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Integrating Value for Money and Impact Evaluations : Issues, Institutions, and Opportunities (English)

This mixed methods study investigates why fewer than one in five impact evaluations integrates a value-for-money analysis of the development intervention being evaluated. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9041 OCT 15, 2019

Brown,Elizabeth Denison; Tanner,Jeffery Disclosed

Productivity Growth in Romania : A Firm-Level Analysis (English)

This paper examines productivity growth in Romania using balance sheet data for a census of Romanian firms in 2011-17. Three measures of productivity are estimated: labor productivity, revenue total factor productivity, and revenue total factor productivity adjusted for markups. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9043 OCT 15, 2019

Iootty,Mariana; Pena,Jorge O.; De Rosa,Donato Disclosed

Cities of Workers, Children, or Seniors? Age Structure and Economic Growth in a Global Cross-Section of Cities (English)

A large literature documents the positive influence of a city's skill structure on its rate of economic growth. By contrast, the effect of a city's age structure on its economic growth has been a hitherto largely neglected area of research. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9040 OCT 15, 2019

Jedwab,Remi Camille; Pereira,Daniel; Roberts,Mark Disclosed

Progress and Challenges of Upper Secondary Education in China (English)

Over the past decade, China's transition rate from lower secondary education to higher secondary education has increased significantly, from 80.5 to 93.7 percent. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9042 OCT 15, 2019

Chen,Dandan; Fu,Ning - HEAED; Pan,Yilin Disclosed

Bank Regulation and Supervision Ten Years after the Global Financial Crisis (English)

This paper summarizes the latest update of the World Bank Bank Regulation and Supervision Survey. The paper explores and summarizes the evolution in bank capital regulations, capitalization of banks, market discipline, and supervisory power since the global financial crisis. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9044 OCT 15, 2019

Anginer,Deniz; Bertay,Ata Can; Cull,Robert J.; Demirguc-Kunt,Asli; Mare,Davide Salvatore Disclosed

Too Much Energy : The Perverse Effect of Low Fuel Prices on Firms (English)

This paper provides novel evidence on the impact of changes in energy prices on manufacturing performance in two large developing economies -- Indonesia and Mexico. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9039 OCT 10, 2019

Cali,Massimiliano; Cantore,Nicola; Iacovone,Leonardo; Pereira Lopez,Mariana De La Paz; Presidente,Giorgio Disclosed

Poverty Convergence in a Time of Stagnation : A Municipal-Level Perspective from Mexico (1992-2014) (English)

This paper exploits a novel municipal-level data set to explore patterns of convergence in income and poverty in Mexico during 1992-2014. The paper finds that, despite a context of overall stagnant economic growth and poverty reduction, there is evidence of income and poverty convergence at the municipal level. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9038 OCT 09, 2019

Lopez-Calva,Luis-Felipe; Ortiz-Juarez,Eduardo; Rodriguez Castelan,Carlos Disclosed

Trade Policy to Catalyze Export Diversification : What Should Landlocked Fragile Countries Do ? The Cases of Mali, Chad, and Niger (English)

The landlocked and fragile countries Mali, Niger, and Chad have suffered, to varying degrees, from Dutch Disease, with high export concentration in natural resource commodities and in a few foreign markets, and little development of their non-resource economies. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9036 OCT 08, 2019

Lopez Calix,Jose R.; Pitigala,Nihal Disclosed

Is Informality Good for Business ? The Impacts of IDP Inflows on Formal Firms (English)

This paper examines the effects of large inflows of internally displaced persons (IDP), who are primarily absorbed by the informal sector, on the behavior of formal manufacturing firms in Colombia. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9035 OCT 07, 2019

Rozo,Sandra; Winkler,Hernan Jorge Disclosed

Taking Power : Women's Empowerment and Household Well-Being in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)

This paper examines women's power relative to that of their husbands in 23 Sub-Saharan African countries to determine how it affects women's health, reproductive outcomes, children's health, and children's education. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9034 OCT 02, 2019

