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Gender and youth employment in Sub-Saharan Africa : a review of constraints and effective interventions (English)

Although the ratio of female to male labor force participation rates is higher in Sub-Saharan Africa than in any other region, these high rates of female labor force participation mask underlying challenges for women. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8245 NOV 20, 2017

Chakravarty,Shubha; Das,Smita; Vaillant,Julia Disclosed

The impact of fiscal policy on inequality and poverty in Zambia (English)

This study assesses the redistributive impact of fiscal policy––and its individual elements––in Zambia. Zambia's 2015 fiscal policy reduces inequality; the largest reduction is created by in-kind public service expenditures on education. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8246 NOV 20, 2017

Jellema,Jon Robbert; De La Fuente,Alejandro; Rosales,Manuel Disclosed

Internal borders and migration in India (English)

Internal mobility is a critical component of economic growth and development, as it enables the reallocation of labor to more productive opportunities across sectors and regions. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8244 NOV 20, 2017

Ozden,Caglar; Kone,Zovanga Louis; Mattoo,Aaditya; Sharma,Siddharth Disclosed

Putting your money where your mouth is : geographic targeting of World Bank projects to the bottom 40 percent (English)

The adoption of the shared prosperity goal by the World Bank in 2013 and Sustainable Development Goal 10, on inequality, by the United Nations in 2015 should strengthen the focus of development interventions and cooperation on the income growth of the bottom 40 percent of the income distribution (the bottom 40). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8247 NOV 20, 2017

Bogetic,Zeljko; Negre Rossignoli,Mario; Massari,Renzo; Ohler,Hannes; Smets,Lodewijk Disclosed

Polarization, foreign military intervention, and civil conflict (English)

In a behavioral model of civil conflict, foreign military intervention alters the resources available to warring groups and their probability of winning. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8248 NOV 20, 2017

Ianchovichina,Elena; Abu Bader,Suleiman Disclosed

FDI spillovers and high-growth firms in developing countries (English)

This paper evaluates the heterogeneous impact of spillovers from multinational corporations (MNCs) to domestic enterprises in the developing world. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8243 NOV 14, 2017

Reyes,Jose Daniel Disclosed

Women's entrepreneurship : how to measure the gap between new female and male entrepreneurs? (English)

This paper analyzes data on female and male entrepreneurship that were collected by the World Bank Group's Entrepreneurship Database. Recognizing the importance of a differentiated approach to entrepreneurship in terms of legal entities, the data on female and male business owners are collected at the level of limited liability companies and sole proprietorships. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8242 NOV 14, 2017

Krylova,Yulia; Ramalho,Rita; Meunier,Frederic Disclosed

SME finance (English)

This paper takes stock of the empirical evidence on the financing challenges faced by small and medium enterprises, especially in developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8241 NOV 13, 2017

Demirguc-Kunt,Asli; Maksimovic,Vojislav; Ayyagari,Meghana Disclosed

Korea's growth experience and long-term growth model (English)

This paper analyzes the Republic of Korea's rapid and sustained growth experience for the past six decades from the perspective of the neoclassical growth model (the workhorse model of the World Bank’s Long Term Growth Model (LTGM) project). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8240 NOV 09, 2017

Jeong,Hyeok Disclosed

Charting the diffusion of power sector reforms across the developing world (English)

Some 25 years have elapsed since international financial institutions espoused a package of power sector reform measures that became known as the Washington Consensus. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8235 NOV 07, 2017

Witte,Samantha Helen; Banerjee,Sudeshna Ghosh; Vega Moreno,Alejandro; Foster,Vivien Disclosed

Small firm death in developing countries (English)

Small firms are an important source of income for the poor in developing countries, and the target of many interventions designed to help them grow. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8236 NOV 07, 2017

Paffhausen,Anna Luisa; Mckenzie,David J. Disclosed

Financial development, growth, and crisis: is there a trade-off ? (English)

This paper reviews the evolving literature that links financial development, financial crises, and economic growth in the past 20 years. The initial disconnect -- with one literature focusing on the effect of financial deepening on long -- run growth and another studying its impact on volatility and crisis—has given way to a more nuanced approach that analyzes the two phenomena in an integrated framework. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8237 NOV 07, 2017

Ranciere,Romain; Ouazad,Amine; Loayza,Norman V. Disclosed

Learning the impact of financial education when take-up is low (English)

Financial education programs are increasingly offered by governments, nonprofits, and financial institutions. However, voluntary participation rates in such programs are often very low, posing a severe challenge for randomized experiments attempting to measure their impact. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8238 NOV 07, 2017

Ruiz Ortega,Claudia; Mckenzie,David J.; Lara Ibarra,Gabriel Disclosed

Gender and enterprise development in Sub-Saharan Africa : a review of constraints and effective interventions (English)

Female participation in entrepreneurial activities is higher in Sub-Saharan Africa than in any other region. However, women-owned businesses significantly underperform those owned by men. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8239 NOV 07, 2017

Campos,Francisco Moraes Leitao; Gassier,Marine Disclosed

Public procurement regulation and road quality (English)

Public procurement regulation is an important instrument for using public resources efficiently and ensuring quality services to citizens. On average, the public procurement sector accounts for 14.5 percent of the gross domestic product globally. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8234 NOV 06, 2017

