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Analyzing the dynamics of school dropout in upper secondary education in Latin America : a cohort approach (English)

This study examines trends in school dropout at the upper secondary education level across Latin America over the past two decades, and attempts to identify factors influencing these rates. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7223 MAR 26, 2015

Bentaouet Kattan,Raja; Székely,Miguel

What explains the stagnation of female labor force participation in urban India ? (English)

Female labor force participation rates in urban India between 1987 and 2011 are surprisingly low and have stagnated since the late 1980s. Despite rising growth, fertility decline, and rising wages and education levels, married women's labor force participation hovered around 18 percent. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7222 MAR 24, 2015

Klasen,Stephan; Pieters,Janneke

Fossil fuel subsidies : approaches and valuation (English)

Numbers ranging from half a trillion to two trillion dollars have been cited in recent years for global subsidies for fossil fuels. How are these figures calculated and why are they so different? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7220 MAR 23, 2015

Kojima,Masami; Koplow,Doug

The misallocation of land and other factors of production in India (English)

This paper quantifies the misallocation of manufacturing output and factors of production between establishments across Indian districts during 1989-2010. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7221 MAR 23, 2015

Duranton,Gilles; Ghani,Syed Ejaz; Goswami,Arti Grover; Kerr,William Robert

Advanced-country policies and emerging-market currencies : the impact of U.S. tapering on India's Rupee (English)

The global financial crisis and its aftermath have triggered extraordinary policy responses in advanced countries. The impacts of these policy responses—from asset price bubbles to currency depreciations—have often been felt in the developing world. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7219 MAR 23, 2015

Ikeda,Yuki; Medvedev,Denis; Rama,Martin G.

As the market churns : estimates of firm exit and job loss using the World Bank's enterprise surveys (English)

This paper uses a unique data set of panel firms from the World Bank's Enterprise Surveys in 47 economies, to provide estimates of the patterns of firm exit, and analyzes various firm characteristics and conditions under which firms leave the market. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7218 MAR 23, 2015

Aga,Gemechu A.; Francis,David C.

Equality of opportunity : theory and evidence (English)

Building on earlier work by political philosophers, economists have recently sought to define a concept of equity that accommodates the fairness of reward to individual responsibility and effort, while allowing for the existence of some inequalities which are unfair and should be compensated. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7217 MAR 20, 2015

Ferreira,Francisco H. G.; Peragine,Vito

The international bank lending channel of monetary policy rates and quantitative easing : credit supply, reach-for-yield, and real effects (English)

This paper identifies the international credit channel of monetary policy by analyzing the universe of corporate loans in Mexico, matched with firm and bank balance-sheet data, and by exploiting foreign monetary policy shocks, given the large presence of European and U.S. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7216 MAR 19, 2015

Morais,Bernardo; Peydró,José-Luis; Ruiz Ortega,Claudia

Using lotteries to incentivize safer sexual behavior : evidence from a randomized controlled trial on HIV prevention (English)

Financial incentives are a promising HIV prevention strategy. This paper assesses the effect on HIV incidence of a lottery program in Lesotho with low expected payments but a chance to win a high prize conditional on negative test results for sexually transmitted infections. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7215 MAR 18, 2015

Nyqvist,Martina Björkman; Corno,Lucia; De Walque,Damien B. C. M.; Svensson,Jakob

No condition is permanent : middle class in Nigeria in the last decade (English)

The economic debate on existence and definition of the middle class has become particularly lively in many developing countries. Despite this growing interest, the identification of the middle class group in these countries remains quite challenging. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7214 MAR 16, 2015

Corral Rodas,Paul Andres; Molini,Vasco; Oseni,Gbemisola O.

Income shocks and conflict : evidence from Nigeria (English)

This paper extends the micro evidence on the impact of income shocks on civil conflict using data across Nigerian states over the past decade. The paper uses an innovative empirical strategy matching household survey, oil production, and domestic and international price data to capture three separate channels linking income changes to conflict. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7213 MAR 11, 2015

Abidoye,Babatunde Oluwakayode; Cali,Massimiliano

Economic implications of a potential free trade agreement between India and the United States (English)

This paper explores the economic implications of a potential free trade agreement between India and the United States. A series of simulations is conducted assuming 100 percent ad valorem equivalent tariff cuts for goods and 50 percent cuts for services. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7212 MAR 10, 2015

Fukase,Emiko; Martin,William J.

Policy and performance in customs : evaluating the trade facilitation agreement (English)

The 2013 World Trade Organization ministerial in Bali produced a comprehensive framework agreement on trade facilitation. If fully implemented, the agreement should increase the speed and reduce the cost of moving goods across international borders. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7211 MAR 10, 2015

Hillberry,Russell Henry; Zhang,Xiaohui

Trade effects of customs reform : evidence from Albania (English)

Despite enormous academic interest in international trade costs and keen policy interest in efforts to mitigate them, so far there is very little hard evidence on the impacts of trade facilitation efforts. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7210 MAR 10, 2015

Fernandes,Ana Margarida; Hillberry,Russell Henry; Mendoza Alcantara,Alejandra

Economic shocks and subjective well-being : evidence from a quasi-experiment (English)

This article examines how economic shocks affect individual well-being in developing countries. Using the case of a sudden and unanticipated currency devaluation in Botswana as a quasi-experiment, the article examines how this monetary shock affects individuals' evaluations of well-being. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7209 MAR 10, 2015

Hariri,Jacob Gerner; Bjørnskov,Christian; Justesen,Mogens K.

