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Poverty & Equity Global Practice Working Paper Series

September 2014 - Present

 

The Poverty and Equity Global Practice Working Paper Series disseminates the findings of work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues. Papers in this series are co-published as World Bank Policy Research Working Papers.

 

Frequency: Monthly



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Evolution of Poor Food Access over the Course of the Conflict in the Republic of Yemen (English)

The Republic of Yemen has undergone a profound transformation following the escalation of conflict in March 2015. There has been an increase in violence, a disruption in supply chains due to a tightening of the ports, and a decline in the general economic climate that has left a large share of the population without the income to support their basic needs. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 136051 APR 10, 2019

Tandon,Sharad Alan; Vishwanath,Tara Disclosed

E-Commerce Participation and Household Income Growth in Taobao Villages (English)

E-commerce has developed rapidly in China, and Taobao Villages, which are villages significantly engaged in ecommerce, are prospering in rural areas. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 136050 APR 10, 2019

Luo,Xubei; Niu,Chiyu Disclosed

E-Commerce Development and Household Consumption Growth in China (English)

China has quickly become the largest e-commerce market in the world. By matching a nationally representative China Family Pane Studies survey with county-level e-commerce information obtained from Alibaba, this paper examines how e-commerce development has shaped household consumption growth in China. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 136047 APR 10, 2019

Luo,Xubei; Wang,Yue-000541442; Zhang,Xiaobo Disclosed

Famine and the Aid Response : Evidence from the Announcement of Famine-Like Conditions in the Republic of Yemen (English)

This study analyzes the impacts of the recent rural road development in Ethiopia on welfare and economic outcomes. The identification of the impacts relies on a difference-in-differences matching approach, taking advantage of the nationally representative household survey and the original road database, both of which are panel data spanning between 2012 and 2016. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 136049 APR 10, 2019

Tandon,Sharad Alan; Vishwanath,Tara Disclosed

Rural Roads, Poverty, and Resilience Evidence from Ethiopia (English)

This study analyzes the impacts of recent rural development in Ethiopia on welfare and economic outcomes. The identification of impacts relies on difference in differences matching approach, taking advantage of the nationally representative household survey and the original road database, both of which are panel data spanning between 2012 and 2016. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 135748 APR 01, 2019

Nakamura,Shohei; Bundervoet,Tom; Alemu,Mohammed Nuru Disclosed

Distributional Effects of Tobacco Taxation : A Comparative Analysis (English)

Tobacco taxes have positive impacts on health outcomes. However, policy makers often hesitate to use them because of the perception that poorer households are affected disproportionally more than richer households. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 135954 APR 01, 2019

Fuchs Tarlovsky,Alan; Gonzalez Icaza,Maria Fernanda; Paz,Daniela Paula Disclosed

Extreme Weather and Poverty Risk : Evidence from Multiple Shocks in Mozambique (English)

This paper investigates the effects of multiple weather shocks on household welfare in Mozambique, as well as some of the coping responses and price mechanisms at play. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 132800 DEC 01, 2018

Baez Ramirez,Javier Eduardo; Caruso,German Daniel; Niu,Chiyu Disclosed

International Comparisons of Poverty in South Asia (English)

This paper explores the methodological differences underlying the construction of the national consumption aggregates that are used to estimate international poverty rates for all countries in the South Asia region, including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 133138 DEC 01, 2018

Islam,Tonmoy; Newhouse,David Locke; Yanez Pagans,Monica Disclosed

Minimum Wages and Labor Supply in an Emerging Market : The Case of Mauritius (English)

This paper investigates the effect of multiple minimum wages, known as remuneration, on employment and working hours in Mauritius. Using data between 2004 and 2014, the analysis indicates that a 10 percent increase in the minimum wages brings about a slightly positive effect on employment in the covered sector, with an estimated employment elasticity of 0.113, which is within the range of elasticities found in previous studies of employment effects of minimum wages in low- and middle-income countries. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 133297 DEC 01, 2018

Asmal,Zaakhir; Bhorat,Haroon Ismail; Kanbur,Ravi; Ranzani,Marco; Paci,Pierella Disclosed

The Relationship between Conflicts, Economic Shocks, and Death with Depression, Economic activities, and Human Capital Investment in Nigeria (English)

This paper examines the links between adverse events, depression, and decision making in Nigeria. It investigates how events such as conflicts, shocks, and deaths can affect short-term perceptions of welfare, as well as longer term decisions on economic activities and human capital investments. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 133142 DEC 01, 2018

Jamison,Julian C; Mcgee,Kevin Robert; Siwatu,Gbemisola Oseni; Perng,Julie Ting Ting; Sato,Ryoko; Tanaka,Tomomi - GPV07; Vakis,Renos Disclosed

