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Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (Arabic)

Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries face a critical choice as they strive to generate greater private sector growth and more jobs: promote competition, provide equal opportunities for all entrepreneurs, and dismantle the current system of privileges for connected firms or risk perpetuating the current equilibrium of low job creation. ... See More +

Publication 92767 JAN 01, 2015

Schiffbauer,Marc Tobias; Sy,Abdoulaye; Hussain,Sahar Sajjad; Sahnoun,Hania; Keefer,Philip E. English, French Disclosed

Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa : Emplois ou privilèges : libérer le potentiel de création d’emplois au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord (French)

Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries face a critical choice as they strive to generate greater private sector growth and more jobs: promote competition, provide equal opportunities for all entrepreneurs, and dismantle the current system of privileges for connected firms or risk perpetuating the current equilibrium of low job creation. ... See More +

Publication 92767 JAN 01, 2015

Schiffbauer,Marc Tobias; Sy,Abdoulaye; Hussain,Sahar Sajjad; Sahnoun,Hania; Keefer,Philip E. English, Arabic Disclosed

Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)

This report for the Middle East and North Africa shows that policies that lower competition and create an uneven playing field are common and constrain private sector job creation. ... See More +

Publication 92870 NOV 16, 2014

Schiffbauer, Marc; Sy, Abdoulaye; Hussain, Sahar; Sahnoun, Hania; Keefer, Philip Disclosed

Privileges instead of jobs : politically connected firms receive generous policy privileges undermining competition and job creation (Arabic)

Policies in MENA countries often limit competition and job creation by constraining firm startup and productivity growth. Policies have often been captured by a handful of politically connected firms. ... See More +

Brief 91706 JUL 01, 2014

English Disclosed

Distorted dynamics : the impact of policies on firm dynamics and job creation (Vol. 3) (Arabic)

In MENA, 50 percent of surveyed firms regard regulatory policy uncertainty as an obstacle and 35 percent as a "severe" or "major" obstacle to their firms' growth. ... See More +

Brief 91704 JUL 01, 2014

English Disclosed

Privileges instead of jobs : politically connected firms receive generous policy privileges undermining competition and job creation (English)

Policies in MENA countries often limit competition and job creation by constraining firm startup and productivity growth. Policies have often been captured by a handful of politically connected firms. ... See More +

Brief 91706 JUL 01, 2014

Arabic Disclosed

Avoiding the pitfalls of industrial policy : building open and effective institutions for private sector development and jobs (Arabic)

Economic policies in MENA have often been captured by a few politically connected firms and such capture has undermined private sector growth and job creation. ... See More +

Brief 91705 JUL 01, 2014

English Disclosed

Distorted dynamics : the impact of policies on firm dynamics and job creation (Vol. 3) (English)

In MENA, 50 percent of surveyed firms regard regulatory policy uncertainty as an obstacle and 35 percent as a "severe" or "major" obstacle to their firms' growth. ... See More +

Brief 91704 JUL 01, 2014

Arabic Disclosed

Avoiding the pitfalls of industrial policy : building open and effective institutions for private sector development and jobs (English)

Economic policies in MENA have often been captured by a few politically connected firms and such capture has undermined private sector growth and job creation. ... See More +

Brief 91705 JUL 01, 2014

Arabic Disclosed

Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)

This report argues that Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries face a critical choice in their quest for higher private sector growth and more jobs: promote competition, equal opportunities for all entrepreneurs and dismantle existing privileges to specific firms or risk perpetuating the current equilibrium of low job creation. ... See More +

Other Urban Study 88879 JUN 01, 2014

Schiffbauer, Marc; Sy, Abdoulaye; Hussain, Sahar; Sahnoun, Hania; Keefer, Philip; Diwan, Ishac; Kadi, Dalia Al; Doemeland, Doerte; Rijkers, Bob Disclosed

Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)

The Middle East and North Africa region faces high unemployment or jobs in low-productivity activities often in the informal economy. The private sector has not generated enough jobs as polices that restrict competition have limited the entry of new firms and prevented more productive firms from growing – the type of firms that create most jobs. ... See More +

Brief 91702 JAN 01, 2014

Arabic Disclosed

Startups and innovations wanted : private sector growth and job creation (Arabic)

Most workers are employed in micro firms representing low-productivity, subsistence activities. The private sector has been characterized by low firm turnover – firm entry and exit – and slow productivity growth, limiting the pool of startups and productive firms which create most jobs in MENA. ... See More +

Brief 91703 JAN 01, 2014

English Disclosed

Startups and innovations wanted : private sector growth and job creation (English)

Most workers are employed in micro firms representing low-productivity, subsistence activities. The private sector has been characterized by low firm turnover – firm entry and exit – and slow productivity growth, limiting the pool of startups and productive firms which create most jobs in MENA. ... See More +

Brief 91703 JAN 01, 2014

Arabic Disclosed

Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)

Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries face a critical choice as they strive to generate greater private sector growth and more jobs: promote competition, provide equal opportunities for all entrepreneurs, and dismantle the current system of privileges for connected firms or risk perpetuating the current equilibrium of low job creation. ... See More +

Publication 92767 JAN 01, 2014

Schiffbauer,Marc Tobias; Sy,Abdoulaye; Hussain,Sahar Sajjad; Sahnoun,Hania; Keefer,Philip E. Arabic, French Disclosed

Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (Arabic)

The Middle East and North Africa region faces high unemployment or jobs in low-productivity activities often in the informal economy. The private sector has not generated enough jobs as polices that restrict competition have limited the entry of new firms and prevented more productive firms from growing – the type of firms that create most jobs. ... See More +

Brief 91702 JAN 01, 2014

English Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (Arabic)
See More +
JAN 01, 2015 92767 Publication English, French
Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa : Emplois ou privilèges : libérer le potentiel de création d’emplois au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord (French)
See More +
JAN 01, 2015 92767 Publication English, Arabic
Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)
See More +
NOV 16, 2014 92870 Publication
Privileges instead of jobs : politically connected firms receive generous policy privileges undermining competition and job creation (Arabic)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 91706 Brief English
Distorted dynamics : the impact of policies on firm dynamics and job creation (Vol. 3) (Arabic)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 91704 Brief English
Privileges instead of jobs : politically connected firms receive generous policy privileges undermining competition and job creation (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 91706 Brief Arabic
Avoiding the pitfalls of industrial policy : building open and effective institutions for private sector development and jobs (Arabic)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 91705 Brief English
Distorted dynamics : the impact of policies on firm dynamics and job creation (Vol. 3) (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 91704 Brief Arabic
Avoiding the pitfalls of industrial policy : building open and effective institutions for private sector development and jobs (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 91705 Brief Arabic
Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 88879 Other Urban Study
Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2014 91702 Brief Arabic
Startups and innovations wanted : private sector growth and job creation (Arabic)
See More +
JAN 01, 2014 91703 Brief English
Startups and innovations wanted : private sector growth and job creation (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2014 91703 Brief Arabic
Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2014 92767 Publication Arabic, French
Jobs or privileges : unleashing the employment potential of the Middle East and North Africa (Arabic)
See More +
JAN 01, 2014 91702 Brief English