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Heterogeneous Effects of the de jure and de facto Business Environment : Findings from Multiple Data Sets on the Business Environment (English)

Using multiple sources of national- and firm-level data around the world, this paper investigates how the effects of the business environment depend on whether the measure is de jure or de facto, and how business environment effects differ by ownership and size. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9115 JAN 21, 2020

Zhenwei Qiang,Christine; Wang,He; Xu,L. Colin Disclosed

Does Democratization Promote Competition ? Indonesian Manufacturing Pre and Post Suharto (English)

Does democratization promote economic competition? This paper documents that the disruption of political connections associated with Suharto's fall had a modest pro-competitive effect on Indonesian manufacturing industries in which his family had extensive business interests. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9112 JAN 21, 2020

Hallward-Driemeier,Mary C.; Kochanova,Anna; Rijkers,Bob Disclosed

Conceptual Aspects of Global Value Chains (English)

The paper offers an overview of some key conceptual aspects associated with the rise of global value chains (GVCs). It outlines a series of alternative interpretations and definitions of what the rise of GVCs entails, and it traces the implications of these alternative conceptualizations for the measurement of the phenomenon, as well as for elucidating the key determinants and implications of GVC participation, both at the country level and at the firm level. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9114 JAN 21, 2020

Antras,Pol Disclosed

Gender Differences in Agricultural Productivity in Côte d'Ivoire : Changes in Determinants and Distributional Composition over the Past Decade (English)

This paper analyzes changes in agricultural productivity gender gaps in Côte d'Ivoire between 2008 and 2016 using decomposition methods. The analysis finds that the unconditional gender gap between male- and female-headed households has decreased by 14 percent over the past decade. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9113 JAN 21, 2020

Donald,Aletheia Amalia; Lawin,Gabriel; Rouanet,Lea Marie Disclosed

Migration and Remittances in the Former Soviet Union Countries of Central Asia and the South Caucasus : What Are the Long-Term Macroeconomic Consequences? (English)

Armenia, Georgia, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Tajikistan have all experienced substantial out-migration of workers and an associated inflow of workers' remittances over the past two decades. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9111 JAN 15, 2020

Brownbridge,Martin; Canagarajah,Sudharshan Disclosed

Macro-Financial Aspects of Climate Change (English)

This paper examines the interaction between macro-financial and climate-related risks. It brings together different strands of the literature on climate-related risks and how these relate to macro-financial management and risks. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9109 JAN 14, 2020

Feyen,Erik H.B.; Utz,Robert Johann; Zuccardi Huertas,Igor Esteban; Bogdan,Olena; Moon,Jisung Disclosed

Migration in Libya : A Spatial Network Analysis (English)

This paper provides the first systematic analysis of migration to, within, and from Libya. The data used in the analysis are from the Displacement Tracking Matrix data set of the International Organization for Migration. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9110 JAN 14, 2020

Di Maio,Michele; Leone Sciabolazza,Valerio; Molini,Vasco Disclosed

Free Movement and Affordable Housing : Public Preferences for Reform in Uzbekistan (Russian)

Uzbekistan has one of the lowest rates of internal migration in the world, leading to persistent economic imbalances. Drawing from a unique monthly panel survey called Listening to the Citizens of Uzbekistan and a survey experiment, this paper focuses on two factors that prevent domestic mobility: (i) restrictive propiska registration policies, and (ii) the exceptionally high cost of urban housing. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9107 JAN 13, 2020

English Disclosed

What Aspects of Formality Do Workers Value ? Evidence from a Choice Experiment in Bangladesh (English)

This study uses a choice experiment among 2,000 workers in Bangladesh to elicit willingness to pay (WTP) for job attributes: a contract, termination notice, working hours, paid leave, and a pension fund. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9108 JAN 13, 2020