Preventing More "Missing Girls" : A Review of Policies to Tackle Son Preference (English)

In parts of Asia, South Caucasus, and the Balkans, son preference is strong enough to trigger significant levels of sex selection, result in the excess mortality of girls, and skew child sex ratios in favor of boys. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 131795 NOV 01, 2018

Kumar,Sneha; Sinha,Nistha Disclosed

Mongolia : Distributional Impact of Taxes and Transfers (English)

This paper uses Mongolia’s Household Socio Economic Survey for 2016 to estimate the distributive impact of taxes and transfers. The findings show that the system is progressive and contributes to reductions in poverty and inequality. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 131852 NOV 01, 2018

Freije-Rodriguez,Samuel; Yang,Judy Disclosed

Poverty, Inequality, and Agriculture in the EU (English)

Boosting convergence and shared prosperity in the European Union achieved renewed urgency after the global financial crisis of 2008. This paper assesses the role of agriculture and the Common Agricultural Program in achieving this. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 131851 NOV 01, 2018

Azevedo,Joao Pedro Wagner De; Van Den Brink,Rogier J. E.; Corral Rodas,Paul Andres; Avila Acosta,Montserrat; Zhao,Hongxi; Mostafavi Dehzooei,Mohammadhadi Disclosed

Spatial Distributions of Job Accessibility, Housing Rents, and Poverty in Nairobi, Kenya (English)

Whether individuals and job opportunities are well connected is a key determinant or productive urban labor markets. The overall level of job accessibility in a city depends on the locations of jobs and workers' residences, as well as transport networks. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 132529 NOV 01, 2018

Nakamura,Shohei; Avner,Paolo Disclosed

A Stata Package for Unit Level Small Area Estimation (English)

This paper presents a new family of Stata functions devoted to small area estimation. Small area methods attempt to solve low representativeness of surveys within areas, or the lack of data for specific areas/subpopulations. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 131550 OCT 01, 2018

Nguyen,Minh Cong; Corral Rodas,Paul Andres; Azevedo,Joao Pedro Wagner De; Zhao,Qinghua Disclosed

Who Wins and Who Loses from Staple Food Price Spikes? Welfare Implications for Mozambique (English)

With a large share of the population dependent on agriculture and high exposure to natural disasters and other food price shocks, the welfare impacts of food price inflation in Mozambique cannot be ignored. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 131467 OCT 01, 2018

Baez Ramirez,Javier Eduardo; Caruso,German Daniel; Pullabhotla,Hemant Kumar Disclosed

A Proxy Means Test for Sri Lanka (English)

This paper intends to inform the effort of the Sri Lankan government to reform the targeting efficacy of its social protection programs, in particular, Samurdhi, which currently distributes benefits based on self-reported income. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 131470 OCT 01, 2018

Sebastian,Ashwini Rekha; Shivakumaran,Shivapragasam; Silwal,Ani Rudra; Newhouse,David Locke; Walker,Thomas; Yoshida,Nobuo Disclosed

Vanishing Returns? Potential Returns and Constraints to Input Adoption Among Smallholder Farmers in Uganda (English)

This paper estimates the profitability of fertilizer and hybrid seeds in Uganda, using agronomic evidence on the yield returns to inputs from experimental fields, as well as output price data from local markets between 2000 and 2012. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 131553 OCT 01, 2018

Hill,Ruth; Mejia-Mantilla,Carolina; Vasilaky,Kathryn Disclosed

Tobacco Taxation Incidence : Evidence from the Russian Federation (English)

Despite the well-known positive effect tobacco taxes on health outcomes, policy makers avoid relying on such taxes because of their possible regressive impact. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 131554 OCT 01, 2018

Fuchs Tarlovsky,Alan; Matytsin,Mikhail; Obukhova,Olga Disclosed

Tax-Transfers Schemes, Informality, and Search Frictions in a Small Open Economy (English)

This paper evaluates the impact of market-oriented structural reforms, in particular labor market policies, social assistance programs, and trade liberalization on long run unemployment, wage inequality, and the distribution of employment across sectors in a small open economy with search frictions and idiosyncratic productivity shocks. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129816 SEP 01, 2018

Robayo,Monica Disclosed

Infrastructure, Value Chains, and Economic Upgrades (English)

Infrastructure development is critical to delivering growth, reducing poverty, and addressing broader development goals. This paper surveys the literature on the linkages between infrastructure investment and economic growth, discusses the role of infrastructure in participation in global value chains and supporting economic upgrades, highlights the challenges that the least developed countries face, and provides policy recommendations. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129601 AUG 01, 2018

Luo,Xubei; Xu,Xuejiao Disclosed

What Can We (Machine) Learn About Welfare Dynamics from Cross-sectional Data? (English)

