7722 Policy Research Working Paper
Evaluating sovereign disaster risk finance strategies : a framework (English)
See More +
JUN 21, 2016 WPS7721 Policy Research Working Paper
Solving commitment problems in disaster risk finance (English)
See More +
JUN 21, 2016 WPS7720 Policy Research Working Paper
A methodology to assess indicative costs of risk financing strategies for scaling up Ethiopia's productive safety net programme (English)
See More +
JUN 21, 2016 WPS7719 Policy Research Working Paper
Financing the reconstruction of public capital after a natural disaster (English)
See More +
JUN 21, 2016 WPS7718 Policy Research Working Paper
Potential for application of a probabilistic catastrophe risk modelling framework to poverty outcomes : general form vulnerability functions relating household poverty outcomes to hazard intensity in Ethiopia (English)
See More +
JUN 21, 2016 WPS7717 Policy Research Working Paper
Early warning, early action : the use of predictive tools in drought response through Ethiopia's productive safety net programme (English)
See More +
JUN 21, 2016 WPS7716 Policy Research Working Paper
Weather index insurance and shock coping : evidence from Mexico's CADENA Program (English)
See More +
JUN 21, 2016 WPS7715 Policy Research Working Paper
Insuring growth : the impact of disaster funds on economic reconstruction in Mexico (English)
See More +
JUN 21, 2016 WPS7714 Policy Research Working Paper
Inflation targeting and exchange rate volatility in emerging markets (English)
See More +
JUN 20, 2016 WPS7712 Policy Research Working Paper
Openness, specialization, and the external vulnerability of developing countries (English)
See More +
JUN 20, 2016 WPS7711 Policy Research Working Paper
On the central role of small farms in African rural development strategies (English)
See More +
JUN 20, 2016 WPS7710 Policy Research Working Paper
Increased coverage of maternal health services among the poor in western Uganda in an output-based aid voucher scheme (English)
See More +
JUN 20, 2016 WPS7709 Policy Research Working Paper