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Are Banks Engines of Export ? Financial Structures and Export Dynamics (English)

This paper studies the impact of financial structures on the dynamics of the export sector using rich data from over 60 countries. The results reveal that bank-oriented financial systems boost the size of the export sector more than market-oriented financial systems. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8621 OCT 25, 2018

Minetti,Raoul; Mulabdic,Alen; Ruta,Michele; Zhu,Susan Disclosed

Liquidity constraints and firms linkages with multinationals (English)

Using a unique data set on the Czech Republic for 1994-2003, this article examines the relationship between a firm's liquidity constraints and its supply linkages with multinational corporations (MNCs). ... See More +

Journal Article 77621 JUN 01, 2009

Javorcik, Beata S.; Mariana, Spatareanu Disclosed

Explaining large inventories : the case of Iran (English)

According to the national accounts of Iran, during the period of 1988-2003 the annual change in inventories in this economy was highly variable and averaged 7.3 percent of GDP if calculated at current prices. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 37849 SEP 01, 2006

Dobronogov, Anton; Jalali-Naini, Ahmad R. Disclosed

Infrastructure and public utilities privatization in developing countries (English)

The paper analyzes governments' tradeoff between fiscal benefits and consumer surplus in privatization reforms of noncompetitive industries in developing countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3950 JUN 01, 2006

Auriol, Emmanuelle; Picard, Pierre M. Disclosed

Education decentralization and accountability relationships in Latin America (English)

The author analyzes decentralization reforms in the education sector in Latin America (their status, impact, and ongoing challenges) by making use of the accountability framework developed by the World Development Report 2004: Making Services Work for Poor People. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS3453 NOV 01, 2004

Di Gropello, Emmanuela

Farm debt in the CIS - a multi-country study of the major causes and proposed solutions (English)

The objective of this study is to support the farm privatization and restructuring process in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) by presenting a wide range of strategic and tactical options that could be applied to eliminate, or at least reduce, the main factors responsible for the destructive accumulation of debt in large farm enterprises. ... See More +

Publication WDP424 MAY 31, 2001

Csaki, Csaba; Lerman, Zvi; Sotnikov, Sergey Disclosed

Does financial liberalization relax financing constraints on firms ? (English)

The author uses panel data on 394 firms in 13 developing countries for the years 1988-98 to learn whether financial liberalization relaxes financing constraints on firms. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2467 OCT 31, 2000

Laeven, Luc

Liquidity constraints and investment in transition economies - the case of Bulgaria (English)

The authors use firm level data on Bulgaria to investigate the impact of liquidity constraints on firms' investment performance. Internal funds are a important determinant of investment in most industrial economies. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS2278 JAN 31, 2000

Budina, Nina; Garretsen, Harry; de Jong, Elke

Externalities and bailouts : hard and soft budget constraints in intergovernmental fiscal relations (English)

Subnational governments are assuming greater fiscal responsibility in many developing and transition countries. There is concern, however, that fiscal decentralization may weaken fiscal discipline -that local authorities may undertake commitments or incur debt obligations that subsequently result in massive central government support, in the form of extraordinary transfers, or bailouts. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1843 NOV 30, 1997

Wildasin, David E.

Why is unemployment low in the former Soviet Union? : enterprises restructuring and the structure of compensation (English)

The authors explain why in the Former Soviet Union (FSU) - especially Russia - unemployment has remained low and employment in state and privatized firms has remained high, while at the same time the informal or unofficial economy has grown swiftly. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS1617 JUN 30, 1996

Commander, Simon; Tolstopiatenko, Andrei

Fundamental issues and policy approaches in industrial restructuring (English)

The purpose of this paper is to present a conceptual framework that allows a rigorous and comprehensive analysis of the industrial restructuring problem. ... See More +

Departmental Working Paper 11008 APR 30, 1992

Atiyas, Izak; Dutz, Mark; Frischtak, Claudio; Hadji

Tightening the soft budget constraint in reforming socialist economies (English)

The concept of the soft budget constraint has been quoted as appearing "when the strict relationship between expenditures and earnings has been relaxed, because excess expenditure over earnings will be paid by some other institution, typically by the state." ... See More +

Departmental Working Paper 8987 MAY 31, 1990

Nagaoka, Sadao; Atiyas, Izak

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Are Banks Engines of Export ? Financial Structures and Export Dynamics (English)
See More +
OCT 25, 2018 WPS8621 Policy Research Working Paper
Liquidity constraints and firms linkages with multinationals (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2009 77621 Journal Article
Explaining large inventories : the case of Iran (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2006 37849 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Infrastructure and public utilities privatization in developing countries (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2006 WPS3950 Policy Research Working Paper
Education decentralization and accountability relationships in Latin America (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2004 WPS3453 Policy Research Working Paper
Farm debt in the CIS - a multi-country study of the major causes and proposed solutions (English)
See More +
MAY 31, 2001 WDP424 Publication
Does financial liberalization relax financing constraints on firms ? (English)
See More +
OCT 31, 2000 WPS2467 Policy Research Working Paper
Liquidity constraints and investment in transition economies - the case of Bulgaria (English)
See More +
JAN 31, 2000 WPS2278 Policy Research Working Paper
Externalities and bailouts : hard and soft budget constraints in intergovernmental fiscal relations (English)
See More +
NOV 30, 1997 WPS1843 Policy Research Working Paper
Why is unemployment low in the former Soviet Union? : enterprises restructuring and the structure of compensation (English)
See More +
JUN 30, 1996 WPS1617 Policy Research Working Paper
Fundamental issues and policy approaches in industrial restructuring (English)
See More +
APR 30, 1992 11008 Departmental Working Paper
Tightening the soft budget constraint in reforming socialist economies (English)
See More +
MAY 31, 1990 8987 Departmental Working Paper