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Megadisaster knowledge notes

September 2012

 

Learning from Megadisasters, a knowledge-sharing project sponsored by the Government of Japan and the World Bank, is collecting and analyzing information, data, and evaluations performed by academic and research institutions, nongovernmental organizations, government agencies, and the private sector, all with the objective of sharing Japan's knowledge on disaster risk management (DRM) and postdisaster reconstruction with countries vulnerable to disasters. The first phase of the project delivered a set of 32 knowledge notes grouped into six thematic clusters: 1) structural measures, 2) nonstructural measures, 3) emergency response, 4) reconstruction planning, 5) hazard and risk information and decision making, 6) economics of disaster risk, risk management, and risk financing. The notes analyze and synthesize what worked, what did not, and why in the response to the March 11, 2011, earthquake and tsunami, offering recommendations for developing countries that face similar risks and vulnerabilities.

 

 

Link to Series page:
http://wbi.worldbank.org/wbi/megadisasters



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Supporting and empowering municipal functions and staff (English)

A mega disaster can destroy government offices and kill public officials. In the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), many municipalities in Tohoku suffered serious damage to their office buildings and incurred considerable staff losses, which hampered their disaster response timing and effectiveness. ... See More +

Brief 79376 SEP 01, 2012

Keicho, Toshiaki Disclosed

Hydro-meteorological disasters associated with tsunamis and earthquakes (English)

Earthquakes and tsunamis increase the risks of hydro-meteorological disasters. After the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), disaster-prevention structures such as coastal and river dikes were quickly rehabilitated. ... See More +

Brief 79359 SEP 01, 2012

Sagara, Junko Disclosed

Business continuity plans (English)

A business continuity plan (BCP) identifies the potential effects of disruptions to an organization's critical operations if a disaster were to occur, and specifies effective response actions and quick recovery measures. ... See More +

Brief 79365 SEP 01, 2012

Ono, Takahiro; Ishiwatari, Mikio Disclosed

The financial and fiscal impacts (English)

The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) occurred against the backdrop of a struggling economy and public finance system under stress, implying an exceptional fiscal cost and imposing a fiscal management challenge to the Government of Japan (GoJ). ... See More +

Brief 79396 SEP 01, 2012

Sato, Motohiro; Boudreau, Laura Disclosed

Urban planning, land use regulation, and relocation (English)

Reconstruction should include a range of measures to enhance safety: disaster prevention facilities, relocation of communities to higher ground, and evacuation facilities. ... See More +

Brief 79369 SEP 01, 2012

Ishiwatari, Mikio; Onishi, Takashi Disclosed

Measuring the cost-effectiveness of various disaster risk management (DRM) measures (English)

The Japanese experience shows that if done right- preventive investments pay. The Japanese government invested about 7 to 8 percent of the total budget for disaster risk management (DRM) in the 1960s, a move that most probably decreased disaster deaths. ... See More +

Brief 79392 SEP 01, 2012

Toyama, Masato; Sagara, Junko Disclosed

Strategies for managing low-probability, high-impact events (English)

Every country should develop strategies for managing low-probability, high-impact extreme events-strategies that reflect their own as well as global experiences with mega-disasters. ... See More +

Brief 79398 SEP 01, 2012

Hiroki, Kenzo Disclosed

Evacuation (English)

Community evacuation measures should be the centerpiece of disaster risk management (DRM) systems. Because the Sanriku region has suffered from frequent tsunamis, its local communities have passed their knowledge from generation to generation, mainly by constructing commemorative monuments and by conducting education and drills. ... See More +

Brief 79368 SEP 01, 2012

Ishiwatari, Mikio; Arakida, Masaru Disclosed

Mobilizing and coordinating expert teams, nongovernmental organizations, nonprofit organizations, and vounteers (English)

In response to the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), domestic and international assistance initiatives were launched by a large number of public and private sectors organizations; and various emergency teams were mobilized through national and international networks. ... See More +

Brief 79372 SEP 01, 2012

Osa, Yukie; Sagara, Junko; Ishiwatari, Mikio Disclosed

Infrastructure rehabilitation (English)

Social infrastructure and public utilities are critical for quick and effective disaster response and recovery. Japan's rigorous seismic reinforcement of infrastructure has greatly reduced the effort required to restore essential facilities. ... See More +

Brief 79380 SEP 01, 2012

Sagara, Junko; Ishiwatari, Mikio Disclosed

Debris management (English)

