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Trade flows and trade disputes (English)

This paper introduces a new data set and establishes a set of basic facts and patterns regarding the trade that countries fight about under World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6979 JUL 01, 2014

Bown, Chad P.; Reynolds, Kara M.

What do we know about preferential trade agreements and temporary trade barriers ? (English)

Two of the most important trade policy developments to take place since the 1980s are the expansion of preferential trade agreements and temporary trade barriers, such as antidumping, safeguards, and countervailing duties. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6898 JUN 01, 2014

Bown, Chad P.; Karacaovali, Baybars; Tovar, Patricia

Trade policy instruments over time (English)

This paper surveys political-economic research on the variety of instruments that governments use to conduct international trade policy. It presents key insights on the relationships between instruments such as tariffs, quotas, voluntary export restraints, and other nontariff barriers, as well as the ebb and flow of the national use of temporary trade barriers such as antidumping, countervailing duties, and safeguards. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6757 JAN 01, 2014

Bown, Chad P.

How different are safeguards from antidumping ? evidence from us trade policies toward steel (English)

Use of temporary trade barriers has proliferated across countries, industries, and even policy instruments. This paper constructs a panel of bilateral, product-level United States steel imports that are matched to a unique data set on trade policy exclusions that are associated with the 2002 United States steel safeguard in order to compare the trade impacts that result from application of various temporary trade barrier policies over 1989-2003. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6378 MAR 01, 2013

Bown, Chad P.

Emerging economies, trade policy, and macroeconomic shocks (English)

This paper estimates the impact of aggregate fluctuations on the time-varying trade policies of thirteen major emerging economies over 1989-2010; by 2010, these WTO member countries collectively accounted for 21 percent of world merchandise imports and 22 percent of world GDP. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6315 JAN 01, 2013

Bown, Chad P.; Crowley, Meredith A.

Trade policy flexibilities and Turkey : tariffs, antidumping, safeguards, and WTO dispute settlement (English)

Trade policy commitments to lower import tariffs and to maintain tariffs at low levels entail short and long-run political-economic costs and benefits. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6322 JAN 01, 2013

Bown, Chad P.

Antidumping and market competition: implications for emerging economies (English)

While the original justification of the antidumping laws in the industrial economies was to protect domestic consumers against predation by foreign suppliers, by the early 1990s the laws and their use had evolved so much that the opposite concern arose. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6197 SEP 01, 2012

Bown, Chad P.; McCulloch, Rachel

Emerging economies and the emergence of south-south protectionism (English)

Do exports resume when import-restricting temporary trade barriers such as antidumping are finally removed? To establish the importance of this question for emerging economies, this paper uses newly available data from the World Bank's Temporary Trade Barriers Database to update a number of inter-temporal indicators of import protection along three dimensions: additional time coverage through 2011, additional policy-imposing country coverage, and a more comprehensive depiction of impacted trading partner coverage. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6162 AUG 01, 2012

Bown, Chad P.

Import protection, business cycles, and exchange rates : evidence from the great recession (English)

This research estimates the impact of macroeconomic fluctuations on import protection policies over 1988:Q1-2010:Q4 for five industrialized economies -- the United States, European Union, Australia, Canada and South Korea. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6038 APR 01, 2012

Crowley, Meredith A.; Bown, Chad P.

Optimal food price stabilization in a small open developing country (English)

In poor countries, most governments implement policies aiming to stabilize the prices of staple foods, which often include storage and trade measures insulating their domestic market from the world market. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5943 JAN 01, 2012

Jean, Sebastien; Gouel, Christophe

Measuring the impacts of global trade reform with optimal aggregators of distortions (English)

Traditional weighted-average measures of trade distortions are widely used in analyzing global and regional reforms, despite well-known deficiencies. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5665 MAY 01, 2011

Martin, Will; Laborde, David; van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique

U.S. antidumping: much ado about zeroing (English)

The United States use of "zeroing" in its antidumping procedures has become a political flash point threatening some legitimacy of the WTO's dispute settlement system. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5352 JUN 01, 2010

Bown, Chad P.; Prusa, Thomas J.

China's export growth and the China safeguard : threats to the world trading system ? (English)

Is there evidence from China's pre-WTO accession period that newly imposed U.S. or EU import restrictions deflect Chinese exports to third markets? ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5291 MAY 01, 2010

Crowley, Meredith A.; Bown, Chad P.

Developing countries and monitoring WTO commitments in response to the global economic crisis (English)

This paper examines the role of the public sector in providing additional information to exporters in developing countries as they seek to monitor and keep open their access to foreign markets by using the rules of the WTO system. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5301 MAY 01, 2010

Bown, Chad P.

Self-enforcing trade agreements : evidence from time-varying trade policy (English)

The Bagwell and Staiger (1990) theory of cooperative trade agreements predicts new tariffs (i) increase with imports, (ii) increase with the inverse of the sum of the import demand and export supply elasticities, and (iii) decrease with the variance of imports. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5223 MAR 01, 2010

Crowley, Meredith A.; Bown, Chad P.

Formulas and flexibility in trade negotiations : sensitive agricultural products in the WTO's Doha agenda (English)

Many trade negotiations involve large cuts in high tariffs, with flexibilities allowing much smaller cuts for an agreed number of politically-sensitive products. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5200 FEB 01, 2010

Martin, Will; Jean, Sebastien; Laborde, David

Developing countries, dispute settlement, and the advisory centre on WTO law (English)

Critical appraisals of the current and potential benefits from developing country engagement in the World Trade Organization (WTO) focus mainly on the Doha Round of negotiations. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5168 JAN 01, 2010

Bown, Chad P.; McCulloch, Rachel

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Trade flows and trade disputes (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6979 Policy Research Working Paper
What do we know about preferential trade agreements and temporary trade barriers ? (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6898 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade policy instruments over time (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2014 WPS6757 Policy Research Working Paper
How different are safeguards from antidumping ? evidence from us trade policies toward steel (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2013 WPS6378 Policy Research Working Paper
Emerging economies, trade policy, and macroeconomic shocks (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 WPS6315 Policy Research Working Paper
Trade policy flexibilities and Turkey : tariffs, antidumping, safeguards, and WTO dispute settlement (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 WPS6322 Policy Research Working Paper
Antidumping and market competition: implications for emerging economies (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 WPS6197 Policy Research Working Paper
Emerging economies and the emergence of south-south protectionism (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2012 WPS6162 Policy Research Working Paper
Import protection, business cycles, and exchange rates : evidence from the great recession (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2012 WPS6038 Policy Research Working Paper
Optimal food price stabilization in a small open developing country (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2012 WPS5943 Policy Research Working Paper
Measuring the impacts of global trade reform with optimal aggregators of distortions (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2011 WPS5665 Policy Research Working Paper
U.S. antidumping: much ado about zeroing (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2010 WPS5352 Policy Research Working Paper
China's export growth and the China safeguard : threats to the world trading system ? (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2010 WPS5291 Policy Research Working Paper
Developing countries and monitoring WTO commitments in response to the global economic crisis (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2010 WPS5301 Policy Research Working Paper
Self-enforcing trade agreements : evidence from time-varying trade policy (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2010 WPS5223 Policy Research Working Paper
Formulas and flexibility in trade negotiations : sensitive agricultural products in the WTO's Doha agenda (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2010 WPS5200 Policy Research Working Paper
Developing countries, dispute settlement, and the advisory centre on WTO law (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2010 WPS5168 Policy Research Working Paper