Interviewer effects in subjective survey questions: evidence from Timor-Leste (English)

There is an inherent tension between traditional norms and survey protocols for quantitative data collected in the developing world. Unexpected interactions between the interviewer and respondent can lead to interviewer effects in the data, particularly in the case of subjective or sensitive questions. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7208 MAR 09, 2015

Himelein,Kristen

What determines entrepreneurial outcomes in emerging markets ? the role of initial conditions (English)

Is it the institutions or firm characteristics at birth that shape startups and their early growth in developing countries? Using comprehensive data from the Indian Annual Survey of Industries this paper addresses this question by studying the early lifecycle of firms across diverse institutional environments of regions in India. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7207 MAR 06, 2015

Ayyagari,Meghana; Demirguc-Kunt,Asli; Maksimovic,Vojislav

Informal tradables and the employment growth of Indian manufacturing (English)

India's manufacturing growth from 1989 to 2010 displays two intriguing properties: 1) a substantial fraction of absolute and net employment growth is concentrated in informal tradable industries, and 2) much of this growth is connected to the development of one-person establishments. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7206 MAR 02, 2015

Ghani,Syed Ejaz; Kerr,William Robert; Segura,Alex

Trade reform and regional dynamics : evidence from 25 years of Brazilian matched employer-employee data (English)

This paper empirically studies the dynamics of labor market adjustment following the Brazilian trade reform of the 1990s. The paper uses variation in industry-specific tariff cuts interacted with initial regional industry mix to measure trade-induced local labor demand shocks and examines regional and individual labor market responses to those one-time shocks over two decades. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7205 MAR 02, 2015

Dix Carneiro,Rafael; Kovak,Brian K.

Effects of the internet on participation : study of a public policy referendum in Brazil (English)

Does online voting mobilize citizens who otherwise would not participate? During the annual participatory budgeting vote in the southern state of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil -- the world's largest -- Internet voters were asked whether they would have participated had there not been an online voting option (i-voting). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7204 FEB 26, 2015

Spada,Paolo; Mellon,Jonathan; Peixoto,Tiago Carneiro; Sjoberg,Fredrik Matias

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Analyzing the dynamics of school dropout in upper secondary education in Latin America : a cohort approach (English)
See More +
MAR 26, 2015 WPS7223 Policy Research Working Paper
What explains the stagnation of female labor force participation in urban India ? (English)
See More +
MAR 24, 2015 WPS7222 Policy Research Working Paper
Fossil fuel subsidies : approaches and valuation (English)
See More +
MAR 23, 2015 WPS7220 Policy Research Working Paper
The misallocation of land and other factors of production in India (English)
See More +
MAR 23, 2015 WPS7221 Policy Research Working Paper
Advanced-country policies and emerging-market currencies : the impact of U.S. tapering on India's Rupee (English)
See More +
MAR 23, 2015 WPS7219 Policy Research Working Paper
As the market churns : estimates of firm exit and job loss using the World Bank's enterprise surveys (English)
See More +
MAR 23, 2015 WPS7218 Policy Research Working Paper
Equality of opportunity : theory and evidence (English)
See More +
MAR 20, 2015 WPS7217 Policy Research Working Paper
The international bank lending channel of monetary policy rates and quantitative easing : credit supply, reach-for-yield, and real effects (English)
See More +
MAR 19, 2015 WPS7216 Policy Research Working Paper
Using lotteries to incentivize safer sexual behavior : evidence from a randomized controlled trial on HIV prevention (English)
See More +
MAR 18, 2015 WPS7215 Policy Research Working Paper
No condition is permanent : middle class in Nigeria in the last decade (English)
See More +
MAR 16, 2015 WPS7214 Policy Research Working Paper
Income shocks and conflict : evidence from Nigeria (English)
See More +
MAR 11, 2015 WPS7213 Policy Research Working Paper
Economic implications of a potential free trade agreement between India and the United States (English)
See More +
MAR 10, 2015 WPS7212 Policy Research Working Paper
Policy and performance in customs : evaluating the trade facilitation agreement (English)
See More +
MAR 10, 2015 WPS7211 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade effects of customs reform : evidence from Albania (English)
See More +
MAR 10, 2015 WPS7210 Policy Research Working Paper
Economic shocks and subjective well-being : evidence from a quasi-experiment (English)
See More +
MAR 10, 2015 WPS7209 Policy Research Working Paper
Interviewer effects in subjective survey questions: evidence from Timor-Leste (English)
See More +
MAR 09, 2015 WPS7208 Policy Research Working Paper
What determines entrepreneurial outcomes in emerging markets ? the role of initial conditions (English)
See More +
MAR 06, 2015 WPS7207 Policy Research Working Paper
Informal tradables and the employment growth of Indian manufacturing (English)
See More +
MAR 02, 2015 WPS7206 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade reform and regional dynamics : evidence from 25 years of Brazilian matched employer-employee data (English)
See More +
MAR 02, 2015 WPS7205 Policy Research Working Paper
Effects of the internet on participation : study of a public policy referendum in Brazil (English)
See More +
FEB 26, 2015 WPS7204 Policy Research Working Paper