This paper implements a machine learning approach to estimate intra-generational economic mobility using cross-sectional data. A Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (Lasso) procedure is applied to explore poverty dynamics and household-level welfare growth in the absence of panel data sets that follow individuals over time. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129600 AUG 01, 2018

Lucchetti,Leonardo Ramiro Disclosed

Eliciting Accurate Responses to Consumption Questions among IDPS in South Sudan Using Honesty Primes (English)

Misreporting is a well-known challenge for researchers in social sciences. This issue is especially prevalent if incentives for misreporting exist, for example, to claim certain benefits or hide illegal behavior. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129598 AUG 01, 2018

Kaplan,Lennart Christian; Pape,Utz Johann; Walsh,James Sonam Disclosed

Inequality in Earnings and Adverse Shocks in Early Adulthood (English)

The inequality of opportunity theory postulates that achievement gaps arising because of factors beyond the individual’s control are morally unacceptable and should therefore be compensated by society. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129595 AUG 01, 2018

Tien,Bienvenue N.; Adoho,Franck M. Disclosed

Urbanization in Kazakhstan : Desirable Cities, Unaffordable Housing, and the Missing Rental Market (English)

Kazakhstan’s cities are hubs of economic opportunity and prosperity. But despite the government’s ambitious targets, the pace of urbanization remains slow. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129593 JUL 31, 2018

Seitz,William Hutchins Disclosed

Impact of Conflict on Adolescent Girls in South Sudan (English)

Violent conflict and instability affect men and women in heterogeneous ways, including differentiated impacts on economic, social, physical, and mental well-being. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129599 JUL 01, 2018

Pape,Utz Johann; Phipps,Verena Disclosed

The Devil is in the Details : Growth, Polarization, and Poverty Reduction in Africa in the Past Two Decades (English)

This paper investigates the distributional changes that limited pro-poor growth in the past two decades in Sub-Saharan Africa; these changes went undetected by standard inequality measures. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129597 JUN 01, 2018

Clementi,F.; Fabiani,M.; Molini,V. Disclosed

The Road to Recovery the Role of Poverty in the Exposure, Vulnerability and Resilience to Floods in Accra (English)

In June 2015, about 53,000 people were affected by unusually severe floods in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana. The real impact of such a disaster is a product of exposure (Who was affected?) ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129594 JUN 01, 2018

Erman,Alvina Elisabeth; Motte,Elliot Gaston; Goyal,Radhika; Asare,Akosua Boahemaa; Takamatsu,Shinya; Chen,Xiaomeng; Malgioglio,Silvia; Skinner,Alexander; Yoshida,Nobuo; Hallegatte,Stephane Disclosed

Small Area Estimation of Poverty under Structural Change (English)

Small area poverty maps allow for the design of policies based on spatial differences in welfare. They are typically estimated based on a consumption survey reporting on poverty and a census providing the spatial disaggregation. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129596 JUN 01, 2018

Lange,Simon; Pape,Utz Johann; Pütz,Peter Disclosed

Household Expenditure and Poverty Measures in 60 Minutes : A New Approach with Results from Mogadishu (English)

In fragile states and areas beset by insecurity and conflict, the time available for a face-to-face interview is typically limited. That prevents administering the lengthy household consumption expenditure surveys used for measuring poverty. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129590 MAY 01, 2018

Pape,Utz Johann; Mistiaen,Johan A. Disclosed

Quantifying the Impacts of Capturing Territory from the Government in the Republic of Yemen (English)

This paper estimates the welfare change arising from the capture of the Republic of Yemen`s capital in 2014, using a multi-themed household survey conducted as the capital was captured. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129591 MAY 01, 2018

Tandon,Sharad Alan Disclosed

Inequality of Opportunity in South Caucasus (English)

This paper discusses equality of opportunity in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, with an emphasis on access to labor market opportunities. It develops an inequality of opportunity index on access to good jobs and decomposes the contributing factors in the prevailing inequality. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129583 MAY 01, 2018

Fuchs Tarlovsky,Alan; Tiwari,Sailesh; Shidiq,Akhmad Rizal Disclosed

Do Demographics Matter for African Child Poverty? (English)

The effect of demographics on poverty measurement based on per capita consumption is well known. The size and composition of the household can affect the well-being of everyone in the household, with respect to total consumption within that household. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129587 MAY 01, 2018

Batana,Yele Maweki; Cockburn,John Murray Disclosed

Social Protection in Niger : What Have Shocks and Time Got to Say (English)

Social protection programs, common in developing countries, can be wide ranging. Expenditures on social schemes are large, but their effectiveness and ability to act as safety nets against shocks can be limited. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129586 MAY 01, 2018

