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SME finance in Africa (English)

This paper uses cross-country firm-level surveys to gauge access to financial services and the importance of financing constraints for African enterprises. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7018 SEP 01, 2014

Beck, Thorsten; Cull, Robert

The African financial development and financial inclusion gaps (English)

This paper investigates the African financial development and financial inclusion gaps relative to other peer developing countries. The paper uses a set of variables related to financial development and inclusion. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7019 SEP 01, 2014

Allen, Franklin; Carletti, Elena; Cull, Robert; Jun Qian; Senbet, Lemma; Valenzuela, Patricio

Comparable estimates of returns to schooling around the world (English)

Rates of return to investments in schooling have been estimated since the late 1950s. In the 60-plus year history of such estimates, there have been several attempts to synthesize the empirical results to ascertain patterns. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7020 SEP 01, 2014

Montenegro, Claudio E.; Patrinos, Harry Anthony

The permanent input hypothesis : the case of textbooks and (no) student learning in Sierra Leone (English)

A textbook provision program in Sierra Leone demonstrates how volatility in the flow of government-provided learning inputs to schools can induce storage of these inputs by school administrators to smooth future consumption. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7021 SEP 01, 2014

Sabarwal, Shwetlena; Evans, David K.; Marshak, Anastasia

Agricultural production, dietary diversity, and climate variability (English)

Nonseparable household models outline the links between agricultural production and household consumption, yet empirical extensions to investigate the effect of production on dietary diversity and diet composition are limited. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7022 SEP 01, 2014

Dillon, Andrew; McGee, Kevin; Oseni, Gbemisola

The reduction of child mortality in the Middle East and North Africa : a success story (English)

Although child mortality rates have declined all across the developing world over the past 40 years, they have declined the most in the Middle East and North Africa region. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7023 SEP 01, 2014

Iqbal, Farrukh; Kiendrebeogo, Youssouf

Estimating poverty in the absence of consumption data : the case of Liberia (English)

In much of the developing world, the demand for high frequency quality household data for poverty monitoring and program design far outstrips the capacity of the statistics bureau to provide such data. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7024 SEP 01, 2014

Dabalen, Andrew; Graham, Errol; Himelein, Kristen; Mungai, Rose

Investment climate reforms and job creation in developing countries : what do we know and what should we do ? (English)

This paper reviews the literature on the role of the investment climate reforms in job creation. It finds that the current landscape of employment and private sector activity in developing countries indicates a number of potential channels through which investment climate reforms can positively affect job creation. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7025 SEP 01, 2014

Rahman, Aminur

Inequality of opportunity among Egyptian children (English)

This paper analyzes the level and trends in inequality of opportunity among Egyptian children during the 2000s. The analysis uses severall tools, including comparison of the distributions of early risks and outcomes across circumstance groups; estimation of the human opportunity index; measurement of the relative contributions of circumstances to inequality of opportunity; and decomposition of changes in inequality of opportunity and factors driving them over time. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7026 SEP 01, 2014

Ersado, Lire; Aran, Meltem

Corporate governance and bank insolvency risk : international evidence (English)

This paper finds that shareholder-friendly corporate governance is positively associated with bank insolvency risk, as proxied by the Z-score and the Merton's distance to default measure, for an international sample of banks over the 2004-08 period. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7017 SEP 01, 2014

Anginer, Deniz; Demirguc-Kunt, Asli; Huizinga, Harry; Ma, Kebin

GLS estimation and empirical bayes prediction for linear mixed models with Heteroskedasticity and sampling weights : a background study for the POVMAP project (English)

This note adapts results by Huang and Hidiroglou (2003) on Generalized Least Squares estimation and Empirical Bayes prediction for linear mixed models with sampling weights. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7028 SEP 01, 2014

van der Weide, Roy

Cost-effectiveness measurement in development : accounting for local costs and noisy impacts (English)

As evidence from rigorous impact evaluations grows in development, there have been more calls to complement impact evaluation analysis with cost analysis, so that policy makers can make investment decisions based on costs as well as impacts. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7027 SEP 01, 2014

Evans, David K.; Popova, Anna

Benchmarking the financial performance, growth, and outreach of greenfield microfinance institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)

In recent years there has been a rapid increase in the presence and growth of greenfield microfinance institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper uses regressions to benchmark those African greenfields relative to other microfinance providers and finds that greenfields grew faster in terms of deposits and lending, improved their profitability to levels comparable to the top microfinance institutions, and substantially increased their lending to women. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7029 SEP 01, 2014