Annan,Jeannie Ruth; Donald,Aletheia Amalia; Goldstein,Markus P.; Gonzalez Martinez,Paula Lorena; Koolwal,Gayatri B. Disclosed

Where They Live : District-Level Measures of Poverty, Average Consumption, and the Middle Class in Central Asia (Russian)

Rapid economic growth over the past two decades lifted millions of people out of poverty in Central Asia. But the uneven spread of prosperity left many communities struggling to catch up. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8940 OCT 01, 2019

English Disclosed

Capital Allocation in Developing Countries (English)

This paper investigates the sources of capital misallocation across a group of 11 developing and developed countries. The main findings are (i) technological frictions, namely, adjustment costs and uncertainty, account for only a modest share of observed misallocation, leaving ample scope for other factors; (ii) heterogeneity in firm-level technologies potentially explains between one-quarter and one-half; but (iii) dispersion in markups is much smaller; and (iv) after accounting for these factors, on average, at least 50 percent of misallocation within each of these countries remains unexplained, suggesting a large role for additional, potentially distortionary factors. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9031 OCT 01, 2019

David,Joel Michael; Venkateswaran,Venky; Cusolito,Ana Paula; Didier Brandao,Tatiana Disclosed

Innovations in Tax Compliance : Conceptual Framework (English)

This paper presents a conceptual framework for developing more effective approaches to tax reform and compliance. The framework proposes that by combining complementary investments in enforcement, facilitation, and trust, reformers can not only strengthen enforced compliance but can also (a) encourage quasi-voluntary compliance, (b) generate sustainable political support for reform, and (c) create conditions that are more conducive to the construction of stronger fiscal contracts. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9032 OCT 01, 2019

Prichard,Wilson; Custers,Anna Louise; Dom,Roel; Davenport,Stephen R.; Roscitt,Michael Anthony Disclosed

Domestic Government Spending on Human Capital : A Cross-Country Analysis of Recent Trends (English)

Using a new data set comprised of publicly available information, this paper provides cross-country evidence on domestic government spending for human capital in recent years. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9033 OCT 01, 2019

Andrews,Kathryn Gilman; Avitabile,Ciro; Gatti,Roberta V. Disclosed

Caregiver Perceptions of Child Development : A Cross-Sectional Study (English)

Parents play a crucial role in the promotion of early childhood development, and understanding parental perceptions of early childhood development may help enhance parental investments early in life. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9030 SEP 30, 2019

Chung,Esther O.; Fernald,Lia C.H.; Galasso,Emanuela; Ratsifandrihamanana,Lisy Zarasoa; Weber,Ann Disclosed

A Socioeconomic Disaggregation of the World Bank Human Capital Index (English)

This paper documents inequality in health and education outcomes by constructing an index of human capital disaggregated by quintiles of socioeconomic status (SES) for a sample 51 mostly low- and middle-income countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9020 SEP 30, 2019

Dsouza,Ritika; Gatti,Roberta V.; Kraay,Aart C. Disclosed

Entry Barriers, Idiosyncratic Distortions, and the Firm-Size Distribution (English)

This paper studies the interaction between entry barriers and idiosyncratic distortions in the context of a standard model of firm dynamics. It derives a strategy to infer entry barriers based on the combination of cross-country data on average firm size, cross-country estimates of idiosyncratic distortions, and equilibrium conditions of the theory. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9027 SEP 27, 2019

Fattal Jaef,Roberto N. Disclosed

Multilingual Assessment of Early Child Development : Analyses from Repeated Observations of Children in Kenya (English)

In many low- and middle-income countries, young children learn a mother tongue or indigenous language at home before entering the formal education system where they will need to understand and speak a country's official language(s). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9028 SEP 27, 2019

Knauer,Heather Ashley; Kariger,Patricia Karol; Jakiela,Pamela; Ozier,Owen; Fernald,Lia C. H. Disclosed

Balancing Control and Flexibility in Public Expenditure Management : Using Banking Sector Innovations for Improved Expenditure Control and Effective Service Delivery (English)