Saliola,Federica; Djankov,Simeon; Islam,Asif Mohammed; Ghossein,Tania Disclosed

Labor adjustment costs across sectors and regions (English)

This paper estimates the mobility costs of workers across sectors and regions in a large sample of developing countries. The paper develops a new methodology that uses cross-sectional data only. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8233 NOV 02, 2017

Vargas Da Cruz,Marcio Jose; Milet,Emmanuel Michel Stephane; Olarreaga,Marcelo Disclosed

The impact of large-scale migration on poverty, expenditures, and labor market outcomes in Nepal (English)

This paper studies the impact of migration on poverty, expenditures, and labor market outcomes in Nepal. Between 2001 and 2011, the share of male working age population abroad more than doubled, mostly due to young men leaving to work in Malaysia and the Persian Gulf countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8232 NOV 01, 2017

Shrestha,Maheshwor Disclosed

How much oil is the Islamic state group producing ? evidence from remote sensing (English)

Accurately measuring oil production in low-governance contexts is an important task. Many terrorist organizations and insurgencies -- including the Islamic State group, also known as ISIL/ISIS or Daesh -- tap oil as a revenue source. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8231 OCT 31, 2017

Do,Quy-Toan; Shapiro,Jacob N.; Elvidge,Christopher D.; Abdel Jelil,Mohamed; Ahn,Daniel P.; Baugh,Kimberly; Hansen-Lewis,Jamie Nicole; Zhizhin,Mikhail Disclosed

Productivity and health : alternative productivity estimates using physical activity (English)

This paper investigates an alternative proxy for individual worker productivity in physical work settings: a direct measure of physical activity using an accelerometer. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8228 OCT 30, 2017

Akogun,Oladele B; Dillon,Andrew S.; Friedman,Jed; Prasann,Ashesh; Serneels,Pieter Maria Disclosed

What are the effects of expanding a social pension program on extreme poverty and labor supply ? evidence from Mexico's pension program for the elderly (English)

In 2013, Mexico's Social Pension Program for the Elderly was expanded by changing its eligibility threshold from age 70 to age 65. Using pooled cross-sectional data from Mexico's National Household Income and Expenditure Survey, the exogenous variation around eligibility age was exploited to uncover the causal effects of this expansion on extreme poverty and labor supply of the newly eligible population, and to explore potential transmission mechanisms. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8229 OCT 30, 2017

Avila Parra,Clemente; Escamilla Guerrero,David Ricardo Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Gender and youth employment in Sub-Saharan Africa : a review of constraints and effective interventions (English)
See More +
NOV 20, 2017 WPS8245 Policy Research Working Paper
The impact of fiscal policy on inequality and poverty in Zambia (English)
See More +
NOV 20, 2017 WPS8246 Policy Research Working Paper
Internal borders and migration in India (English)
See More +
NOV 20, 2017 WPS8244 Policy Research Working Paper
Putting your money where your mouth is : geographic targeting of World Bank projects to the bottom 40 percent (English)
See More +
NOV 20, 2017 WPS8247 Policy Research Working Paper
Polarization, foreign military intervention, and civil conflict (English)
See More +
NOV 20, 2017 WPS8248 Policy Research Working Paper
FDI spillovers and high-growth firms in developing countries (English)
See More +
NOV 14, 2017 WPS8243 Policy Research Working Paper
Women's entrepreneurship : how to measure the gap between new female and male entrepreneurs? (English)
See More +
NOV 14, 2017 WPS8242 Policy Research Working Paper
SME finance (English)
See More +
NOV 13, 2017 WPS8241 Policy Research Working Paper
Korea's growth experience and long-term growth model (English)
See More +
NOV 09, 2017 WPS8240 Policy Research Working Paper
Charting the diffusion of power sector reforms across the developing world (English)
See More +
NOV 07, 2017 WPS8235 Policy Research Working Paper
Small firm death in developing countries (English)
See More +
NOV 07, 2017 WPS8236 Policy Research Working Paper
Financial development, growth, and crisis: is there a trade-off ? (English)
See More +
NOV 07, 2017 WPS8237 Policy Research Working Paper
Learning the impact of financial education when take-up is low (English)
See More +
NOV 07, 2017 WPS8238 Policy Research Working Paper
Gender and enterprise development in Sub-Saharan Africa : a review of constraints and effective interventions (English)
See More +
NOV 07, 2017 WPS8239 Policy Research Working Paper
Public procurement regulation and road quality (English)
See More +
NOV 06, 2017 WPS8234 Policy Research Working Paper
Labor adjustment costs across sectors and regions (English)
See More +
NOV 02, 2017 WPS8233 Policy Research Working Paper
The impact of large-scale migration on poverty, expenditures, and labor market outcomes in Nepal (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2017 WPS8232 Policy Research Working Paper
How much oil is the Islamic state group producing ? evidence from remote sensing (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 2017 WPS8231 Policy Research Working Paper
Productivity and health : alternative productivity estimates using physical activity (English)
See More +
OCT 30, 2017 WPS8228 Policy Research Working Paper
What are the effects of expanding a social pension program on extreme poverty and labor supply ? evidence from Mexico's pension program for the elderly (English)
See More +
OCT 30, 2017 WPS8229 Policy Research Working Paper