Mahmud,Minhaj; Gutierrez,Italo A.; Kumar,Krishna B.; Nataraj,Shanthi Disclosed

Free Movement and Affordable Housing : Public Preferences for Reform in Uzbekistan (English)

Uzbekistan has one of the lowest rates of internal migration in the world, leading to persistent economic imbalances. Drawing from a unique monthly panel survey called Listening to the Citizens of Uzbekistan and a survey experiment, this paper focuses on two factors that prevent domestic mobility: (i) restrictive propiska registration policies, and (ii) the exceptionally high cost of urban housing. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9107 JAN 08, 2020

Seitz,William Hutchins Russian Disclosed

Stages of Development of Payment Systems : Leapfrogging across Countries and MENA's Place in the World (English)

This paper studies the relationship between the level of economic development and the incidence of three forms of payments across countries, namely the incidence of bank accounts, digital payments, and mobile money accounts among the adult populations across countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9104 JAN 07, 2020

Gevaudan,Clement; Lederman,Daniel Disclosed

Free Primary Education, Fertility, and Women's Access to the Labor Market : Evidence from Ethiopia (English)

This article investigates the causal relationship between women's schooling and fertility by exploiting variation generated by the removal of school fees in Ethiopia. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9105 JAN 07, 2020

Chicoine,Luke Disclosed

The Spillovers of Employment Guarantee Programs on Child Labor and Education (English)

Many developing countries use employment guarantee programs to combat poverty. This paper examines the consequences of such employment guarantee programs for the human capital accumulation of children. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9106 JAN 07, 2020

Li,Tianshu; Sekhri,Sheetal Disclosed

Incentivizing Quantity and Quality of Care : Evidence from an Impact Evaluation of Performance-Based Financing in the Health Sector in Tajikistan (Russian)

This paper presents the results of an impact evaluation of a performance-based financing pilot in rural areas of two regions of Tajikistan. Primary care facilities were given financial incentives conditional on general quality and the quantity provided of selected services related to reproductive, maternal and child health, and hypertension-related services. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8951 JAN 06, 2020

English Disclosed

The Targeting Benefit of Conditional Cash Transfers (English)

Conditional cash transfers (CCTs) are a popular type of social welfare program that make payments to households conditional on human capital investments in children. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9101 JAN 06, 2020

Bergstrom,Katy Ann; Dodds,William Disclosed

Using Labor Supply Elasticities to Learn about Income Inequality : The Role of Productivities versus Preferences (English)

This paper argues that labor supply elasticities encode information about the determinants of income inequality. In the theoretical framework, individuals choose labor supply conditional on productivities and preferences for consumption relative to leisure. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9102 JAN 06, 2020

Bergstrom,Katy Ann; Dodds,William Disclosed

The External Wealth of Arab Nations : Structure, Trends, and Policy Implications (English)

The paper makes two main contributions. First, it analyzes net foreign assets and liabilities in selected Arab countries over the past two decades, emphasizing the relative significance of direct versus portfolio investment. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9103 JAN 06, 2020

Mohieldin,Mahmoud; Rostom,Ahmed Mohamed Tawfick; Zaki,Chahir Disclosed

Gender Bias in SME Lending : Experimental Evidence from Turkey (English)

Gender disparities in small and medium-size enterprise lending exist around the world and impede the growth of millions of women-led firms. This paper examines a potential driver of these disparities: gender-biased loan officers. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9100 DEC 30, 2019

Alibhai,Salman; Donald,Aletheia Amalia; Goldstein,Markus P.; Oguz,Alper Ahmet; Pankov,Alexander; Strobbe,Francesco Disclosed

Firms Far Up : Productivity, Agglomeration, and High-Growth Firms in Ethiopia (English)

High-growth firms have been widely studied in advanced countries, but little is known about such stellar performers in Africa. Using establishment-level data from Ethiopia, this paper finds that the incidence of high-growth firms stands at an average of 7 percent, a figure comparable to that of advanced countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9099 DEC 30, 2019