Annan,Francis; Sanoh,Aly Disclosed

Welfare Dynamics in Colombia : Results from Synthetic Panels (English)

This study explores the short-run transitions between poverty, vulnerability, and middle class, using synthetic panels constructed from multiple rounds of Colombia’s integrated household survey (in Spanish gran encuesta integrada de hogares). ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129584 MAY 01, 2018

Balcazar,Carlos Felipe; Dang,Hai-Anh H.; Malasquez Carbonel,Eduardo Alonso; Olivieri,Sergio Daniel; Pico Mejia,Julieth Carolina Disclosed

The Economics of the Gender Wage Gap in Armenia (English)

In Armenia, the proportion of women among employed workers increased from 45 to 48 percent between 2008 and 2015. This evolution was accompanied by a fall in the gender earnings gap; however, the difference in average wages of men and women is still among the largest in comparison with countries in the Europe and Central Asia region. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 129585 APR 01, 2018

Rodriguez Chamussy,Lourdes; Sinha,Nistha; Atencio De Leon,Andrea Carolina Disclosed

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Evolution of Poor Food Access over the Course of the Conflict in the Republic of Yemen (English)
See More +
APR 10, 2019 136051 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
E-Commerce Participation and Household Income Growth in Taobao Villages (English)
See More +
APR 10, 2019 136050 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
E-Commerce Development and Household Consumption Growth in China (English)
See More +
APR 10, 2019 136047 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Famine and the Aid Response : Evidence from the Announcement of Famine-Like Conditions in the Republic of Yemen (English)
See More +
APR 10, 2019 136049 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Rural Roads, Poverty, and Resilience Evidence from Ethiopia (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2019 135748 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Distributional Effects of Tobacco Taxation : A Comparative Analysis (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2019 135954 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Extreme Weather and Poverty Risk : Evidence from Multiple Shocks in Mozambique (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2018 132800 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
International Comparisons of Poverty in South Asia (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2018 133138 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Minimum Wages and Labor Supply in an Emerging Market : The Case of Mauritius (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2018 133297 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
The Relationship between Conflicts, Economic Shocks, and Death with Depression, Economic activities, and Human Capital Investment in Nigeria (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2018 133142 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Preventing More "Missing Girls" : A Review of Policies to Tackle Son Preference (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2018 131795 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Mongolia : Distributional Impact of Taxes and Transfers (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2018 131852 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Poverty, Inequality, and Agriculture in the EU (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2018 131851 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Spatial Distributions of Job Accessibility, Housing Rents, and Poverty in Nairobi, Kenya (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2018 132529 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
A Stata Package for Unit Level Small Area Estimation (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2018 131550 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Who Wins and Who Loses from Staple Food Price Spikes? Welfare Implications for Mozambique (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2018 131467 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
A Proxy Means Test for Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2018 131470 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Vanishing Returns? Potential Returns and Constraints to Input Adoption Among Smallholder Farmers in Uganda (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2018 131553 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Tobacco Taxation Incidence : Evidence from the Russian Federation (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2018 131554 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Tax-Transfers Schemes, Informality, and Search Frictions in a Small Open Economy (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2018 129816 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Infrastructure, Value Chains, and Economic Upgrades (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2018 129601 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
What Can We (Machine) Learn About Welfare Dynamics from Cross-sectional Data? (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2018 129600 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Eliciting Accurate Responses to Consumption Questions among IDPS in South Sudan Using Honesty Primes (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2018 129598 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Inequality in Earnings and Adverse Shocks in Early Adulthood (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2018 129595 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Urbanization in Kazakhstan : Desirable Cities, Unaffordable Housing, and the Missing Rental Market (English)
See More +
JUL 31, 2018 129593 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Impact of Conflict on Adolescent Girls in South Sudan (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2018 129599 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
The Devil is in the Details : Growth, Polarization, and Poverty Reduction in Africa in the Past Two Decades (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2018 129597 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
The Road to Recovery the Role of Poverty in the Exposure, Vulnerability and Resilience to Floods in Accra (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2018 129594 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Small Area Estimation of Poverty under Structural Change (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2018 129596 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Household Expenditure and Poverty Measures in 60 Minutes : A New Approach with Results from Mogadishu (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2018 129590 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Quantifying the Impacts of Capturing Territory from the Government in the Republic of Yemen (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2018 129591 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Inequality of Opportunity in South Caucasus (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2018 129583 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Do Demographics Matter for African Child Poverty? (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2018 129587 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Social Protection in Niger : What Have Shocks and Time Got to Say (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2018 129586 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Welfare Dynamics in Colombia : Results from Synthetic Panels (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2018 129584 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
The Economics of the Gender Wage Gap in Armenia (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2018 129585 Working Paper (Numbered Series)