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The capabilities driving participation in global value chains (English)

Global value chains have altered the nature of global trade and offer significant opportunities for developing countries to expand exports, access technology, and raise productivity. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7804 AUG 24, 2016

Pathikonda,Vilas G.; Farole,Thomas Disclosed

Unequal before the law : measuring legal gender disparities across the world (English)

Several economies have laws that treat women differently from men. This study explores the degree of such legal gender disparities across 167 economies around the world. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7803 AUG 23, 2016

Iqbal,Sarah; Islam,Asif Mohammed; Ramalho,Rita; Sakhonchik,Alena Disclosed

Prevalence, economic contribution, and determinants of trees on farms across Sub-Saharan Africa (English)

Trees on farms are often overlooked in agricultural and natural resource research and policy in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper addresses this gap using data from the Living Standards Measurement Study–Integrated Surveys on Agriculture in five countries: Ethiopia, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7802 AUG 23, 2016

Miller,Daniel Charles; Munoz Mora,Juan Carlos; Christiaensen,Luc Disclosed

Impact of social assistance on labor market mobility : the case of Turkey (English)

This paper assesses the extent to which social assistance programs in Turkey impact the labor market behavior of those who receive benefits. Theoretically, the possible channels through which the receipt of social assistance may disincentivize work are quite clear, even if the substantial literature analyzing these dynamics is somewhat inconclusive. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7801 AUG 22, 2016

Alcan,Deniz; Mokretar-Karroubi,Raif; Taskin,Temel; Wiseman,William David Disclosed

Predicting project outcomes : a simple methodology for predictions based on project ratings (English)

The downgrading of projects at the closing from moderately satisfactory to moderately unsatisfactory has been a persistent problem in the World Bank and a particular problem in the World Bank's East Asia and Pacific region since 2012. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7800 AUG 22, 2016

Blanc,Marc; Esmail,Talib B. K.; Mascarell,Caroline; Rodriguez,Joseph Rukshan Disclosed

Can environmental policy reduce infant mortality ? evidence from the Ganga pollution cases (English)

In many developing countries, environmental quality remains low and policies to improve it have been inconsistently effective. This paper conducts a case study of environmental policy, focusing on an unprecedented ruling by the Supreme Court of India, which targeted industrial pollution in the Ganga River. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7799 AUG 19, 2016

Do,Quy-Toan; Joshi,Shareen; Stolper,Samuel Disclosed

Making the most of demographic change in Southern Africa (English)

The countries of the Southern African Customs Union have relatively diverse demographic and economic starting points. These economies have the potential to realize demographic dividends and experience an acceleration in their income per capita growth and poverty reduction progress through forthcoming shifts in their age structures. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7798 AUG 17, 2016

Ahmed, S. Amer; Vargas Da Cruz,Marcio Jose Disclosed

Combining mentoring programs with cash transfers for adolescent girls in Liberia :baseline report (English)

This report presents findings from the baseline assessment of International Rescue Committee's (IRC) Girl Empower (GE) program in Nimba County, Liberia. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7797 AUG 16, 2016

Hallman,Kelly K.; Kelvin,Elizabeth; Ozler,Berk; Seban,Juliette; Kuhlik,Erica; Alton,Cooper; Kamara,Joseph; Goodman,Sarah Disclosed

Short- and long-term effects of a child-labor ban (English)

This is the first study to investigate the short- and long-term causal effects of a child-labor ban. The study explores the law that increased the minimum employment age from 14 to 16 in Brazil in 1998, and uncovers its impact on time allocated to schooling and work in the short term and on school attainment and labor market outcomes in the long term. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7796 AUG 15, 2016

Piza,Caio; Portela Fernandes De Souza,Andre Disclosed

Understanding the dynamics of labor income inequality in Latin America (English)

Since the early 2000s, after a long period of wide and persistent gaps, Latin America has experienced a steady decline in income inequality. This paper presents evidence of a trend reversal in labor income inequality, which is considered the main factor behind such a decline in income inequality across the region. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7795 AUG 15, 2016

Rodriguez Castelan,Carlos; Lopez-Calva,Luis-Felipe; Lustig,Nora-451471; Valderrama,Daniel Disclosed

Synergies in child nutrition : interactions of food security, health and environment, and child care (English)

This paper examines the extent to which the three key underlying determinants of nutrition -- food security; adequate caregiving resources at the maternal, household, and community levels; and access to health services and a safe and hygienic environment -- on their own and interactively are correlated with nutrition outcomes, such as height-for-age z-scores. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7794 AUG 15, 2016

Skoufias,Emmanuel Disclosed

Estimating poverty rates in target populations : an assessment of the simple poverty scorecard and alternative approaches (English)

The performance of the Simple Poverty Scorecard is compared against the performance of established regression-based estimators. All estimates are benchmarked against observed poverty status based on household expenditure (or income) data from household socioeconomic surveys that span nearly a decade and are representative of subnational populations. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7793 AUG 15, 2016

Diamond,Alexis; Gill,Michael; Rebolledo Dellepiane,Miguel Angel; Skoufias,Emmanuel; Vinha,Katja; Xu,Yiqing Disclosed

Hidden human capital : psychological empowerment and adolescent girls' aspirations in India (English)

This paper studies the role of social-emotional or psychological capital in determining the education and employment aspirations of adolescent girls and young women in India. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7792 AUG 15, 2016

Roy,Sanchari; Morton,Matthew H.; Bhattacharya,Shrayana Disclosed

Negative interest rate policies : sources and implications (English)