The control protocols that underlie public expenditure management have direct implications for a government's ability to pursue fiscal discipline and service delivery objectives. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9029 SEP 27, 2019

Piattifuenfkirchen,Moritz Otto Maria Alfons; Hashim,Ali; Farooq,Khuram Disclosed

Magnitude and Distribution of Electricity and Water Subsidies for Households in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (English)

In Addis Ababa, an increasing block tariff has been used to calculate households' monthly bills for electricity and water services. This study estimates the magnitudes of the combined water and electricity subsidies received by households with private connections to the electricity grid and piped water network in 2016, and it evaluates the distribution of these subsidies among wealth groups. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS9025 SEP 26, 2019

Cardenas,Helena; Whittington,Dale Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Integrating Value for Money and Impact Evaluations : Issues, Institutions, and Opportunities (English)
See More +
OCT 15, 2019 WPS9041 Policy Research Working Paper
Productivity Growth in Romania : A Firm-Level Analysis (English)
See More +
OCT 15, 2019 WPS9043 Policy Research Working Paper
Cities of Workers, Children, or Seniors? Age Structure and Economic Growth in a Global Cross-Section of Cities (English)
See More +
OCT 15, 2019 WPS9040 Policy Research Working Paper
Progress and Challenges of Upper Secondary Education in China (English)
See More +
OCT 15, 2019 WPS9042 Policy Research Working Paper
Bank Regulation and Supervision Ten Years after the Global Financial Crisis (English)
See More +
OCT 15, 2019 WPS9044 Policy Research Working Paper
Too Much Energy : The Perverse Effect of Low Fuel Prices on Firms (English)
See More +
OCT 10, 2019 WPS9039 Policy Research Working Paper
Poverty Convergence in a Time of Stagnation : A Municipal-Level Perspective from Mexico (1992-2014) (English)
See More +
OCT 09, 2019 WPS9038 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade Policy to Catalyze Export Diversification : What Should Landlocked Fragile Countries Do ? The Cases of Mali, Chad, and Niger (English)
See More +
OCT 08, 2019 WPS9036 Policy Research Working Paper
Is Informality Good for Business ? The Impacts of IDP Inflows on Formal Firms (English)
See More +
OCT 07, 2019 WPS9035 Policy Research Working Paper
Taking Power : Women's Empowerment and Household Well-Being in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)
See More +
OCT 02, 2019 WPS9034 Policy Research Working Paper
Where They Live : District-Level Measures of Poverty, Average Consumption, and the Middle Class in Central Asia (Russian)
See More +
OCT 01, 2019 WPS8940 Policy Research Working Paper English
Capital Allocation in Developing Countries (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2019 WPS9031 Policy Research Working Paper
Innovations in Tax Compliance : Conceptual Framework (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2019 WPS9032 Policy Research Working Paper
Domestic Government Spending on Human Capital : A Cross-Country Analysis of Recent Trends (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2019 WPS9033 Policy Research Working Paper
Caregiver Perceptions of Child Development : A Cross-Sectional Study (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 2019 WPS9030 Policy Research Working Paper
A Socioeconomic Disaggregation of the World Bank Human Capital Index (English)
See More +
SEP 30, 2019 WPS9020 Policy Research Working Paper
Entry Barriers, Idiosyncratic Distortions, and the Firm-Size Distribution (English)
See More +
SEP 27, 2019 WPS9027 Policy Research Working Paper
Multilingual Assessment of Early Child Development : Analyses from Repeated Observations of Children in Kenya (English)
See More +
SEP 27, 2019 WPS9028 Policy Research Working Paper
Balancing Control and Flexibility in Public Expenditure Management : Using Banking Sector Innovations for Improved Expenditure Control and Effective Service Delivery (English)
See More +
SEP 27, 2019 WPS9029 Policy Research Working Paper
Magnitude and Distribution of Electricity and Water Subsidies for Households in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (English)
See More +
SEP 26, 2019 WPS9025 Policy Research Working Paper