Cull, Robert; Harten, Sven; Nishida, Ippei; Bull, Greta

Testing the importance of search frictions, matching, and reservation prestige through randomized experiments in Jordan (English)

Unemployment rates for tertiary-educated youth in Jordan are high, as is the duration of unemployment. Two randomized experiments in Jordan were used to test different theories that may explain this phenomenon. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7030 SEP 01, 2014

Groh, Matthew; McKenzie, David; Shammout, Nour; Vishwanath, Tara

Female labor participation in the Arab world : some evidence from panel data in Morocco (English)

Female labor participation in the Arab world is low compared with the level of economic development of Arab countries. Beyond anecdotal evidence and cross-country studies, there is little evidence on what could explain this phenomenon. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7031 SEP 01, 2014

Verme, Paolo; Barry, Abdoul Gadiry; Guennouni, Jamal

Egypt : inequality of opportunity in education (English)

The paper examines the levels and trends in access to education and educational outcomes across generations of Egyptian youth. Examination of three cohorts of individuals aged 21 to 24 (born between 1964 and 1967, 1974 and 1977, and 1982 and 1985) shows that access to education has substantially improved during the last three decades. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6996 AUG 01, 2014

Ersado, Lire; Gignoux, Jeremie

The drivers of non-revenue water : how effective are non-revenue water reduction programs ? (English)

To many, reducing water losses is seen as key to more sustainable water management. The arguments to reduce water losses are compelling, but reducing water losses has turned out to be challenging. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6997 AUG 01, 2014

van den Berg, Caroline

Aid is good for the poor : Aid is good for the poor (English)

Aid is good for the poor. This paper uses detailed aid data spanning 60 developing countries over the past two decades to show that social aid significantly and directly benefits the poorest in society, while economic aid increases the income of the poor through growth. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6998 AUG 01, 2014

Hirano, Yumeka; Otsubo, Shigeru

Export performance and geography in Croatia (English)

This paper uses the gravity model to analyze whether the varying export performance of Croatian counties can be explained by their proximity to border gates, ports, and other county-specific characteristics. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6999 AUG 01, 2014

Artuc, Erhan; Iootty, Mariana; Pirlea, Ana Florina

Predicting World Bank project outcome ratings (English)

A number of recent studies have empirically documented links between characteristics of World Bank projects and their ultimate outcomes as evaluated by the World Bank's Independent Evaluation Group. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7001 AUG 01, 2014

Geli, Patricia; Kraay, Aart; Nobakht, Hoveida

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
SME finance in Africa (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7018 Policy Research Working Paper
The African financial development and financial inclusion gaps (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7019 Policy Research Working Paper
Comparable estimates of returns to schooling around the world (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7020 Policy Research Working Paper
The permanent input hypothesis : the case of textbooks and (no) student learning in Sierra Leone (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7021 Policy Research Working Paper
Agricultural production, dietary diversity, and climate variability (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7022 Policy Research Working Paper
The reduction of child mortality in the Middle East and North Africa : a success story (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7023 Policy Research Working Paper
Estimating poverty in the absence of consumption data : the case of Liberia (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7024 Policy Research Working Paper
Investment climate reforms and job creation in developing countries : what do we know and what should we do ? (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7025 Policy Research Working Paper
Inequality of opportunity among Egyptian children (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7026 Policy Research Working Paper
Corporate governance and bank insolvency risk : international evidence (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7017 Policy Research Working Paper
GLS estimation and empirical bayes prediction for linear mixed models with Heteroskedasticity and sampling weights : a background study for the POVMAP project (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7028 Policy Research Working Paper
Cost-effectiveness measurement in development : accounting for local costs and noisy impacts (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7027 Policy Research Working Paper
Benchmarking the financial performance, growth, and outreach of greenfield microfinance institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7029 Policy Research Working Paper
Testing the importance of search frictions, matching, and reservation prestige through randomized experiments in Jordan (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7030 Policy Research Working Paper
Female labor participation in the Arab world : some evidence from panel data in Morocco (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7031 Policy Research Working Paper
Egypt : inequality of opportunity in education (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2014 WPS6996 Policy Research Working Paper
The drivers of non-revenue water : how effective are non-revenue water reduction programs ? (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2014 WPS6997 Policy Research Working Paper
Aid is good for the poor : Aid is good for the poor (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2014 WPS6998 Policy Research Working Paper
Export performance and geography in Croatia (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2014 WPS6999 Policy Research Working Paper
Predicting World Bank project outcome ratings (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2014 WPS7001 Policy Research Working Paper