Some 20 million tonnes of waste resulted from the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). The amount of debris in Iwate Prefecture was 11 times greater than in a normal year, and in Miyagi 19 times greater. ... See More +

Brief 79384 SEP 01, 2012

Sakai, Shinichi; University, Kyoto Disclosed

Risk communication (English)

Risk communication is an important component of disaster risk management (DRM) because it shapes people's perceptions of risk and influences their actions with respect to disaster preparedness and disaster response. ... See More +

Brief 79390 SEP 01, 2012

Shaw, Rajib; Takeuchi, Yukiko; Matsuura, Shohei; Saito, Keiko Disclosed

Earthquake risk insurance (English)

The March 2011 earthquake that hit east Japan was the fourth-largest ever recorded. It was not only a human tragedy but an economic shock with losses estimated in excess of 16,900 billion Chinese yuan, making it the costliest disaster in history. ... See More +

Brief 79393 SEP 01, 2012

Mahul, Olivier; White, Emily Disclosed

Reconstruction policy and planning (English)

The unprecedented damage caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) affected multiple locations, posing severe challenges for local governments. ... See More +

Brief 79381 SEP 01, 2012

Tanaka, Yasuo; Shiozaki, Yoshimitsu; Hokugo, Akihiko; University, Kobe; Bettencourt, Sofia Disclosed

Transitional shelter (English)

Transitional shelter can play a crucial role in housing reconstruction following a mega-disaster. Reconstruction of permanent housing cannot move forward until a number of complex issues are settled, such as relocation planning and removal of debris. ... See More +

Brief 79382 SEP 01, 2012

Shiozaki, Yoshimitsu; Tanaka, Yasuo; Hokugo, Akihiko; University, Kobe; Bettencourt, Sofia Disclosed

Economic impacts (English)

Following the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), the government of Japan responded promptly to stabilize markets and ensure a swift recovery. ... See More +

Brief 79395 SEP 01, 2012

Fujita, Masafumi; Nobuaki, Hamaguchi; Sagara, Junko Disclosed

Protecting significant and sensitive facilities (English)

The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) was a multi-hazard event. A massive quake triggered a series of tsunamis of unprecedented dimension, as well as the subsequent nuclear accident. ... See More +

Brief 79361 SEP 01, 2012

Toyama, Masato; Sagara, Junko Disclosed

Green belts and coastal risk management (English)

For more than four centuries Japan has been developing forested green belts to mitigate coastal hazards such as sandstorms, salty winds, high tides, and tsunamis. ... See More +

Brief 79370 SEP 01, 2012

Shaw, Rajib; Noguchi, Yusuke; Ishiwatari, Mikio Disclosed

Logistics chain management for emergency supplies (English)

In response to the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) disaster, relief goods were distributed and delivered through prefectural- and municipal-level depots. ... See More +

Brief 79374 SEP 01, 2012

Okumura, Makoto Disclosed

Tsunami and earthquake warning systems (English)

Warning systems can mitigate the damage caused by tsunamis and other natural events, and prevent the loss of human life and properties. Countermeasures, such as evacuations to higher ground and the stopping of trains, depend on getting the right information and disseminating it in a timely manner. ... See More +

Brief 79366 SEP 01, 2012

Ishiwatari, Mikio Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Supporting and empowering municipal functions and staff (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79376 Brief
Hydro-meteorological disasters associated with tsunamis and earthquakes (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79359 Brief
Business continuity plans (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79365 Brief
The financial and fiscal impacts (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79396 Brief
Urban planning, land use regulation, and relocation (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79369 Brief
Measuring the cost-effectiveness of various disaster risk management (DRM) measures (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79392 Brief
Strategies for managing low-probability, high-impact events (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79398 Brief
Evacuation (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79368 Brief
Mobilizing and coordinating expert teams, nongovernmental organizations, nonprofit organizations, and vounteers (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79372 Brief
Infrastructure rehabilitation (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79380 Brief
Debris management (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79384 Brief
Risk communication (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79390 Brief
Earthquake risk insurance (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79393 Brief
Reconstruction policy and planning (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79381 Brief
Transitional shelter (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79382 Brief
Economic impacts (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79395 Brief
Protecting significant and sensitive facilities (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79361 Brief
Green belts and coastal risk management (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79370 Brief
Logistics chain management for emergency supplies (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79374 Brief
Tsunami and earthquake warning systems (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2012 79366 Brief