Grover,Arti Goswami Disclosed

Trade and Female Labor Participation : Stylized Facts Using a Global Dataset (English)

Using a cross-section of more than 29,000 manufacturing firms in 64 developing and emerging countries from the World Bank's Enterprise Surveys, this paper assesses whether trading firms have a female labor share premium relative to non-trading firms. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9098 DEC 26, 2019

Rocha,Nadia; Winkler,Deborah Elisabeth Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Heterogeneous Effects of the de jure and de facto Business Environment : Findings from Multiple Data Sets on the Business Environment (English)
See More +
JAN 21, 2020 WPS9115 Policy Research Working Paper
Does Democratization Promote Competition ? Indonesian Manufacturing Pre and Post Suharto (English)
See More +
JAN 21, 2020 WPS9112 Policy Research Working Paper
Conceptual Aspects of Global Value Chains (English)
See More +
JAN 21, 2020 WPS9114 Policy Research Working Paper
Gender Differences in Agricultural Productivity in Côte d'Ivoire : Changes in Determinants and Distributional Composition over the Past Decade (English)
See More +
JAN 21, 2020 WPS9113 Policy Research Working Paper
Migration and Remittances in the Former Soviet Union Countries of Central Asia and the South Caucasus : What Are the Long-Term Macroeconomic Consequences? (English)
See More +
JAN 15, 2020 WPS9111 Policy Research Working Paper
Macro-Financial Aspects of Climate Change (English)
See More +
JAN 14, 2020 WPS9109 Policy Research Working Paper
Migration in Libya : A Spatial Network Analysis (English)
See More +
JAN 14, 2020 WPS9110 Policy Research Working Paper
Free Movement and Affordable Housing : Public Preferences for Reform in Uzbekistan (Russian)
See More +
JAN 13, 2020 WPS9107 Policy Research Working Paper English
What Aspects of Formality Do Workers Value ? Evidence from a Choice Experiment in Bangladesh (English)
See More +
JAN 13, 2020 WPS9108 Policy Research Working Paper
Free Movement and Affordable Housing : Public Preferences for Reform in Uzbekistan (English)
See More +
JAN 08, 2020 WPS9107 Policy Research Working Paper Russian
Stages of Development of Payment Systems : Leapfrogging across Countries and MENA's Place in the World (English)
See More +
JAN 07, 2020 WPS9104 Policy Research Working Paper
Free Primary Education, Fertility, and Women's Access to the Labor Market : Evidence from Ethiopia (English)
See More +
JAN 07, 2020 WPS9105 Policy Research Working Paper
The Spillovers of Employment Guarantee Programs on Child Labor and Education (English)
See More +
JAN 07, 2020 WPS9106 Policy Research Working Paper
Incentivizing Quantity and Quality of Care : Evidence from an Impact Evaluation of Performance-Based Financing in the Health Sector in Tajikistan (Russian)
See More +
JAN 06, 2020 WPS8951 Policy Research Working Paper English
The Targeting Benefit of Conditional Cash Transfers (English)
See More +
JAN 06, 2020 WPS9101 Policy Research Working Paper
Using Labor Supply Elasticities to Learn about Income Inequality : The Role of Productivities versus Preferences (English)
See More +
JAN 06, 2020 WPS9102 Policy Research Working Paper
The External Wealth of Arab Nations : Structure, Trends, and Policy Implications (English)
See More +
JAN 06, 2020 WPS9103 Policy Research Working Paper
Gender Bias in SME Lending : Experimental Evidence from Turkey (English)
See More +
DEC 30, 2019 WPS9100 Policy Research Working Paper
Firms Far Up : Productivity, Agglomeration, and High-Growth Firms in Ethiopia (English)
See More +
DEC 30, 2019 WPS9099 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade and Female Labor Participation : Stylized Facts Using a Global Dataset (English)
See More +
DEC 26, 2019 WPS9098 Policy Research Working Paper