Against the background of continued growth disappointments, depressed inflation expectations, and declining real equilibrium interest rates, a number of central banks have implemented negative interest rate policies (NIRP) to provide additional monetary policy stimulus over the past few years. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7791 AUG 10, 2016

Arteta,Carlos; Kose,Ayhan; Stocker,Marc; Taskin,Temel Disclosed

Global health workforce labor market projections for 2030 (English)

In low- and middle-income countries, scaling essential health interventions to achieve health development targets is constrained by the lack of skilled health professionals to deliver services. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7790 AUG 10, 2016

Liua,Jenny X; Goryakin,Yevgeniy; Maeda,Akiko; Bruckner,Tim Allen; Scheffler,Richard M. Disclosed

Who uses electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa ? findings from household surveys (English)

Analysis of household expenditure surveys since 2008 in 22 Sub-Saharan African countries shows that one-third of all people use electricity. As expected, users are disproportionately urban and rich. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7789 AUG 09, 2016

Kojima,Masami; Zhou,Xin; Han,Jeesun; De Wit,Joerie Frederik; Bacon,Robert W.; Trimble,Christopher Philip Disclosed

Financial viability of electricity sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa : quasi-fiscal deficits and hidden costs (English)

This paper studies the financial viability of electricity sectors in 39 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa using an approach similar to that in an earlier study, the Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7788 AUG 09, 2016

Trimble,Christopher Philip; Kojima,Masami; Perez Arroyo,Ines; Mohammadzadeh,Farah Disclosed

The distributional impact of taxes and transfers in Poland (English)

This paper assesses the impact of fiscal policy on the incidence, depth, and severity of poverty, and examines whether there is room for an increased role for fiscal policy in improving the wellbeing of the poor. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7787 AUG 09, 2016

Goraus Tanska,Karolina Marta; Inchauste Comboni,Maria Gabriela Disclosed

The microfinance business model : enduring subsidy and modest profit (English)

Recent evidence suggests only modest social and economic impacts of microfinance. Favorable cost-benefit ratios then depend on low costs. This paper uses proprietary data on 1,335 microfinance institutions between 2005 and 2009, jointly serving 80.1 million borrowers, to calculate the costs of microfinance and other elements of the microfinance business model. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7786 AUG 08, 2016

Cull,Robert J.; Demirguc-Kunt,Asli; Morduch,Jonathan J. Disclosed

Disaggregating the impact of the internet on international trade (English)

The Internet has transformed the way countries trade by reducing the costs of exporting. This paper quantifies the impact of Internet adoption on international trade. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7785 AUG 08, 2016

Osnago,Alberto; Tan,Shawn Weiming Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
The capabilities driving participation in global value chains (English)
See More +
AUG 24, 2016 WPS7804 Policy Research Working Paper
Unequal before the law : measuring legal gender disparities across the world (English)
See More +
AUG 23, 2016 WPS7803 Policy Research Working Paper
Prevalence, economic contribution, and determinants of trees on farms across Sub-Saharan Africa (English)
See More +
AUG 23, 2016 WPS7802 Policy Research Working Paper
Impact of social assistance on labor market mobility : the case of Turkey (English)
See More +
AUG 22, 2016 WPS7801 Policy Research Working Paper
Predicting project outcomes : a simple methodology for predictions based on project ratings (English)
See More +
AUG 22, 2016 WPS7800 Policy Research Working Paper
Can environmental policy reduce infant mortality ? evidence from the Ganga pollution cases (English)
See More +
AUG 19, 2016 WPS7799 Policy Research Working Paper
Making the most of demographic change in Southern Africa (English)
See More +
AUG 17, 2016 WPS7798 Policy Research Working Paper
Combining mentoring programs with cash transfers for adolescent girls in Liberia :baseline report (English)
See More +
AUG 16, 2016 WPS7797 Policy Research Working Paper
Short- and long-term effects of a child-labor ban (English)
See More +
AUG 15, 2016 WPS7796 Policy Research Working Paper
Understanding the dynamics of labor income inequality in Latin America (English)
See More +
AUG 15, 2016 WPS7795 Policy Research Working Paper
Synergies in child nutrition : interactions of food security, health and environment, and child care (English)
See More +
AUG 15, 2016 WPS7794 Policy Research Working Paper
Estimating poverty rates in target populations : an assessment of the simple poverty scorecard and alternative approaches (English)
See More +
AUG 15, 2016 WPS7793 Policy Research Working Paper
Hidden human capital : psychological empowerment and adolescent girls' aspirations in India (English)
See More +
AUG 15, 2016 WPS7792 Policy Research Working Paper
Negative interest rate policies : sources and implications (English)
See More +
AUG 10, 2016 WPS7791 Policy Research Working Paper
Global health workforce labor market projections for 2030 (English)
See More +
AUG 10, 2016 WPS7790 Policy Research Working Paper
Who uses electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa ? findings from household surveys (English)
See More +
AUG 09, 2016 WPS7789 Policy Research Working Paper
Financial viability of electricity sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa : quasi-fiscal deficits and hidden costs (English)
See More +
AUG 09, 2016 WPS7788 Policy Research Working Paper
The distributional impact of taxes and transfers in Poland (English)
See More +
AUG 09, 2016 WPS7787 Policy Research Working Paper
The microfinance business model : enduring subsidy and modest profit (English)
See More +
AUG 08, 2016 WPS7786 Policy Research Working Paper
Disaggregating the impact of the internet on international trade (English)
See More +
AUG 08, 2016 WPS7785 Policy Research Working Paper